TECHNIQUES FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF THE PRESERVED HOUSING STOCK

Vestnik MGSU 10/2017 Volume 12
  • Kustikova Yuliya Olegovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) Сandidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Housing and Communal Complex, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Matushkina Anastasiya Sergeevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) Magister, Department of Housing and Communal Complex, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 1090-1097

Nowadays in Russian cities a significant part of the housing stock in areas of existing buildings has a high level of physical and moral deterioration, indicators of infrastructure elements do not meet the current and future requirements. Reconstruction of residential buildings is one of the important directions in solving the housing problem. This will allow us to not only extend the life cycle but also significantly improve the quality of housing, eliminate a communal settlement, provide the houses with modern engineering equipment, improve architectural expressiveness of buildings and increase their energy efficiency. For buildings of different construction periods an individual approach is required in the development of methods and technologies of reconstruction. At the same time, the process should take place not in a separate building but in a group of buildings, neighborhood or district. This makes it possible to undertake a comprehensive assessment of the urban development situation and make the most rational decisions to meet modern conditions, and provide logical connection between various architectural trends. At the same time, there are possibilities for compaction and decompaction of buildings, the rational use of inter-district, underground space and communication systems. Moscow region is a large region, which occupies an area of 46 thousand square kilometers. The region includes more than 38 municipalities (municipal districts, urban and rural settlements). The region’s population is more than 7 million people. Moscow oblast has a central location in the Russian Federation and a close relationship with the capital. This relationship with Moscow is manifested through common social, scientific, industrial, transport links, environmental protection problems, labor resources. In 2016 the total area of the housing stock in Moscow region was about 220 million sq. m. The total area of dilapidated and emergency housing stock is just over 2.5 million sq. m. In addition, a significant part of the housing stock needs major repair and reconstruction. In this regard, a priority when planning cities should be given to the renovation of buildings to create a safe and comfortable living environment. Subject: reconstruction of five-storey residential buildings of series 1-447 on the territory of Moscow region. Research objectives: development of volume-spatial techniques for reconstruction of five-storey residential buildings of series 1-447. Materials and methods: analysis of three most applicable options for reconstruction of buildings of the first mass series on the example of brick five-storey buildings of series 1-447. Results: for five-story brick residential buildings of series 1-447 we recommend volume-spatial reconstruction method with symmetric broadening of the building by 3 m and a superstructure up to 9 floors.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.10.1090-1097

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