Experience of restoration and reconstruction of architectural monuments: from engineering researches to projects implementation by scientists and students of MGSU

Vestnik MGSU 7/2014
  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 18-27

For more than 20 years the author with his colleagues conducts engineering researches, design of restoration and reconstruction of various architectural monuments. Full cycles of works from engineering investigations to implementation of the own projects are executed on three objects: 1) architectural monument of the 19th century, the church in the museum preserve Abramtsevo (Moscow region), during 2005-2006; 2) a monument of Orthodox church history, a unique soil construction which is called "The Holy Ditch" in the village Diveevo (Nizhny Novgorod region) since 1997 to the present; 3) Church of Our Lady of Kazan also in Diveevo village during 1997-2002. For churches engineering researches are executed, calculations of the bases are made, ways of strengthening the bases are chosen, architectural projects of restoration are created. The church is restored by students under supervision of the experts from the university. The church in Diveevo was partially destroyed during the Soviet period. During restoration high-rise parts of the church were constructed. The works were performed by working restorers under control of the author of article in 2002-2004. Participation of students, masters, graduate students in restoration works had great educational value, gave to young people experience and knowledge. Students studied under professional restorers. Generalization is given in summary. D.S. Likhachyov's theory and our own experience are used. The principle of reconstructing barbarously destroyed engineering constructions, buildings and architectural complexes is formulated. It corresponds to the realities of the 21st century, new technological capabilities and requirements of modern society. Briefly: the reconstructed structure, in our opinion, has to face not only the past, but also the future. It is not always necessary to create the exact copy of the lost construction. Recreating the destroyed construction, it is necessary to apply new materials to increase the reliability and eliminate constructive imperfection of ancient constructions together with preserving old forms. Buildings and constructions have to be under construction anew mainly for performance of former functions, but the buildings have to meet modern requirements on the equipment and internal planning, modern technical norms. The project of the lost building needs to be made taking into account the change of environment. These provisions were successfully incarnated in the process of construction of St. Ditch in Diveev and they are also illustrated on the examples of the reconstruction of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow and Frauenkiche in Dresden.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.18-27

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Vestnik MGSU 2/2018 Volume 13
  • Ilvitskaya Svetlana Valer’evna - State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP) Doctor of Architecture, Professor, Head of the Department of Architecture, State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP), 15 Kazakova str., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation.
  • Shvetsova-Shilovskaya Elizaveta Aleksandrovna - State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP) Postgraduate Student, Department of Architecture, State University of Land Use Planning (SULUP), 15 Kazakova str., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation.

Pages 148-154

Subject: architectural and planning solutions of museum premises at the Orthodox Christian monastery in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Two main approaches to arrangement of a museum in an Orthodox Christian monastery are considered. A project of the museum in the Holy Trinity Antony of Siya Monastery is proposed. This project is based on reconstruction of one of the destroyed buildings in the monastery - the closed fraternal building of the XVII-XVIII centuries. This building is supposed to be rebuilt on its historic place and in its original architectural appearance, but with a new function of a monastery museum. Research objectives: identify the principles of formation of the monastery’s metochion for pilgrimage tourism. Materials and methods: method of comparison of approaches to museum organization. Results: The discovered regularities allow us to define the principles of formation of the monastery’s metochion environment for pilgrimage tourism. Conclusions: it is possible to apply the principles of formation of the monastery’s metochion environment for pilgrimage tourism to the design of the museum as a part of the Orthodox Christian monastery on the territory of the Russian Arctic.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.148-154


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