Engineering Systems in Construction

Features of operation of sewage pumping stations of heat and power stations in in conditions the Far North

Vestnik MGSU 3/2019 Volume 14
  • Dement’eva Мarina Е. - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Department of Housing and Communal Services, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Kurokhtin Аrtem А. - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 356-366

Introduction. The subject of the study is the study of technologies to ensure the reliability of sewage pumping stations (SPS), exploited in the Far North. One of the most important problems is the freezing of water in the SPS tanks, associated with the incorrect selection of the insulation of the SPS of new TPPs, as well as the deterioration of the insulation of the SPS under the influence of aggressive media on the old TPPs. As a solution, the article considers two main methods of internal heating: liquid and electric. Both methods were analyzed using the example of the Yakutsk State District Power Plant-2, where the disruption of the drainage system may lead to a station shutdown. Materials and methods. The purpose of the study was a comparative analysis and selection on the basis of a feasibility study of the most reliable method of heating the pumping unit of the Yakutsk State District Power Plant-2, exposed to low temperatures and, as a consequence, the freezing of wastewater in tanks. On the basis of field surveys and the processing of their results using mathematical statistics, the causes of the problem of water freezing in the SPS units at Yakutsk State District Power Plant-2 were studied and analyzed. Technological characteristics of the installed SPS were also analyzed, heat engineering calculations were performed, economic indicators were calculated, and further solutions to the problem under consideration were determined. Results. Analysis of the technical parameters and configuration of the SPS showed that the installed insulation and the heating system do not correspond to the territorial conditions in which this equipment is installed. To bring the SPS into working condition, two solutions for internal heating of tanks were developed and their comparative analysis was performed. Selected heating option with heating cable. This system has been successfully implemented and is operating normally. Conclusions. The results of the work can be used to repair thermal insulation and install a heating system for industrial pumping stations without using earthworks in the conditions of the Far North and on the territory of permafrost soils.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2019.3.356-366

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