ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

Investigation of the factors influencing the potential indicator of a construction site

Vestnik MGSU 4/2014
  • Lapidus Azariy Abramovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Professor, Doctor of Engineering, Chair, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Honored Builder of the Russian Federation, Recipient of the Prize of the Russian Federation Government in the field of Science and Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Demidov Leonid Pavlovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 160-166

Today the quality of a construction object represents a sum of a number of indicators, which depends on the construction complex as a whole during the implementation steps of a construction project. The lack of an instrument for evaluating the influence on the final quality indicator is vivid. In the article the method of expert estimation is presented as an instrument for choosing the factors influencing the potential indicator of a construction site. The means to analyze the results is chosen. The authors calculated the matrix of the factors intercorrelation, which influence the final figure. These factors are grouped with the purpose to reduce the general number of experiments. The weight characteristics of the formed groups are calculated. The authors also analyzed the information loss extend as a result of factors quantity change in a model.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.4.160-166

References
  1. Nanasov A.M. Razrabotka metoda otsenki organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskogo potentsiala realizatsii investitsionno-stroitel'nykh proektov: diss. kand. tekhn. nauk [Development of the Method of Estimating Organizational and Technological Potential of the Construction Investment Projects Implementation. Dissertation of a Candidate of Technological Sciences]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2005.
  2. Lapidus A.A. Potentsial effektivnosti organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy stroitel'nogo ob"ekta [Efficiency Potential of Management and Technical Solutions for a Construction Object]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 175—180.
  3. Lapidus A.A., Demidov L.P. Issledovanie integral'nogo pokazatelya kachestva, uchityvayushchego vliyanie organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy pri formirovanii stroitel'noy ploshchadki. Stat'ya [Investigation of an Integral Quality Indicator with Account for Organizational and Technological Solutions in the Process of Construction Site Development]. Tekhnologiya i organizatsiya stroitel'nogo proizvodstva [Technology and Organization of a Construction Production]. 2013, no. 2(3), pp. 44—46.
  4. Shewhart W., Deming W.E. Statistical Method from the Viewpoint of Quality Control. N.Y., Dover publ. Inc., 1986, 163 p.
  5. Margolin E. Metodika obrabotki dannykh ekspertnogo oprosa [Methods of Expert Pall Data Processing]. Poligrafiya Publ., 2006, no. 5, pp. 14—16.
  6. Beshelev S.D., Gurvich F.G. Ekspertnye otsenki [Expert Opinions]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1973, 163 p.

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ROLE OF CORPORATE CULTURE IN OCCUPATIONAL GUIDANCE AND ADAPTATION OF EMPLOYEES IN THE PRESENT-DAY ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

Vestnik MGSU 5/2013
  • Sladkova Elena Aleksandrovna - Bratsk State University (BrSU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Economics and Management; +7 (3953) 33-39-87, Bratsk State University (BrSU), 40 Makarenko St., Bratsk, 665709, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kobzova Anna Viktorovna - Bratsk State University (BrSU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Economics and Management; +7 (3953) 33-39-87., Bratsk State University (BrSU), 40 Makarenko St., Bratsk, 665709, Russian Federation.

Pages 185-192

Research into the corporate culture, identification of its role in the occupational guidance and adaptation of employees are truly significant in the present-day economic envi- ronment. The essence of the corporate culture is identified in the process of its practical implementation, whereas its adaptation function is an essential constituent of the process, as it allows new employees to understand and accept the priorities of an enterprise.The term “occupational guidance and adaptation” is analyzed in the article. It is an integrated conception associated with professional self-determination of a person choosing his or her career that represents a balance of his or her inclinations and the needs of the labour market.The following problem constituents were identified by the Russian researchers: the majority of employees of construction companies have no professional degrees; they do not pursue any personal goals associated with their work in the building industry; their career guidance is very inefficient; the rate of corporate loyalty is very low; employees do not strive for corporate success and disregard the corporate culture.The authors have developed an occupational guidance/adaptation model in the context of the present-day corporate culture. It contemplates incorporation of specialized departments in organizations, teambuilding actions and psychological support of new employees to be backed by occupational guidance seminars based on professional testing methods. Surveying and testing findings will help to identify the optimal conditions for the adaptation of new employees and to adequately assess the quality of their work.The model developed by the authors will contribute to reduction of the skilled personnel turnover, improve the efficiency of the employee’s adaptation and work performance and reduce the adaptation period.Thus, corporate culture plays a significant role in the process of occupational guid- ance and adaptation, as it helps both sides of the process to balance the expectations of employees and executives. As a result, it improves overall corporate efficiency.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.5.185-192

References
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  3. Deal T., Kennedy A. Corporate Cultures. Hannonds Worth, Penguin, 1982.
  4. Kameron K., Kuinn R. Diagnostika i izmenenie organizatsionnoy kul’tury [Diagnostics and Alteration of the Corporate Culture]. St.Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2004, 320 p.
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  6. Minaeva I.V., Kurochkina A.A. Sovremennye tendentsii v razvitii organizatsionnoy kul’tury predpriyatiya torgovli. Problemy deyatel’nosti khozyaystvuyushchikh sub”ektov sovremennoy Rossii. [Present-day Trends in Development of Corporate Culture of Retail Trade Companies. Problems of Operations of Subjects of Economic Activities of the Present-day Russia]. St.Petersburg, Dialog Publ., 2005, pp. 148—150.
  7. Solomanidina T.O. Pochemu nel’zya nazvat’ kul’turu «sovokupnost’yu» [Why Can’t the Culture Be Called the “Totality”?]. Motivatsiya i oplata truda [Motivation and Remuneration]. 2008, no. 2, pp. 100—103.
  8. Teplova L.E. Neobkhodimost’ razrabotki kontseptsii razvitiya organizatsionnoy kul’tury potrebitel’skoy kooperatsii [Need for a Concept of Corporate Culture of Consumer Cooperation Companies]. Ekonomicheskiy vestnik Rostovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of Economics of Rostov State University]. 2005, no. 1, pp. 128—135.
  9. Zakharova L.N. Formirovanie kompleksnoy sistemy upravleniya sotsial’no-professional’noy orientatsiey molodezhi [Generation of Comprehensive System of Management of Social and Professional Guidance of Young People]. Vektor nauki TGU [Vector of Science of Tomsk State University]. 2010, no. 4(14), pp. 218—222.
  10. Odegov Yu., Rudenko G. Mesto proforientatsii, adaptatsii i informirovaniya v obespechenii ekonomicheskikh interesov rabotnikov v krizisnykh usloviyakh [How Occupational Guidance, Adaptation and Information Distribution Serves the Economic Needs of Employees]. Normirovanie i oplata truda v stroitel’stve [Regulation and Remuneration in the Construction Industry]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 56—68.
  11. Polozhenie o professional’noy orientatsii i psikhologicheskoy podderzhke naseleniya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 31 oktyabrya 1996 g. ¹ 1186 (s izm. na 27.10.2012 g.). [Provisions of Occupational Guidance and Psychological Support of the Population in the Russian Federation, October 31, 1996, no. 1186, revised on October 27, 2012)]. Available at: http://base.consultant.ru. Date of access: 01.03.2013.
  12. Kolmykova M.A. Osobennosti organizatsionnoy kul’tury kompaniy stroitel’nogo profilya [Peculiar Features of the Corporate Culture of Construction Companies]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie. [Knowledge. Understanding. Skills.] 2010, no. 2, pp. 232—236.

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