HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

Areas of use of interacting swirl liquid and gas flows

Vestnik MGSU 7/2015
  • Volshanik Valeriy Valentinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Professor, Department of Hydroelectric Engineering and Use of Aquatic Resource, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Orekhov Genrikh Vasil’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Chair, Department of Hydroelectric Engineering and Use of Aquatic Resources; +7 (499) 182-99-58, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 87-104

Swirled flows of liquid and gas are widely used in modern technology because of many of their unique aerodynamic, thermodynamic, and hydro-mechanical qualities. They are used for spraying liquid fuel mixing and dispersing liquid, aerosol formation, formation of the flame, classification of disperse materials and drying, dehydration, deaeration, cooling and heating, distillation and purification (rectification of working fluids), ash and dust-collecting, generating vapor separation of suspensions, absorption materials, separation materials, excitation of mechanical vibrations and formation of a sound signal, transportation of materials and many other technological purposes. The proposals for the use of interacting (counter vortex) swirling flows were caused by the requirements of the practice of mixing fluids and gases and quenching of excess kinetic energy of the high-speed flow of water in the high-pressure hydro spillways. The method for energy dissipation by reacting flows (jets) I based on the idea of separating the stream into parts and creating the conditions for mutual energy damping of individual parts of during subsequent reunification. As it is known, while moving from the upper pool to the lower one the water flow may dampen its energy performing useful work on the hydraulic turbines or overcoming the reaction forces, which arise when passing through the dampers. The energy of one part of a stream in interaction with the energy of the other part is used for creating the forces equivalent to the jet forces developed by quenchers. Such interaction can give the best effect in the conditions of rational breakdown of a stream and creation of the respective movement directions of its parts in relation to each other. In the cylindrical camera of counter vortex devices coaxial flows are formed consisting of two or more oppositely swirling flows of liquid or gas, the interaction of which can convert practically the whole mechanical energy source of the interacting flows into excess turbulence energy. The nature and intensity of hydro-mechanical, aerodynamic and mechanical processes occurring in the counter vortex devices provide the efficiency of their application in various branches of modern technology for mixing of single-phase and multiphase media, quenching the excess mechanical energy of the flow of liquid and gas, for disintegration of conglomerates, creating a homogeneous systems, excitation of mechanical vibrations and obtaining other effects. Authors due to the nature of their activity paid the main attention to the development, researches and creation of the designs of counter vortex quenchers of spillways energy of high-pressure water-engineering systems and counter vortex aerators of different purpose. Counter vortex devices have been tested for other purposes (homogenizer, flotators), protected by patents or circuit diagram are proposed for them.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.7.87-104

