SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Elements of automation of distance emergency alerts from persons with disabilities

Vestnik MGSU 11/2015
  • Volkov Andrey Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, corresponding member of Russian Academy of Architectural and Construction Sciences, Professor, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and automation in Construction, Rector, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Antonov Sergey Vladimirovich - State Fire Academy of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (SFA of Emercom of Russia) Senior Lecturer, Department of Special Electrical Engineering of Automated Systems and Communications, State Fire Academy of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (SFA of Emercom of Russia), 4 Borisa Galushkina str., Moscow, 129339, Russian Federation.

Pages 120-129

At the present time the system of “Smart house” allows passing messages on any type of emergencies only out loud (phone call), though some individuals with disabilities will not be able to report an accident. Moreover, the pall showed, that 55 % of respondents would prefer sending text message on fire or other emergency to operations control duty desk. The respondents of this group feel it’s easier to make a photo or video of the accident. Though it is still impossible to analyze the data received in this form and make decisions automatically. In the conditions of yearly increase of the number of mobile phones getting text messages on emergencies is as important as processing of voice calls. Receiving and processing text messages would be current in case of terrorist attack. Any victim can noiseless send just one word and inform on the emergency. The article analyzes the process of receiving and processing messages when calling the emergency number 112. We propose a module of sending Messages-112 by persons with disabilities in the system of “smart house” in the form of short text messages (SMS).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.120-129

References
  1. Antonov S.V. Opredelenie klyuchevykh slov dlya dezhurno-dispetcherskikh sluzhb Sistemy-112 [Identification of the Key Words for Duty and Dispatch Services of the System-112]. Pozhary i chrezvychaynye situatsii: predotvrashchenie, likvidatsiya [Fire and Emergencies: Prevention, Elimination]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 29—34. (In Russian)
  2. Antonov S.V. Obrabotka soobshcheniy, postupivshikh v dezhurno-dispetcherskie sluzhby «Sistemy 112» [Processing of Messages Received by the Duty and Dispatch Service of the «System 112»]. Fundamental’nye problemy radioelektronnogo priborostroeniya (INTERMATIC — 2014) : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii, (1—5 dekabrya 2014 g., g. Moskva) [Fundamental Problems of Electronic Instrument Engineering (INTERMATIC — 2014) : Proceedings of the International Scientific and Technical Conference (December 1—5, 2014, Moscow)]. Moscow, MGTU MIREA Publ., 2014, part 5, 277 p, pp. 59—64. (In Russian)
  3. Volkov A.A., Batov E.I. Promezhutochnoe programmnoe obespechenie v funktsional’-noy modeli intellektual’nogo zdaniya [Middleware for Functional Modeling of Intelligent Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 10, pp. 182—187. (In Russian)
  4. Volkov A.A., Batov E.I. Sistemotekhnika funktsional’nogo modelirovaniya intellektual’nykh zdaniy [System Engineering of Functional Modeling of Intelligent Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 10, pp. 188—193. (In Russian)
  5. Volkov A.A. Kompleksnaya bezopasnost’ uslovno-abstraktnykh ob”ektov (zdaniy i sooruzheniy) v usloviyakh chrezvychaynykh situatsiy [Integrated Safety of conditionally abstract objects (buildings and structures) in emergency situations]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 3, pp. 30—35. (In Russian)
  6. Volkov A.A. Osnovy gomeostatiki zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Fundamentals of Homeostatic Buildings and Structures]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and civil Engineering]. 2002, no. 1, pp. 34—35. (In Russian)
  7. Volkov A.A. Sistemy aktivnoy bezopasnosti stroitel’nykh ob”ektov [Active Safety Systems of Construction Sites]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [House Construction]. 2000, no. 7, p. 13. (In Russian)
  8. Volkov A.A. Gomeostaticheskoe upravlenie zdaniyami [Homeostatic Management of Buildings]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [House Construction]. 2003, no. 4, pp. 9—10. (In Russian)
  9. Volkov A.A. Intellekt zdaniy. Chast’ 1 [Intelligence of Buildings. Part 1]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 4, pp. 186—190. (In Russian)

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Algorithm of restoring unambiguity in the system of distance emergency alerts from persons with disabilities

