ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

CITY’S STRATEGY OF PARK-AND-RIDE SYSTEM PLANNING

Vestnik MGSU 2/2018 Volume 13
  • Danilina Nina Vasil`evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 190-195

Subject: determination of the direction of sustainable urban transport system development is one of the most relevant issues of modern transport policy. Intermodal transportation development is the usual practice in big cities and agglomerations that shows its efficiency in the field of transport problem determination by means of coordination of transport mobility of urban population. This article is devoted to the issue of “Park-and-Ride” system formation as an integral part of intermodal transportation service for territories of cities and agglomerations. Research objectives: the aim of the study was to develop a scientific justification for the system development strategy based on the methods of system analysis. Materials and methods: “Park-and-Ride” facilities are viewed as an element of transport infrastructure, i.e., organization aimed to provide long-term parking service for the population during the working day, the demand for which depends on external and internal conditions, which determined the possibility of using the SWOT analysis tool to evaluate the performance of its service. Results: transport demand depends on internal and external urban and economic conditions and can be controlled by the methods of economic management. This allows us to use SWOT-analysis to evaluate conditions influencing the work of the whole system. SWOT-analysis allows us to assess weaknesses and strengths, threats and opportunities of a Park-and-Ride system aimed to attract the motorists to its service and, as a consequence, solve a set of transport, environmental and economic issues of urban sustainable development. As the results of the present analysis, we formulated the main strategic directions of the functioning and development of the system that determine the system’s maximum effectiveness in the field of town-planning development of urbanized territories. Conclusions: application of the obtained results lies in the field of transport planning at the stage of development of the General Plans for the transport infrastructure development, as well as the development of planning solutions for incentive parking as a part of urban passenger transport and transfer hubs. We formulate the city policy directions for the “Park-and-Ride” system organization and development that are necessary in the process of transport planning of the unified transport system of cities and agglomerations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.2.190-195

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