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  54. Volshanik V.V., Zuykov A.L., Orekhov G.V., Svitaylo V.D.‚ Skatkin M.G. Ispol’zovanie vikhrevykh aeratorov dlya intensifikatsii protsessov ochistki prirodnykh vod [Using Vortex Aerators for Intensifying the Processes for Wastewater Treatment]. Inzhenernaya zashchita okruzhayushchey sredy. Ochistka vod. Utilizatsiya otkhodov [Engineering Protection of the Environment. Water Purification. Waste Disposal]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2002, pp. 97—106. (In Russian)
  55. Volshanik V.V., Mordasov A.P.‚ Akhmetov B.K. Ekologicheskaya effektivnost’ primeneniya struyno-vikhrevykh aeratorov po rezul’tatam model’nykh i naturnykh ispytaniy [Environmental Efficiency of Jet Vortex Aerators according To the Results of Modeling and Field Tests]. Fizicheskoe i matematicheskoe modelirovanie gidravlicheskikh protsessov : tezisy nauchno-tekhnicheskogo soveshchaniya [Abstracts of Scientific-Technical Conference “Physical And Mathematical Modeling of Hydraulic Processes”]. Divnogorsk, 1989, pp. 62—63. (In Russian)
  56. Volshanik V.V.‚ Mordasov A.P.‚ Ivanova T.A., Krotova A.V., Savina M.M. Gidravlicheskiy raschet kontrvikhrevykh aeratorov i zadachi standartizatsii ikh konstruktsiy [Hydraulic Calculation of Counter Vortex Aerators and Objectives of Standardization of Their Designs]. Trudy XI Mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo simpoziuma studentov, molodykh nauchnykh rabotnikov [Proceedings of the 11th International Scientific Symposium of Students, Young Scientists]. Zielona Gora, Poland, 1989, pp. 206—211. (In Russian)
  57. Volshanik V.V.‚ Mordasov A.P.‚ Orekhov G.V. Proekty kontrvikhrevykh aeratorov dlya povysheniya kachestva vody v vodokhranilishchakh [Projects of Counter Vortex Aerators to Improve Water Quality in Reservoirs]. Sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya gidroenergetiki : tezisy Vsesoyuznogo soveshchaniya. Sayano-Shushenskaya GES. 14—16 sentyabrya 1988 [Abstracts of All-Union Conference “Status and Development Prospects of Hydropower”. September 14—16, 1988]. (In Russian)
  58. Volshanik V.V., Pogorelov A.E. Primenenie kontrvikhrevykh aeratorov v kachestve ustroystva podachi i smesheniya koagulyanta [Applying Counter Vortex Diffusers as Feeder and Mixing the Coagulant]. Proekty razvitiya infrastruktury goroda. Proektirovanie gorodskikh inzhenernykh sistem : sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Collection of Scientific Works “Infrastructure Projects of the City”]. Moscow, Prima-press Ekspo Publ., 2010, no. 10, pp. 54—58. (In Russian)
  59. Karelin V.Ya.‚ Volshanik B.B., Zuykov A.L., Orekhov G.V. Eksperimental’noe obosnovanie optimal’noy formy protochnoy polosti vikhrevogo aeratora [Experimental Substantiation of the Optimal Cavity Form of the Vortex Flow Aerator]. Vestnik Otdeleniya stroitel’nykh nauk Rossiyskoy akademii arkhitektury i stroitel’nykh nauk [Bulletin of the Department of Civil Engineering of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences]. 2005, no. 9, pp. 229—237. (In Russian)
  60. Akhmetov B.K., Volshanik V.V., Zuykov A.L., Orekhov G.V. Modelirovanie i raschet kontrvikhrevykh techeniy [Modeling and Calculation of Counter Vortex Currents]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, 252 p. (In Russian)
  61. Karelin V.Ya., Volshanik V.V., Zuykov A.L. Nauchnoe obosnovanie i tekhnicheskoe ispol’zovanie effekta vzaimodeystviya zakruchennykh potokov [Scientific Substantiation and Technical Use of the Synergies of Swirling Flows]. Vestnik Otdeleniya stroitel’nykh nauk Rossiyskoy akademii arkhitektury i stroitel’nykh nauk [Bulletin of the Department of Civil Engineering of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences]. 2000, no. 3, pp. 37—44. (In Russian)
  62. Volshanik V.V., Zuykov A.L., Karelin V.Ya., Mordasov A.P., Orekhov G.V. Kontrvikhrevye ustroystva dlya intensifikatsii protsessov peremeshivaniya, masso- i teploobmena, gasheniya energii, dezintegratsii konglomeratov. Chast’ 2 [Counter Vortex Devices for Intensification of the Processes of Mixing, Heat and Mass Transfer, Energy Dissipation, Disintegration of Conglomerates. Part 2]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment and Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2004, no. 09 (68), pp. 44—45. (In Russian)
