INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Automation of the process of visualization applicable to design solutionsin the autocad environment

Vestnik MGSU 3/2013
  • Lebedeva Irina Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU); This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sinenko Sergey Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering; +7 (495) 287-4914, ext. 31–07., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU); This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 228-236

The authors provide a brief description of the software algorithm designed to automatize some of the final stages of design and research into buildings and structures, namely, computer-aided realistic visualization of a simulated object in the AutoCAD environment. Special attention is driven to realistic shadows that are important whenever a construction site is positioned within the environment. The software simulates sunlight by creating a remote source of light. Diffused light is generated by a set of three additional sources of light. The software algorithm is based on a pattern of light sources simulating sunlight and skylight. The point of location of each additional source of light is pre-set by the software operator. This point is identified by the software as the set of coordinates calculated using a special subroutine. The article has a table of sun angles for any time of the day and each month of the year at the latitude of Moscow.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.3.228-236

References
  1. Poleshchuk N.N. AutoCAD Razrabotka prilozheniy, nastroyka i adaptatsiya [AutoCAD Application Development, Customization and Adaptation]. St.Petersburg, BKhV-Peterburg Publ., 2006.
  2. Sidenko L.A. Komp’yuternaya grafika i geometricheskoe modelirovanie [Computer Graphics and Geometric Simulation]. St.Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2009.
  3. Glotova V.V., Lebedeva I.M. Mekhanizm tsentral’nogo proetsirovaniya v komp’yuternoy grafike [Mechanism of Central Mapping in Computer Graphics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, vol. 2, pp. 342—346.
  4. Pozitsionirovanie solnechnykh moduley. Meteorologicheskie dannye. 2012 g. [Positioning of Solar Modules. Meteorological data. 2012.] Available at: http://www.solarinntech.ru/informations/meteorological_data Date of access: 01.04.12.
  5. Dvizhenie nebesnykh tel. Spetsial’naya astrofizicheskaya observatoriya Rossiyskoy akademii nauk. 2011 g. [Motion of Celestial Bodies. Special Astrophysical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2011] Available at: http://www.sao.ru/Doc-k8/Science/ Date of access: 01.04.12.
  6. Folly G., Van Dam A. Osnovy interaktivnoy mashinnoy grafiki [Fundamentals of Interactive Computer Graphics]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1987.

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Using AutoCAD to improve the visibility of the organizational technological design

Vestnik MGSU 1/2014
  • Lebedeva Irina Mikhailovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Assistant Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 202-208

The article describes the issue of increasing the visibility of technological solutions in organizational-technological design. The ability to visualize the main stages of building process technology contributes to organic integration of all the requirements. A special role for the harmonious perception is played by correct display of the lighting facilities, shadowing. Realistic shadows help to analyze the rooms’ insolation of the designed fa- cility and the surrounding areas. We give a justification for the use of AutoCAD in order to automate the process of visualizing the results of organizational-technological design. The author describes the methods of obtaining realistic natural lighting in AutoCAD without significantly increasing the complexity of the process. Engineering companies in 46 % of cases use the software AutoCAD in order to create construction plans. AutoCAD has a variety of possibilities and is constantly evolving. Continuation is one of the benefits of this program. AutoCAD is unique in terms of customization, because, apart from instruction languages, it has two built-in programming languages: AutoLISP and VisualBasic. Because of these specific features AutoCAD allows to create any applications related to graphics implementation. Constant monitoring of lightning changes allows finding the appropriate in terms of aesthetics, ergonomics and insolation decisions on planning and associating a building or structure to the environment. Solar lighting is simulated by a combination of several directional lightning point sources. The author offers a brief description of the program algorithm, which allows automatically managing lighting settings and creating a file with a realistic visualization of the design solutions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.1.202-208

