IDENTIFICATION OF EQUIVALENT STATIC FORCES AS PART OF ANALYSIS OF SYSTEMS THAT HAVE DISRUPTABLE CONSTRAINS

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Chernov Yuriy Tikhonovich - Central Scientific Research Institute for Building Structures named after V.A. Kucherenko (V.A. Kucherenko CSRIBS) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Central Scientific Research Institute for Building Structures named after V.A. Kucherenko (V.A. Kucherenko CSRIBS), 6 2nd Institutskaya St., Moscow, 109428, Russian Federation.
  • Petrov Ivan Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Structural Mechanics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 98 - 101

The algorithm of analysis of systems that have disruptable constrains is described in the article. The algorithm is based on the joint solving of two linear systems. The first linear system is the one that describes the processes before constraints get disrupted; the second linear system represents the system describing the processes in the aftermath of disruption of constrains with account for the influence of free vibrations. Free vibrations are caused by disrupted constraints. The proposed approach is more effective, if applicable to the systems that have their constraints disrupted only once. Also, the method describing disrupted constraints is considered as a special case of physical nonlinearity. Physical non-linearity adds some fictitious load to regular loads.
Formulas of equivalent static loads, with the help of which the systems are analyzed when constraints are disrupted, are generated. No inertial force is to be derived to obtain equivalent static loads. This is important in view of their application in dynamic analyses .
Analysis of the static system in the event of disrupted constraints is based on the equations derived by the authors. The result of the analysis represents an inverse linear relation of static loading and relative stiffness of the system with disrupted constraints. This means that the lower the stiffness of the system, the higher the static loading.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.98 - 101

References
  1. Chernov Yu.T. Vibratsii stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy [Vibrations of Engineering Structures]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2011, 382 p.
  2. Timoshenko S.P., Yang D.Kh., Univer U. Kolebaniya v inzhenernom dele [Vibrations in Engineering]. Мoscow, Mashinostroenie [Machine Building],1985, 472 p.
  3. Chernov Yu.T. K raschetu sistem s vyklyuchayushchimisya svyazyami [About the Analysis of Systems That Have Disruptable Constraints]. Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Analysis of Structures]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 53—57.

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VIBRATIONS OF A DEEP HEAVY FOUNDATION RESTING ON WEIGHTY MULTILAYER SOILS

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Ter-Martirosyan Zaven Grigor'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Jaro Mokhammed Nazeem - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Soil Mechanics, Beddings and Foundations, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 116 - 120

The authors present analytical and numerical solutions to the problem of vibrations of deep foundations caused by dynamic loads, if the foundations rest on multilayer soils. It is proven that the friction force that influences the foundation, the weighty nature of the bedding, and the visco-elastic properties of soils affect the amplitude and the frequency of vibrations.
The authors present an approach to the calculation of vibrations of deep foundations resting on multilayer soils. The proposed approach takes account of the side surface friction of the foundation and the soil and elastic and viscous properties of soils. The soil is presented as a multilayer substance, and all of its layers are connected to one another by elastic-viscous elements. In this case, each layer of soil vibrates independently and provides multiple degrees of freedom to the system.
A mathematical description of vibrations requires the identification of the coefficient of stiffness for each layer of soil, as well as the weight, the average per-layer stress and the angle of distributed static stress.
The results have proven that the weight of the bedding, the friction of a deep foundation, and elastic and viscous properties of soil affect the behavior of the amplitude and the frequency of foundation vibrations and the accumulation of residual settlements.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.116 - 120

References
  1. Voznesenskiy E.A. Dinamicheskaya neustoychivost' gruntov [Dynamic Instability of Soils]. Moscow, Editorial Publ., 1999, 264 p.
  2. Krasnikov N.D. Dinamicheskie svoystva gruntov i metody ikh opredeleniya [Dynamic Properties of Soils and Methods of Their Identification]. Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1970, 239 p.
  3. Savinov O.A. Sovremennye konstrukyii fundamentov pod mashiny i ikh raschet [Modern Structures of Foundations to Accommodate Machinery and Analysis of Structures]. Leningrad – Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1974, 279 p.
  4. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G. Mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 552 p.
  5. Ukhov S.B., Semenov V.V, Znamenskiy V.V., Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Chernyshev S.H. Mekhanika gruntov. Osnovaniya i fundamenty [Soil Mechanics. Beddings and Foundations], 2007, 561 p.
  6. Braja M. DA. Fundamentals of Soil Dynamics, ed. ELSEVIER, New York, Amsterdam, Oxford, 1983, p. 399.

