SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Synergetic approach to the ecologization of industrial production

Vestnik MGSU 11/2015
  • Fokina Zoya Titovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophic Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Podlesnykh Alisa Igorevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 130-141

The questions of the relationship between economy and ecology of industrial production were described in the studies of the ecologization of cement production. The prospects of understanding of the production as a global integrated ecological-economic system were shown, the analysis of which should be applied by means of general principles of synergetics and by means of the ideas of the concept of sustainable development. Russia ranks fifth in terms of cement production in the world today. The cement industry is of great importance for the economic development of our country, because it produces the main type of construction materials for housing and industrial complex, and for the construction of infrastructure objects. Cement production is characterized by high resource and energy consumption. A significant increase in the production and consumption of cement causes the aggravation of the environmental situation and disruption to social and natural systems. For the optimization of the functioning of ecological-economic systems, it is necessary to analyze the socio-natural system from the standpoint of the ideas of synergetics. The main distinctive property of ecological-economic systems, which suggest its consideration using synergy, is its openness. The resources and other materials are coming from outside, after that it’s exposed, transformed and comes outside from the production cycle in the form of the final product and then comes to the users. During all stages of processing and during the use of final products the wastes are thrown away from the system. It causes pollution and harm to the ecological system. We can reduce this harm by means of the ideas of synergetics. One of the aspects of the following of the synergetic principles is the comparison of production and natural potentials. In order to achieve the balance it is necessary to carry out the following directions of ecologization of industrial production: recycling - reusing of raw materials and wastes; upgrading of the production, upgrading of the equipment, as well as the development and implementation of various innovative, resource-saving and low-waste technologies; creation and production of products with a longer work life; the improvement of treatment facilities of the cement plants and the use of different filtration and capture systems. It is necessary to note the fact that in practice each of these separated fields is able to solve only one local problem. To reduce environmental capacity of the cement production, we must unite different ways of the dialectic, following the principles of synergetics and methodological pluralism. Thus, there is a synergistic effect, contributing to the optimization of the functioning of ecological-economic systems and the solution of the problem of ecological production. Synergies should be defined as the interaction of two or more factors in which their combined effect significantly exceeds the effect of each individual component of their amount. Only on the basis of a synergistic, comprehensive, integrated approach to the ecologization of industrial production we can greatly reduce the pollution of nature, optimize the functioning of ecological-economic systems and implement the concept of sustainable development.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.130-141

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