RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

Increasing energy efficiency of wall materials with the help of cenospheres

Vestnik MGSU 7/2014
  • Zhukov Aleksey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bessonov Igor' Vyacheslavovich - Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN) Candidate of Technical Sciences, leading research worker, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN), 21 Lokomotivnyy proezd, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sapelin Andrey Nikolayevich - Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN) postgraduate student, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN), 21 Lokomotivnyy proezd, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Naumova Natal'ya Vladimirovna - Xella-Aeroblock-Centre head, Technical Support Department, Xella-Aeroblock-Centre, 93/2 Rabochaya str., Moscow, 109544, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 93-100

Hollow filling by brick mortar may take place in engineering structures with hollow tiles, which leads to thermal properties worsening of a construction. One of solutions to the problem of increasing energy efficiency of enveloping structures is the development of heat insulation material based on cenospheres with increased strength and decreased thermal conductivity in case of operational watering. Homogeneous construction systems based on cellular concrete and porous ceramics meet the structural requirements and also provide required thermal performance. In order to improve operational characteristics of enclosing structures it is possible to apply ceramic materials with effective high porous filler. Manufacturing technology of materials based on high porous filler and clay does not require significant capital expenditures to upgrade existing facilities and it’s similar to technology of ceramic wall materials.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.93-100

References
  1. Gagarin V.G. Makroekonomicheskie aspekty obosnovaniya energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy pri povyshenii teplozashchity ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy zdaniy [Macro-economic Aspects of Energy Saving Measures’ Substantiation by Increasing Thermal Protection of Enclosing Structures of Buildings]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 8—16.
  2. Shmelev S.E. Puti vybora optimal'nogo nabora energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [Ways of Selecting the Optimal Set of Energy-saving Measures]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 7—9.
  3. Ashmarin G.D., Salakhov A.M., Boltakova N.V., Morozov V.P., Gerashchenko V.N., Salakhova R.A. Vliyanie porovogo prostranstva na prochnostnye kharakteristiki keramiki [The Influence of Pore Space on the Strength Behaviour of Ceramics]. Steklo i keramika [Glass and Ceramics]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 24—30.
  4. De Lange R.S.A., Hekkink J.H.H., Keizer K., Burggraaf A.J. Microporous sol-gel Modified Membranes for Hydrogen Separation. In Proceedings of ICIM-2, 1—4 July, 1991. Montpellier, France. Key Engineering Materials. Trans. Tech. Publishers, Zurich, Switzerland, 1992, vol. 61—62, pp. 77—82.
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  6. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D. Printsipy sozdaniya novykh stroitel'nykh materialov [Principles of Creation of New Construction Materials]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Politematicheskaya [VolgGASU Internet Bulletin. Series: Polytopical]. 2012, no. 3 (23). Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/RumyantsevZhukov-2012_3(23).pdf.
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  14. Sapelin A.N., Bessonov I.V. Koeffitsienty struktury kak kriteriy otsenki teplotekhnicheskogo kachestva stroitel'nykh materialov [Pattern Coefficients as a Criterion for Assessing Thermal Performance of Construction Materials]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 26—28.
  15. Pedersen T. Experience with Selee Open Pore Foam Structure as a Filter in Aluminium Continuous Rod Casting and Rolling. Wire Journal. 1979, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 74—77.
  16. Worral W.E. Clays and Ceramic Raw Materials. Great Britan, University of Leeds, 1978, 277 p.
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Application of the coal-mining waste in building ceramics production

Vestnik MGSU 12/2014
  • Vaysman Yakov Iosifovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, scientific supervisor, Department of Environmental Protection, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy pr., Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pugin Konstantin Georgievich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automobiles and Production Machines, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gayday Maksim Fedorovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) postgraduate student, Department of Environmental Protection, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy pr., Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Semeynykh Natal’ya Sergeevna - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Engineering and Materials Science, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy pr., Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 131-140

In the process of construction ceramics production a substantial quantity of non-renewable natural resources - clays - are used. One of the ways of science development in building materials production is investigation of the possibility of regular materials production using technogenic waste. Application of coal-mining waste (technogenic raw material) in charge composition for production of ceramic products provides rational use of fuel, contributes to implementation of resource saving technologies on construction materials production enterprises. Though science development on revealing new raw material sources should be conducted with account for safety, reliability, technical, ecological and economical sides of the problem, which is especially current. The article deals with the problem of coal-mining waste usage in building ceramics production instead of fresh primary component (clay), fluxes, thinning agents and combustible additives. The interdependence between the density and shrinkage of the ceramic products and the amount and quality of coal-mining waste in its composition was established. The optimal proportion of coal-mining waste and clay in building ceramics production was estimated.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.131-140

