ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Besieged nature

Vestnik MGSU 3/2013
  • Tkachev Valentin Nikitovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Architecture, Professor, Department of Design of Buildings and Town Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 26-33

The history and present-day problems accompanying the relationship between Man and the human habitat are considered in the article. Understanding of the role of Nature in the human life is demonstrated by the architectural morphogenesis.K. Marx identified the two ways of consumption of natural resources. According to the first one, people enjoyed natural benefits as they were. The second one contemplated transformation, physical and chemical treatment of natural resources.Predominance of the consumer-style attitude to Nature means transition to the phase of transformation of natural resources into the forms suitable for consumption.The history of the relationship between Nature and Man is composed of the following phases:Man as the slave of Nature; Man as the student of Nature; Man as the lord of Nature;Man as the destroyer of Nature and a parasite consuming its resources; Man as the repentant sinner failing to take any effort to repay the debt.The educational phase of the architecture means identification of structural features of natural materials integrated into tectonic systems of structures. The second wave of imitation of Nature, or mimesis, had an esthetic orientation and was typical for early cultures. Separation of structural and ornamental features of a wall marked the third wave of assimilation of Nature in the architecture of Europe starting from the Renaissance and through the era of the bourgeois pragmatism. However, it was the design of wide-span structures that served as the prerequisite of technological borrowings from the phenomena of the wildlife (skeletons, webs, folds), or the third wave of assimilations. The idea of architecture as the subject having the properties of a living organism marked the fifth wave of appeal to the wildlife, its transient forms and changing organisms.The understanding of the ecological responsibility of Man embedded in the architecture contemplated the sixth wave of the human activities. What will be the seventh wave of relationship between Nature and Man?

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.3.26-33

References
  1. Marx K. Formy, predshestvuyushchie kapitalisticheskomu proizvodstvu [Pre-capitalist Modes of Production]. Moscow, Politizdat Publ., 1940, 52 p.
  2. Potapov A.D. Ekologiya [Ecology]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 2004, 528 p.
  3. Tasalov V.I. Ocherk esteticheskikh idey arkhitektury kapitalisticheskogo obshchestva [Essay of Esthetic Ideas of the Architecture Typical for the Capitalist Society]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1979, 336 p.
  4. Shuazi O. Istoriya arkhitektury [History of Architecture]. Moscow, AN SSSR Publ., vol. 1, 1935, 575 p.
  5. Haeckel E. Kunstformen und Natur. Leipzig und Wien, 1899.
  6. Ryabushin A., Dvorzhak K. Prognostika v arkhitekture i gradostroitel’stve [Prognostics in Architecture and Urban Planning]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1983, 184 p.
  7. Tkachev V.N. Veduty [Architectural Views]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, 291 p.
  8. Ragon M. Goroda budushchego [Towns of the Future]. Moscow, MIR Publ., 1969, 296 p.
  9. Vuek Ya. Mify i utopii arkhitektury xx veka [Myths and Utopias of the Architecture of the 20th Century]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990, 288 p.
  10. Lebedev Yu.S. Arkhitekturnaya bionika [Architectural Bionics]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990, 268 p.

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Anatomy of architectural critiсism: modern accents

Vestnik MGSU 12/2013
  • Tkachev Valentin Nikitovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Architecture, Professor, Department of Design of Buildings and Town Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-13

The emphasis of modern critics shifts from discussions on formal issues (stylistics, decorative components, imagery) to the content issues of environment organization, materialized by town-planning actions. The prospects of the destruction of the existing town structure by spontaneous infill construction are quite realistic, which requires not only critical discussion, but also strong opposition to antisocial forces. A city stopped to be a comfortable environment for a human.A number of estimations is put forward, which characterize negative trends in modern city architecture. They represent the object of technical analysis and positive recommendations, which should be regarded a creative mechanism of influence on the practice through the theory.The intensity of social and economic transformations as givenness of modern reality radically changes the mentality, esthetic and space perception of the living environment, opinions on the value interrelation of new and old in building. All these requires heightened positive reasoning and constructive, maybe even tough actions.The danger of losing the face of Russian architecture is also essential. The reason for this is in epidemic copying by native architects, who are fascinated by foreign masterpieces eccentricity.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.12.7-13

References
  1. Mastera sovetskoy arkhitektury ob arkhitekture [Adepts of Soviet Architecture about the Architecture]. T. I. M. Iskusstvo Publ., 1975, 544 p.
  2. Tasalov V.I. Ocherk esteticheskikh idey arkhitektury kapitalisticheskogo obshchestva [Essay on aesthetic ideas of the Architecture of Capitalist Society]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1979, 335 p.
  3. Sovremennye problemy formirovaniya gorodskoy sredy: Vsesoyuznaya nauchnaya konferentsiya [All-Union Scientific Conference "Modern Problems of Urban Environment Formation]. Suzdal, 1989, VNIITAG Publ., part II, 151 p.
  4. Taut B. Die neue Baukunst in Europa und Amerika. Stuttgart, J. Hoffmann Verlag, 1979, 226 p.
  5. Tange Kendzo. Arkhitektura Yaponii. Traditsiya i sovremennost' [Architecture of Japan. Tradition and Modernity]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1975, 240 p.
  6. Niemeyer O. La forme en architecture. Rio de Janeiro, 1978, 180 p.
  7. Ivanova E.K., Katsnel'son R.A. Pier Luigi Nervi. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1986, 126 p.
  8. Bykov V.V. Rol' promyshlennoy zastroyki v formirovanii gumanizirovannoy gorodskoy sredy [Role of Industrial Development in the Formation of Humanized Urban Environment]. Gorodskaya sreda: sbornik materialov Vsesyuznoy nauchnoy konferentsii [City Environment: Collection of Materials of All-Union Scientific Conference]. Moscow, VNIITAG Publ., 1989, 153 p.
  9. Maloyan G.A. K problemam planirovki i zastroyki suburbanizatsionnogo rasseleniya v gorodskikh aglomeratsiyakh [On the Problems of Planning and Development of Suburban Settlement in Urban Agglomerations]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Seriya «Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura» [Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 31(50), pp. 142—147.
  10. Maloyan G.A. Moskva. Strategiya detsentralizatsii («stenokardiya» megapolisa nachinaetsya v rasselenii) [Moscow. Decentralization Strategy («Breast-pang» of Metropolis begins in the Process of Resettlement)]. ACADEMIA Publ., 2013, no. 2, 76—79 p.
  11. Pivoeva V.M., editor. «Svoe» i «chuzhoe» v kul'ture: sbornik nauchnykh statey ["Our Own" and "Alien" in the Culture: Collection of Scientific Articles]. Petrozavodsk, PetrGU Publ., 1998, 107 p.

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Architectural and engineering principles and innovations in the construction of glass-facade buildings

Vestnik MGSU 11/2015
  • Plotnikov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, senior research worker, Professor, Department of Civil and Industrial Buildings Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-15

Though the technologies are dynamically developing and there are a lot of research projects, there is still no general opinion on a glass-facade building among the European scientific community, architects and construction engineers. The increasing requirements to heat-protective qualities of translucent structures make us think of the necessity of a quantum leap both in technologies and in principal approaches to the development of architectural and constructive solutions of translucent shells. Together with economical features, the dynamics of heat-protective indicators’ increase show the tendencies to reaching the possibilities limits of mass glass units. The European construction practice usually solve this problem by developing sealed insulating glass units and by different conceptual solutions of the systems of translucent double facades. In the given article the basic theoretical principles and innovative engineering ideas are formulated dealing with the modern glass-facade building construction. “Green Building” conception is analyzed as a European new building philosophy.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.7-15

