Treatment of external thermal insulation composite systems (ETICS) with bio corrosion with respect to environment protection

Vestnik MGSU 9/2018 Volume 13
  • Antošová Naďa - Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava associate professor of the Department of Building Technology, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, 11 Radlinského, Bratislava, 813 68, Slovakia.
  • Minarovičová Katarína - Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava senior lecturer of the Department of Building Constructions, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, 11 Radlinského, Bratislava, 813 68, Slovakia.
  • Belániová Barbora - Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava Postgraduate student of the Department of Building Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, 11 Radlinského, Bratislava, 813 68, Slovakia.

Pages 1106-1111

Subject: the treatment of External Thermal Insulation Composite Systems (ETICS) surfaces affected by bio-corrosion takes place as a part of planned or operational maintenance. As part of this process, ambient environments are loaded with running water and detergents that contain heavy metals. The article presents the results of research on reducing the impact of environmental contamination by cleaning and preventive coating of ETICS surfaces with biocides. The paper gives an overview of the problem and new approaches to the treatment of new and renovated buildings. Purposes: at the present time, the maintenance of existing ETICS lacks system solutions, instead using chemical methods for the treatment of contamination by microorganisms. While complete information on environmental impacts is lacking it is necessary to take this into consideration. The cost of renovation, which should include investment for future treatment of ETICS surfaces, is often underestimated. Film preservation biocides contain both algaecides and fungicides. Consequently, ETICS preservation agents in exterior paints and renders represent a potential risk for humans, animals and the wider biological environment and new concepts underlying more sustainable approaches are required. Materials and methods: the research was based on an evaluation of existing technologies for eliminating microorganisms from the ETICS surfaces and an analysis of their environmental effects. The aim was to find optimal operational and planned ETICS maintenance approaches that minimise negative environmental effects. Results: environmentally-friendly approaches were identified and a new leaching system for safe dewatering was designed. These approaches differ according to their suitability for periodic or operational maintenance. Conclusions: there is a wide range of materials used for ETICS finishes. It is important to consider the reliability and maintainability of the construction across the entire life cycle of a building. Operation and maintenance should be a significant element of the life-cycle cost of a building. The removal of bio corrosion coatings from ETICS structures by means of chemical and preservative substances (biocides) is currently the most-used and only effective technology. The uncontrolled release of applied chemicals is unacceptable. A system designed for collecting wastewater from the cleaned surface is considered an effective means of reducing the deleterious effects of biocidal substances on the environment. The safe dewatering of chemicals leached from the surface of the facade is presented by a drain system designed in accordance with the building type, use and age.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.9.1106-1111

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