References
  1. Lapidus A.A., Telichenko V.I. Informatsionnoe modelirovanie tekhnologiy i biznesprotsessov v stroitel'stve: monografiya [Information Modeling of Technology and Business Processes in Construction. Monograph]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2008.
  2. Kolesnikova E.B., Sinenko S.A. Tekhnologiya virtual'noy real'nosti v otobrazhenii stroitel'nogo general'nogo plana pri vozvedenii ob"ekta [Technology of Virtual Reality in Presentation of General Lay-out in the Process of Building an Object]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 11, pp. 44—46.
  3. Lebedeva I.M., Sinenko S.A. Problemy realisticheskoy vizualizatsii organizatsionnotekhnologicheskikh resheniy v srede AutoCAD [The Problems of Realistic Visualization of the Organizational and Technological Solutions in AutoCAD]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, vol. 2, pp. 451—458.
  4. Lebedeva I.M., Sinenko S.A. Algoritm programmy vizualizatsii proektnykh resheniy v srede AUTOCAD [Algorithm of Visualization Software of Design Decisions in AUTOCAD]. Tekhnologiya i organizatsiya stroitel'nogo proizvodstva [Technology and Organization of Construction Industry]. 2012, no. 1(1), pp. 43—46.
  5. Poleshchuk N.N. AutoCAD Razrabotka prilozheniy, nastroyka i adaptatsiya [AutoCAD: Application Development, Customization and Adaptation]. Saint Petersburg, BKhV-Peterburg Publ., 2006.
  6. Klimacheva T.N. Trekhmernaya komp'yuternaya grafika i avtomatizatsiya proektirovaniya na VBA v AutoCAD [3D Computer Graphics and Computer-aided Design on VBA in AutoCAD]. Moscow, Press, 2008, 464 p.
  7. Zatsepin P.M. Avtomatizirovannaya sistema proektirovaniya kontrolya ob"ektov stroitel'stva [Automated System of Control of Construction Projects Designing]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 6, pp. 60.
  8. Pedersen Mathias. Tekhnologiya i metody osveshcheniya [Technology and Lighting Techniques]. Available at: http://b3d.mezon.ru/index.php/Chapter_11.1:_Lighting_Discussion. Date of access: 03.04.2012.
  9. Rogers D., Adams J. Matematicheskie osnovy mashinnoy grafiki [Mathematical Background of Computer Graphics]. 2nd ed. Moscow, Mir Publ., 2001.

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AUTOCAD IN THE OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT OF THE CONSTRUCTION SITE

Vestnik MGSU 4/2016
  • Tsareva Marina Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 140-147

Operational management of the construction is usually based on information analysis systems, which are aimed at the monitoring of working schedule and volumes as consistent with predicated schedules. The result of such systems’ operation is traditional information graphics (diagrams, charts, etc.), which provides idea on the current state of the construction site and deviations from the planned settings. The author considers the visualization technology of construction of objects using an image of the situation on the AutoCAD drawings, converted into an interactive format. The article focuses on imperfections of the existing technologies of information support of the managers. The creation of unified IT platform is offered on the basis of CAD for creating an integrated information storage and visualization of the environment using electronic drawings and diagrams. Using interactive methods it is possible to illustrate the condition of almost any part of the construction project using these drawings and diagrams. E-drawings contain the basic information resources - estimates, plans, sections, specifications, technology, construction, etc. necessary for the calculation of indicators. The author proved that implementation of visualization is most efficient in case of electronic drawings in 3D format.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.4.140-147

