ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE OF YEREVAN IN THE 20TH CENTURY. MAIN STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROCESS OF YARD PUBLIC SPACE ORGANIZATION

Vestnik MGSU 3/2018 Volume 13
  • Azatyan Karen Rubenovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Drafting and Architectural Environment Design, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 301-308

Subject: for many centuries the yard was the social centre of residential development. However, the problems of its spatial organization often do not receive appropriate attention in modern cities. The city of Yerevan, in this sense, is also not an exception, where the new socio-economic conditions that emerged in the early 1990s led to radical changes in the residential development organization. Under this impact, a serious transformation has also been made to the yard space, which is the subject of this study. Research objectives: identification of the main stages of the yard space evolution in the residential building development of Yerevan in the 20th century and the revelation of its characteristic features. Materials and methods: the work is carried out on the basis of observations and published sources by the method of theoretical research, analysis and generalization of the material. Results: the work is composed of the following thematic subdivisions: the yard in the structure of traditional housing (in residential buildings of the 19th and early 20th centuries); development of the yard space in the new format of perimeter-quarter development (in the system of perimeter development of streets in the 1920-1950s); problems of yard organization in open compositions of building development (in the new forms of free building development by standardized elements in 1960s); attempts of yard restoration in the systematized compositions of building development (in the process of formation of large complexes of building development in 1970-1980s); loss of the yard space in contemporary conditions (in the residential building development formed since 1990s in the new socio-economic conditions). Conclusions: based on the results of the analysis, classification of the main stages of the yard space organization evolution during the last century is presented. This classification must be included in the process of the general study of development of residential architecture of Yerevan in the 20th century.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.3.301-308

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CLASSIFICATION OF PROCESSES: SOME ASPECTS OF APPLICATION

Vestnik MGSU 7/2016
  • Patrusova Alena Mikhaylovna - 40 Makarenko str., Bratsk, 665709, Russian Federation Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, dean, Department of Extra-Mural and Accelerated Education, 40 Makarenko str., Bratsk, 665709, Russian Federation, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 142-151

Classification of the processes in an enterprise is a methodical basis for the solution of the problems of identification and reference of processes to concrete category depending on a classification sign that in turn is the basis for the choice of management tools of the processes and of an enterprise in general. The classification of processes is one of the problems of information search consisting in reference of the process to one of several categories on the basis of certain classification criterion. Rather often some authors make terminological mistake in their works when they refer to all the processes at an enterprise to the category “business process”, including management processes, and supporting processes. The classification of the processes of an enterprise has to be carried out with a definite purpose: it can be carried out for ensuring systematic studying and completeness of coverage of the studied subject domain, or for the purpose of business management on the basis of process approach. The first purpose provides exclusively analytical character of solvable tasks of studying the processes of the enterprise and doesn’t allow developing recommendations on the solution of management problems of the organization. In the second case it is quite possible to use classification of processes of an economic entity as a business management mechanism basis on the ground of process approach. According to the offered classification three groups of processes of the enterprise are defined: management processes (management), business processes (the main processes) and the providing (auxiliary) processes. These classification criteria will allow identifying the processes of the enterprise and defining the system of their interaction. The hierarchy level of the processes allows determining the duration of life cycle of the processes and is the basis for processes planning. Vertical and horizontal processes allow defining the roles, powers and responsibility of linear and functional heads of the organization. Depending on the scale of the organization the presented classification can be concretized concerning business processes. The developed classification allows referring any process of the enterprise to one of the categories, determining the level of its hierarchy and its orientation which is a basis of the choice and formation of management instruments of processes and of an enterprises in general.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.7.142-151

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