SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

Retrospective analysis and development prospects for the industrial waste management control systems

Vestnik MGSU 2/2015
  • Vaysman Yakov Iosifovich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Scientific Supervisor, Department of Environmental Protection, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pugin Konstantin Georgievich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automobiles and Production Machines, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 70-84

One of the most important issues of our time is the introduction of the resource saving technologies in the manufacturing process. Development and implementation of such technologies are constrained not only by the technical development of the industry, but also by the normative legal aspects of waste production. In order to identify all the significant factors increasing the attractiveness of resource production technologies introduction, it is necessary to examine the changes in the basic principles of the waste management systems in Russia and industrialized countries. The paper presents an analysis of the development of control systems in waste production from the stage of unmanaged education and uncontrolled waste disposal to the environment before transition to resource management. The urgency of the transition to resource management strategies in the field of waste management is discussed. As the best practice waste management deals with the experience of Germany and Austria, where individual integration elements of waste management system are implemented into the overall development strategy of the territory. In particular, it suggests that it is possible to deal more effectively with the strategic objective of minimizing the use of primary resources through better use of the resource potential of waste in the process of comprehensive utilization and recycling, including the sharing of heterogeneous waste. In Russia the implementation of such practices is difficult due to the isolation of Territorial Administration from the businesses located in the area. Basing on the analysis of the systems of waste management the basic requirements for the control system of waste management were set out in order to achieve environmental targets, efficient environmental management and sustainable development of the area. Control systems in waste management must meet the following requirements: be environment-friendly (to ensure an acceptable level of technological environmental load generated during the waste management); preventive (provide conventional hierarchical order of waste management); integrated into the overall strategy for environmentally friendly state and further sustainable socio-economic development of the territory.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.70-84

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Active safety vehicles and reducing road accidents

Vestnik MGSU 10/2014
  • Yushkov Vladimir Sergeevich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Automobiles and Technological Machines, postgraduate student, Department of Automobile Roads and Bridges, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; +7 (342) 239-16-54; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Yushkov Boris Semenovich - State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Motorways and Bridges, State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, 614990, Perm, Russian Federation; +7 (342) 239-15-73; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Burgonutdinov Al’bert Masugutovich - State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Motorways and Bridges, State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, 614990, Perm, Russian Federation; +7 (342) 239-13-71; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 168-176

Road transport compared with rail, air and water transport is currently the most dangerous mode of transport. In recent years, more attention has been given to the issues of comfort and active safety of vehicles. Safety of the vehicle is a complex problem, the solution of which is primarily concerned with improvements aimed at enhancing active safety system driver - vehicle - road. One of the main vehicle performances significantly impacting road safety and the environment, is a high-speed mode. Active safety car driver includes the ability to assess the situation on the road and choose the safest mode of movement, as well as the possibility of the vehicle to implement the desired safe driving mode. Analyzing the causes of road traffic accidents submitted on the official websites of traffic police of the Perm region and Russia, it can be concluded that often carelessness and negligence of the driver is not the reason of an accident, but his inert perception, resulting in delayed response to rapidly changing traffic conditions. An average driver does not have the ability to instantly perceive suddenly appearing obstacles and quickly take measures to ensure the car’s handling and implementation of safe motion path. For this purpose we developed a modern technical means installed on a highway in the form of «vibrolane», with a driver fatigue monitoring system, which is aimed at preventing the driver wearied while driving behind the wheel from a possible departure to the oncoming lane or exit to the side of the road at driving on the hump. Thus, the proposed security system will reduce the number of accidents.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.10.168-176

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  3. Kychkin V.I., Yushkov V.S. Rezonansnye kolebaniya pri dvizhenii avtotransportnogo sredstva po vibropolose [Resonant Vibrations when Driving a Motor Vehicle on Vibrolane]. Molodoy uchenyy [Young Scientist]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 65—68. (in Russian)
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