  63. Volshanik V.V.‚ Zuykov A.L., Orekhov G.V. Gidravlicheskiy raschet protochnoy chasti kontrvikhrevykh aeratorov [Hydraulic Calculation of the Flowing Part of Counter Vortex Aerators]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Technique]. 2009, no. 12, pp. 50—56. (In Russian)
  64. Volshanik V.V.‚ Orekhov G.V., Zuykov A.L., Karelin V.Ya. Inzhenernaya gidravlika zakruchennykh potokov zhidkosti [Engineering Hydraulics of Swirling Flow]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2000, no. 11, pp. 23—26. (In Russian)
  65. Volshanik V.V.‚ Zuykov A.L., Orekhov G.V. Tsirkulyatsionnye techeniya v nauke i tekhnike [Circulating Currents in Science and Technology]. Delovaya slava Rossii [Business Glory of Russia]. 2011, no. 2 (30), pp. 48—50. (In Russian)
  66. Volshanik V.V., Danek M., Zuykov A.L.‚ Mordasov A.P.‚ Rybnikar I. Gidravlicheskiy raschet gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy s zakrutkoy potoka [Hydraulic Calculation of Hydraulic Structures with Flow Swirl]. Moscow, MISI Publ., 1992, 64 p. (In Russian)
  67. Mordasov A.P.‚ Volshanik V.V., Zuykov A.L., Levanov A.B. Ispol’zovanie vzaimodeystvuyushchikh zakruchennykh potokov v reshenii problem zashchity okruzhayushchey sredy [Using Interacting Swirling Flows in Addressing Environmental Problems]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [News of the Institutions of Higher Education. Construction and Architecture]. 1984, no. 8, pp. 97—101. (In Russian)
  68. Orekhov G.V.‚ Zuykov A.L., Volshanik V.V. Kontrvikhrevoe polzushchee techenie [Counter Vortex Creeping Flow]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 172—180. (In Russian)
  69. Zuykov A.L., Orekhov G.V., Volshanik V.V. Model’ techeniya Gromeki — Bel’trami [Analytical Model of Gromeka — Beltrami Flow]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 150—159. (In Russian)
  70. Zuykov A.L., Orekhov G.V., Volshanik V.V. Raspredelenie azimutal’nykh skorostey v laminarnom kontrvikhrevom techenii [Distribution of Azimuthal Velocities in a Laminar Counter Vortex Flow]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 5, pp. 150—161. (In Russian)
  71. Karelin V.Ya.‚ Krivchenko G.I., Mordasov A.P., Volshanik V.V., Zuykov A.L., Akhme-tov V.K. Fizicheskoe i matematicheskoe modelirovanie sistem gasheniya energii v vikhrevykh vodosbrosakh [Physical and Mathematical Modeling of Systems of Energy Dissipation in Vortex Spillways]. Fizicheskoe i matematicheskoe modelirovanie gidravlicheskikh protsessov :tezisy nauchno-tekhnicheskogo soveshchaniya, g. Divnogorsk [Abstracts of Scientific-Technical Conference “Physical and Mathematical Modeling of Hydraulic Processes”, Divnogorsk]. 1989, pp. 11—12. (In Russian)
  72. Karelin V.Ya.‚ Mordasov A.P., Zuykov A.L., Volshanik V.V. Chislennye metody eksperimental’nogo issledovaniya kharakteristik zakruchennogo potoka zhidkosti [Numerical Methods of Experimental Studies of the Characteristics of Swirling Fluid Flow]. Trudy simpoziuma MAGI [Works of the MAGI Symposium]. Divnogorsk. Belgrad, Yugoslaviya, 1990. (In Russian)
  73. Volshanik V.V., Evstigneev N.M., Zuykov A.L., Orekhov G.V. Vliyanie turbulentnoy diffuzii na protsess separatsii neftesoderzhashchikh primesey v tsilindricheskom gidrotsiklone [Effect of Turbulent Diffusion in the Process of Separation of Oily Contaminants in a Cylindrical Hydrocyclone]. Mezhvuzovsiy sbornik nauchnykh trudov po gidrotekhnicheskomu i spetsial’nomu stroitel’stvu [Interuniversity Collection of Scientific Papers on Hydraulic Engineering and Special Construction]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2002, pp. 55—62. (In Russian)
  74. Volshanik V.V., Zuykov A.L., Mordasov A.P. Analiticheskiy metod gidravlicheskogo rascheta vikhrevykh shakhtnykh vodosbrosov [Analytical Method of Hydraulic Calculation of Vortex Glory Hole Spillway]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 1989, no. 4, pp. 38—42. (In Russian)

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