Preserving urban objects of historicaland architectural heritage

Vestnik MGSU 1/2014
  • Bal'zannikova Ekaterina Mikhailovna - Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SGASU) аssistant, Depart- ment of Architecture, Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SGASU), 194 Molodogvardeyskaya St., Samara, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 15-24

Large cities of central Russia were built under the influence of the factors that played an important role in protecting their population; natural resources and opportunities for trading were also essential. The industrial development and construction of large industrial facilities were significant for the formation of urban environment. As a result architectural monuments of great historical value that have a significant influence on the formation of the modern city image were preserved.Nowadays, a great number of buildings of historical and architectural heritage turned out to be in poor condition. Funding and its efficient use are rational means of saving the most valuable objects of historical and cultural heritage. In order to do this it is necessary to solve the problems of developing complex and effective measures for preserving these objectsThe existing method of preserving urban objects does not focus on urban architectural objects of historical and architectural value. It does not cover the study of urban development features in architectural and town-planning environment surrounding this object, it does not determine the historical and architectural value of the object and it does not identify the relationship of the object and the surrounding objects as well as architectural frame of the total area. That is why the existing method cannot be considered an appropriate system for preserving the objects of historical and architectural heritage.In order to avoid the disadvantages mentioned above and to increase tourist interest to the architecturally valuable buildings in urban areas, the author has proposed a complex approach to improve the method of reconstructing urban objects of great historical and architectural significance.The existing method of preserving historical objects includes the preparatory period of studying the degree of historical and architectural heritage wear and decay, developing the techniques for strengthening structural elements, delivering building materials, preparing the construction site and the basic period when condemned structures are demolished, new design elements are formed and assembled, interior finishing work is performed and the object facade is restored. In contrast to it, our method includes additional periods and a performance list. In particular, it is proposed to carry out a research period prior to the preparatory period, and after the basic period there should be the ending period.Thus, during the research period it is necessary to study urban development fea- tures in architectural and town-planning environment, to identify the historical and archi- tectural value of the object, to estimate its ramshackle state and whether it is habitable, to determine the relationship of the object with the architectural and aesthetic image of sur- rounding objects and to develop a conservation program; and during the ending period it is proposed to assess the historical and architectural significance of the reconstructed object in relation to the aesthetic and architectural image of the surrounding area. The proposed complex method will increase the attractiveness of a historical and architectural heritage object and its surrounding area for tourists and, consequently, raise the cultural level of the visitors. Furthermore, the method will ensure the construction of recreation zones, their more frequent usage and visiting surrounding objects of social infrastructure, because more opportunities for cultural and aesthetic pastime will be offered. The method will also provide a more reasonable and effective use of available funding due to the careful analysis and proper choice of the methods to preserve objects of historical and architectural heritage.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.1.15-24

