GENERAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION-RELATED SCIENCES AND OPERATIONS. UNIFICATION AND STANDARDIZATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Ropeways. Analysis of standard and legal base

Vestnik MGSU 10/2014
  • Tseva Anna Viktorovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant lecturer, Department of Architectural and Structural Design, Mytishchi Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospekt, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, 141006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-15

The development of a new regulatory base in the field of ropeways construction in the Russian Federation is currently coming to an end. Federal legislation defines the following priorities: updating of Construction Norms and Regulations and state standard specifications, energy saving and energy efficiency, converging Russian and European Union standards (including standards for building design - Eurocodes). This work should be completed in 2014. Experience in designing and coordinating passenger ropeways projects may lead, after analyzing the current status of regulatory legal base, to the following suggestions: simplifying the order of ropeways registration and commissioning for the reduction in administrative resource; new regulatory base should include the links to appropriate Eurocodes (a list of which is provided in the article). Operating personnel and designers might also find useful clarifications on the application of Eurocodes and the links to the corresponding Russian normative documents, which regulate design, calculation and control of both the ropeway and its separate parts. Absence or under fulfillment of such rules (for example, as in the case of the method of calculating construction during various working/non-working ropeway modes) should lead to their further development, which may be carried out by a combined group of ropeway designers, ropeway technologists and other related specialists; expanding security rules for passenger, cargo and ski lift ropeways on other types of cable transport, such as APM-ATS systems, which may be used throughout the Russian Federation in the future.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.10.7-15

References
  1. Bovskiy G.N. Fragmenty istorii razvitiya kanatnykh dorog v nashey strane [History Fragments of the Development of Ropeways in our Country]. Bezopasnost' truda v promyshlennosti [Safety of Work in the Industry]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 86—88. (in Russian)
  2. Spravka po sblizheniyu (garmonizatsii) polozheniy osnovopolagayushchikh normativnykh dokumentov Rossiyskoy Federatsii s zarubezhnymi standartami, v tom chisle evropeyskimi [The Reference on Rapprochement (Harmonization) of the Provisions of Fundamental Normative Documents of the Russian Federation with Foreign Standards, Including European]. Tekhekspert: portal dlya proektirovshchikov [Technical Expert: Web Portal for Designers]. Available at: http://www.project-help.ru/assets/files/spravka.doc. Date of access: 15.11.2013. (in Russian)
  3. Basin E. Evrokody v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: printsip «Ne navredi!» [Eurocodes in the Russian Federation: the principle "Don't do harm!"]. Stroitel'stvo.ru : internet-zhurnal [Stroitel'stvo.ru: Internet Journal]. 2012, no. 12. Available at: http://www.rcmm.ru. Date of access: 15.11.2013. (in Russian)
  4. Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of the Directive 2000/9/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 March 2000 relating to cableway installations designed to carry persons (Publication of titles and references of harmonised standards under Union harmonisation legislation). Official Journal of the European Communities. 03.05.2000, L 106/21.
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  6. 2000/9/EG "Leitfaden für die Anwendung der Richtlinie 2000/9/EG des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates vom 20. März 2000 über Seilbahnen für den Personenverkehr". Luxemburg, 2006, 155 p.
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  10. Averin S.Yu. Zakonodatel'naya baza i poryadok registratsii kanatnykh dorog [Legislative Base and Procedure for Registration of Ropeways]. Gornolyzhnaya industriya Rossii [Ski Industry of Russia]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 30—33. (in Russian)
  11. Bovskiy G. Kanatnye dorogi [Ropeways]. Gornolyzhnaya industriya Rossii [Ski Industry of Russia]. 2007, no. 7, pp. 44—45. (in Russian)
  12. Kontseptsiya sozdaniya turisticheskogo klastera v Severo-Kavkazskom federal'nom okruge, Krasnodarskom krae i Respublike Adygeya [The Concept of Creating a Tourist Cluster in North Caucasus Federal District, Krasnodar Krai and the Republic of Adygea]. Moscow, 2011, 221 p. (in Russian)
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  16. Las Vegas CityCenter APM. Automated Urban Transit. Automated transit sistem. Available at: http://www.leaelliott.com/automated-transit-systems.html#p40. Date of access: 06.03.14.
  17. People Mover. Venice, Italy. Doppelmayr Cable Car. Available at: http://www.dcc.at/files/sites/default/data/DCC/References/troncheto_piazzale_roma_schuttle_italy_press_release.pdf. Date of access: 06.03.14.
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Design of ropeways of the mountain recreational centers

Vestnik MGSU 11/2014
  • Tseva Anna Victorovna - Mytishchinskiy Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Mytishchinskiy Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospekt, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, 141006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 171-179

Ropeways are an eco-friendly and economically viable transport used for transportation of passengers and shipment. Ropeways are widely applied during construction in the conditions of a mountainous relief. The state programs aimed at the development of mountain recreational centers (MRCs) stipulate ropeways construction in accordance with the MRC situational plan. Safety and comfort of a ropeway are defined not only by its technical characteristics, but also by its linking to the relief, MRC facilities and infrastructure. The article describes the main design stages of a ropeway starting from the concept, a choice of its axis, determination of capacity, type of a ropeway, requirements to the track before the design of drop-off/pick-up zones. For each design stage the explanations, which reflect real work specifics, are provided, together with the technical characteristics for calculations and solution samples. The concept defines the functional purpose of a ropeway: ski slopes/ tourist zones/ recreation areas; the season of ropeway operation, the scheme of communications with the MRC objects, the capacity of reception base, the minimum distance from the bottom stations to residential complexes. The critical decisions of axis and track design are carried out by a coalition of designer-planners, expert designers and ropeway technologists. The ropeway, which performs transport function, unites all the objects of the mountain recreational center into a single complex. The optimum placement of a ropeway deals with the questions of comfort, safety and profitability, therefore greatly contributing to the quality of the whole ropeway project. During the MRC development one should consider the questions of infrastructure expansion, year-round ropeway operation and increasing ski tracks capacity, which will demand ropeway modernization and/ or changes in the situational plan of the mountain recreational center.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.11.171-179

References
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  3. Bovskiy G. Kanatnye dorogi [Ropeways]. Gornolyzhnaya industriya Rossii [Skiing Industry in Russia]. 2007, no. 7, pp. 44—45. (In Russian)
  4. Obustroystvo gornykh kurortov [Arrangement of Mountain Resorts]. Gorimpeks Publ., Moscow, 2008, 96 p. (In Russian)
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  7. Kontseptsiya sozdaniya turisticheskogo klastera v Severo-Kavkazskom federal’nom okruge, Krasnodarskom krae i Respublike Adygeya [The Concept of Creation of a Tourist Cluster in North Caucasus Federal District, Krasnodar Krai and the Republic of Adygea]. Moscow, 2011, 221 p. (In Russian)
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