DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Peculiarities of stress distribution in beamless floor plate as a result of prestressing forces

Vestnik MGSU 9/2014
  • Kremnev Vasiliy Anatol'evich - LLC "InformAviaKoM" Director General, LLC "InformAviaKoM", 2 Pionerskaya str., Korolev, Moscow Region, 141074, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 645-20-62; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kuznetsov Vitaliy Sergeevich - Mytishchi Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Mytishchi Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospect, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, 141006, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 583-07-65; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Talyzova Yulia Aleksandrovna - Mytishchi Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Mytishchi Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospect, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, 141006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 48-53

The article discusses the features of the stress state of the plate of capitalless girderless overlapping as a result of force of prestressed reinforcement, where the reinforcement used is high-strength reinforcement in flexible shell of "Monostrend" type. The peculiarity of specific design solution is a diagonal arrangement of prestressed reinforcement with heads fixed at the outer edges of the columns. The purpose of this arrangement of the prestressed reinforcement is deflection reduction of the central area of a plate and reduction of the width of cracks on the lower surface in the bay and on the upper surface of the support areas. The article shows the distribution of normal stresses of existing loads in the plane plate. The stress distribution over the thickness of the plate was assumed uniform. In order to establish design size of a section in diagonal direction it is possible to set the variables x and y and then calculate the coordinates of stress distribution curves in the concrete as a result of compression by prestress force. The authors offer diameter values of equal stresses in case of 4 and 8 K7O ropes. The method of calculating prestressing losses of concrete creep are offered.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.9.48-53

References
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  12. Samokhvalova E.O., Ivanov A.D. Styk kolonny s bezbalochnym beskapitel'nym perekrytiem v monolitnom zdanii [The Joint of a Column and Beamless Capitalless Floor in Monolithic Building]. Inzhenerno-stroitel'nyy zhurnal [Engineering and Construction Journal]. 2009, no. 3. Available at: http://engstroy.spb.ru/index_2009_03/samohvalova_styk.pdf. Date of access: 22.01.2014.
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Constructive solutions for beamless capitalless floors with prestressed reinforcement

Vestnik MGSU 6/2014
  • Bardysheva Yuliya Anatol'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Mytishchi Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospect, Mytishchi, 141006, Moscow Region, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kuznetsov Vitaliy Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Senior Research Worker, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Mytishchi Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospect, Mytishchi, 141006, Moscow Region, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Talyzova Yuliya Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Assistant, Department of Architectural and Structural Design, Mytishchi Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospect, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, 141006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 44-51

In the article the authors present advanced constructions of prestressed reinforced concrete flat ceiling, where high-strength ropes in elastic shell are used as stressed reinforcement. The novelty of the solution lays in diagonal arrangement of hard valves and use of high-strength ropes in a flexible shell of "Monostrand" type. This type of prestress, in our opinion, is the most acceptable from technical point of view for selective reinforcement of separate tense rods or cables. The use of pre-stressed reinforcement in the form of individual rods or cables increases the rigidity and crack resistance of concrete beamless slabs. The use of high-strength ropes in the monostrand-type shell makes it possible to prestress in frames of single cell plate or floor in general and to reduce labour input for stressing armature. The paper presents original solution with diagonal position of the valve. The authors suggest the use of prestressed diagonal valves as in all cells of the floor with the cells of the same or only slightly different size and in separate cells of the floor (for roofs with different cells). The diagonal location of stressed reinforcement proposed in the work is an efficient solution for extending the range of dimensions and loads size.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.6.44-51

References
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