References
  1. Maritz Vandenberg. Farnsworth House (Architecture in Detail), Mies van der Rohe. Phaidon Press Inc., 2005, 60 p.
  2. Schossing E., Behnisch S., Fisch N. About Energy and Architecture. Profile — Architecture Magazine. Schueco International KG, 2007, no. 5, pp. 11—13.
  3. Benits-Vil’denburg Yu. Noveyshie tekhnologii teploizolyatsii i ventilyatsii s pomoshch’yu okon i fasadov [New Heat Insulating and Ventilation Technologies with the Help of Windows and Facades]. Okna. Dveri. Vitrazhi [Windows. Doors. Stained Glass]. 2008, Business Issue. Available at: http://okna.ua/library/art-novejshie_tehnologii_teploizoljacii_i_1. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  4. Stratiy P.V., Boriskina I.V., Plotnikov A.A. Klimaticheskaya nagruzka na steklopakety [Climatic Load on Insulating Glass Units]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, vol. 2, pp. 262—267. (In Russian)
  5. Plotnikov A.A., Stratiy P.V. Raschet klimaticheskoy nagruzki na steklopaket na primere g. Moskvy [Calculating the Climatic Load on Glass Units on the Example of Moscow]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 190—194. (In Russian)
  6. Stratiy P.V., Plotnikov A.A., Boriskina I.V. Issledovanie progibov stekol paketa pri deystvii atmosfernoy sostavlyayushchey klimaticheskoy nagruzki [Investigation of Glass Unit Deflection in the Case of Atmospheric Impact of the Climatic Load]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 33—36. (In Russian)
  7. Aleksandrov Yu.P., Glikin S.M., Drozdov V.A., Tarasov V.P. Konstruktsii s primeneniem steklopaketov [Structures with Insulating Glass Units]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1978, 193 p.(In Russian)
  8. Vakuumnyy steklopaket: budushchee poka tumanno [Sealed Insulating Glass Unit. The Future is still Cloudy]. Okna. Dveri. Fasady [Windows. Doors. Facades]. 21.04.2013. Available at: http://odf.ru/stat_end.php?id=483. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  9. Rossa M. Innovatsionnoe ispol’zovanie stekla: doklad na 2-m spetsializirovannom kongresse «Okna — fasady — steklo» [Innovative Use of Glass: Report on the 2nd Subject-oriented Congress “Windows — Facades — Glass”]. Moscow, 2007. Available at: http://cwe.ru/archive/detail.php?el=1039&phrase_id=439020. Date of access: 18.12.2013. (In Russian)
  10. Tenhunen O., Lintula K., Lchtinen T., Lehtovaara J., Viljanen M., Kesti J., Makelainen P.Double Skin Facades — Structures and Building Physics. Conceptual Reference Database for Building Envelope Research. Available at: http://users.encs.concordia.ca/~raojw/crd/reference/reference001114.html. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  11. Basnet Arjun. Architectural Integration of Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Collector Systems into Buildings: Master’s Thesis in Sustainable Architecture. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Architecture and Fine Arts, Trondheim, June 2012, 96 p. Available at: https://www.ntnu.no/wiki/download/attachments/48431699/Master-Basnet.pdf?version=1&modificationDate=1339765553175. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  12. Schittich S., Staib G., Balkow D., Schuler M., Sobek D. Glass Construction Manual. Birkhauser Basel, 1999, 328 p.
  13. Aschehoug Ø., Bell D. BP SOLAR SKIN — A facade concept for a sustainable future. SINTEF Report, May 2003. Available at: http://www.sintef.no/upload/BP%20Solar%20Skin%20-%20Final%20Report.pdf. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  14. RENSON. Reference book, 2nd ed. Waregem, Belgium, 2008. Available at: http://www.rensonuk.net/reference-books-referencebook-2008.html. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  15. Innovations / Energy2: Saving Energy — Generating Energy. Schüco International KG. 35 p. Available at: https://www.alukoenigstahl.com/AKS/UI/AKSImage.aspx?TabID=0&Alias=Stahl&Lang=hr-HR&Domain=hr&ec=1&imageID=53a7a6f9-54ee-4ac7-935d-96855e8a7546. Date of access: 18.12.2013.
  16. Boriskina I.V., Plotnikov A.A., Zakharov A.V. Proektirovanie sovremennykh okonnykh sistem grazhdanskikh zdaniy [Design of Modern Window Systems of Civil Buildings]. Kiev, Domashevskaya O.A. Publ., 2005, 312 p. (In Russian)

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Principles of managing ecologically safe architectural reconstruction of the territories affected by waste disposal of different genesis

Vestnik MGSU 7/2014
  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Vorontsov Evgeniy Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tupitsyna Ol'ga Vladimirovna - Samara State Technical University (SSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Docent, Associate Professor, Department of Chemical Technologies and Industrial Ecology, Samara State Technical University (SSTU), 244 Molodogvardeiskay str., Samara, 443100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sukhonosova Anna Nikolaevna - Samara State Technical University (SSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Department of Chemical Technologies and Industrial Ecology, Samara State Technical University (SSTU), 244 Molodogvardeiskay str., Samara, 443100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Savel'ev Aleksey Aleksandrovich - Samara State Technical University (SSTU) postgraduate student, Department of Chemical Technologies and Industrial Ecology, Samara State Technical University (SSTU), 244 Molodogvardeiskay str., Samara, 443100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Grishin Boris Mikhaylovich - Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (PSUAC) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Water Supply, Water Disposal and Hydrotechnics, Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (PSUAC), 28 Germana Titova str., Penza, 440028, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chertes Konstantin L'vovich - Samara State Technical University (SSTU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Chemical Technologies and Industrial Ecology, Samara State Technical University (SSTU), 244 Molodogvardeiskay str., Samara, 443100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 110-132

Russia as well as the majority of the countries of the world is a highly urbanized country (according to expert opinion 70 % of the country population are citizens). The situation is worsening by the fact that in Russia, as well as in the majority of European countries, USA and Canada, great territories not occupied with agriculture are almost fully littered with industrial and consumer waste - including from solid municipal waste to highly toxic and radioactive. Generally about 9 bln tones of waste are accumulated in Russia, which includes 1.5 bln tones of dangerous waste. Basing on the analysis of more than 100 waste disposal objects in Samara region the authors showed that within its boundaries 17 landfills are situated, which after deactivation are potentially suitable as donors of recultivation materials: secondary mineral soils and soil substitutes. Moreover the separate remediated territories of can serve as sets for constructing waste neutralization complexes. The ideas presented in this work were used for estimating the state and justifying the methods of landfill recultivation in Zhigulevsk (Samara region).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.7.110-132

