ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

CITY’S STRATEGY OF PARK-AND-RIDE SYSTEM PLANNING

Vestnik MGSU 2/2018 Volume 13
  • Danilina Nina Vasil`evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 190-195

Subject: determination of the direction of sustainable urban transport system development is one of the most relevant issues of modern transport policy. Intermodal transportation development is the usual practice in big cities and agglomerations that shows its efficiency in the field of transport problem determination by means of coordination of transport mobility of urban population. This article is devoted to the issue of “Park-and-Ride” system formation as an integral part of intermodal transportation service for territories of cities and agglomerations. Research objectives: the aim of the study was to develop a scientific justification for the system development strategy based on the methods of system analysis. Materials and methods: “Park-and-Ride” facilities are viewed as an element of transport infrastructure, i.e., organization aimed to provide long-term parking service for the population during the working day, the demand for which depends on external and internal conditions, which determined the possibility of using the SWOT analysis tool to evaluate the performance of its service. Results: transport demand depends on internal and external urban and economic conditions and can be controlled by the methods of economic management. This allows us to use SWOT-analysis to evaluate conditions influencing the work of the whole system. SWOT-analysis allows us to assess weaknesses and strengths, threats and opportunities of a Park-and-Ride system aimed to attract the motorists to its service and, as a consequence, solve a set of transport, environmental and economic issues of urban sustainable development. As the results of the present analysis, we formulated the main strategic directions of the functioning and development of the system that determine the system’s maximum effectiveness in the field of town-planning development of urbanized territories. Conclusions: application of the obtained results lies in the field of transport planning at the stage of development of the General Plans for the transport infrastructure development, as well as the development of planning solutions for incentive parking as a part of urban passenger transport and transfer hubs. We formulate the city policy directions for the “Park-and-Ride” system organization and development that are necessary in the process of transport planning of the unified transport system of cities and agglomerations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.190-195

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Risk factors during construction of power plants using renewable energy sources

Vestnik MGSU 12/2016
  • Nefedova Lyudmila Veniaminovna - Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) Senior Researcher, Ph.D., Faculty of Geography, Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), 1 Lenin Hills, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation, GSP-1; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Solovyev Alexander Alekseyevich - Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) professor, academician of the RIA, Faculty of Geography, Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), 1 Lenin Hills, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation, GSP-1; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shilova Liubov Andreevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Engineering, Senior Lecturer Department of Information Systems Technology and Automation in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Solovyev Dmitry Alexandrovich - Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) Senior Researcher, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), 1 Lenin Hills, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation, GSP-1; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 79-90

The authors consider main characteristics of modern development of renewable energy sources (RES). It is dedicated that there are some technical and economic barriers to the widespread use of renewable energy. For example, RES are inconstancy in time and space and have low density of energy flow. High capital intensity and cost price, long-term construction, a considerable degree of different kinds of risk, lack of competitiveness with hydrocarbon species generation in the existing regulatory environment are also inherent to RES. The role of the regulatory framework is shown according to perspective plans of construction of power plants using renewable energy sources. The main requirements which are applied to measures of state support of construction industry of renewable energy development are formulated. Current condition of construction industry of RES in Russia is assessed. The problems of risks which arise during construction of renewable energy facilities according to results of practical use of RES are discussed. And it is rather important to use stage assessment for the construction phase of the project during risk analysis of construction of alternative energy sources. The main groups of RES risks are described. The importance of regulatory and resource risks for effective development of renewable energy in Russia according to the method of strategic planning with the identification of the adverse effects of gradation factors are determined. The analysis of financial risks types and methods of its management during construction power generation projects based on different types of renewable energy resources are made. In the end of the article the authors make a conclusion, that the development of projects for the construction of power plants with the use of innovative technical solutions to ensure minimal risks to the environment and safe operation in various climatic conditions is a priority.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.12.79-90

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