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Railway diagnosis of electric transport

Vestnik MGSU 1/2015
  • Yushkov Vladimir Sergeevich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Automobiles and Technological Machines, postgraduate student, Department of Automobile Roads and Bridges, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; +7 (342) 239-16-54; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kychkin Vladimir Ivanovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automobiles and Technological Machines, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; +7 (342) 239-16-54; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 36-43

The increase in noise level at cities is increasing the requirements to functional interaction of road users - pedestrians and drivers - with the parameters of the environment as a leading component of Afferentation synthesis in the complicated complex of locomotive activity. City noise is one of the most widespread factors of unfavorable living and working conditions. The noise of high intensity provokes diseases, lowers labor activity. At present, many large cities pay much attention to electric vehicles. The authors present an analysis of the poor state of tram track in areas of high noise and vibration of car and under-sleeper base design. A negative effect of noise and vibration on the formation of urban areas environment is shown as well as the impact of these conditions on the person. The advantages of the application of electric transport are specified, noise displacement curve of railway and under sleeper base is plotted depending on the frequency of the applied load and the modulus of elasticity, as well as under sleeper base vibroacceleration depending on time. The authors offer a systematic study on the basis of a mathematical model of the sources of noise in the process of a tram motion.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.1.36-43

References
  1. Alekseev A.O., Golubev K.V., Gureev K.A., Kharitonov V.A. Intellektualizatsiya tekhnologiy upravleniya izmeneniyami v zadachakh urbanistiki [Intellectualization of Change Management in Urban Development Problems]. Vestnik Povolzhskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Urbanistika [Proceedings of Volga State University of Technology. Urban Development]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 21—42. (In Russian)
  2. Bobin E.V. Bor’ba s shumom i vibratsiey na zheleznodorozhnom transporte [Fighting Noise and Vibration in Rail Transport]. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1973, 304 p. (In Russian)
  3. Vafin R.K., Naydenov S.O. Raschet sluchaynykh kolebaniy nelineynykh mekhanicheskikh sistem [Calculation of Random Vibrations of Nonlinear Mechanical Systems]. Izvestiya vuzov. Mashinostroenie [Proceedings of Higher Educational Institutions. Маchine Building]. 1985, no. 7, pp. 24—27. (In Russian)
  4. Gelfand S.A. Hearing: An Introduction to Psychological and Physiological Acoustics. CRC Press; 5 edition, 2009, 312 p.
  5. Osipov G.L., Korobkov V.E., Klimukhin A.A., Prokhoda A.S., Karagodina I.L., Zotov B.S. Zashchita ot shuma v gradostroitel’stve (Spravochnik proektirovshchika) [Protection Against Noise in Urban Planning (Reference Book of a Designer)]. G.L. Osipov, editor. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1993, 96 p. (In Russian)
  6. Ivanov N.I. Bor’ba s shumom i vibratsiyami na putevykh i stroitel’nykh mashinakh [Fighting Noise and Vibration in Track and Construction Machines]. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1987, 223 p. (In Russian)
  7. Knevets M.M. Osobennosti analiza signalov vibratsii na osnove Veyvlet-funktsiy [Features of Vibration Signals Analysis on the Basis of Wavelet Functions]. Vibratsiya mashin: izmerenie, snizhenie, zashchita [Machine Vibrations: Measurement, Lowering, Defense]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 26—32. (In Russian)