References
  1. Vaysman Ya.I., Korotaev V.N., Petrov Yu.V. Poligony deponirovaniya tverdykh bytovykh otkhodov [Landfills of Municipal Solid Waste]. Perm, PGTU Publ., 2001, 150 p.
  2. Forcano E. La meva Barcelona. Barcelona — Madrid, lunwerg, 2010, 96 p.
  3. Abercrombie P. Town and Country Planning. Rev. by D. Rigby Childs. 3-d ed. NY, Oxford University Press, 1959 (Reprinted 1961 and 1967), 256 p.
  4. Vik E.A., Bardos P. Remediation of Contaminated Land Technology Implementation in Europe: A report from the Contaminated Land Rehabilitation Network for Environmental Technologies. CLARINET, 2002, 188 p. Available at: http://www.commonforum.eu/Documents/DOC/Clarinet/WG7_Final_Report.pdf\. Date of access 19.06.2014.
  5. Yazhlev I.K. Ekologicheskoe ozdorovlenie zagryaznennykh proizvodstvennykh i gorodskikh territoriy: monografiya [Ecological Remediation of the Polluted Industrial and Urban Territories. Monograph]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2012, 272 p.
  6. Smetanin V.I. Rekul'tivatsiya i obustroystvo narushennykh zemel' [Recultivation and Development of Disordered Areas]. Moscow, Kolos Publ., 2000, 96 p.
  7. Telichenko V.I., Potapov A.D., Shcherbina E.V. Nadezhnoe i effektivnoe stroitel'stvo na tekhnogenno zagryaznennykh territoriyakh [Sustainable and Efficient Construction on Technogenic Polluted Territories]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 1997, no. 8, pp. 31—32.
  8. Shcherbina E.V. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' mest razmeshcheniya otkhodov s pozitsiy ustoychivosti geotekhnicheskikh sistem [Ecological Safety of Landfills in Terms of Stability of Geotechnical Systems]. Sovremennye metody proektirovaniya, tekhnicheskoy ekspluatatsii i rekonstruktsii zdaniy i sooruzheniy: sbornik trudov MGSU [Contemporary Methods of Design, Technical Operation and Reconstruction of Buildings and Structures: Collection of Works of MGSU]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2005, pp. 109—112.
  9. Shcherbina E.V., Alekseev A.A. Razrabotka effektivnykh prirodookhrannykh konstruktsiy i tekhnologiy na osnove geokompozitsionnykh sistem [Development of Efficient Environment-oriented Structures and Technologies Basing on Geocompositional Systems]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskie innovatsii v stroitel'stve: sbornik dokladov [Scientific and Technical Innovations in Construction: Collection of Papers]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2004, pp. 92—96.
  10. Potapov A.D., Pupyrev E.I., Potapov P.A. Metody lokalizatsii i obrabotki fil'trata poligonov zakhoroneniya tverdykh bytovykh otkhodov [Localization and Processing Methods for Filtrate of Municipal Solid Waste Landfills]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, 167 p.
  11. Bin G., Parker P. Measuring Buildings for Sustainability: Comparing the Initial and Retrofit Ecological Foot-print of a Century Home — The REEP House. Applied Energy. 2012, vol. 93, pp. 24—32. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.05.055.
  12. Fullana i Palmer P., Puig R., Bala A., Baquero G., Riba J., Raugei M. From Life Cycle Assessment to Life Cycle Management: A Case Study on Industrial Waste Management Policy Making. Journal of Industrial Ecology. 2011, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 458—475. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2011.00338.x.
  13. Bykov D.E, Chertes K.L., Tupitsyna O.V. Rekul'tivatsiya massivov organo-mineral'nykh otkhodov [Recultivation of Organic Mineral Waste Soils]. Samara, SamGTU Publ., 2007, 118 p.
  14. Dudler I.V., Lyarskiy S.P., Vorontsov E.A., Shul'gin P.Yu. Kriterii neobkhodimosti, prioritety i printsipy predproektnykh inzhenerno-geologicheskikh izyskaniy [Necessity Criteria, Prioroties and Principles of Pre-design Engineering Geological Investigations]. Rol' inzhenernoy geologii i izyskaniy na predproektnykh etapakh stroitel'nogo osvoeniya territoriy: Sergeevskie chteniya [The Role of Engineering Geology and Investigations on Pre-Design Stages of Construction Development of the Territory: Sergeev Readings]. Moscow, RUDN Publ., 2012, no. 142, pp. 337—341.
  15. Vorontsov E.A. Sposob kolichestvennoy otsenki inzhenerno-geologicheskoy informatsii i primery ego ispol'zovaniya [Quantitive Estimation of Ehgineering Geological Information and Examples of its Use]. Denisovskie chteniya : sb. materialov [Denisov Readings: Collection of Works]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2000, vol. 1, pp. 94—105.
  16. Kostarev V.P., Vinogradova S.A. Klyuchevoy vopros sovremennykh inzhenerno-geologicheskikh izyskaniy [Key Aspect of Contemporary Engineering Geological Investigations]. Rol' inzhenernoy geologii i izyskaniy na predproektnykh etapakh stroitel'nogo osvoeniya territoriy: Sergeevskie chteniya [The Role of Engineering Geology and Investigations on Pre-Design Stages of Construction Development of the Territory: Sergeev Readings]. Moscow, RUDN Publ., 2012, no. 142, pp. 342—344.
  17. Senyushchenkova I.M., Novikova O.O. Geoekologicheskiy analiz geologicheskoy sredy neftezagryaznen-nykh territoriy ob"ektov zheleznykh dorog [Geoecological Analysis of Geoenvironment in Oil-contaminated Territories of Railway Objects]. Naukoviy v³snik NGU [Science Proceedings of Novosibirsk State University]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 98—104.
  18. Tupitsyna O.V., Chertes K.L., Mikhaylov E.V., Garnets N.A. Issledovanie massivov organomineral'nykh otkhodov pri vybore napravleniy ikh rekul'tivatsii [Investigation of Organo-Mineral Waste Soils in Case of Choosing their Recultivation Directions]. Problemy vyzhivaniya cheloveka v tekhnogennoy srede sovremennykh gorodov: sbornik trudov 21 Vserossiyskogo kongressa «Ekologiya i zdorov'e cheloveka» [Human Survival Problems in Anthropogenic Environment of Modern Cities: Collection of Works of the 21st All-Russian Congress “Ecology and Human Health”]. Samara, 2006, pp. 270—274.
  19. Tupitsyna O.V., Chertes K.L., Bykov D.E., Mikhaylov E.V. Geoekologicheskie napravleniya rekul'tivatsii neorganizovannykh ob"ektov razmeshcheniya organo-mineral'nykh otkhodov [Geoecological Directions of Recultivation of Unorganized Organo-Mineral Waste Landfill Objects]. VeystTek—2007: sbornik dokladov V Mezhdunarodnogo kongressa po upravleniyu otkhodami i prirodookhrannymi tekhnologiyami [VeystTek—2007: Collection of Works of the 5th International Congress on Waste Management and Environmental Technologies]. Moscow, 2007, pp. 173—175.
  20. Chertes K.L., Mikhaylov E.V., Tupitsyna O.V., Malinovskiy A.S. Utilizatsiya osadkov stochnykh vod na ob"ektakh razmeshcheniya otkhodov [Sewage Sludge Utilization on Landfill Facilities]. Ekologiya i promyshlennost' Rossii [Ecology and Industry of Russia]. 2008, no. 5, pp. 36—40.
  21. Tupitsyna O.V. Kompleksnaya geoekologicheskaya sistema issledovaniya i vosstanovleniya tekhnogenno narushennykh territoriy [Complex Geoecological System of Investigation and Remediation of Technogenic Disordered Territories]. Ekologiya i promyshlennost' Rossii [Ecology and Industry of Russia]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 35—38.

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Study of the work of laboratory-scale oxidation ditch

Vestnik MGSU 12/2014
  • Gogina Elena Sergeevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Water Disposal and Aquatic Ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gul’shin Igor’ Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) engineer, scientific and educational center Water Supply and Water Disposal, postgraduate student, Department of Water Disposal and Aquatic Ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 162-171

The social and economic development of the society to a greater or lesser degree touches upon ecological questions, which include water supply conservation. Waste water treatment plays a very important role. Over the recent years in developed countries the phenomenon of suburbanization has appeared. It means growth and development of the suburban area of the biggest cities. In relation with it, it seems perspective to investigate the technologies aimed at wastewater treatment coming from small settlements. The paper considers the prospects of the use of oxidation ditches as the main biological WWTP-structures for small towns in the Moscow region. In order to study the conditions to achieve high efficiency of nitrogen removal and to investigate the rule of simultaneous nitrification and denitrification removal (SND), the laboratory-scale oxidation ditch model was made in the Laboratory of Biological methods of Wastewater Treatment of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering. The experiment lasted for 6 months and showed good results, which can be used for further studies. The Michaelis - Menten formulas for enzyme kinetics of the studied biological system were obtained.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.162-171

