ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

Optimization of process organization in monolithic construction

Vestnik MGSU 10/2013
  • Adamtsevich Aleksey Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, head, Principal Regional Center of Collective Use of Scientific Institute of Construction Materials and Technologies, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 656-14-66; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pustovgar Andrey Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director, Research and Scientific Institute for Construction Materials and Technologies, Professor, Department of Construction of Nuclear Installations, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 242-248

Nowadays in Russian Federation there is a growing demand for monolithic construction. Monolithic construction technology is developing to meet the requirements, such as reduction of construction time and improvement of the quality of the structures. Analysis of different situations that arise on construction sites shows a number of usual problems: increased construction period, increased cost, etc.Possible reason of this problem can be in using outdated approaches to the control of monolithic construction processes. Such approaches do not take into account deviations due to the abrupt changes caused by external influence of the environment. And it can lead to increase in technological expectations or increase in labor costs for eliminating these deviations. This article presents an approach, which helps to increase the efficiency of process organization in monolithic construction by means of adaptive control and operative control in real time. This approach is based on the methods of operative monitoring and processing of information about the state of the production system at any given time. In this paper organizational scheme for combining different production and control processes was developed, which is based on the following principles: Choice of criteria for comprehensive assessment of a production system, that reflect both internal state and external disturbances; Development of the methods and means of operational monitoring of the structures(includes previously selected criteria); Development of the methods of constructing situation models of the production system functioning (including modeling the hydration process of concrete and the influence of external factors on this process).Development of the methods of research and information decision support based on automated processing of information, obtained in the course of monitoring, and on the analysis of available options of controlling actions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.10.242-248

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The system of account and control of logistics costs

Vestnik MGSU 12/2014
  • Khayrullin Rustam Zinnatullovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, senior scientific worker, Professor, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 193-201

The process of organization of civil engineering provides the delivery of construction materials, equipment to the civil engineering objects in the required quantities at the specified time. Effective tool for solving this problem is logistics. The basic components of logistics costs, which occupy the largest share in the sum of all logistics costs, are transportation costs and storage costs. The civil engineering industry is very promising for the use of outsourcing. The main part of works on providing material and technical resources in most cases is transferred to the outsourcing of other companies, including the group of companies forming the holding. In large holding companies the chain of movement of materials, goods and productions: purchase of materials and goods, completion materials, production structures, storage, movement, transportation, etc. may include several companies belonging in holding. The goods can be moved from one warehouse to another, with or without change of the owner of goods. Each company is obliged to show each movement of goods in their financial accounting. During the goods’ movement within a group of companies from one storage to another, from one owner to another, the total costs of the goods rise. Sales within a group of companies lead, as a rule, to a gain by one of the companies and the logistic expenses of another company. Selling to a consumer provides a profit to the seller company. Therefore, the problem of adequate allocation of logistics expenses and profits between separate legal entity and the task of continuous accounting and control of logistics costs and earnings in large companies, is vital. The automated system for accounting and controlling of logistics costs is suggested. The developed system allows controlling logistics costs of refining, storage and transportation for each ton, pieces, linear or square meters of the shipped cargoes. The System is based on complex algorithms of distribution of the total cost to costs of objects. Some results of approbation of the System in a large metal trading company are given. The System for the generation of financial and logistic reports on flow of materials, goods and production is suggested. The System provides the greatest efficiency in case of implementation in large holding companies.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.12.193-201

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