ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Narkomfin house as a monument of cultural heritage

Vestnik MGSU 7/2014
  • Gatsunaev Konstantin Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-17

Soviet architecture between 1917-1932 gave us the examples of genuine artistic and engineering design chef-d’oeuvres. The rationalism and constructivism were two main inseparable groups of modernist Soviet architecture. In 1922 leaders of rationalism - Nikolay Ladovskiy, Vladimir Krinskiy and Arthur Loleit founded ASNOVA (Association of New Architects). In 1925 Moisei Ginzburg, Alexander Vesnin, Viktor Vesnin and Ivan Leonidov founded OSA (Association of Contemporary Architects). Both of these organizations created well-known architecture of Soviet avant-garde. Russian civil engineers and architects maintained close comprehensive relations with their western colleagues. “Iron Curtain” became nonviolated border twenty years later. For the whole period of time since October (until 1932), Communist party demanded the collaboration between Soviet, European and American architects. Russian constructivists and Le Corbusier had very close and intensive relations between each other. OSA maintained regular contacts with Bauhaus (especially with Walther Gropius and Hannes Meyer). Their common principles and patterns enriched the architecture of the 20th century round the world. The Constructivist Narkomfin Communal House (Moisei Ginzburg and Ignati Milinis, 1930) from 1931 enhances the dynamism of the building’s innovative construction and utopian idealism. While Ginzburg had great success in the mid-1920s, he, along with the experimental architecture of the period, had fallen out of favor by the mid-1930s. Unlike the other examples of the lost vanguard, Narkomfin House isn’t ossified in both form and function. However, here the clean lines of the avant-garde are buried and muddled beneath the everyday needs of human inhabitants and the neglect of time. Despite of the foresaid, it remains an enduring symbol of this first epoch of Soviet history.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.7-17

References
  1. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Ratsionalizm — “formalizm” [The Rationalism — “Formalism”]. Moscow, 2007, 496 p.
  2. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Suprematizm i arkhitektura (problemi formoobrazovaniya) [Suprematism and Architecture (the Problems of Shaping)]. Moscow, 2007, 520 p.
  3. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Ivan Leonidov [Ivan Leonidov]. Moscow, 2009, 368 p.
  4. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Moisey G?nzburg. Moscow, 2007, 136 p.
  5. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Aleksandr Vesnin i konstruktivizm [Alexander Vesnin and the Constructivism]. Moscow, 2007, 412 p.
  6. Kosenkova Y.L. Opyt formirovaniya pravovoy osnovy sovetskogo gradostroitel’stva. 1920—1930-e gg. [The Experience of the Legal Basis of Soviet Civil Engineering Formation. 1920—1930s]. Gradostroitel’noe iskusstvo. Novye materialy i issledovaniya [Town Planning Art. New Materials and Researches]. Moscow, 2010, pp. 335—351.
  7. Kosenkova Y.L. Rayonnaya planirovka v SSSR. Opyt 1920—1930-kh godov [Regional Planning in the USSR. The Experience of 1920—1930s.]. Arhitekturnoe nasledstvo [Architectural Heritage]. Moscow, 2011, pp. 353—372.
  8. Molokova T.A., Frolov V.P. Pamyatniki kul’tury Moskvy: iz proshlogo v budushchee [Moscow Cultural Monuments: from the Past to the Future]. Moscow, 2010, 168 p.
  9. Gin?s Garrido. Moisei G?nzburg. Escritos 1923—1930. Madrid: El Croquis editorial, 2007
  10. John W. Maerhofer. Rethinking the Vanguard: Aesthetic and Political Positions in the Modernist Debate, 1917—1962. Cambridge Scholars Publ., 2009, 215 p.
  11. Klaus von Beyme. Das Zeitalter der Avantgarden: Kunst und Gesellschaft 1905—1955. C.H. Beck, 2005, 995 p
  12. Ikonnikov A.V. Utopicheskoe myshlenie i arkhitektura [Utopian Thinking and Architecture]. Moscow, 2004, 333 p.
  13. Han-Magomedov S.O. M.Ya. Ginzburg. Zodchie Moskvi [Moscow Architects]. Moscow, 1988, pp. 218, 220.
  14. KPSS v rezolyutsiyakh i resheniyah s’ezdov, konferentsiy i plenumov TsK. Ch. I : 1898—1925 [CPSU in Resolutions and Decisions of Congresses, Conferences and CC Plenums. Part I: 1898—1925]. Moscow. Gospolitizdat Publ., 1953, 426 p.
  15. XVI konferentsiya VKP(b) [XVI Conference of All-Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik's)]. Stenograficheskiy otchet [Stenographic report]. Moscow, 1962, pp. 14—15.
  16. Aleshchenko N.M. Moskva v planah razvitiya i rekonstruktsii. 1918— 1985 [Moscow in the Development and Reconstruction Plans. 1918—1985]. Moscow, 2009, 50 p.

Download

Results 1 - 1 of 1