References
  1. Li Lei, Jinren Ni. Three Dimensional Three-Phase Model for Simulation of Hydrodynamics, Oxygen Mass Transfer, Carbon Oxidation, Nitrification and Denitrification in an Oxidation Ditch. Water Research. 2014, no. 53, pp. 200—214. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2014.01.021.
  2. Gillot S., Heduit A. Effect of Air Flow Rate on Oxygen Transfer in an Oxidation Ditch Equipped with Fine Bubble Diffusers and Slow Speed Mixers. Water Research. 2000, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1756—1762. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00323-1.
  3. Insel G., Artan N., Orhon D. Effect of Aeration on Nutrient Removal Performance of Oxidation Ditch Systems. Environmental Engineering Science. 2005, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 802—815. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ees.2005.22.802.
  4. Lesage N., Sperandio M., Lafforgue C., Cockx A. Calibration and Application of a 1-D Model for Oxidation Ditches. Trans IChemE. 2003, vol. 81, part A, pp. 1259—1264. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1205/026387603770866470.
  5. Liu Y.L., Wei W.L., Lv B., Yang X.F. Research on Optimal Radius Ratio of Impellers in an Oxidation Ditch by Using Numerical Simulation. Desalination and Water Treatment. 2014, vol. 52, no. 13—15, pp. 2811—2816. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2014.883045.
  6. Mantziaras D., Katsiri A. Reaction Rate Constants and Mean Population Percentage for Nitrifi ers in an Alternating Oxidation Ditch System. Bioprocess Biosyst. Eng. 2010, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 57—65. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00449-010-0446-2.
  7. Mantziaras D., Stamou A., Katsiri A. Effect of Operational Cycle Time Length on Nitro-Gen Removal in an Alternating Oxidation Ditch System. Bioprocess Biosyst. Eng. 2010, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 597—606.
  8. Ogilvie J.R., Phillips P. Modelling Process Variations in an Oxidation Ditch. Canadian Agricultural Engineering. 1972, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 59—62.
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  10. Daijun Zhang, Lisha Guo, Danyu Xu, Yuan Chen. Simulation of Component Distributions in a Full-Scale Carrousel Oxidation Ditch: A Model Coupling Sludge-Wastewater Two-Phase Turbulent Hydrodynamics with Bioreaction Kinetics. Environmental Engineering Science. 2010, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 159—169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ees.2009.0154.
  11. Henze M., Harremoes P., Cour Jansen, J. la, Arvin, E. Wastewater Treatment. 3rd ed. 2002, X, 422 p.
  12. Yang M., Sun P., Wang R., Han J., Wang J., Song Y., Cai J., Tang X. Simulation and Optimization of Ammonia Removal at Low Temperature For a Double Channel Oxidation Ditch Based on Fully Coupled Activated Sludge Model (FCASM): A Full-Scale Study. Bioresource Technology. 2013, vol. 143, pp. 538—548. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.06.029.
  13. Peng Y., Hou H., Wang S., Cui Y., Zhiguo Y. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal in Pilot-Scale Anaerobic-Anoxic Oxidation Ditch System. Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2008, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 398—403.
  14. Shibin Xia, Junxin Liu. An Innovative Integrated Oxidation Ditch with Vertical Circle for Domestic Wastewater Treatment. Process Biochemistry. 2004, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 1111—1117. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0032-9592(03)00216-4.
  15. Yanchen Liu, Hanchang Shi, Zhiqiang Wang, Long Fan, Huiming Shi. Approach to Enhancing Nitrogen Removal Performance With Fluctuation Of Infl uent In An Oxidation Ditch System. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2013, vol. 219, pp. 520—526. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.09.085.
  16. Schmid M., Thillb A., Purkholda U., Walchera M., Botterob J.Y., Ginestetc P., Nielsend P.H., Wuertze S., Wagnera M. Characterization of Activated Sludge Flocs By Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy And Image Analysis. Water Research. 2003, vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 2043—2052. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00616-4.
  17. Liu B., Lin H., Yu G., Zhang S., Zhao C. Fate of Dissolved Organic Nitrogen During Biological Nutrient Removal Wastewater Treatment Processes. Journal of Environmental Biology. 2013, vol. 34, pp. 325—330.
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  19. Amand L., Carlsson B. Optimal Aeration Control in a Nitrifying Activated Sludge Process. Water Research. 2012, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 2101—2110. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2012.01.023.
  20. Yakovlev S.V., Karyukhina T.A. Biokhimicheskie protsessy v ochistke stochnykh vod [Biochemical Processes in Wastewater Treatment]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1980, 200 p. (In Russian)

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GEO-ECOLOGY OF THE SUBTERRANEAN SPACE WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikoloaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geo-ecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federa- tion; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 159-168

The authors provide several philosophical views and an advanced theoretical approach to the positioning of branches of geo-ecology in the general network of ecologyrelated sciences. The present-day system of views in respect of the subject matter of geo-ecology is challenged by new developments and areas of research.Rock destabilization caused by construction works and further settling of adjacent areas inflicts the ecological damage. Lithosphere is responsible for the filtering and purification of the water; biogens and microelements are also added into the water within the lithosphere. Lithosphere accommodates subterranean structures, and it also serves as the living environment for microorganisms. These living organisms produce their influence onto lithogenesis; they can also modify conditions of construction and operation of subterranean structures accommodated as deep as several kilometers below the Earth surface. The subterranean space, taken as a constituent of the biosphere, produces a substantial impact on the quality of the environment on the Earth surface. Geo-ecological prerequisites of construction of subterranean structures are complex and understudied if compared to those that are considered before any construction works on the surface of the Earth. Problematic accessibility to deep massifs serves as the reason for their insufficient study. Geo-ecology of the subterranean space serves as one of the most important scientific branch that enjoys an independent subject matter and areas of research.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.159-168

References
  1. Potapov A.D. Nauchno-metodologicheskie osnovy geoekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel'stva [Scientific and Methodological Basics of Geo-ecological Safety of Construction Works]. Moscow, 2002, 280 p.
  2. Potapov A.D. Ekologiya [Ecology]. Vyssh. shk. publ., 2004, 250 p.
  3. Anan'ev V.P., Potapov A.D. Inzhenernaya geologiya [Engineering Geo-ecology]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 2008, 360 p.
  4. Potapov A.D., Revelis I.L. Zemletryaseniya: prichiny i posledstviya. [Earthquakes: Reasons and Consequences]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 2008, 180 p.
  5. Chernyshev S.N., Potapov A.D. Geosfery i ikh ekologicheskoe znachenie [Geospheres and Their Ecological Value]. Denisovskie chteniya I: sb. [Denisov Readings, Collection, Book 1]. Moscow, 2000, pp. 223—229.
  6. Bolotina I.N., Sergeev E.M., editor. Fiziko-khimicheskie yavleniya s uchastiem biokhimicheskogo komponenta [Physicochemical Phenomena That Have a Biochemical Constituent]. Teoreticheskie osnovy inzhenernoy geologii. Fiziko-khimicheskie osnovy: sb. [Theoretical Fundamentals of Engineering Geology. Physicochemical Fundamentals. Collection of Works]. Moscow, 1985, pp. 65—70.
  7. Knyazeva V.P., Zhuk P.M. Ekologicheskie aspekty zashchity stroitel'nykh materialov ot biokhimicheskoy korrozii [Ecological Aspects of Protection of Construction Materials from Biochemical Corrosion]. Stroitel'stvo-formirovanie sredy zhiznedeyatel'nosti: Materialy IV NPK molodykh uchenykh [Construction as Formation of the Human Habitat. Proceedings of the 4th Scientific and Practical Conference of Young Researchers]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2001, pp. 76—84.
  8. Zubakov V.A. Istoriko-ekologicheskaya model' evolyutsii i stsenarii budushchego v svete nauchnogo naslediya V.I. Vernadskogo [Historical and Ecological Model of Evolution and Scenarios for the Future within the Framework of the Research Heritage of V.I. Vernadskiy]. Problema ustoychivogo razvitiya Rossii v svete nauchnogo naslediya V.I. Vernadskogo [Problem of Sustainable Development of Russia within the Framework of the Research Heritage of V.I. Vernadskiy]. International Seminar. Moscow, 1997, pp. 23—27.
  9. Kerns-Smit A.Dzh. Pervymi organizmami mogli byt' kristally gliny [Crystals of Clay Could Be the First Organisms]. Moscow, 1953, 28 p. Available at: http://travel.kotomsk.ru/gro/si/si.html. Date of access: 22.09.2012.
  10. Legget R.F. Cities and Geology. New York, McGr.-Hill Book Company, 1973, 226 p.
  11. Zhigalin A.D., Shvetsov P.F., Sergeev E.M., editor. Teploobmen i temperaturnoe pole v litosfere [Heat Exchange and Temperature Field in the Lithosphere]. Teoreticheskie osnovy inzhenernoy geologii. Fiziko-khimicheskie osnovy: sb. [Theoretical Fundamentals of Engineering Geology. Physicochemical Fundamentals. Collection of Works]. Moscow, 1985, pp. 196—211.
  12. Lelekov V.I. K voprosu o radioekologicheskoy obstanovke v g. Moskve [On the Issue of Radio-ecological Situation in Moscow]. Izvestiya akademii promyshlennoy ekologii [News of Academy of Industrial Ecology]. 1998, no. 3, pp. 5—7.

