SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Model of complex integrated use of alternative energy sources for highly urbanized areas

Vestnik MGSU 4/2014
  • Ivanova Elena Ivanovna - State University of Land Use Planning (GUZ) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, State University of Land Use Planning (GUZ), 15 Kazakova str., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Cherkasova Polina Andreevna - State University of Land Use Planning (GUZ) student, Department of Architecture, State University of Land Use Planning (GUZ), 15 Kazakova str., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 125-134

The increase of population and continuous development of highly urbanized territories poses new challenges to experts in the field of energy saving technologies. Only a multifunctional and autonomous system of building engineering equipment formed by the principles of energy efficiency and cost-effectiveness meets the needs of modern urban environment. Alternative energy sources, exploiting the principle of converting thermal energy into electrical power, show lack of efficiency, so it appears to be necessary for reaching a visible progress to skip this middle step. A fuel cell, converting chemical energy straight into electricity, and offering a vast diversity of both fuel types and oxidizing agents, gives a strong base for designing a complex integrated system. Regarding the results of analysis and comparison conducted among the most types of fuel cells proposed by contemporary scholars, a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is approved to be able to ensure the smooth operation of such a system. While the advantages of this device meet the requirements of engineering equipment for modern civil and, especially, dwelling architecture, its drawbacks do not contradict with the operating regime of the proposed system. The article introduces a model of a multifunctional system based on solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and not only covering the energy demand of a particular building, but also providing the opportunity for proper and economical operation of several additional sub-systems. Air heating and water cooling equipment, ventilating and conditioning devices, the circle of water supply and preparation of water discharge for external use (e.g. agricultural needs) included into a closed circuit of the integrated system allow evaluating it as a promising model of further implementation of energy saving technologies into architectural and building practice. This, consequently, will positively affect both ecological and economic development of urban environment.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.4.125-134

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ATLAS: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM OF ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF ENERGY

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Volkov Andrey Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice Rector for Information and Information Technologies, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sedov Artem Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Junior Researcher, Research and Educational Centre for Information Systems and Intelligent Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe Shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chelyshkov Pavel Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Junior Researcher, Research and Educational Cen- tre for Information Systems and Intelligent Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe Shosse, 129337, Moscow, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sukneva Luiza Valer'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, assistant, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, leading engineer of the analytical department, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 213-217

In this article, the authors raise the issue of the upcoming trend in the economy, namely, the use of alternative sources of energy to meet the demand for electricity and heating in the areas that suffer from the underdeveloped infrastructure. For this purpose, analysis of existing renewable energy sources, compilation of interactive maps and databases of climatic conditions (solar radiation, wind roses, and temperature zones) is needed to assure a smooth operation of renewable energy facilities and to generate a geographical link between the above databases.The objective of the proposed technology designated for the assessment of options for the positioning of varied alternative sources of energy is to identify the types and quantities of alternative energy sources and to have them positioned on site. The authors believe that wind mills and energy generating facilities that consume low-temperature heat are impossible to operate in winter seasons in the areas that have cold climates.Positioning of alternative energy sources contemplates the analysis of the available data, collection of any missing data and update of the information available to date.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.213-217

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