Principles of area development strategic planning (the case of the free state of Bavaria)

Vestnik MGSU 2/2019 Volume 14
  • Ilyichev Vyacheslav А. - Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (RAACS) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vice-President in the field of innovation, academician of RAACS, Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (RAACS), 24 Bolshaya Dmitrovka st., Moscow, 107031, Russian Federation.
  • Kolchunov Vitaliy I. - Southwest State University (SWSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Unique Buildings and Structures, Southwest State University (SWSU), 94 50 years of October st., Kursk, 305040, Russian Federation.
  • Bakaeva Natalya V. - Southwest State University (SWSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Civil Engineering, Southwest State University (SWSU), 94 50 years of October st., Kursk, 305040, Russian Federation.

Pages 158-168

Introduction. To accomplish the task of area development a new creative approach, that is urban development connected with the dramatic improvement of the quality of urban development environment, is proposed. In the context of this approach, the study of the experience and practice of area development strategic planning using the example of the Free State of Bavaria as a German region with significant scientific potential and economic strength is of great interest. The purpose of area development strategic planning is the achievement of such a situation when the welfare of the people living in the area increases. Today, in the context of spatial development imbalances, violation of territorial integrity, environmental pollution and other challenges, the development of new cities is an exceptional practice. Materials and methods. The methodological framework of the research is a new conceptual approach to the city planning environment, that is urban development. The methods of the research are: familiarization with relevant regulatory documents of the Federal Republic of Germany and system analysis of urban planning documentation for the accomplishment of the tasks of strategic planning of area development. Results. The specifics of the area planning in Germany including specifics of area comprehensive development (types, purposes, objectives and the content of urban regulatory documents) has been revealed. The analysis of the strategic planning of area development in Bavaria performed in terms of urban development principles shows that the emphasis in the development is on the historical value of settlements. Special attention is paid to the redevelopment of industrial and transport zones. Elements of Smart City are employed in the area management. Conclusions. The experience of strategic planning of area development using the example of the Free State of Bavaria can be helpful for practice of regulating the process of area development in Russia.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2019.2.158-168

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