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The possibility of applying the single-sludge denitri-nitrification system in reconstruction of wastewater treatment plants in the Russian Federation

Vestnik MGSU 10/2013
  • Gogina Igor Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Waste Water Treatment and Water Ecology, Vice Rector for Teaching and Studies, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Gul'shin Igor Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Senior Assistant, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 166-174

In Russia the standards for wastewater discharge have increased in the nineties of the twentieth century, and the main question was the removal of nutrients. In recent years there have been many studies in order to develop new methods of wastewater treatment, and to adopt Western technologies in Russian treatment plants. But the main problem now is that most of the plants in Russia were built more than thirty years ago. And now they need reconstruction. It requires great financial investments, but the possibilities are limited. Therefore it is necessary to reconstruct with minimal expenses, maximum usage of existing tanks and equipment, and the quality of wastewater treatment satisfying the standards. In Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) extensive researches are carried out in the field of biological wastewater treatment, including the removal of nutrients. The results of the researches were used for constructions and reconstructions of treatment plants in Russia.Technological Scheme «Deep biological wastewater treatment system with ammonium-nitrogen removal», which was developed and patented in MGSU, treats wastewater biologically in the aeration tank, which is divided into a sequence of alternating anoxic and aerobic zones. The reconstruction of biological treatment plants under this Scheme is possible at minimal cost, and the quality of treatment satisfies the modern standards.Nowadays, in the Russian Federation there are about sixty two percent of plants with aeration tanks, thirty three percent of biofiltration plants, and five percent of the plants with only mechanical treatment. The main task of the present research was to investigate the possibility of applying single-sludge denitri-nitrification system in the reconstruction of wastewater treatment plants in the Russian Federation. Only plants with aeration tanks were studied, because only they can be reconstructed with the use of the Scheme.The research includes fifty three treatment plants of different Russian cities. According to the questionnaires the data for each treatment plant has been received. The date concerns influents and effluents, the features of a construction and operation of the structures at a station and the data about the cost of aeration in the aeration tanks and so on. The location of the studied treatment plants can be found on the map present in the article.From the initial data the basic parameters of the aeration tanks were calculated, including the amount of air required for denitrification and nitrification. The calculation of the required air amount has been carried out using the method developed in MGSU. This method includes both normative calculations and practical experience of operating procedure of the aeration tanks (working with the single-sludge denitri-nitrification scheme). The results of the calculations were compiled for further analysis.According to the analysis, sixty five percent of the studied wastewater treatment plants may be reconstructed according to the single-sludge denitri-nitrification scheme. It will lead to a serious improvement of wastewater treatment quality.It is important to note, that the calculations were made on the basis of air amount produced by the existing station`s blowers. Therefore reconstructions don`t require replacement of blowers and can be done stage-by-stage.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.10.166-174

References
  1. Ponamoreva L.S. Rekomendatsii po primeneniyu «Metodiki razrabotki normativov dopustimykh sbrosov veshchestv i mikroorganizmov v vodnye ob"ekty dlya vodopol'zovateley» [Recommendations for Applying the Methods of Development of the Standards of Admissible Substances and Microorganisms Discharge into Water Objects for Water Users]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Technique]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 4—15.
  2. Salomeev V.P., Gogina E.S., Makisha N.A. Reshenie voprosov udaleniya biogennykh elementov iz bytovykh stochnykh vod [The Solution of the Problem of Nutrient Removal from Wastewater]. Vodosnabzhenie i kanalizatsiya [Water Supply and Sewerage]. 2011, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 44—53.
  3. Gogina E.S., Kulakov A.A. Razrabotka tekhnologii modernizatsii iskusstvennoy biologicheskoy ochistki stochnykh vod [Development of the Technology for the Modernization of Artificial Biological Wastewater Treatment]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 11, pp. 204—209.
  4. Gao Shun Qiu, Ling Feng Qiu, Jian Zhang, Yi Ming Chen. Research on Intensive Nutrients Removal of the Low C/N Sewage. Advanced Materials Research. 2012, no. 550— 553, pp. 2142—2145.
  5. Lawrence K. Wang, Nazih K. Shammas. Single-Sludge Biological Systems for Nutrients Removal. Handbook of Environmental Engineering. 2009, no. 9, pp. 209—270.
  6. Cherlys Infantea, Ivan Leonb, July Florezb, Ana Zarateb, Freddy Barriosa, Cindy Zapataa. Removal of ammonium and phosphate ions from wastewater samples by immobilized Chlorella sp. International Journal of Environmental Studies. 2013, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1—7.
  7. Kozlov M.N., Khar'kina O.V., Pakhomov A.N., Strel'tsov S.A., Khamidov M.G., Ershov B.A., Belov N.A. Opyt ekspluatatsii sooruzheniy biologicheskoy ochistki stochnykh vod ot soedineniy azota i fosfora [Operating Experience of Biological Treatment of Wastewater from the Nutrients]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Technique]. 2010, no. 10, ch. 1, pp. 35—41.
  8. Salomeev V.P., Gogina E.S. Primenenie odnoilovoy sistemy denitrifikatsii dlya rekonstruktsii biologicheskikh ochistnykh sooruzheniy [The Usage of the Single-sludge Denitrification System for Reconstruction of Biological Wastewater Treatment Plants]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 129—135.

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Substantiation of ecologically safe reconstruction technology for trunk pipelines

Vestnik MGSU 8/2014
  • Abramyan Susanna Grantovna - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Technologies, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya str., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation; +7 (8442) 96-99-58; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Academic Secretary of the Academic Council 8 (499) 183-15-87, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 91-97

On the modern stage of reconstruction and major repairs of linear parts of main pipelines lots of technologies exist. In scientific literature authors often raise questions on ecological justification of major pipelines design. Choosing ecologically safe technology taking into account the machines, mechanisms and equipment used, their quantity, physical parameters, designed life state, nature and climatic conditions is a complicated process. In the article the stages of ecological justification of technological processes are considered in case of reconstruction and overhaul of the main pipelines. Each stage has its purpose, which corresponds to a certain stage of life cycle of the main pipeline: design and reconstruction (capital repairs). The choice of ecologically safe technology is based on exhaustive information, which is acquired by means of application of GIS-technologies.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.8.91-97