References
  1. Tsareva M.V. Situatsionnaya sistema dlya investitsionnogo proekta [Situational system for investment project]. Ob”edinennyy nauchnyy zhurnal. Ekonomika i finansy [Economics and Finance — Scientific Journal]. 2004, no. 27. (In Russian)
  2. Codd E.F., Codd S.B., Salley C.T. Providing OLAP (On-Line Analytical Processing) to User-Analysts : An IT mandate. Technical report. 1993. Available at: http://www.minet.uni-jena.de/dbis/lehre/ss2005/sem_dwh/lit/Cod93.pdf.
  3. Bazhin I.I. Informatsionnye sistemy menedzhmenta [Information Management Systems]. Moscow, GU VShE Publ., 2000, 687 p. (In Russian)
  4. Bowman W.J. Graphic Communication. 1968, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 222 p.
  5. Voronin V.A. Formirovanie integrirovannykh sub''ektov khozyaystvovaniya v stroitel’stve s primeneniem metoda kognitivnogo modelirovaniya [Formation of Integrated Business Entities in the Construction Using the Method of Cognitive Modeling]. Vestnik Universiteta (GUU) [University Bulletin (State University of Management)]. 2010, no. 7, pp. 102—110. (In Russian)
  6. Grachev V., Samodelov V. Primenenie sovremennykh tekhnologiy upravleniya v sovershenstvovanii deyatel’nosti predpriyatiy [The Use of Modern Technologies to Improve Management of Enterprises]. Finansovaya gazeta [Financial Newspaper]. 2007, no. 31. (In Russian)
  7. Zotov V.A. Problema razrabotki kognitivnykh sredstv vizualizatsii ekonomicheskoy informatsii v dinamike [Development Problem of Cognitive Visualization Tools of Economic Information in the Dynamics]. Informatsionnye tekhnologii v XXI veke : materialy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii k 100-letiyu REA [Information Technologies on the 21st Century : Materials of Science and Practice Conference to 100 Anniversary of PRUE]. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo Rossiyskoy ekonomicheskoy akademii Publ., 2007. (In Russian)
  8. Kaplan R.S., Norton D.P. Strategy Maps: Converting Intangible Assets into Tangible Outcomes. Harvard Business Review Press, 1 edition, 2004, 454 p.
  9. Campbell A., Sommers K.L. Strategic Synergy (Management Readers). Butterworth-Heinemann, 1992, 240 p.
  10. Mescon M.H., Albert M., Khedouri F. Management: Individual and Organizational Effectiveness. Harpercollins College Div; 2 Sub edition, 1985, 756 p.
  11. Ponomareva N.I. Osobennosti formirovaniya uchetno-analiticheskoy sistemy v stroitel’nykh organizatsiyakh [Peculiarities of Formation of Accounting and Analytical Systems in Construction Companies]. Uspekhi sovremennogo estestvoznaniya [Success of Modern Natural Science]. 2008, no. 7, pp. 72—75. (In Russian)
  12. Trakhtengerts E.A. Komp’yuternaya podderzhka peregovorov pri soglasovanii upravlencheskikh resheniy [Computer Support of Negotiations When Discussing Administrative Decisions]. Moscow, Sinteg Publ., 2003, 272 p. (Seriya «Sistemy i problemy upravleniya» [Series: Systems and Problems of Management]) (In Russian)
  13. Walsh C. Key Management Ratios. T Press, 4 edition, 2009, 408 p.
  14. Edel’steyn G. Intellektual’nye sredstva analiza, interpretatsii i predstavleniya dannykh v informatsionnykh khranilishchakh [Intelligent Analysis, Interpretation and Presentation of Data in the Information Storage]. ComputerWeek-Moscow. 1996, no. 16, pp. 32—33. (In Russian)
  15. Tel’noy V.I., Tsareva M.V. Ispol’zovanie informatsionnykh tekhnologiy pri prepodavanii komp’yuternoy grafiki [Use of Information Technologies in Teaching Computer Graphics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 161—165. (In Russian)
  16. Bachurina S.S., Resin V.I., Traynev V.A. Strategiya korporativnogo menedzhmenta v gradostroitel’stve [The Strategy of Corporate Management in Urban Planning]. Moscow, Dashkov i Ko Publ., 2010, 512 p. (In Russian)
  17. Drucker P.F. Management Challenges for the 21st Century. HarperBusiness, 1st edition, 224 p.
  18. Tel’noy V.I., Tsareva M.V., Rychkova A.V. Razrabotka trekhmernykh modeley pri provedenii zanyatiy po komp’yuternoy grafike [Development of Three-Dimensional Models in Conducting Classes in Computer Graphics]. Integratsiya, partnerstvo i innovatsii v stroitel’noy nauke i obrazovanii : sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii (12—13 noyabrya 2014 g., Moskva) [Integration, Partnership and Innovations in Construction Science and Education : Collection of the Materials of the International Scientific Conference (November 12—13, 2014, Moscow)]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2015, pp. 332—335. (In Russian)

