SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Environmental assessment of a city on the model of energy-ecological efficiency

Vestnik MGSU 12/2014
  • Kuzovkina Tat’yana Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Construction of the Objects of Thermal and Nuclear Power, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 781-80-07; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 172-181

This article gives an overview of the analytical methodology for assessing the environmental safety in construction, the existing government programs in energy saving, and the analysis of the actual state of the investigated problem, proposed a method of assessment of environmental safety efficiency criteria of a city. The analysis is based on the data on housing and communal services of the City of Moscow. As a result of the consideration of the government programs and methods of assessing the environmental security in construction the conclusion was made that none of the programs reviewed and non of the methods include consideration of the relationship between environmental parameters of environmental security and energy efficiency (indicators of them are considered separately from each other). In order to determine the actual state of environmental safety analytical review was performed of energy efficiency programs of the government in Moscow and the methods of assessing the environmental safety of a construction. After considering a methodology for assessing the environmental safety of a construction, the author proposes to use the model for determining the indicator of efficiency of the city to ensure the environmental safety of the processes of life-support of the city, which takes into account the dependence of the parameters of environmental safety and energy efficiency. The author describes the criteria for selecting thr data on energy and environmental efficiency of the city. The article shows the sequence to identify the criteria for determining the indicator of efficiency of the city. In the article the author presents the results of ecological assessment of Moscow on the energy-ecological efficiency model, using the model defined performance indicators of the city to ensure environmental safety processes of life support of the city. The model takes into account the dependence of environmental safety parameters, environmental and energy efficiency. The correlation analysis of the effectiveness of the city of Moscow, the graphs for the regression assessment models of the data are described. The coefficient of efficiency indicators correlation of city support and the coefficient of life safety in the city are calculated. Performance indicator for Moscow in 2009-2012 is defined, which reflects the dependence of the processes of life support and life sustenance of the city. The proposed approach to the assessment of environmental safety may be used in the development of governmental programs on energy saving, as well as in the preparation of regulatory documents.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.172-181

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