References
  1. Lantsova I.V., Kotlyarskiy S.A., Tulyakova G.V. Problemy razrabotki ekologicheskogo obosnovaniya proektirovaniya magistral'nykh truboprovodov [Development Problems of Ecological Justification for Major Pipelines Design]. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory [Ecological Systems and Devices]. 2008, no. 7, pp. 34—39.
  2. Grafkina M.V. Model' otsenki geoekologicheskoy bezopasnosti sozdavaemykh prirodno-tekhnologicheskikh system [Estimation Model of Geoecological Safety of Nature-Technological Systems]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 4, pp. 39—141.
  3. Proshin I.A., Syulin P.V. Metodika nauchnykh issledovaniy ekosistem [Methods of Scientific Investigations of Ecosystems]. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory [Ecological Systems and Devices]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 26—32.
  4. Bol'sherotov A.L. Metodologicheskie podkhody i interpretatsiya matematicheskikh modeley otsenki ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel'stva [Methodological Approaches and Mathematical Models Interpretation of Ecological Safety Estimation in Construction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, vol. 1, pp. 39—44.
  5. Goodland Robert, editor. Oil and Gas. Pipelines Social and Environmental Impact Assessment: State of the Art. Available at: http://coecoceiba.org/wp-content/subidas/2009/11/pub76.pdf. Date of access: 17.03.2014.
  6. Hopkins Phil. Comprehensive Structural Integrity. Vol. 1. The Structural Integrity of Oil and Gas Transmission Pipelines. Penspen Ltd., UK, May 2002. Available at: http://www.penspen.com/downloads/papers/documents/thestructuralintegrityofoilandgastransmissionpipelines.pdf. Date of access: 24.02.2014.
  7. Salah Ahmad M., Atwood Denis. ONE Route Good Enough? Using ArcGIS Network Analyst in Pipeline Alignment Optimization. ArcUser, 2010. Vol. 14, no. 2. Available at: http://www.esri.com/ news/arcuser/0410/pipeline.html. Date of access: 24.02.2014.
  8. Potapov A.D., Abramyan S.G., Savenya S.N. Kontseptsiya bezopasnoy ekspluatatsii truboprovodnykh sistem (ekologicheskiy aspekt) [Safety Operation Concept of Pipeline Systems]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 102—107.
  9. Abramyan S.G. Ekologicheskoe obespechenie stroitel'stva lineyno-protyazhennykh sooruzheniy [Ecological Support of Linear Extended Structures Construction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 114—119.
  10. Abramyan S.G., Potapov A.D. Ekologizatsiya lineynykh ob"ektnykh remontnostroitel'nykh potokov pri rekonstruktsii lineyno-protyazhennykh ob"ektov [Ecologization of Linear Facility Repair and Construction Flows in the Process of Linear Extended Objects’ Reconstruction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 9—13.
  11. Defina John, Maitin Izak, Gray Arnold L. New Jersey Uses GIS To Collect Site Remediation Data. April-June 1998, ArcUser. Available at: http://www.esri.com/news/arcuser/arcuser 4.98/newjersey.html. Date of access: 24.02.2014.
  12. Xiong Jian, Su Lanqian, Zhang Zhenyong. The Estimation of Pipeline Routes Workload Base on GIS Technology. Available at: http://www.kgu.or.kr/download.php?tb=bbs_017&fn=wgcFinal00166.pdf&rn=wgcFinal00166.pdf.
  13. Idrisov I.R., Minyaylo I.V., Ratsen S.I. Ekologizatsiya rekonstruktsii magistral'nykh nefteprovodov [Ecologization of Main Pipelines Reconstruction]. Vestnik TyumGU [Proceedings of Tyumen State University]. 1999, Issue 3, pp. 63—72.
  14. Mamin R.G., Cherepanova E.V., Nazamov I.M. Ekologo-ekonomicheskie mekhanizmy prirodopol'zovaniya v gorodakh Rossii i vozmozhnosti primeneniya GIS-tekhnologiy [Ecological and Economical Mechanisms of Environmental Management in Russian Cities and the Possibility of GIS-technologies Application]. Ekonomika prirodopol'zovaniya [Environmental Management Economy]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 33—40.
  15. Galuev V.I. Tekhnologiya postroeniya fiziko-geologicheskikh modeley zemnoy kory po regional'nym profilyam [Development of Physical and Geological Models of Earth Crust according to Regional Lines]. Geoinformatika [Geomatics]. 2008, no. 1, pp. 1—12. Available at: http://www.geosys.ru/images/articles/Galuev_1_2008.pdf. Date of access: 26.05.2014.

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ASSESSMENT OF POLLUTION FOR NATURAL RESOURCES AND ELABORATION OF MEASURES FOR PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE NENETS AUTONOMOUS AREA

Vestnik MGSU 1/2017 Volume 12
  • Sosnovskaya Ol'ga Sergeevna - State University of Land Management (FGBOU VO GUZ) graduate student, Department of Land Management, State University of Land Management (FGBOU VO GUZ), 15 Kazakova st., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation.
  • Orlov Evgeniy Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Water Supply and Sanitation, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 77-82

The Nenets Autonomous area located inside the Arctic circle is the subject of the Russian Federation. The environmental situation in the Nenets Autonomous area is poor despite the remoteness from other densely populated regions of Russia. A large number of ecosystems are exposed to powerful anthropogenic impact. For example, petroleum products and waste water exert negative impact on rivers and basins thereof. Water bodies in the region have some natural features which also adversely affect on water intake for industrial and domestic needs. The article considers and analyzes different types of pollution for natural resources of the Nenets Autonomous area which cause a great environmental damage to the region. Method of ranking for parts of the water body is proposed which makes it possible to reveal among them the most problematic from the environmental point of view. Options for improving the preliminary treatment of water at the water intakes are proposed that significantly simplify the operation of water treatment facilities. Сonstruction of new sewage treatment facilities using the latest developments in terms of tertiary treatment of wastewater, upgrade of standards for wastewater treatment, as well as the organization of sanitary protection zones will be a significant step in improving the environmental situation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.1.77-82

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Culture in ecology — a part of the noosphere theory, the ideological base in reconstruction

Vestnik MGSU 12/2013
  • Chernyshev Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 123-130

Culture in ecology is a research area founded in Russia by Dmitry Sergeevich Likhachev in 1979. Like any science, it has its target of research (World Culture), its purpose — the preservation of national cultures, its own generalization method related to the method of ecology. Culture in ecology is a scientific discipline. It is not a part of the environment, as it has a separate subject of study. It can be considered a part of the noosphere theory. Culture as a whole is vast human creation, which includes creative, handicraft and other skills related to agriculture, development of the planet's resources, education and training of children, the highest ideals of human being, engineering, arts, protecting the environment and cultural heritage.Culture is a means of managing material noospheric objects. Culture ecology studies the creativity, engineering, and economic interactions in the society and their impact on the human environment, because it is closely connected to ecology. Culture ecology should be developed in order to manage the biosphere or even the noosphere as rationally constructed megasystem consisting of natural and man-made objects. Noosphere as an ideal state of the environment does not exist in reality. It is far from predation and barbarism in terms of using natural resources. Today the principles of culture ecology are based on the development of projects of recreating historic landscapes, historic buildings and structures for the purposes of modern society. In the report the author focuses on two examples of such work: the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow and the Frauenkirche in Dresden. They are the examples of constructions corresponding to the requirements for ecological facilities and cultural experience. They should be considered the islands of noosphere in the modern imperfect world and science. The combination of old and new is a tricky thing. It is easy to destroy the balance between old guardian of the spirit, and new functioning elements of the statutes for the modern society needs. It is easy to upset the balance and thus give rise for objections from one side or another. The debates on inclusion old and new parts should be going in the process of rebuilding objects in new social environment.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.12.123-130

References
  1. Vernadskiy V.I. Neskol'ko slov o noosfere [A Few Words on the Noosphere]. Uspekhi biologii [Progress of Biology]. 1944, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 113—120.
  2. Potapov A.D., Ryabova S.S. Sovremennyy podkhod k kontseptsii noosfery i ee teoreticheskomu razvitiyu [A Modern Approach to the Concept of the Noosphere and Development of its Theory]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 139—148.
  3. Trofimov V.T., Korolev V.A. Geologicheskaya sreda kak noosfernaya kategoriya [Geological Environment as a Noospheric Category]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 11, pp. 188—193.
  4. Izbornik (Sbornik proizvedeniy literatury Drevney Rusi) [Collected Works of Ancient Russian Literature]. Content by Dmitrieva L.A., Likhacheva D.S. Moscow, Hudozhestvennaya Literatura Publ., 1969, pp. 326—327, 738—739.
  5. Chernyshev S.N. Istoricheskiy vzglyad na otechestvennuyu ekologicheskuyu kul'turu [A Historical Look at the Domestic Ecological Culture]. Velikoross Publ., 2013, no. 1 (7), pp. 15—31.
  6. Likhachev D.S. Ekologiya kul'tury [Cultural Ecology]. Moscow, 1979, no. 7, pp. 173—179.
  7. Chernyshev S.N. Ekologiya kul'tury i sovremennye zadachi sokhraneniya arkhitekturnykh kompleksov [Ecology of Culture and Modern Problems of Preservation of Architectural Complexes]. Prirodnye usloviya stroitel'stva i sokhraneniya khramov pravoslavnoy Rusi: trudy 4-go Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo. simpoziuma [Proceedings of the 4th International Scientific and Practical Symposium "Natural Conditions for the Construction and Preservation of the Orthodox Churches of Russia" ]. Sergiev Posad, 2012, pp. 406—413.
  8. Vedenin Yu.A. Formirovanie novogo kul'turno-ekologicheskogo podkhoda k sokhraneniyu naslediya [Formation of a New Cultural and Ecological Approach to the Heritage Conservation]. Ekologiya kul'tury: al'manakh [Almanac "Ecology of Culture"]. Russian Research Institute of Cultural Heritage named after D.S. Likhachev, Moscow, 2000, pp. 76—84.
  9. Volker Stoll, Carsten Leibenart. Geotechnische und Hydrogeologische Arbeiten fur den Wiederaufbau der Frauenkirche Dresden und deren Umfeld. Prirodnye usloviya stroitel'stva i sokhraneniya khramov pravoslavnoy Rusi: sbornik tezisov 5-go Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo simpoziuma [Collection of Abstracts of the 5th International Scientific and Practical Symposium "Natural Conditions for the Construction and Preservation of the Orthodox Churches of Russia"]. Nizhniy Novgorod, 2013, pp. 41—49.