References
  1. Rybal'chenko Yu.D., Samogorov V.A. Gradostroitel'nye preobrazovaniya v provintsial'nykh gorodakh Rossii XVIII — nachala XX vv. [Urban Development in Provincial Cities of Russia in 18th — 20th Centuries]. Privolzhskiy nauchnyy zhurnal [Volga Scientific Journal]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 65—71.
  2. Bal'zannikova E.M. Gradostroitel'noe formirovanie Samary i razvitie promyshlennosti goroda v kontse XIX — nachale XX v. [Urban and Industrial Development of Samara in the Late 19th — early 20th Century]. Vestnik SGASU. Gradostroitel'stvo i arkhitektura [Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Urban Planning and Architecture]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 44—48.
  3. Samogorov V.A., Ivanov M.O. Arkhitektura Aleksandra i Petra Shcherbachevykh v Samare [Architecture of Alexander and Peter Shcherbachevs in Samara]. Samara, 2004, 119 p.
  4. Vavilonskaya T.V. Zadachi sistemnogo planirovaniya v usloviyakh arkhitekturno-istoricheskoy sredy [Issues of System Planning in the Architectural and Historical Environment]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 14—17.
  5. Vavilonskaya T.V. Strategiya obnovleniya arkhitekturno-istoricheskoy sredy: monografiya [Strategy of Renewing Architectural and Historical Environment]. Samara, SGASU Publ., 2008, 368 p.
  6. Karkar'yan V.G. Derevyannoe zodchestvo Samary, ili Osen' patriarkhov [Wooden Architecture of Samara or Patriarchs's Autumn]. Samara, Agni Publ., 2002, 152 p.
  7. Baranova T.V., Kosenkova N.A. Synthetic Image of Orthodox Architecture in the Middle Volga. Sacred Architecture in Shaping the Identity of Place. Politechnika Lubelska, Lublin, 2006, pp. 149—157.
  8. Cevat Erder. Our Architectural Heritage: from Consciousness to Conversation. UNESCO, United Kingdom, 1986, 236 p.
  9. Bal'zannikov M.I., Privorotskiy D.S. Reshenie voprosov zritel'nogo vospriyatiya pri stroitel'stve khrama sv. Georgiya Pobedonostsa v Samare [Issues of Visual Perception when Constructing the Church of St. George the Victory-bearer in Samara]. Architektura sakralna w ksztaltovaniu tozsamosci kulturowej miejsca. Lublin, Wydawnictwo Politechniki Lubelskiej, 2006, pp. 345—357.
  10. Bernard Feilden, Perek Linstrum. A European View. New Uses for Old Buildings. Architectural Conservation in Europe. Edited by Sherban Cantacuzino. Watson-Guptill Publications, New York, 1975, pp. 127—130.
  11. Bernard Feilden. Conservation of Historical Buildings. London, Butterworth and Co (Publishers) Ltd., 1982, pp. 6—12.
  12. Dennis Rodwell. Conversation legislation. New Uses for Old Buildings. Architectural Conservation in Europe. Edited by Sherban Cantacuzino. Watson-Guptill Publications, New York, 1975, pp. 127—136.
  13. Rybacheva O.S., Samogorov V.A. Ponyatie «Samarskiy dvor» v sisteme pravoustanavlivayushchikh i gradoreguliruyushchikh dokumentov [The Concept of "Samara Yard" in the System of Title and Town-development Documents]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universitetata [Proceedings of Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building]. 2012, no. 4 (37), pp. 65—74.
  14. Samogorov V.A., Bal'zannikova E.M. Predpriyatiya po proizvodstvu stroitel'nykh materialov v Samarskom krae v kontse XIX — nachale XX vekov [Enterprises Producing Building Materials in the Samara Region in the Late XIX Early XX Centuries]. Vestnik Volzhskogo regional'nogo otdeleniya RAASN [Proceedings of Volga Regional Division of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences]. 2013, no. 16, pp. 122—126.
  15. Bal'zannikova E.M. Istoriya razvitiya predpriyatiy mukomol'noy promyshlennosti v Samare v kontse XIX — nachale XX vekov [The History of Flour Milling Enterprises Development in Samara in the late 19th — Early 20th Centuries]. Vestnik SGASU. Gradostroitel'stvo i arkhitektura [Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Urban Planning and Architecture]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 6—10.
  16. Bal'zannikova E.M. Rekonstruktsiya promyshlennoy zastroyki po printsipu organizatsii loftov [Reconstruction of Industrial Development on the Principle of Loft Organization]. Traditsii i innovatsii v stroitel'stve i arkhitekture: Materialy 69-y Vserossiyskoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Traditions and Innovations: Materials of the 69th All-Russian Scientific and Technical Conference]. Samara, SGASU Publ., 2012, Part 1, pp. 401—404.
  17. Khimunina S.D., editor. Ukazaniya po tekhnologii remontno-stroitel'nogo proizvodstva i tekhnologicheskie karty na raboty pri kapital'nom remonte zhilykh domov. Kn. 1. Obshchestvennye raboty [Instructions for Repair and Construction Technology of and Technological Maps for Major Repairing of Residential Housing. Book 1. Public Work]. 2nd edition. Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1977, 432 p.
  18. Samogorov V.A., Rybacheva O.S. Rekonstruktsiya istoricheskoy chasti Samary s uchetom slozhivshikhsya granits uchastkov zemlepol'zovaniya (dvorovykh prostranstv) [Reconstruction of the Historical Part of Samara Considering the Existing Boundaries of Land Lots (Courtyard Spaces)]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitelnogo universitetata. Seriya: Stroitel'stvovo i arkhitektura [Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 31 (50), Part. 1. Goroda Rossii. Problemy proektirovaniya i realizatsii [Cities of Russia. Problems of Design and Implementation]. Pp. 300—304.
  19. Samogorov V.A., Rybacheva O.S. Novoe stroitel'stvo v usloviyakh istoricheski slozhivsheysya zastroyki Samary s uchetom granits dvorovladeniy [New Construction Work in the Conditions of Historical Development of Samara Considering the Boundaries of Tenancy]. Vestnik SGASU. Gradostroitel'stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Urban Planning and Architecture]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 70—72.
  20. Vavilonskaya T.V. Strategiya obnovleniya arkhitekturno-istoricheskoy sredy (na primere g. Samary) [Strategy of Renewing Architectural and Historical Environment (on the Example of Samara City]. Izvestiya OrelGTU. Seriya: Stroitel'stvo i transport [News of State University — Education-Science-Production Complex of Orel. Series: Construction and Transport]. 2009, no. 3/23, pp. 68—72.

Download

Results 1 - 1 of 1