RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

Using rice straw to manufacture ceramic bricks

Vestnik MGSU 11/2014
  • Gorbunov German Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Technology of Finishing and Insulation Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rasulov Olimdzhon Rakhmonberdievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Technology of Finishing and Insulation Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 128-136

In the article, the co-authors offer their advanced and efficient methodologies for the recycling of the rice straw, as well as the novel approaches to the ceramic brick quality improvement through the application of the rice straw as the combustible additive and through the formation of amorphous silica in the course of the rice straw combustion. The co-authors provide characteristics of the raw materials, production techniques used to manufacture ceramic bricks, and their basic properties in the article. The co-authors describe the simulated process of formation of amorphous silica. The process in question has two independent steps (or options): 1) rice straw combustion and ash formation outside the oven (in the oxidizing medium), and further application of ash as the additive in the process of burning clay mixtures; 2) adding pre-treated rice straw as the combustible additive into the clay mixture, and its further burning in compliance with the pre-set temperature mode. The findings have proven that the most rational pre-requisite of the rice straw application in the manufacturing of ceramic bricks consists in feeding milled straw into the clay mixture to be followed by molding, drying and burning. Brick samples are highly porous, and they also demonstrate sufficient compressive strength. The co-authors have also identified optimal values of rice straw and ash content in the mixtures under research.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.11.128-136

References
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Rice straw recycling problems

Vestnik MGSU 7/2013
  • Gorbunov German Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Technology of Finishing and Insulation Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rasulov Olimdzhon Rakhmonberdievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Technology of Finishing and Insulation Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 106-113

The authors present a fairly extensive analysis of the state of the cereal crop industry in the Republic of Tajikistan and other regions of East and South-East Asia. Problems of generation of a huge amount of waste in the course of processing of cereals, in particular, rice straw processing by-products, are raised by the authors. The authors propose their original solution to the problems in question. Besides, traditional and original methods of application of rice straw in low-rise construction and production of building materials are presented in the article. The major part of the article covers traditional methods of disposal of rice straw as a raw material used in the production of cellulose, lignin biodegradable plastic, paper, cardboard, wicker products, thermal energy, etc. Another important issue, covered in the article, is the study of the straw/husk burning process, as well as the possibility of generating ash that contains various forms of silica. The fact that the ash content of the straw, according to various sources, varies within the range of16–20 %, and its silica content may be up to 89–91 % make it possible for the authors to state that straw and husk ash can be used as an active mineral additive in the production of effective building materials. It is noteworthy that the problems raised in the article are relevant, and their practical solutions are feasible.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.7.106-113

References
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  2. Monsef Shokri R., Khripunov A.K., Baklagin Yu.C. Issledovanie komponentnogo sostava risovoy solomy IRI i svoystv poluchaemoy iz nee tsellyulozy [Research into the Composition of Rice Straw and Properties of the Cellulose Made of It]. Novye dostizheniya v khimii i khimicheskoy tekhnologii rastitel’nogo syr’ya : materialy III Vserossiyskoy konferentsii [New advances in chemistry and chemical engineering plant materials: Materials of III All-Russian Conference]. Barnaul, ASU Publ., 2007, pp. 53—55.
  3. Adylov D.K., Bekturdiev G.M., Yusupov F.M., Kim R.N. Tekhnologiya polucheniya modifitsirovannykh volokon iz otkhodov agropromyshlennogo kompleksa dlya ispol’zovaniya pri proizvodstve asbestotsementnykh izdeliy [Technology for Generation of Modified Fivers from Agricultural Waste Used in the Production of Asbestos-cement Products]. Materialy 8-y Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii «Sotrudnichestvo dlya problemy otkhodov» [Presentation Materials. 8th International Conference “Cooperation in Waste Problems”. Khar’kov, February 23—24, 2011. Available at: http://waste.ua/cooperation/2011/theses/adylov.html. Date of access: 20.04.2013.
  4. Vurasko A.V., Minakov A.R., Gulemina N.N., Driker B.N. Fiziko-khimicheskie svoystva tsellyulozy, poluchennoy okislitel’no-organosol’ventnym sposobom iz rastitel’nogo syr’ya [Physicochemical Properties of Cellulose Generated from Plant Raw Materials Using Organo-solv Oxidation]. Materials of an Internet Conference. Available at: http://ftacademy.ru/science/internet-conference/index.php?c=1&a=66. Date of access: 15.04.2013.
  5. Vinogradov V.V., Vinogradova E.P. Sposob podgotovki risovoy shelukhi dlya polucheniya vysokochistogo dioksida kremniya [Method of Preparation of Rice Husk for the Generation of High-Purity Silicon Dioxide]. Patent Number: 2191158. Patent Class: S01V33/12. Application Number 2001113525/12 filed on 22.05.2001; publication dated 20.10.2002., Krasnodar.
  6. Dobrzhanskiy V.G. Zemnukhova L.A., Sergienko V.I. Sposob polucheniya vodorastvorimykh silikatov iz zoly risovoy shelukhi [Method of Generation of Water-soluble Silicates from Rice Husk Ash]. RF Patent no. 2106304 (Application no. 96118801 of 23.09.96).
  7. Skryabin A.A., Sidorov A.M., Puzyrev E.M., Shchurenko V.P. Sposob polucheniya dioksida kremniya i teplovoy energii iz kremniysoderzhashchikh rastitel’nykh otkhodov [Method of Generation of Silicon dioxide and Thermal energy from Siliceous Plant Waste]. Barnaul, AltGTU Publ., 2007.
  8. Rumyantsev B.M., Dang Shi Lan. Penozolobeton s aktivnym kremnezemom [Aerated Ash Concrete Containing Active Silica]. Stroitel’nye materialy i tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials and Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2006, no. 6, pp. 38—39.

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