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USING RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE FAR EASTERN REGION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Vestnik MGSU 2/2012
  • Monahov Boris Evgen'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Director, Institute of Distance Learning and Secondary Professional Education 8 (499) 188-04-02, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shilova Ljubov' Andreevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student 8 (495) 287-49-19, extension 1356, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 161 - 169

Today, Russian Far East represents a transit hub connecting Europe and Russia with Southeast Asia, Japan and America. The optimal pattern of its development involves its economic growth in combination with the implementation of major investment projects to be funded by the state and private investors. Despite substantial local problems, development of eastern regions is the top-priority task for Russian and international businesses.
The paper proposes several alternative solutions to the power generation problems of Russian Far East through the application of renewable sources of power. Namely, several options considered in this paper include construction of a tidal power plant in Tugurskij bay sheltered from the heavy ice of the Sea of Ohotsk by a string of the Shantar Islands, as well as the complementary operation of wave power plants. However, the use of power generated by tidal power plants seems to be problematic due to uneven power generation for the reason of cyclical (bi-weekly) nature of tides.
This paper proposes several solutions to ensure regular power generation by Tugurskaja tidal power plant. Solution 1 contemplates the backing to be provided by Sredne-Uchurskaja and Kankunskaja hydraulic power plants in South Yakutia.
The amount of power undersupplied by Tugurskaja tidal power plant may be covered by the hydraulic power plants, and the drop-down in the performance of a tidal power plant may be compensated by the hydraulic power plants to ensure guaranteed complementary performance of a power generating vehicle composed of a network of tidal and hydraulic power plants.
Solution 2, which is more effective, involves construction of a pumped-storage power plant in a valley of the Ujkan River tributary in Khabarovsk Krai.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.2.161 - 169

References
  1. Strategija social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Dal'nego Vostoka i Bajkal'skogo regiona na period do 2025 goda [Strategy of Social and Economic Development of the Far East and the Baikal Regon through 2025], approved by the Resolution of the RF Government of December 28, 2009 # 2094-r.
  2. Gridnev D.Z. Proektirovanie prirodno-jekologicheskogo karkasa v sostave gradostroitel'noj dokumentacii [Design of Natural Ecological Framework as Part of the Urban Planning Documentation]. Problemy regional'noj jekologii [Problems of Regional Ecology], 2009, Issue # 6, pp. 18—25.
  3. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [electronic resource]. Mode of access: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ÏÝÑ_ «Lya_Rans". Date of access 27.08.2011.
  4. Internet resource. http://temperatures.ru. Date of access 08.02.2012.
  5. Science photo library http://www.sciencephoto. Date of access 08.02.2012.
  6. Jiangxia Tidal Power Station. http://www.answers.com/topic/jiangxia-tidal-power-station; date of access 08.02.2012.
  7. Wenling Jiangxia experimental tidal generation plant. http://www.chinatechgadget.com/wenlingjiangxia-experimental-tidal-generation-plant.html Date of access 08.02.2012.
  8. Feasibility Report on Tugurskaja tidal power plant located in-between Cape Nosorog and Cape Bolshaja Larganda in Tugurskij Bay of the Sea of Ohotsk, Moscow, 2006.
  9. Bernshtejn L.B. Prilivnye jelektrostancii [Tidal Power Plants]. Moscow, Gidroproekt Institut [JSC Institute Hydroproject], 1994.

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SCIENTIFIC METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO CREATION OF COMPLEX CONTROL SYSTEM MODEL FOR THE STREAMS OF BUILDING WASTE

Vestnik MGSU 9/2015
  • Tskhovrebov Eduard Stanislavovich - Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”) Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Deputy Director, Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”), 42 Olimpiyskiy pr., Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Russian Federation, 141006.
  • Velichko Evgeniy Georgievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 95-110

In 2011 in Russia a Strategy of Production Development of Construction Materials and Industrial Housing Construction for the period up to 2020 was approved as one of strategic documents in the sphere of construction. In the process of this strategy development all the needs of construction complex were taken into account in all the spheres of economy, including transport system. The strategy also underlined, that the construction industry is a great basis for use and application in secondary economic turnover of dangerous waste from different production branches. This gives possibility to produce construction products of recycled materials and at the same time to solve the problem of environmental protection. The article considers and analyzes scientific methodological approaches to creation of a model of a complex control system for the streams of building waste in frames of organizing uniform ecologically safe and economically effective complex system of waste treatment in country regions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.9.95-110

