ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Architectural and engineering principles and innovations in the construction of glass-facade buildings

Vestnik MGSU 11/2015
  • Plotnikov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, senior research worker, Professor, Department of Civil and Industrial Buildings Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-15

Though the technologies are dynamically developing and there are a lot of research projects, there is still no general opinion on a glass-facade building among the European scientific community, architects and construction engineers. The increasing requirements to heat-protective qualities of translucent structures make us think of the necessity of a quantum leap both in technologies and in principal approaches to the development of architectural and constructive solutions of translucent shells. Together with economical features, the dynamics of heat-protective indicators’ increase show the tendencies to reaching the possibilities limits of mass glass units. The European construction practice usually solve this problem by developing sealed insulating glass units and by different conceptual solutions of the systems of translucent double facades. In the given article the basic theoretical principles and innovative engineering ideas are formulated dealing with the modern glass-facade building construction. “Green Building” conception is analyzed as a European new building philosophy.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.7-15

References
  1. Maritz Vandenberg. Farnsworth House (Architecture in Detail), Mies van der Rohe. Phaidon Press Inc., 2005, 60 p.
  2. Schossing E., Behnisch S., Fisch N. About Energy and Architecture. Profile — Architecture Magazine. Schueco International KG, 2007, no. 5, pp. 11—13.
  3. Benits-Vil’denburg Yu. Noveyshie tekhnologii teploizolyatsii i ventilyatsii s pomoshch’yu okon i fasadov [New Heat Insulating and Ventilation Technologies with the Help of Windows and Facades]. Okna. Dveri. Vitrazhi [Windows. Doors. Stained Glass]. 2008, Business Issue. Available at: http://okna.ua/library/art-novejshie_tehnologii_teploizoljacii_i_1. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  4. Stratiy P.V., Boriskina I.V., Plotnikov A.A. Klimaticheskaya nagruzka na steklopakety [Climatic Load on Insulating Glass Units]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, vol. 2, pp. 262—267. (In Russian)
  5. Plotnikov A.A., Stratiy P.V. Raschet klimaticheskoy nagruzki na steklopaket na primere g. Moskvy [Calculating the Climatic Load on Glass Units on the Example of Moscow]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 190—194. (In Russian)
  6. Stratiy P.V., Plotnikov A.A., Boriskina I.V. Issledovanie progibov stekol paketa pri deystvii atmosfernoy sostavlyayushchey klimaticheskoy nagruzki [Investigation of Glass Unit Deflection in the Case of Atmospheric Impact of the Climatic Load]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 33—36. (In Russian)
  7. Aleksandrov Yu.P., Glikin S.M., Drozdov V.A., Tarasov V.P. Konstruktsii s primeneniem steklopaketov [Structures with Insulating Glass Units]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1978, 193 p.(In Russian)
  8. Vakuumnyy steklopaket: budushchee poka tumanno [Sealed Insulating Glass Unit. The Future is still Cloudy]. Okna. Dveri. Fasady [Windows. Doors. Facades]. 21.04.2013. Available at: http://odf.ru/stat_end.php?id=483. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  9. Rossa M. Innovatsionnoe ispol’zovanie stekla: doklad na 2-m spetsializirovannom kongresse «Okna — fasady — steklo» [Innovative Use of Glass: Report on the 2nd Subject-oriented Congress “Windows — Facades — Glass”]. Moscow, 2007. Available at: http://cwe.ru/archive/detail.php?el=1039&phrase_id=439020. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  10. Tenhunen O., Lintula K., Lchtinen T., Lehtovaara J., Viljanen M., Kesti J., Makelainen P.Double Skin Facades — Structures and Building Physics. Conceptual Reference Database for Building Envelope Research. Available at: http://users.encs.concordia.ca/~raojw/crd/reference/reference001114.html. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  11. Basnet Arjun. Architectural Integration of Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Collector Systems into Buildings: Master’s Thesis in Sustainable Architecture. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Architecture and Fine Arts, Trondheim, June 2012, 96 p. Available at: https://www.ntnu.no/wiki/download/attachments/48431699/Master-Basnet.pdf?version=1&modificationDate=1339765553175. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
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  13. Aschehoug Ø., Bell D. BP SOLAR SKIN — A facade concept for a sustainable future. SINTEF Report, May 2003. Available at: http://www.sintef.no/upload/BP%20Solar%20Skin%20-%20Final%20Report.pdf. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
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The use of porous pavements in creating the infrastructure of the urban environment

Vestnik MGSU 12/2018 Volume 13
  • Dergunova Anna V. - National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University (MRSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University (MRSU), 68 Bolshevistskaya st., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation.
  • Piksaykina Anna A. - National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University (MRSU) Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Department of Construction Materials and Technologies, National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University (MRSU), 68 Bolshevistskaya st., Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation.

Pages 1440-1447

Introduction. Considered green construction, which is carried out in accordance with the environmental expediency. A list of environmental problems associated with the impermeability of soil covering cities is given and measures are proposed to eliminate the negative effects of human activity on the environment. Materials and methods. Researched the use of porous pavements, as a means of combating environmental problems and creating a favorable urban environment. The definition of a porous pavement and its difference from the usual road surface is given. A description is given of the component parts of the paving system, including the base, filter cloth, filler tank and porous surface layer. The main types of porous coatings, such as porous concrete, porous asphalt and paving stones are analyzed. It is considered the environmental, aesthetic and economic benefits of porous pavements: replenishing the groundwater supply, combating floods as a result of reducing the volume of storm water, preserving plants in the urban environment, controlling the urban heat regime, cooling the surface waters of rivers and other water bodies, improving traffic safety, monitoring noise. Results. It is presented situations in which the use of porous pavements is not effective. These are, for example, highways with heavy traffic, steep slopes, areas with erosion and soil erosion, roads where chemical reagents are actively used to control ice in the winter, places of likely spills of harmful substances. It is noted that in order to effectively use porous pavements, they must be properly maintained depending on the type of porous pavement. Recommendations on the use of porous pavements are given. Conclusions. Due to their peculiarities, porous pavements cannot be applied everywhere, but this option of pavements should be considered by all capital construction participants interested in introducing green building technologies in our country.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.12.1440-1447

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