  8. Kychkin V.I., Yushkov V.S. Issledovanie deformatsionnogo sostoyaniya podshpal’nogo osnovaniya metodom vibratsionnoy diagnostiki [The Study of the Deformation State of Under Sleeper Base by Vibration Diagnostics Method]. Narodnoe khozyaystvo. Voprosy innovatsionnogo razvitiya [National Economy. Questions Innovational Development]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 111—118. (In Russian)
  9. Kychkin V.I., Yushkov V.S. Nerazrushayushchiy dinamicheskiy metod kontrolya do-rozhnykh odezhd [Non-Destructive Dynamic Method to Control Road Pavement]. Naukovedenie [On-line Journal “Naukovedenie”]. 2013, no. 1 (14). Available at: http://naukovedenie.ru/PDF/34tvn113.pdf. Date of access: 10.12.2014. (In Russian)
  10. Kirilenko Yu.I., Filosov V.K., Fomin V.S. Vliyanie optokineticheskikh i ves-tibulyarnykh vozdeystviy na nadezhnost’ cheloveka-operatora v sistemakh upravleniya letatel’nym apparatom [Influence of Optokinetic and Vestibular Impacts on The Reliability of the Human Operator in Control Systems for Aircraft]. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya [Space Investigations]. 1970, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 476—478. (In Russian)
  11. Kochergina K.A., Romanovskiy V.L. Shumovoe vozdeystvie i oksidantnyy stress organizma [Noise Influence and Oxidative Stress of an Organism]. Ekologiya i nauchno-tekhnicheskiy progress : materialy VI Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii studentov, aspirantov i molodykh uchenykh [Ecology and Scientific and Technical Progress: Proceedings of the 6th International Scientific and Practical Conference of Students, Postgraduate Students and Young Scientists]. Perm, Perm National Research Polytechnic University Publ., 2007, pp. 311—314. (In Russian)
  12. Klyachko L.N. Proizvodstvennyy shum i mery zashchity ot nego v chernoy metal-lurgii [Industrial Noise and Means of Protection From it in the Steel Industry]. Moscow, Metallurgiya Publ., 1981, 80 p. (In Russian)
  13. Postnikov V.P., Doroshenko R.O. Obosnovanie neobkhodimosti razvitiya passazhirskogo elektrotransporta v krupnom gorode s tochki zreniya ekologicheskoy effektivnosti [Necessity Rationale for the Development of Electric Passenger Transport in a Big City in Terms of Eco-Efficiency]. Ekologiya i promyshlennost’ Rossii [Ecology and Industry of Russia]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 45—48. (In Russian)
  14. SN 2.2.4-2.1.8.562—96. Shum na rabochikh mestakh, v pomeshcheniyakh zhilykh, obshchestvennykh zdaniy i na territorii zhiloy zastroyki [Requirements SN 2.2.4-2.1.8.562—96. Noise in the Workplace, in Residential and Public Buildings and in Residential Areas]. Moscow, Minzdrav Rossii Publ., 1997, 16 p. (In Russian)
  15. Sayers M.W., Gillespie T.D., Queiroz C.A.V. The International Road Roughness Experiment. Establishing Correlation and a Calibration Standard for Measurements: World Bank Technical Paper Number 45. WTP-45. The World Bank. Manufactured in the USA. 1986, 453 p.
  16. Stohe D.H., Marich S., Rimnac C.M. Deformation Behavior of Rail Steels. Transp. Res. Rec. 1980, no. 744, pp. 16—21.
  17. Rice J.R., Rosengren J.F. Plane Strain Deformation near a Crack Tip in a Power Law Hardening Material. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. 1968, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1—12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-5096(68)90013-6.
  18. Trofimov N.A. Zashchita ot vibratsii i shuma v promyshlennosti [Protection from Vibrations and Noise in Industry]. Perm, Perm National Research Polytechnic University Publ., 1999, 144 p. (In Russian)
  19. Shubov I.G. Shum i vibratsiya elektricheskikh mashin [Noise and Vibration of Electric Cars]. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Leningrad, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1986, 208 p. (In Russian)
  20. Sun C.T., Huand S.N. Transverse Impact Problems by Higher Order Beam Finite Element. Computers and Structures. 1975, vol. 5, no. 5—6, pp. 297—303.