Vestnik MGSU 11/2015
  • Volkov Andrey Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, corresponding member of Russian Academy of Architectural and Construction Sciences, Professor, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and automation in Construction, Rector, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Antonov Sergey Vladimirovich - State Fire Academy of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (SFA of Emercom of Russia) Senior Lecturer, Department of Special Electrical Engineering of Automated Systems and Communications, State Fire Academy of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (SFA of Emercom of Russia), 4 Borisа Galushkina str., Moscow, 129339, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 186-192

Usually a message on fire or other emergency is sent to operations control by a witness. The situation causes stress. That’s why it may be difficult to understand the meaning of the witness’s text message because of pressing adjacent letters or T9 mistakes. So an operator may take such a message for spam and may not react adequately. Though if the system of “Smart House” is equipped with the module of processing Messages-112, the problem will be solved. The article analyzes the way of processing the messages to Messages-112 from persons with disabilities in the system of “Smart House”. The authors offer a variant of recovering unambiguity of notion sense from messages with errors of T9 and possible accidental pressing of adjacent letters. The system looks for key words, reduces noise, chooses the target rescue services and redirects the message to them.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.186-192

References
  1. Volkov A.A., Batov E.I. Promezhutochnoe programmnoe obespechenie v funktsional’-noy modeli intellektual’nogo zdaniya [Middleware for Functional Modeling of Intelligent Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 10, pp. 182—187. (In Russian)
  2. Volkov A.A., Batov E.I. Sistemotekhnika funktsional’nogo modelirovaniya intellektual’nykh zdaniy [System Engineering of Functional Modeling of Intelligent Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 10, pp. 188—193. (In Russian)
  3. Antonov S.V. Opredelenie klyuchevykh slov dlya dezhurno-dispetcherskikh sluzhb Sistemy-112 [Identification of the Key Words for Duty and Dispatch Services of the System-112]. Pozhary i chrezvychaynye situatsii: predotvrashchenie, likvidatsiya [Fire and Emergencies: Prevention, Elimination]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 29—34. (In Russian)
  4. Antonov S.V. Tsentry obsluzhivaniya vyzovov, postupayushchikh po liniyam spetsial’noy svyazi «01» [Call Centers for the lines of Specialized Communication “01”]. Sistemy bezopasnosti — 2012 : мaterialy dvadtsat’ pervoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Safety Systems — 2012 : Proceedings of the Twenty First Scientific-Technical Conference]. Moscow, Akademiya GPS MChS Rossii Publ., 2012, pp. 223—226. (In Russian)
  5. Antonov S.V. Algoritm obrabotki potoka tekstovykh soobshcheniy, postupayushchikh na nomer 112 [Processing Algorithm of the Stream of Text Messages Sent to the Number 112]. Sistemy bezopasnosti — 2013 : materialy dvadtsat’ vtoroy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Safety Systems — 2013 : Proceedings of the Twenty Second International Scientific-Technical Conference]. Moscow, Akademiya GPS MChS Rossii Publ., 2013, pp. 49—54. (In Russian)
  6. Volkov A.A. Kompleksnaya bezopasnost’ uslovno-abstraktnykh ob”ektov (zdaniy i sooruzheniy) v usloviyakh chrezvychaynykh situatsiy [Integrated Safety of conditionally abstract objects (buildings and structures) in emergency situations]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 3, pp. 30—35. (In Russian)
  7. Volkov A.A. Osnovy gomeostatiki zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Fundamentals of Homeostatic Buildings and Structures]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and civil Engineering]. 2002, no. 1, p. 34. (In Russian)
  8. Volkov A.A. Sistemy aktivnoy bezopasnosti stroitel’nykh ob”ektov [Active Safety Systems of Construction Sites]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [House Construction]. 2000, no. 7, p. 13. (In Russian)
  9. Volkov A.A., Antonov S.V. Elementy avtomatizatsii distantsionnogo opoveshcheniya o chrezvychaynykh situatsiyakh ot lits s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostyami [Elements of Automation of Distance Emergency Alerts from Persons with Disabilities]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 11, pp. 120—129. (In Russian)
  10. Volkov A.A. Gomeostaticheskoe upravlenie zdaniyami [Homeostatic Management of Buildings]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [House Construction]. 2003, no. 4, pp. 9—10. (In Russian)
  11. Volkov A.A. Intellekt zdaniy. Chast’ 1 [Intelligence of Buildings. Part 1]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 4, pp. 186—190. (In Russian)

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