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USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING COMPUTER GRAPHICS

Vestnik MGSU 6/2012
  • Tel'noy Viktor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Military Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics, +7 (499) 183-24-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tsareva Marina Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 161 - 165

Peculiarities of teaching computer graphics as part of the course of engineering graphics aimed at the mastering of AutoCAD graphic editor are considered by the authors. The objective of the course is to develop the competencies of future professionals, inlcuding their structural design skills.
The authors recommend incorporation of mini-lectures and computer workshops into the training process. Computer quizzes are to be held at the beginning of each class to consolidate the material, to ensure preparedness for mastering new information and to stimulate the process of learning.
Department of descriptive geometry and engineering graphics developed a special methodology to ensure efficient presentation of theoretical material that incorporates special computer techniques and an original structure and succession of computer slides to improve the information intensity of the computer graphics course that enjoys a small number of lecturing hours allocated within training programmes offered by the University.
Well-balanced tests to be performed by students in the course of their computer workshops facilitate their mastering computer graphics techniques that help them make high-quality error-free working drawings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.161 - 165

References
  1. Monakhov B.E., Tel’noy V.I. Izuchenie inzhenernoy grafiki s ispol’zovaniem distantsionnykh informatsionnykh tekhnologiy [The study of Engineering Graphics through the Use of Distance Learning Information Technologies]. Proceedings of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference «Modern Information Technologies and IT education». Moscow, Moscow State University, 2011, vol. 1, pp. 354 — 357.
  2. Monakhov B.E., Tel’noy V.I. Obuchenie i kontrol’ znaniy po nachertatel’noy geometrii s ispol’zovaniem distantsionnykh obrazovatel’nykh tekhnologiy [Training and Assessment of Academic Performance in Descriptive Geometry through the Employment of Distance Learning Technologies]. Collection of selected works of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference «Modern Information Technologies and IT education». Moscow, INTUIT.RU Publ., 2011, pp. 389—395.
  3. Glotova V.V., Lebedeva I.M., Borisova A.Yu., Tsareva M.V. Uchebnoe posobie «AutoCAD 2010» dlya studentov spetsial’nostey dnevnogo, vechernego i zaochnogo otdeleniy. [Textbook on AutoCAD 2010 for Full-time, Part-time and Correspondence Students]. Moscow, MSUCE, 2011, 138 ð.

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE COMPUTER SYSTEMS USED IN TRAINING COURSES OF DESCRIPTIVE GEOMETRY ON THE EXAMPLE OF SOLVING THE PROBLEM OF SHADOWS ON THE FACADES OF BUILDINGS IN ORTHOGONAL PROJECTIONS

Vestnik MGSU 10/2015
  • Vavanov Dmitriy Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Ivashchenko Andrey Viktorovich - Union of Designers of Moscow Candidate of Technical Sciences, designer, Union of Designers of Moscow, 90/17 Shosseynaya str., SFGA, room 206, 109383, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Pages 194-200

The article describes four software packages that allow considering the problem of constructing shadows in various aspects of application to the educational process. As a learning task we took shadow casting as the most illustrative task allowing to reproduce it in animation programs. As the main programs we considered AutoCAD 2010 and Compass 3D. For providing educational process (lecture material) we considered animation programs, in particular, 3ds Max. We also considered a program that generates a variety of examination options for students (Delphi and Mathematica), with the ability to quickly adjust the range of variable parameters of the objects. Due to the fact that it is impossible to observe the entire set of software products that allow you to tailor them to meet the challenges of descriptive geometry, the most popular programs in their class were chosen.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.10.194-200