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IDENTIFICATION OF NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF MULTISTORIED BUILDINGS OF PERIODIC STRUCTURE

Vestnik MGSU 2/2012
  • Dashevskij Mihail Aronovich - VIBROSEJSMOZASCHITA Limited Liability Company (VIBROSEJSMOZASCHITA LLC) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Director of Technology 8 (495) 650-41-52, VIBROSEJSMOZASCHITA Limited Liability Company (VIBROSEJSMOZASCHITA LLC), Building 1, 20/2 Kominterna Str., Moscow, 129327, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mondrus Vladimir L'vovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of Structural Mechanics 8 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 3141, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shutovskij Stanislav Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Structural Mechanics 8 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 3141, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 35 - 40

Periodic two- and three-dimensional structural models designated for rectangular-plan buildings are considered in the article. Expressions for identification of natural frequencies designated for unloaded and loaded two-dimensional structural models, as well as non-free three-dimensional structural models of multistoried buildings are provided in the article.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.2.35 - 40

References
  1. Vol'fson B.P. O rasprostranenii voln v modeljah zdanij i sooruzhenij s vnutrennim treniem [On propagation of Waves in Models of Buildings and Structures That Feature Internal Friction]. Stroitel'naja mehanika i raschet sooruzhenij [Structural Mechanics and Analysis of Structures]. 1971, Issue # 5, pp. 105—112.
  2. Nikiforov A.F., Uvarov V.B. Special'nye funkcii matematicheskoj fiziki [Special Functions of Mathematical Physics]. Moscow, Intellect, 2007.
  3. Szeg? G. Ortogonal'nye mnogochleny [Orthogonal Polynomials]. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo fiziko-matematicheskoj literatury [State Publishing House of Physical and Mathematical Literature], 1962.
  4. Brillouin L., Parodi M. Rasprostranenie voln v periodicheskih strukturah [Propagation of Waves in Periodic Structures]. Moscow, Inostrannaja literatura, 1959.
  5. Banakh L., Kempner M. Vibrations of Mechanical Systems with Regular Structure. Springer, 2010.
  6. Mead D. J. Wave Propagation in Continuous Periodic Structures: Research Contributions from Southampton, 1964—1995. Journal of Sound and Vibration (1996) 190(3), pp. 495—524.

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HARMONIC WAVE PROPAGATION UNDERNEATH LONG ONE-STORIED BUILDINGS

Vestnik MGSU 2/2012
  • Anohin Nikolaj Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Structural Mechanics 8 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 3141, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia.
  • Dashevskij Mihail Aronovich - VIBROSEJSMOZASCHITA Limited Liability Company (VIBROSEJSMOZASCHITA LLC) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Director of Technology 8 (495) 650-41-52, VIBROSEJSMOZASCHITA Limited Liability Company (VIBROSEJSMOZASCHITA LLC), Building 1, 20/2 Kominterna Str., Moscow, 129327, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mondrus Vladimir L'vovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of Structural Mechanics 8 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 3141, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shutovskij Stanislav Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Structural Mechanics 8 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 3141, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 47 - 51

Periodic analysis models represented as networks of oscillators designated for long one-storied buildings are considered in the article. Expressions of natural frequencies and types of fluctuations are provided. Harmonic wave propagation underneath a long one-storied building is considered.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.2.47 - 51

References
  1. Brillouin L., Parodi M. Rasprostranenie voln v periodicheskih strukturah [Propagation of Waves in Periodic Structures]. Moscow, Inostrannaja literature, 1959.
  2. Vol'fson B.P. O rasprostranenii voln v modeljah zdanij i sooruzhenij s vnutrennim treniem [On propagation of Waves in Models of Buildings and Structures That Feature Internal Friction]. Stroitel'naja mehanika i raschet sooruzhenij [Structural Mechanics and Analysis of Structures]. 1971, Issue # 5, pp. 105—112.
  3. Dashevskij M.A. Svobodnye postupatel'no-vrawatel'nye kolebanija nesimmetrichnyh v plane sooruzhenij reguljarnoj struktury [Free Forward-Rotary Fluctuations of Asymmetrical Structures of Regular Pattern]. Works of CNIISK im. V.A. Kucherenko. 1975, Issue # 43, pp. 68—72.
  4. Nikiforov A.F., Uvarov V.B. Special'nye funkcii matematicheskoj fiziki [Special Functions of Mathematical Physics]. Moscow, Intellect, 2007.
  5. Szeg? G. Ortogonal'nye mnogochleny [Orthogonal Polynomials]. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo fiziko-matematicheskoj literatury [State Publishing House of Physical and Mathematical Literature], 1962.

