TECHNOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURES. MECHANISMS AND EQUIPMENT

Thermal insulation properties of walls

Vestnik MGSU 5/2014
  • Zhukov Aleksey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bessonov Igor' Vyacheslavovich - Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN) Candidate of Technical Sciences, leading research worker, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN), 21 Lokomotivnyy proezd, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sapelin Andrey Nikolaevich - Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Physics of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN) postgraduate student, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Physics of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN), 21 Lokomotivnyy proezd, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bobrova Ekaterina Yur'evna - Higher School of Economics (HSE); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Economic Sciences, Director, Center for Low-rise Construction, Higher School of Economics (HSE); doctoral student, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Higher School of Economics (HSE); Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 20 Myasnitskaya str., 101000, Moscow, Russian Federation; 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 70-77

Heat-protective qualities of building structures are determined by the qualities of the used materials, adequate design solutions and construction and installation work of high quality. This rule refers both to the structures made of materials similar in their structure and nature and mixed, combined by a construction system. The necessity to ecaluate thermal conductivity is important for a product and for a construction. Methods for evaluating the thermal protection of walls are based on the methods of calculation, on full-scale tests in a laboratory or on objects. At the same time there is a reason to believe that even deep and detailed calculation may cause deviation of the values from real data. Using finite difference method can improve accuracy of the results, but it doesn’t solve all problems. The article discusses new approaches to evaluating thermal insulation properties of walls. The authors propose technique of accurate measurement of thermal insulation properties in single blocks and fragments of walls and structures.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.5.70-77

References
  1. Zhukov A.D., Chugunkov A.V. Fasadnaya sistema s ispol’zovaniem materialov yacheistoy struktury [Facade System Made of Porous Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 128—132.
  2. Moore F. Rheology of Ceramic Systems. Institute of Ceramics Textbook Series, Applied Science Publishers, 1965, 170 p.
  3. Grigorieva T.F., Vorsina I.A., Barinova A.P., Boldyrev V.V. Mechanochemical Interaction of the Kaolinite with the Solid State Acids. XIII Int. Symp. on Reactivity of Solids, Hamburg, 1996, Abstracts, 132 p.
  4. Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V., Zelenshchikov D.B., Khimich A.O. Thermal Treatment of the Mineral Wool Mat. Advanced Materials Research (Switzerland). 2014, vols. 838—841, pp. 196—200.
  5. Worral W.E. Clays and Ceramic Raw Materials. University of Leeds, Great Britain. 1978, 277 p.
  6. Gagarin V.G. Makroekonomicheskie aspekty obosnovaniya energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy pri povyshenii teplozashchity ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy zdaniy [Macroeconomic Aspects of the Substantiation of Energy Saving Measures by Increasing the Thermal Protection of Enclosing Structures of Buildings]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 8—16.
  7. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Teoreticheskie predposylki rascheta privedennogo soprotivleniya teploperedache ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Theoretical Background for Calculation of Reduced Resistance to Heat Transfer of Enclosing Structures]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010, no. 12, pp. 4—12.
  8. Pedersen T. Experience with Selee Open Pore Foam Structure as a Filter in Aluminium Continuous Rod Casting and Rolling. Wire Journal. 1979, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 74—77.
  9. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.Yu. Teploprovodnost’ vysokoporistykh materialov [Thermal Conductivity of Highly Porous Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 108—114.
  10. Sapelin A.N., Bessonov I.V. Koeffitsienty struktury kak kriteriy otsenki teplotekhnicheskogo kachestva stroitel'nykh materialov [Pattern Coefficients as a Criterion for Assessing Thermal Performance of Construction Materials]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 26—28.
  11. Sapelin A.N. Sorbtsionnye svoystva stenovykh materialov s primeneniem mikrosfer [Sorptive Properties of Wall Materials Using Microspheres]. ACADEMIA. Arkhitektura I stroitel'stvo [Academia. Architecture and construction]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 101—104.
  12. Vos B., Boekwijt W. Ausfűllung des Hohlraumes in bestehengen hohlmauern. Gesundheits-Ingenier. 1974, no. 4, pp. 36—40.
  13. Umnyakova N.P. Dolgovechnost’ trekhsloynykh sten s oblitsovkoy iz kirpicha s vysokim urovnem teplovoy zashchity [Durability of Three-layered Walls with Brick Facing That Provides High Thermal Protection]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 94—100.
  14. Hall C.A. Introduction to Special Issue on New Studies in EROI (Energy Return on Investment). Sustainability. 2011, 3(10), pp. 1773—1777. Available at: www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/3/10/1773. DOI: 10.3390/su3101773.
  15. Malakhova A.N., Balakshin A.S. Primenenie stenovykh melkikh blokov iz yacheistykh betonov v nesushchikh stenakh zdaniy sredney etazhnosti [Using Small Cellular Concrete Blocks to Make Bearing Walls of Mid-rise Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 87—93.