References
  1. Shapovalov N.A., Zagorodnyuk L.Kh., Tikunova I.V., Shekina A.Yu. Ratsional’nye puti ispol’zovaniya staleplavil’nykh shlakov [Rational Ways of Steelmaking Slags Use]. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya [Fundamental Research]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 439—443. (In Russian)
  2. Zemlyanushnov D.Yu., Sokov V.N., Oreshkin D.V. Ekologo-ekonomicheskie aspekty primeneniya tonkodispersnykh otkhodov mramora v proizvodstve oblitsovochnykh keramicheskikh materialov [Environmental and Economic Aspects of Using Marble Fine Waste in the Manufacture of Facing Ceramic Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Structural Engineering]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 118—126. (In Russian)
  3. Malaiskiene J., Kizinievic V., Maciulaitis R., Semelis E. Infl uence of Assorted Waste on Building Ceramic Properties. Materials Science (Medziagotyra). 2012, no. 4, pp. 396—402.
  4. Ryazanov A.N., Vinnichenko V.I. Ekologicheskie i ekonomicheskie aspekty ispol’zovaniya uglesoderzhashchikh otkhodov pri proizvodstve stroitel’nykh materialov [Ecological and Economic Aspects of Carbonaceous Waste Use in the Production Process of Construction Materials]. Vistnik NTU «KhPI» [Proceedings of National Technical University Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute]. 2012, no. 63 (939), pp. 145—152. (In Russian)
  5. Khlystov A.I., Shirokov V.A., Chernova E.A. Primenenie mineral’nykh shlamovykh otkhodov v protsessakh sintezirovaniya zhidkikh fosfatnykh svyazok [Application of Mineral Slurry Waste in Processes of Synthesizing of Liquid Phosphatic Sheaves]. Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of Southern Ural State University. Construction and Architecture Series]. 2013, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 43—46. (In Russian)
  6. Kalinina E.V. Utilizatsiya shlamov karbonata kal’tsiya v proizvodstve tovarnykh produktov stroitel’noy otrasli [Utilization of Slimes of a Calcium Carbonate in Production of Commodity Products of Construction Branch]. Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Urbanistika [Proceedings of Perm National Research Polytechnic University. Urban Planning]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 97—113. (In Russian)
  7. Ramesh M., Karthic K.S., Karthikeyan T., Kumaravel A. Construction Materials from Industrial Wastes — A Review of Current Practices. International Journal of Environmental Research and Development. 2014, no. 4, pp. 317—324.
  8. Karrar R.K., Pandey R.K. Study of Management and Control of Waste Construction Materials in Civil Construction Project. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology. 2013, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 345—350.
  9. Behera M., Bhattacharyya S.K., Minocha A.K., Deoliya R., Maiti S. Recycled Aggregate from C&D Waste and its Use in Concrete — A Breakthrough towards Sustainability in Construction Sector: A Review. Construction and Building Materials. 2014, vol. 68, pp. 501—516. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.07.003.
  10. Brozovsky J., Fojtik T., Martinec P. Impact of Fine Aggregates Replacement by Fluidized Fly Ash to Resistance of Concretes to Aggressive Media. Construction Materials. 2006, no. 5, pp. 4—10.
  11. Pati D.J., Iki K., Homma R. Solid Waste as a Potential Construction Material for Cost-Efficient Housing in India. 3rd World Conference on Applied Sciences, Engineering & Technology. Kathmandu, 2014, pp. 240—245.
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  13. Wagner L.E., Jones M.M. The Attenuation of Chemical Elements in Acidic Leachates from Coal Mineral Wastes by Soils. Environmental Geology and Water Sciences. 1984, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 161—170. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02509910.
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  15. Meshchaninov F.V. Termobarogeokhimicheskie modeli transformatsii porod otvalov ugol’nykh shakht Vostochnogo Donbassa [Fluid Inclusion Models of Transformation of Waste Heaps of East Donbas Coal Pits]. Nauchnaya konferentsiya aspirantov i soiskateley : tezisy dokladov [Scientific Conference of Postgraduates and Doctoral Candidates : Report Theses]. Rostov on Don, 2001, pp. 49—51. (In Russian)
  16. Batalin B.S., Belozerova T.A., Gayday M.F., Makhover S.E. Keramicheskiy kirpich iz terrikonikov Kizelovskogo ugol’nogo basseyna [Ceramic Brick of Waste Heaps of the Kizelovsky Coal Basin]. Stroitel'nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii 21 veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2012, no. 11, pp. 18—22. (In Russian)
  17. Knigina G.I. Stroitel’nye materialy iz gorelykh porod [Construction Materials of Burned Rocks]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1966, 207 p. (In Russian)
  18. Batalin B.S., Belozerova T.A., Gayday M.F. Stroitel’naya keramika iz terrikonikov Kizelovskogo ugol’nogo basseyna [Construction Ceramics of Waste Heaps of the Kizelovsky Coal Basin]. Steklo i keramika [Glass and Ceramics]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 8—10. (In Russian)
  19. Abdrakhimov V.Z., Vdovina E.V. Issledovanie zhelezosoderzhashchego syr’ya i ego klassifikatsiya po funktsional’noy prigodnosti v proizvodstve keramicheskikh materialov [Research of Ferriferous Raw Materials and their Classification by Functional Suitability in Production of Ceramic Materials]. Samara, SGASU Publ., 2010, 118 p. (In Russian)
  20. Lukin E.S., Andrianov N.T. Tekhnicheskiy analiz i kontrol’ proizvodstva keramiki [Technical Analysis and Control of Ceramics Production. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged.]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1986, 271 p. (In Russian)