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FIELD TESTING OF DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BUILDING OF A UNIVERSAL POOL UNDER CONSTRUCTION IN ANAPA

Vestnik MGSU 5/2012
  • Rumyantsev Anton Andreevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) junior researcher, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sergeevtsev Evgeniy Yur'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), Mytishchi Branch, 50 Olimpiyskiy prospect, Moscow Region, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 93 - 97

The authors describe the methodology and results of dynamic field testing of the building of a universal pool under construction, as well as its eigenfrequencies, identified through the employment of a computer model.
The subject of the research represents the building of a universal pool under construction in Anapa. The general goal of this research is to identify the seismic stability of the building structure. An unbalance-type vibration machine was used in the course of the testing procedure. The machine was designed and manufactured at Moscow State University of Civil Engineering.
Identification of natural vibrations of building structures and verification of the identity of the computer model and the natural behaviour of the structure were to be completed to assess the required modes of operation of the vibration machine. Identification of full-scale dynamic characteristics was performed through the employment of the impulse method of vibration excitation.
Comparative analysis of experimental vibration frequencies and eigenfrequencies identified in the course of calculations based on different mathematical models demonstrates their similarity in terms of local shapes of vibrations, namely, in terms of buckling vibrations of an "annular" beam employed for the purpose of measurements taken in the course of the testing procedure. Frequency values identified in the course of testing and calculations vary from 4.5 to 19.8 Hz.
Calibration of the vibration machine represents another objective of the experiment. The experiment has demonstrated that the whole operating range of frequencies (2 to 15Hz) is to be employed in the course of testing procedures described above.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.5.93 - 97

References
  1. Shablinskiy G.E., Isaykin A.S. Retrospektivnaya otsenka osobo otvetstvennykh sooruzheniy na osnove naturnykh dinamicheskikh issledovaniy [Retrospective Assessment of Structures of Major Importance on the basis of Dynamic Field Tests]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Construction], 1997, no. 8.
  2. Shablinskiy G.E., Zubkov D.A., Naturnye dinamicheskie issledovaniya stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy [Full-scale Dynamic Testing of Structures]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009.

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Active safety vehicles and reducing road accidents

Vestnik MGSU 10/2014
  • Yushkov Vladimir Sergeevich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Automobiles and Technological Machines, postgraduate student, Department of Automobile Roads and Bridges, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; +7 (342) 239-16-54; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Yushkov Boris Semenovich - State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Motorways and Bridges, State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, 614990, Perm, Russian Federation; +7 (342) 239-15-73; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Burgonutdinov Al’bert Masugutovich - State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Motorways and Bridges, State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, 614990, Perm, Russian Federation; +7 (342) 239-13-71; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 168-176

Road transport compared with rail, air and water transport is currently the most dangerous mode of transport. In recent years, more attention has been given to the issues of comfort and active safety of vehicles. Safety of the vehicle is a complex problem, the solution of which is primarily concerned with improvements aimed at enhancing active safety system driver - vehicle - road. One of the main vehicle performances significantly impacting road safety and the environment, is a high-speed mode. Active safety car driver includes the ability to assess the situation on the road and choose the safest mode of movement, as well as the possibility of the vehicle to implement the desired safe driving mode. Analyzing the causes of road traffic accidents submitted on the official websites of traffic police of the Perm region and Russia, it can be concluded that often carelessness and negligence of the driver is not the reason of an accident, but his inert perception, resulting in delayed response to rapidly changing traffic conditions. An average driver does not have the ability to instantly perceive suddenly appearing obstacles and quickly take measures to ensure the car’s handling and implementation of safe motion path. For this purpose we developed a modern technical means installed on a highway in the form of «vibrolane», with a driver fatigue monitoring system, which is aimed at preventing the driver wearied while driving behind the wheel from a possible departure to the oncoming lane or exit to the side of the road at driving on the hump. Thus, the proposed security system will reduce the number of accidents.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.10.168-176