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Increasing energy efficiency of wall materials with the help of cenospheres

Vestnik MGSU 7/2014
  • Zhukov Aleksey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Bessonov Igor' Vyacheslavovich - Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN) Candidate of Technical Sciences, leading research worker, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN), 21 Lokomotivnyy proezd, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sapelin Andrey Nikolayevich - Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN) postgraduate student, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Phisics of Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (NIISF RAASN), 21 Lokomotivnyy proezd, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Naumova Natal'ya Vladimirovna - Xella-Aeroblock-Centre head, Technical Support Department, Xella-Aeroblock-Centre, 93/2 Rabochaya str., Moscow, 109544, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 93-100

Hollow filling by brick mortar may take place in engineering structures with hollow tiles, which leads to thermal properties worsening of a construction. One of solutions to the problem of increasing energy efficiency of enveloping structures is the development of heat insulation material based on cenospheres with increased strength and decreased thermal conductivity in case of operational watering. Homogeneous construction systems based on cellular concrete and porous ceramics meet the structural requirements and also provide required thermal performance. In order to improve operational characteristics of enclosing structures it is possible to apply ceramic materials with effective high porous filler. Manufacturing technology of materials based on high porous filler and clay does not require significant capital expenditures to upgrade existing facilities and it’s similar to technology of ceramic wall materials.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.93-100

References
  1. Gagarin V.G. Makroekonomicheskie aspekty obosnovaniya energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy pri povyshenii teplozashchity ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy zdaniy [Macro-economic Aspects of Energy Saving Measures’ Substantiation by Increasing Thermal Protection of Enclosing Structures of Buildings]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 8—16.
  2. Shmelev S.E. Puti vybora optimal'nogo nabora energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [Ways of Selecting the Optimal Set of Energy-saving Measures]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 7—9.
  3. Ashmarin G.D., Salakhov A.M., Boltakova N.V., Morozov V.P., Gerashchenko V.N., Salakhova R.A. Vliyanie porovogo prostranstva na prochnostnye kharakteristiki keramiki [The Influence of Pore Space on the Strength Behaviour of Ceramics]. Steklo i keramika [Glass and Ceramics]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 24—30.
  4. De Lange R.S.A., Hekkink J.H.H., Keizer K., Burggraaf A.J. Microporous sol-gel Modified Membranes for Hydrogen Separation. In Proceedings of ICIM-2, 1—4 July, 1991. Montpellier, France. Key Engineering Materials. Trans. Tech. Publishers, Zurich, Switzerland, 1992, vol. 61—62, pp. 77—82.
  5. Baker R.B. Membrane Technology and Applications. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 2004, 538 p.
  6. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D. Printsipy sozdaniya novykh stroitel'nykh materialov [Principles of Creation of New Construction Materials]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Politematicheskaya [VolgGASU Internet Bulletin. Series: Polytopical]. 2012, no. 3 (23). Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/RumyantsevZhukov-2012_3(23).pdf.
  7. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V. Teploprovodnost' vysokoporistykh materialov [Heat Conductivity of Highly Porous Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 108—114.
  8. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Teoreticheskie predposylki rascheta privedennogo soprotivleniya teploperedache ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Theoretical Premises of the Calculation of Reduced Resistance to Heat Transfer of Enclosing Structures]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2010, no. 12, pp. 4—12.
  9. Grigorieva T.F., Vorsina I.A., Barinova A.P., Boldyrev V.V. Mechanochemical Interaction of the Kaolinite with the Solid State Acids. XIII International Symposium on the Reactivity of Solids. Hamburg, Germany, Abstr. and Program, 1996, p. 132.
  10. Moore F. Rheology of Ceramic Systems. Institute of Ceramics Textbook Series, Applied Science Publishers, 1965, 170 p.
  11. Vos B., Boekwijt W. Ausf?llung des Hohlraumes in bestehengen Hohlmauern. Gesundheits-Ingenier, 1974, no. 4, pp. 36—40.
  12. Oreshkin D.V. Vysokokachestvennye tsementnye tamponazhnye materialy s polymi steklyannymi mikrosferami [High Quality Oil-well Cement Materials with Hollow Glass Microspheres]. Stroitel'stvo neftyanykh i gazovykh skvazhin na sushe i na more [Construction of Oil and Gas Wells on Land and Sea]. 2003, no. 7, pp. 20—31.
  13. Sapelin A.N. Sorbtsionnye svoystva stenovykh materialov s primeneniem mikrosfer [Sorptive Properties of the Wall Materials Using Microspheres]. Academia. Arkhitektura I stroitel'stvo [Academia. Architecture and Construction]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 101—104.
  14. Sapelin A.N., Bessonov I.V. Koeffitsienty struktury kak kriteriy otsenki teplotekhnicheskogo kachestva stroitel'nykh materialov [Pattern Coefficients as a Criterion for Assessing Thermal Performance of Construction Materials]. Stroitel'nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 26—28.
  15. Pedersen T. Experience with Selee Open Pore Foam Structure as a Filter in Aluminium Continuous Rod Casting and Rolling. Wire Journal. 1979, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 74—77.
  16. Worral W.E. Clays and Ceramic Raw Materials. Great Britan, University of Leeds, 1978, 277 p.
  17. Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V., Zelenshchikov D.B., Khimich A.O. Thermal Treatment of the Mineral Wool Mat. Advanced Materials Research (Switzerland). 2014, vol. 838—841, pp. 196—200.
  18. Hall Ch.A.S. Energy Return on Investment: Introduction to Special Issue on New Studies in EROI. 2011, no. 3 (10), pp. 1773—1777. Available at: www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/3/10/1773. Date of access: 15.01.2014.

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