ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Qanat -a unique system of water supply in iran. Specifics of structures and principles of engineering devices

Vestnik MGSU 11/2016
  • Rodionovskaya Inna Serafimovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Hagh Shenas Abbas - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Building Design and Town Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-20

A considerable part of the world population is living in a geographical belt of hot and dry climate. The rainfalls there are rare and there is lack of fresh water basins and water sources. That’s why a powerful water supply system was developed here, which has been operating for centuries, and a technology of its construction has been improved to the level of art. The specific nature of hydro-technical water supply system of Iranian settlements is considered in this article. Such specificity is typical for the regions with mountain relief in the conditions of hot-dry climate. Also, the construction characteristics of the system, its structure and building components are given as well as short information about the features of buildings constructions and their technical operation. Functional, urban-architectural and environmental aspects are considered; the influence of the hydraulic system on the population resettlement is specified. The role of these structures is noted in respect of environment greening. Informational and cognitive nature of the given material allows using it in educational process of architects and civil engineers, expanding their professional horizons, as well as in scientific researches aimed at finding the ways of ecologization of modern architectural environment in the condition of urbanization development.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.11.7-20

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