ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Problemsof preservation and use of historical buildingsin the modern urban architecture

Vestnik MGSU 7/2015
  • Pankratova Anna Alekseevna - Ryazan Institute (branch) of the Moscow Polytechnic University (RI(f) MPU); Department of Design of Buildings and Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Architect, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning; senior lecturer; Postgraduate Student, Ryazan Institute (branch) of the Moscow Polytechnic University (RI(f) MPU); Department of Design of Buildings and Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 9 Lenina sq., Rybnoe, 391110, Ryazan oblast; 26/53 Right-Lybidska str., Ryazan, 390000, Russian Federation; 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Solov’ev Aleksey Kirillovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, member, Academie Europeenne des Sciences, des Arts et des Lettres, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-16

Historical architectural buildings carry features of different culture layers, it exhibits specific character of places and urban matrix, play leading role in cultural succession of different epochs. Investigation, use and the existence itself of historical objects in the modern city architecture is a factor of national identity formation. Lack of due attention to the problem of historical buildings preservation will have a negative impact on the material and spiritual spheres of human life. That’s why preservation of historical architectural environment of the city is one of the most important tasks of the contemporary society. The authors analyzed technical, law and urban planning aspects of historical buildings’ functioning in the conditions of developing construction in the central city areas and constant increase of structural, economical, hygienic requirements to buildings. The technical state and possibilities of adjusting the buildings-monuments, which have preservation category, and buildings without such status are compared, as well as their role in cohesive architectural environment formation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.7.7-16

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HISTORIC STONE BUILDINGS OF RYAZAN: COMPOSITIONAL FEATURES OF FACADES

Vestnik MGSU 4/2018 Volume 13
  • Pankratova Anna Alekseevna - Ryazan Institute (branch) of the Moscow Polytechnic University (RI(f) MPU); Department of Design of Buildings and Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Architect, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning; senior lecturer; Postgraduate Student, Ryazan Institute (branch) of the Moscow Polytechnic University (RI(f) MPU); Department of Design of Buildings and Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 9 Lenina sq., Rybnoe, 391110, Ryazan oblast; 26/53 Right-Lybidska str., Ryazan, 390000, Russian Federation; 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 435-445

Subject: with the increasing pace of construction in the city’s historic centers, as the loss of historic buildings continues, the buildings’ significance and integrity of the environment could be compromised. In this article, the problems of preservation and use of historic buildings in modern architecture of the city of Ryazan are considered. Research objectives: the study and identification of compositional features of facades of historic buildings in the city of Ryazan and their comparison with the compositional techniques in the formation of facades of more recent buildings. Materials and methods: through field observations and graph plotting, the author conducts typological and compositional analysis of historic buildings and also analyzes some buildings of the 2000s. Results: we considered buildings of Lenin street, where, closer to the historical center, prevail the buildings of the period of construction of the late 18th - early 20th centuries, and in the opposite direction - the buildings of the Soviet period and contemporary construction. A comparison of the constructions of facades of historic and contemporary buildings shows that the presence of compositional technique system is not a sufficient condition for preservation of integrity and identity of the historical and cultural environment of the city. Important factors are also the scale and magnitude of composition, symmetry, etc. Conclusions: the author reveals the characteristic compositional techniques in the formation of facades of historic buildings. The influence of their practical application in modern construction on architectural integrity and identity of urban environment is noted.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.4.435-445

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