References
  1. Arkhangel’skiy A.Ya. Programmirovanie v Delphi 7 [Programming in Delphi 7]. Moscow, OOO “Binom-Press” Publ., 2003, 1152 p. (In Russian)
  2. D’yakonov V.P. Mathematica 5/6/7 [Mathematica 5/6/7]. Moscow, DMK Press, 2010, 624 p. (In Russian)
  3. Kheyfets A.L., Loginovskiy A.N., Butorina I.N., Dubovikova E.P. 3D tekhnologiya postroeniya chertezha v AutoCAD [3D Technology of Drawing in AutoCAD]. Saint Petersburg, BKhV-Peterburg Publ., 2005, 248 p. (In Russian)
  4. Skiena S. The Algorithm Design Manual. Springer, 2nd ed. 2010, 730 p.
  5. Lebedeva I.M., Sinenko S.A. Avtomatizatsiya protsessa vizualizatsii proektnykh resheniy v srede AUTOCAD [Automation of the Process of Visualization Applicable to Design Solutions in the AutoCAD Environment]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 228—236. (In Russian)
  6. Monakhov B.E., Tel’noy V.I. Obuchenie i kontrol’ znaniy po nachertatel’noy geometrii s pomoshch’yu distantsionnykh obrazovatel’nykh tekhnologiy [Training and supervision of knowledge on descriptive geometry using distance learning technologies]. Sovremennye informatsionnye tekhnologii i IT-obrazovanie : sbornik izbrannykh trudov VI Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (Moskva, 12—14 dekabrya 2011 g.) [Modern Information Technologies and IT Education : Collection of Selected Works of the 6th International Science and Practice Conference (Moscow, December 12—14, 2011)]. Moscow, INTUIT.RU Publ., 2011, pp. 389—395. (In Russian)
  7. AutoCAD 2007. Kak postroit’ svoy mir. Kontseptual’noe proektirovanie i vizualizatsiya v AutoCAD [How to Build Your Own World. Conceptual Design and Visualization with AutoCAD]. Autodesk, 2006, 104 p. (In Russian)
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  9. Lebedeva I.M. Ispol’zovanie AutoCAD dlya povysheniya naglyadnosti organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskogo proektirovaniya [Using AutoCad to Improve the Visibility of the Organizational Technological Design]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 202—208. (In Russian)
  10. Klimacheva T.N. 2D-cherchenie v AutoCAD 2007—2010 [2D Drawing in AutoCAD 2007—2010]. Moscow, DMK-Press Publ., 2009, 554 p. (In Russian)
  11. Kal’nitskaya N.I., Kasymbaev B.A., Utina G.M. Sozdanie tverdotel’nykh modeley i chertezhey v srede AutoCAD [Creation of Solid Models and Drawings in AutoCAD]. Novosibirsk, NGTU Publ., 2009, 52 p. (In Russian)
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  13. Poleshchuk N.N., Loskutov P.V. AutoLISP i Visual LISP v srede AutoCAD [AutoLISP and Visual LISP in AutoCAD]. Saint Petersburg, BKhV-Peterburg Publ., 2006, 960 p. (In Russian)
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  16. Tel’noy V.I., Tsareva M.V. Ispol’zovanie informatsionnykh tekhnologiy pri prepodavanii komp’yuternoy grafiki [Use of Information Technologies in Teaching Computer Graphics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 161—165. (In Russian)
  17. Onstott S. AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012 Essentials. Sybex, 1 edition, 2011, 400 p.
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  19. Finkel’shteyn E. AutoCAD 2008 i AutoCAD LT 2008. Bibliya pol’zovatelya [AutoCAD 2008 and AutoCAD LT 2008. The Bible of a User]. Moscow, Dialektika Publ., 2007, 1312 p. (In Russian)
  20. Bondarenko S.V., Bondarenko M.Yu., German E.V. AutoCAD dlya arkhitektorov [AutoCAD for the Aarchitects]. Moscow, Dialektika Publ., 2009, 592 p. (In Russian)

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