SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

METHODS OF ESTIMATION TECHNOGENIC POLLUTION OF WATER BODIES IN URBANIZED TERRITORIES

Vestnik MGSU 6/2016
  • Telichenko Valeriy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Thermal and Nuclear Power Facilities Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kurochkina Valentina Aleksandrovna - 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulics and Water Resources, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 80-89

In the article the authors consider the problem of the impact of man-caused load on river hydraulics processes and on the properties of river sediments that determine river channels evolution and general ecological state of water bodies. The interrelation between ecological state of water bodies, the quality of water in them and the level of contamination of sediments was determined. It is established that the conditions of long-term aquatic life as a whole and of water quality in particular directly depend on the contamination level of sediments. It is shown that the rate and volume of sediments accumulation, as well as contamination level of sediment layers, vary throughout the lifecycle of water body, which allows using sediments as the main indicator of the ecological state of water body reflecting the level of technogenic impact on aquatic ecosystems.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.80-89

References
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  3. Telichenko V.I., Potapov A.D., Slesarev M.Yu., Shcherbina E.V. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' stroitel'stva [Ecological Safety of Construction]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2009, 312 p. (In Russian)
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  7. Bogomolova T.G., Kurochkina V.A. Zagryaznenie rechnykh rusel na urbanizirovannykh territoriyakh i problemy ikh ochistki dlya uluchsheniya ekologicheskogo sostoyaniya vodotoka [Pollution of River Beds in Urbanized Territories and Problems of Their Treatment to Improve the Ecological State of Water Course]. Inzhenernye izyskaniya [Engineering Surveys]. 2010, no. 10, pp. 56—58. (In Russian)
  8. Saet Yu.E., Smirnova R.S. Geokhimicheskie printsipy vyyavleniya zon vozdeystviya promyshlennykh vybrosov v gorodskikh aglomeratsiyakh [Geochemical Principles of Detecting the Impact Zones of Industrial Waste in Urban Agglomerations]. Landshaftno-geokhimicheskoe rayonirovanie i okhrana sredy [Landscape-Geochemical Zoning and Environmental Protection]. Moscow, Mysl’ Publ., 1983, 97 p. (In Russian)
  9. Geokhimiya okruzhayushchey sredy [Geochemistry of the Environment]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1990, 333 p. (In Russian)
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  11. Yanin E.P. Tekhnogennye rechnye ily v zone vliyaniya promyshlennogo goroda (formirovanie, sostav, geokhimicheskie osobennosti) [Technogenic River Muds in the Area of Industrial City Influence (Formation, Composition, Geochemical Features)]. Moscow, IMGRE Publ., 2002, 100 p. (In Russian)
  12. Yanin E.P. Tekhnogennye geokhimicheskie assotsiatsii v donnykh otlozheniyakh malykh rek agrolandshaftov (formirovanie, sostav, ekologicheskaya otsenka) [Anthropogenic Geochemical Aggregations in Bottom Sediments of Small Rivers of Cultivated Lands]. Teoreticheskaya i prikladnaya ekologiya [Theoretical and Applied Ecology]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 66—71.(In Russian)
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  24. Predel’no dopustimye kontsentratsii (PDK) khimicheskikh veshchestv v pochve: gigienicheskie normy GN 2.1.7.2041—06 [Maximum Permissible Concentration of Chemical Matters in the Soil : Health Standards GN 2.1.7.2041—06]. Moscow, Rospotrebnadzor Publ., 2006, 15 p. (In Russian)
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ANTHROPOGENIC LOAD ON RIVERS OF URBAN AREAS

Vestnik MGSU 8/2016
  • Kurochkina Valentina Aleksandrovna - 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulics and Water Resources, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bogomolova Tat’yana Gennad’evna - 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kirov Borislav Lyubomirov - University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy (UACEG) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Geotechnical Engineering, University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy (UACEG), University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy (UACEG); This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 100-109

The increasing speed of urbanization and population growth lead to the increasing anthropogenic load on water bodies. The urbanization processes in Russia are more intensive than in other countries. The dense population and great industrial potential lead to the fact that the urbanized territories become the main sources of water pollution. That’s why the environmental control of the state of water objects is needed. In the article the authors study the problem of anthropogenic load impact on river hydraulics processes and on the properties of river sediments that determine river channels evolution and general ecological state of water bodies. The interrelation between ecological state of water bodies, the quality of water in it and the level of contamination with sediments was determined. It is established that the conditions of long-term aquatic life as a whole and of water quality in particular depend on the contamination level with sediments. The author proposes a method of estimation of anthropogenic load on rivers. The paper analyses the calculation results of the value of anthropogenic load on different rivers of Russia.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.8.100-109

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