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Energy saving technology of ceramic tiles

Vestnik MGSU 10/2013
  • Zhukov Aleksey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gorbunov German Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Technology of Finishing and Insulation Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Belash Natalya Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Postgraduate student, Department of Technology of Finishing and Insulation Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 122-130

Ceramic technology is based on three requirements: maintaining the product properties on the required level, reduction of energy costs, optimization of raw materials consumption and technological parameters. It is possible to obtain a product with improved operating abilities, at the same time optimizing the energy consumption, with the use of modern methods of thermal treatment, which include a combination of burning mechanisms in one technological conversion.The service durability of products is determined by the simultaneous influence of the factors, which are characterized by the properties of raw materials, the conditions of molding powder preparation, molding and thermal treatment. The usage of innovational technological methods allow to reduce the duration of the main energy consuming operations — the process of powder preparation can be reduced from 8—12 hours (traditional technology) up to 2—3 minutes, and the process of drying and burning from 2—3 days to 1—1.5 hours. The quality of ready products remains high.Ceramic tiles are primarily used as finishing material in the construction of residential, public and industrial buildings. Modern technologies of ceramic tiles provide not only crock glazing, but also applying other materials on it. This can extend the range of ceramic tiles application.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.10.122-130

References
  1. Gorbunov G.I. Otsenka prigodnosti otkhodov obrabotki prirodnogo kamnya i stekloboya dlya polucheniya granitokeramiki [Acceptability Evaluation of the Natural Stone and Glass Processing Waste for Granite Ceramic Production]. Nauchno-prakticheskiy Internet-zhurnal «Nauka. Stroitel'stvo. Obrazovanie» [Scientific-Practical Online Magazine "Science. Construction. Education"]. 2011, no.1, article 12. Available at: http://www.nso-journal.ru.
  2. Òessier L. Rossiyskim proizvoditelyam keramiki — unikal'nye resheniya kompanii IMERYS CERAMICS po primeneniyu mineral'nogo syr'ya [To the Russian Producers of Ceramics: the Unique Solutions of the Imerys Ceramics Company on Application of Mineral Raw Materials]. Steklo i keramika [Glass and Ceramics]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 43—48.
  3. Ashmarin G.D., Salakhov A.M., Boltakova N.V., Morozov V.P., Gerashchenko V.N., Salakhova R.A. Vliyanie porovogo prostranstva na prochnostnye kharakteristiki keramiki [The Influence of Pore Space on the Strength Behaviour of Ceramics]. Steklo i keramika [Glass and Ceramics]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 24—30.
  4. Poznyak A.I., Levitskiy I.A., Barantseva S.E. Bazal'tovye i granitoidnye porody kak komponenty keramicheskikh mass dlya plitok vnutrenney oblitsovki sten [Basalts and Granitoid Solids as Mass Ceramic Components for Internal Lining Tiles]. Steklo i keramika [Glass and Ceramics]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 36—42.
  5. Moore F. Rheology of Ceramic systems. Institute of Ceramics: Textbook Series, Applied Science Publishers, 1965, 170 p.
  6. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D. Printsipy sozdaniya novykh stroitel'nykh materialov [The Principles of New Building Materials Production]. Internet-vestnik VolgGASU [Online Magazine of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. Politematical Series, 2012, no. 3(23). Available at: http://www.vestnik.vgasu.ru/
  7. Grigorieva T.F. Mechanochemical interaction of the kaolinite with the solid state acids. 12th International Symposium on the Reactivity of Solids. Hamburg, Germany, 132 p.
  8. Zhukova E.A., Chugunkov A.V., Rudnitskaya V.A. Sistemy fasadnoy otdelki [Fasade Decoration Systems]. Nauchno-prakticheskiy Internet-zhurnal «Nauka. Stroitel'stvo. Obrazovanie» [Scientific-Practical Online Magazine "Science. Construction. Education"]. 2011, no.1, article no. 15. Available at: http://www.nso-journal.ru.
  9. Pedersen Ò. Experience with Selee open pore foam structure as a filter in aluminium continuous rod casting and rolling. Wire Journal. 1979, vol. 12, no. 6. pp. 74—77.
  10. Worall W.E. Clays and Ceramic Raw Materials. University of Leeds, Great Britan,1978, 277 p.

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