Architecture and Urban Planning. Reconstruction and Refurbishment

HISTORIC STONE BUILDINGS OF RYAZAN: COMPOSITIONAL FEATURES OF FACADES

Vestnik MGSU 4/2018 Volume 13
  • Pankratova Anna Alekseevna - Ryazan Institute (branch) of the Moscow Polytechnic University (RI(f) MPU); Department of Design of Buildings and Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Architect, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning; senior lecturer; Postgraduate Student, Ryazan Institute (branch) of the Moscow Polytechnic University (RI(f) MPU); Department of Design of Buildings and Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 9 Lenina sq., Rybnoe, 391110, Ryazan oblast; 26/53 Right-Lybidska str., Ryazan, 390000, Russian Federation; 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 435-445

Subject: with the increasing pace of construction in the city’s historic centers, as the loss of historic buildings continues, the buildings’ significance and integrity of the environment could be compromised. In this article, the problems of preservation and use of historic buildings in modern architecture of the city of Ryazan are considered. Research objectives: the study and identification of compositional features of facades of historic buildings in the city of Ryazan and their comparison with the compositional techniques in the formation of facades of more recent buildings. Materials and methods: through field observations and graph plotting, the author conducts typological and compositional analysis of historic buildings and also analyzes some buildings of the 2000s. Results: we considered buildings of Lenin street, where, closer to the historical center, prevail the buildings of the period of construction of the late 18th - early 20th centuries, and in the opposite direction - the buildings of the Soviet period and contemporary construction. A comparison of the constructions of facades of historic and contemporary buildings shows that the presence of compositional technique system is not a sufficient condition for preservation of integrity and identity of the historical and cultural environment of the city. Important factors are also the scale and magnitude of composition, symmetry, etc. Conclusions: the author reveals the characteristic compositional techniques in the formation of facades of historic buildings. The influence of their practical application in modern construction on architectural integrity and identity of urban environment is noted.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.4.435-445

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