DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

The projected effect from acceptance of constructive solutions to ensure the reliability of an industrial facility

Vestnik MGSU 11/2015
  • Zolina Tat’yana Vladimirovna - State Autonomous Educational Institution of the Astrakhan area of higher education "Astrakhan State Architectural and Construction University" (JSC GAOU VPO "AGASU") Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, First Vice-rector, State Autonomous Educational Institution of the Astrakhan area of higher education "Astrakhan State Architectural and Construction University" (JSC GAOU VPO "AGASU"), 18 Tatishcheva str., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sadchikov Pavel Nikolaevich - State Autonomous Educational Institution of the Astrakhan area of higher education "Astrakhan State Architectural and Construction University" (JSC GAOU VPO "AGASU") Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automated Design and Modeling Systems, State Autonomous Educational Institution of the Astrakhan area of higher education "Astrakhan State Architectural and Construction University" (JSC GAOU VPO "AGASU"), 18 Tatishcheva str., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 68-79

The article raises the problem of increasing the reliability of an industrial building bearing the entire set of frame disturbances. One of the ways to solve it is to mount extra structural elements, previously unrecorded in the design of the object. During the study we examined some of them: installation of mechanical transverse stiffening diaphragms; increasing the rigidity of the column part above the crane; arranging connecting rods located in levels of covering in the temperature seam and crane beams. Choosing the most effective option is determined by constructive and technological features of the research object. In our case, it acts as a one-storey industrial building of hull workshop of Astrakhan maritime shipyard, equipped with overhead cranes. Using this example the calculations, which were carried out, allow estimating the effect from acceptance of constructive solutions for installation of reinforced concrete diaphragms of stiffness at the edges of framework and increase the rigidity of the column part above the crane. During the study four options are considered for calculation scheme using wall panels. These should include representation of the device: as a solid wall; in two columns wide; for large aperture sizes; at the low altitude of the end of the opening. We have presented a comparative analysis of the results before and after the introduction of the corresponding elements in the calculating model of the research object. In the accepted system of constructive measures disc coating with high horizontal rigidity distributes the load on the front diaphragm. Increasing the stiffness of above the tower crane column part gives an additional effect, as an overhead crane is located closer to the cover and in case of the column of more developed section in the above the crane area, it passes the covering greater effort. In its turn, it prevents the transverse displacement and rotation, involving the entire framework into operation. The introduction of these measures contributes to: equal declining of displacements of stresses loads from the action of the nodal points of the frame, both in the level of brake beams and in the surface level; increasing the period of achieving the object’s maximal allowable condition and an extended period of its faultless operation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.68-79

