SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

PROBLEMS OF ATMOSPHERIC AIR POLLUTION IN INHABITED LOCALITIES OF THE VOLGOGRAD REGION BY EMISSIONS OF ENTERPRISES OF THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

Vestnik MGSU 2/2017 Volume 12
  • Knyazev Dmitriy Konstantinovich - Volgograd State Technical University (VSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Ecological Construction and Municipal Economy, Volgograd State Technical University (VSTU), 28 Lenina prospekt, Volgograd, 400005, Russian Federation.

Pages 193-200

High concentration of silt is a significant part of hygienic and ecological problems of cities. Phenomena of harmful and unsafe feature have a negative impact on many spheres of human activity and particularly on the municipal economy. Thereat, volume of dust in the air is changeable depending on temperature, humidity and wind conditions. The article deals with the problem of the Volgograd region airshed pollution by dust contained in emissions of the construction industry enterprises; sources of the dust formation, most common compositions of dust emissions, nature of migration and sedimentation of suspended particles in the open terrain and upon availability of green planting hindering the dust dispersion, are also considered. Dispersion of a priority pollutant of the main source of emission of construction works dust was simulated in the region for the most adverse and dangerous weather conditions, and this made it possible to classify the simulation site territory (town of Mikhaylovka) by the degree of atmospheric air pollution. Variants of the environment quality improvement for the identified pollution pattern are proposed, the feasibility study thereof is presented. Thus, the proposed solution on planting of greenary in the sanitary zone between “Sebryakovtsement” JSC and the residential area of Mikhaylovka of the Volgograd region is currently the most reasonable measure in order to improve the living conditions of people and ecological situation in the inhabited locality in general for the following reasons: * cost of the design work on planting of greenary is approximately 4 times below; * socially developed and habitable areas will be operated on; * quality of atmospheric air on the rest of the territory of the town of Mikhaylovka in general will be improved; * significant additional green area will be formed within the town boundaries.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.2.193-200

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