References
  1. Strategiya razvitiya promyshlennosti stroitel’nykh materialov i industrial’nogo domostroeniya na period do 2020 goda. Utverzhdena prikazom Ministerstva regional’nogo razvitiya RF ot 30 maya 2011 g. № 262 [Development Strategy of Building Materials Production and Industrial Housing Construction for the Period up to 2020. Approved by the Order of the Ministry of Regional Development of the Russian Federation dated 30 May 2011, no. 262]. Moscow, 2011, 56 p. (In Russian)
  2. Golubin A.K., Klepatskaya I.E. Razvitie rynochnykh otnosheniy v sisteme obrashcheniya s otkhodami [Development of Market Relations in the System of Waste Management]. Transportnoe delo Rossii [Transport Business of Russia]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 104—106. (In Russian)
  3. Zheltobryukhov V.F., Rybal’skiy N.G., Yakovlev A.S., editors. Deyatel’nost’ po obrashcheniyu s opasnymi otkhodami : v 2-kh tt. [Activities for Hazardous Waste Management : in 2 vols.]. Moscow, REFIA Publ., 2003, vol. 2, 444 p. (In Russian)
  4. Jackson K., Watkins E. «Musornaya» politika ES: instrumenty kontrolya [EU Waste Law: the Instruments of Control]. Tverdye bytovye otkhody [Municipal Solid Waste]. 2013, no. 1 (79), pp. 54—57. (In Russian)
  5. Tikhotskaya I.S. Yaponiya: Innovatsionnyy podkhod k upravleniyu TBO [Japan: an Innovative Approach to Solid Waste Management]. Tverdye bytovye otkhody [Municipal Solid Waste]. 2013, no. 6 (84), pp. 52—57. (In Russian)
  6. Celik N., Antmann E., Shi X., Hayton B. Simulation-Based Optimization for Planning of Effective Waste Reduction, Diversion, and Recycling Programs. Proc. of the 2012 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference. Available at: http://www.coe.miami.edu/celik/swmwebsite/publications/Y1_ConferencePaper_I.pdf. Date of access: 16.03.2015.
  7. Nixon J.D., Wright D.G., Dey P.K., Ghosh S.K., Davies P.A. A Comparative Assessment of Waste Incinerators in the UK. Waste Management. 2013, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 2234—2244. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2013.08.001.
  8. Vahdani B., Tavakkoli-Moghaddam R., Baboli A., Mousavi S. A New Fuzzy Mathematical Model in Recycling Collection Networks: A Possibilistic Approach. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology. 2013, vol. 78, pp. 45—49.
  9. Tskhovrebov E.S., Chetvertakov G.V., Shkanov S.I. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost’ v stroitel’noy industrii [Environmental Safety in the Construction Industry]. Moscow, Al’fa-M Publ., 2014, 304 p. (Sovremennye tekhnologii [Modern Technologies]) (In Russian)
  10. Tskhovrebov E.S., Velichko E.G. Voprosy okhrany okruzhayushchey sredy i zdorov’ya cheloveka v protsesse obrashcheniya stroitel’nykh materialov [The Issues of Environmental Protection and Human Health in the Process of Building Materials Treatment]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 99—103. (In Russian)
  11. Gubenko V.K., Lyamzin A.A., Pomazkov M.V., Gubenko O.V. Logistika otkhodov v megapolise [Waste Logistics in the Metropolis]. Materialy 11 Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Proceedings of the 11th International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Kiev, Ministry of transport and communications of Ukraine, 2009, 200 p. (In Russian)
  12. Sadov A.V., Tskhovrebov E.S. Puti resheniya problemy obrashcheniya s otkhodami na urovne regiona [Solutions to the Problems of Waste Management in the Region]. Vestnik RAEN [Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 29—31. (In Russian)
  13. Tskhovrebov E.S., Yayli E.A., Tserenova M.P., Yur’ev K.V. Obespechenie ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti pri proektirovanii ob”ektov nedvizhimosti i provedenii stroitel’nykh rabot [Ensuring Environmental Safety When Designing Real Estate Objects and Construction Works]. Monograph. Saint Petersburg, RGGMU Publ., 2013, 360 p. (In Russian)
  14. Kutsenko V.V., Tskhovrebov E.S., Sidorenko S.N., Tserenova M.P., Kirichuk A.A. Problemy obespecheniya ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti regiona [Problems of Environmental Security of the Region]. Vestnik Rossiyskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Ekologiya i bezopasnost’ zhiznedeyatel’nosti [PFUR Bulletin. Series: Ecology and Safety of Living]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 75—82. (In Russian)
  15. Belevi H., Baccini P. Long-term Emission from Municipal Solid Waste Landfills. Landfills of waste: Leachate. London, 1992, pp. 12—15.
  16. Vaysman Ya.I., Tagilova O.A., Sadokhina E.L. Razrabotka metodologicheskikh printsipov sozdaniya i optimizatsii ucheta dvizheniya otkhodov s tsel’yu povysheniya ekologo- ekonomiko-sotsial’noy effektivnosti upravleniya ikh obrashcheniem [Development of Methodological Principles of Creating and Optimizing Account for the Movement of Waste with the Aim of Improving the Ecologic, Economic and Social Efficiency of Their Treatment Management]. Ekologiya i promyshlennost’ Rossii [Ecology and Industry of Russia]. 2013, no. 12, pp. 40—45. (In Russian)
  17. Kolotyrin K.P. Osobennosti tekhnologicheskogo obespecheniya protsessa obrashcheniya s otkhodami potrebleniya [Peculiarities of the Technological Process of Consumption Waste Treatment]. Vestnik Saratovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Vestnik of Saratov State Technical University]. 2008, vol. 3, no. 1 (34), pp. 164—174. (In Russian)
  18. Kostarev S.N., Murynov A.I. Avtomatizirovannoe proektirovanie, upravlenie i sistemnyy analiz prirodno-tekhnicheskikh ob
  19. Abramova M.V., Bachurina N.D. Setevaya model’ upravleniya potokami otkhodov Network Model of Waste Streams]. Vestnik Vostochnoukrainskogo universiteta im. V. Dalya [Bulletin of the Technological Institute of East Ukraine Volodymyr Dahl National University]. 2008, no. 3 (121), pp. 73—78. (In Russian)
  20. Alimov A. Ispol’zovanie vozmozhnostey logistiki v modernizatsii raboty s otkhodami proizvodstva (logistika otkhodov) [Use of Logistics Capabilities in the Modernization of waste Management (Waste Logistics)]. RISK: Resursy, Informatsiya, Snabzhenie, konkurentsiya [RISK: Resources, Information, Supply, Competition]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 37—39. (In Russian)
  21. Aleksanin A.V. Avtomatizatsiya upravleniya otkhodami stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Automation of Construction Waste Management]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 10, pp. 79—81. (In Russian)
  22. Levkin G.G. Ekologicheskie aspekty upravleniya tsepyami postavok [Environmental Aspects of Supply Chain Management]. Logistika [Logistics]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 24—25. (In Russian)
  23. Terent’ev P.A. Klassifikatsii i modeli logistiki vozvratnykh potokov [The Classification and Models of Logistics of Return Flows]. Logistika segodnya [Logistics Today]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 242—251. (In Russian)
  24. Sevimoglu O., Tansel B. Effect of Persistent Compounds in Landfill Gas on Engine Performance during Energy Recovery: A Case Study. Waste Management. 2013, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 74—80. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2012.08.016.
  25. Perekal’skiy V.A. Otechestvennyy i zarubezhnyy opyt ekonomiko-matematicheskogo modelirovaniya v sfere upravleniya obrashcheniem s otkhodami [Domestic and Foreign Experience of Economic Mathematical Modeling in Waste Management]. Strategii biznesa [Business Strategies]. 2013, no. 2 (2), pp. 38—41. (In Russian)
  26. Haight F. Mathematical Theories of Traffic Flows. Academic Press, N.Y., 1963.
  27. Gasnikov A.V., Klenov S.L., Nurminskiy E.A., Kholodov Ya.A., Shamray N.B. Vvedenie v matematicheskoe modelirovanie transportnykh potokov [Introduction of Traffic Flows to Mathematical Modeling]. Moscow, Publishing house of the Moscow Center for Continuous Mathematical Education, 2012, 428 p. (In Russian)
  28. Smirnov N.N., Kiselev A.B., Nikitin V.F., Yumashev M.V. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie avtotransportnykh potokov [Mathematical Modeling of Road Traffic Flows]. Moscow, MGU Publ., 1999, 184 p. (In Russian)
  29. Marković D., Janošević D., Jovanović M., Nikolić V. Application Method for Optimization in Solid Waste Management System in the City of Niš. Facta universitatis. Series: Mechanical Engineering. 2010, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 65—67.
  30. Kornilov A.M., Pazyuk K.T. Ekonomiko-matematicheskoe modelirovanie retsiklinga tverdykh bytovykh otkhodov i ispol’zovanie vtorichnogo material’nogo syr’ya [Economic and Mathematical Modeling of Solid Waste Recycling and the Use of Secondary Raw Material]. Vestnik Tikhookeanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Proceedings of Pacific National University]. 2008, no. 2 (9), pp. 69—80. (In Russian)

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RATIONALE FOR THE PARADIGM OF DEVELOPMENT OF GEOTECHNOLOGY AND MINING EQUIPMENT THAT PROVIDE FOR MINING AND CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES IN THE ARCTIC

Vestnik MGSU 2/2018 Volume 13
  • Vartanov Aleksandr Zarairovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Deputy Director, Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Galchenko Yuriy Pavlovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Mining Engineer, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Leading researcher, Department of Mining and ecology, Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Kalabin Gennadiy Valerianovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Leading Researcher, Department of Mining and Ecology, Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Petrov Ivan Vasilyevich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Leading Researcher; Professor of Development of Underground Space Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) in Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.
  • Fedash Anatoliy Vladimirovich - Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Scientific and Technological and Information and Analytical Support of Research and Innovative Activity; Professor of Development of Underground Space Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) in Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences (ICEMR RAS), 4 Kryukovsky pereulok, Moscow, 111020, Russian Federation.

Pages 240-248

Subject: a large-scale program for development of the Arctic territories requires construction of civil and industrial facilities, the use of a wide range of spatial resources, including the subsoil resources. Construction and mining activities are characterized by significant threats due to the risks of consequences of technogenic impact on the biota of the Arctic, given the considerable vulnerability of machinery and equipment to low temperatures, which requires the use of special construction geotechnologies and personnel with appropriate competencies. At the same time, severe climatic conditions require the use of high-performance equipment to minimize the participation of workers in the production process. Research objectives: for effective implementation of construction and mining activities in the Arctic territories, it is necessary, through consolidation of the efforts of academic science and industries and under conditions of import substitution, to provide for formation of a new branch of heavy machinery industry and supporting industries that take into account the specificity of the cryolithozone, and provide for creation of new geotechnologies that allow us to radically change the nature and intensity of technogenic destruction of biomes of the Arctic zone of Russia. Materials and methods: our research is based on normative and legislative documents regulating the development of the Arctic, as well as on the ideology of creating “green” high-performance geotechnologies. This ideology is based on the ideas of homeostatic transformation (realization) in the technosphere of the principles of the functioning of biological systems and the use of temperature resource of their abiota for preservation of vulnerable and unproductive biological communities of the Arctic zone. Results: the conducted series of studies allowed us to formulate the techno-ecological and methodological approaches to justification of parameters of high-performance geotechnologies, machines and equipment that provide for construction activities and mining operations in the Arctic.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.240-248

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