References
  1. Gordeev V.N., Lantukh-Lyashchenko A.I., Pashinskiy V.A., Perel’muter A.V., Pichugin S.F. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya na zdaniya i sooruzheniya [Loads and Effects on Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2007, 482 p. (In Russian)
  2. Gordeev V.N., Lantukh-Lyashchenko A.I., Pashinskiy V.A., Perel’muter A.V., Pichugin S.F. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya na zdaniya i sooruzheniya [Loads and Effects on Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, 3rd edition, revised. ASV Publ., 2011, 528 p. (In Russian)
  3. Bolotin V.V. Stochastic Models of Fracture with Applications to the Reliability Theory. Structural Safety and Reliability. Amsterdam, Oxford, New York, Elsevier, 1981, pp. 31—56.
  4. Bolotin V.V. Prognozirovanie resursa mashin i konstruktsiy [Resource Forecast of Machines and Structures]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1984, 312 p. (In Russian)
  5. Tamrazyan A.G. Otsenka riska i nadezhnosti konstruktsiy i klyuchevykh elementov —neobkhodimoe uslovie bezopasnosti zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Assessment of Risk and Reliability of Structures and Key Elements — A Necessary Condition for Safety of Buildings and Structures]. Vestnik TsNIISK im. V.A. Kucherenko «Issledovaniya po teorii sooruzheniy» [Proceedings of Central Research Institute of Building Structures named after V.A. Kucherenko “Investigations on Theory of Structures]. Moscow, TsNIISK Publ., 2009, no. 1, pp. 160—171. (In Russian)
  6. Zolina T.V., Sapozhnikov A.I. Patent 2401364 RF, MPK E04V1/00. Konstruktivnye sredstva uvelicheniya prostranstvennoy zhestkosti odnoetazhnykh promyshlennykh zdaniy s mostovymi kranami [Russian Patent 2401364 RF, MPK E04V1/00. Structural Means of Increasing the Space Rigidity of One-Storey Industrial Buildings with Bridge Cranes]. Patent holder AISI. Notice no. 2008130209/03; appl. 21.07.2008; publ. 10.10.2010, bulletin no. 28. 7 p. (In Russian)
  7. Dobshits L.M., Fedorov V.S. Povyshenie prochnosti i dolgovechnosti stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy [Raising Stability and Reliability of Building Structures]. Izvestiya Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i transport [News of Orel State Technical University. Building and Transport]. 2007, no. 2—14, pp. 196—198. (In Russian)
  8. Tamrazyan A.G. Raschet elementov konstruktsiy pri zadannoy nadezhnosti i normal’nom raspredelenii nagruzki i nesushchey sposobnosti [Design of Structural Elements in the Event of the Preset Reliability, Regular Load and Bearing Capacity Distribution]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 10, pp. 109—115. (In Russian)
  9. Zolina T.V., Sadchikov P.N. Kontseptual’naya skhema issledovaniya napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya promyshlennogo zdaniya [Conceptual Scheme for Investigating the Stress-Strain State of an Industrial Building]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo [Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Construction Series]. 2013, no. 33 (52), pp. 47—50. (In Russian)
  10. Bondarenko V.M., Fedorov V.S. Modeli v teoriyakh deformatsii i razrusheniya stroitel’nykh materialov [Models in Theories of Deformation and Fracture of Building Materials]. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 103—105. (In Russian)
  11. Klyueva N.V., Tamrazyan A.G. Osnovopolagayushchie svoystva konstruktivnykh sistem, ponizhayushchikh risk otkaza elementov zdaniya [Fundamental Features of Structural Systems Decreasing the Risk of Structural Failures]. Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [News of Southwest State University]. 2012, no. 5—2 (44), pp. 126—131.
  12. Zolina T.V., Sadchikov P.N. Revisiting the Reliability Assessment of Frame Constructions of Industrial Building. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2015, vol. 752—753, pp. 1218—1223. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.752-753.1218.
  13. Zolina T.V., Sadchikov P.N. Avtomatizirovannaya sistema rascheta promyshlennogo zdaniya na kranovye i seysmicheskie nagruzki [Automated System of Calculating Crane and Seismic Loads of Industrial Buildings]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 14—16. (In Russian)
  14. Rayzer V.D. Teoriya nadezhnosti v stroitel’nom proektirovanii [Reliability Theory in Construction Design]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 1998, 304 p. (In Russian)
  15. Tamrazyan A.G. Osnovnye printsipy otsenki riska pri proektirovanii zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Basic Principles of Risk Assessment in Structural Engineering]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2—1, pp. 21—27. (In Russian)
  16. Klyueva N.V., Bukhtiyarova A.S., Androsova N.B. K analizu issledovaniy zhivuchesti konstruktivnykh sistem pri zaproektnykh vozdeystviyakh [On the Survivability Analysis of Structural Systems in Case of Influences Beyond Design]. Stroitel’stvo i rekonstruktsiya [Construction and Reconstruction]. 2009, no. 4—24, pp. 15—21. (In Russian)
  17. Travush V.I., Kolchunov V.I., Klyueva N.V. Nekotorye napravleniya razvitiya teorii zhivuchesti konstruktivnykh sistem zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Some Development Directions of Survivability Theory of Structurel Systems of Buildings and Structures]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 3, pp. 4—11. (In Russian)
  18. Tamrazyan A.G. Otsenka obobshchennogo riska promyshlennykh ob”ektov, svyazannogo so stroitel’stvom i ekspluatatsiey [Estimation of Generalized Risk of Industrial Objects Associated with Construction and Operation]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Building Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2011, no. 11 (154), pp. 34—35. (In Russian)
  19. Kagan P.B. Analiz pokazateley investitsionno-stroitel’nykh programm [Analysis of Investment-Building Program Indicators]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Entrepreneurship]. 2015, no. 6—3 (59—3), pp. 614—616. (In Russian)
  20. Korol’ E.A. Analiz sostoyaniya i tendentsiy gradostroitel’noy deyatel’nosti v realizatsii proektov rekonstruktsii i renovatsii promyshlennykh zon Moskvy [Analysis of Status and Trends of Urban Development Activities While Implementing the Projects of Reconstruction and Renovation of Industrial Zones in Moscow]. Nedvizhimost’: ekonomika, upravlenie [Real Estate: Economy, Management]. 2014, no. 1—2, pp. 48—51. (In Russian)

Download

Results 1 - 1 of 1