References
  1. Morris J.R. Improving Road Safety in Developing Countries : Workshop summary. Transportation Research Board, Special report 287, Washington, D.C., 2006, 96 p.
  2. Kotik M.A., Emel’yanov A.M. Priroda oshibok cheloveka-operatora (na primerakh upravleniya transportnymi sredstvami) [Nature of the Errors of a Human-operator (by the Examples of Driving a Vehicle)]. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1993, 252 p. (in Russian)
  3. Kychkin V.I., Yushkov V.S. Rezonansnye kolebaniya pri dvizhenii avtotransportnogo sredstva po vibropolose [Resonant Vibrations when Driving a Motor Vehicle on Vibrolane]. Molodoy uchenyy [Young Scientist]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 65—68. (in Russian)
  4. Nemchinov M.V. Eshche raz o kachestve [Once Again on the Quality]. Avtomobil’nye dorogi [Motorways]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 74—77. (in Russian)
  5. Nikitas D.A. Sostoyanie bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: Problemy, profilaktika [Road Safety in the Russian Federation: Problems, Prevention]. Rossiyskiy sledovatel’ [Russian Investigator]. 2005, no. 9, pp. 51—54. (in Russian)
  6. Nikul’nikov E.N., Lyyurov M.V. Aktivnaya i passivnaya bezopasnost’ [Active and Passive Safety]. Avtomobil’naya promyshlennost’ [Automobile Industry]. 2004, no. 7, pp. 33—36. (in Russian)
  7. Rotenberg R.V. Osnovy nadezhnosti sistemy voditel’ — avtomobil’ — doroga — sreda [Reliability Fundamentals of the System Driver — Vehicle — Road — Environment]. Moscow, Mashinostoenie Publ., 1986, 216 p. (in Russian)
  8. Ryabchinskiy A.I., Kisulenko B.V., Morozova T.E. Reglamentatsiya aktivnoy i passivnoy bezopasnosti avtotransportnykh sredstv [Regulation of Active and Passive Safety of Vehicles]. Moscow, Academia Publ., 2006, 432 p. (in Russian)
  9. Fortunkov D.F. Kharakteristiki uprugosti shin i ikh vliyanie na stabilizatsiyu i samovozbuzhdenie upravlyaemykh koles avtomobilya [Elasticity Characteristics of Tires and their Effect on the Stabilization and Self-excitation of Steered Wheels of a Vehicle]. Avtomobil’naya promyshlennost’ [Automobile Industry]. 1984, no. 6, pp. 26—27. (in Russian)
  10. Khodes I.V., Bondarenko M.V. Komp’yuternaya podderzhka aktivnoy bezopasnosti avtomobilya [Computer Support of Active Safety of a Car]. Avtomobil’naya promyshlennost’ [Automobile Industry]. 2008, no. 7, pp. 20—23.
  11. Yushkov V.S. Vibropolosa — innovatsionnoe tekhnicheskoe sredstvo obespecheniya bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya na avtomobil’nykh dorogakh RF [Vibrolane — an Innovative Technical Means of Ensuring Road Safety on the Roads of Russia]. Molodoy uchenyy [Young Scientist]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 367—369.
  12. Yushkov V.S., Kychkin V.I., Barmin N.D. Vibropolosa — funktsional’naya osobennost’ dorogi [Vibrolane — Functional Feature of a Road]. Tekhnicheskie nauki —ot teorii k praktike [Engineering Sciences — from Theory to Practice]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 109—113. (in Russian)
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