TECHNIQUES FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF THE PRESERVED HOUSING STOCK

Vestnik MGSU 10/2017 Volume 12
  • Kustikova Yuliya Olegovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) Сandidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Housing and Communal Complex, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Matushkina Anastasiya Sergeevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) Magister, Department of Housing and Communal Complex, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 1090-1097

Nowadays in Russian cities a significant part of the housing stock in areas of existing buildings has a high level of physical and moral deterioration, indicators of infrastructure elements do not meet the current and future requirements. Reconstruction of residential buildings is one of the important directions in solving the housing problem. This will allow us to not only extend the life cycle but also significantly improve the quality of housing, eliminate a communal settlement, provide the houses with modern engineering equipment, improve architectural expressiveness of buildings and increase their energy efficiency. For buildings of different construction periods an individual approach is required in the development of methods and technologies of reconstruction. At the same time, the process should take place not in a separate building but in a group of buildings, neighborhood or district. This makes it possible to undertake a comprehensive assessment of the urban development situation and make the most rational decisions to meet modern conditions, and provide logical connection between various architectural trends. At the same time, there are possibilities for compaction and decompaction of buildings, the rational use of inter-district, underground space and communication systems. Moscow region is a large region, which occupies an area of 46 thousand square kilometers. The region includes more than 38 municipalities (municipal districts, urban and rural settlements). The region’s population is more than 7 million people. Moscow oblast has a central location in the Russian Federation and a close relationship with the capital. This relationship with Moscow is manifested through common social, scientific, industrial, transport links, environmental protection problems, labor resources. In 2016 the total area of the housing stock in Moscow region was about 220 million sq. m. The total area of dilapidated and emergency housing stock is just over 2.5 million sq. m. In addition, a significant part of the housing stock needs major repair and reconstruction. In this regard, a priority when planning cities should be given to the renovation of buildings to create a safe and comfortable living environment. Subject: reconstruction of five-storey residential buildings of series 1-447 on the territory of Moscow region. Research objectives: development of volume-spatial techniques for reconstruction of five-storey residential buildings of series 1-447. Materials and methods: analysis of three most applicable options for reconstruction of buildings of the first mass series on the example of brick five-storey buildings of series 1-447. Results: for five-story brick residential buildings of series 1-447 we recommend volume-spatial reconstruction method with symmetric broadening of the building by 3 m and a superstructure up to 9 floors.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.10.1090-1097

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Leaks in the internal water supply piping systems

Vestnik MGSU 3/2015
  • Orlov Evgeniy Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Scienc- es, Associate Professor, Department of Water Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Komarov Anatoliy Sergeevich - LLC “GLAKOMRU” Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director General, LLC “GLAKOMRU”, B. Koptevskiy proezd, Moscow, 8105039, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-54-56; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mel’nikov Fedor Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Engineering and Ecological Construction and Mechanization, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499)183-36-29; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Serov Aleksandr Evgen’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, Institute of Engineering and Ecological Construction and Mechanization, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499)183-36-29; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 40-47

Great water losses in the internal plumbing of a building lead to the waste of money for a fence, purification and supply of water volumes in excess. This does not support the concept of water conservation and resource saving lying today in the basis of any building’s construction having plumbing. Leakage means unplanned of water losses systems in domestic water supply systems (hot or cold) as a result of impaired integrity, complicating the operation of a system and leading to high costs of repair and equipment restoration. A large number of leaks occur in old buildings, where the regulatory service life of pipelines has come to an end, and the scheduled repair for some reason has not been conducted. Steel pipelines are used in the systems without any protection from corrosion and they get out of order. Leakages in new houses are also not uncommon. They usually occur as a result of low-quality adjustment of the system by workers. It also important to note the absence of certain skills of plumbers, who don’t conduct the inspections of in-house systems in time. Sometimes also the residents themselves forget to keep their pipeline systems and water fittings in their apartment in good condition. Plumbers are not systematically invited for preventive examinations to detect possible leaks in the domestic plumbing. The amount of unproductive losses increases while simultaneous use of valve tenants, and at the increase of the number of residents in the building. Water leaks in the system depend on the amount of water system piping damages, and damages of other elements, for example, water valves, connections, etc. The pressure in the leak area also plays an important role.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.3.40-47

References
  1. Isaev V.N., Chukhin V.A., Gerasimenko A.V. Resursosberezhenie v sisteme khozyaystvenno-pit’evogo vodoprovoda [Resource-saving in Household and Drinking Water Supply System]. Santekhnika [Sanitary Equipment]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 14—17. (In Russian)
  2. Chukhin V.A., Bastrykin R.I., Andrianov A.P. Izuchenie korrozionnykh otlozheniy v truboprovodakh sistem podachi i raspredeleniya pit’evoy vody [Study of Corrosion Deposits in the Piping of Drinking Water Supply and Distribution Systems]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Technique]. 2013, no. 7, pp. 30—36. (In Russian)
  3. Orlov V.A. Puti obespecheniya sanitarnoy nadezhnosti vodoprovodnykh setey [Ways to Ensure the Sanitary Safety of Water Supply Networks]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 181—187. (In Russian)
  4. Mikhaylin A.V., Chukhin V.A. Tekhnologiya obessolivaniya vody metodom reversivnogo elektrodializa s bipolyarnymi membranami [Technology of Desalting Water by the Method of Reverse Electrodialysis with Bipolar Membranes]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 49—51. (In Russian)
  5. Guzzon A., Bohn A., Diociaiuti M., Albertano P. Cultured Phototrophic Biofilms for Phosphorus Removal in Wastewater Treatment. Water Research. 2008, vol. 42, no. 16, pp. 4357—4367. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2008.07.029.
  6. Sriwiriyarat T., Randall C.W. Performance of IFAS Wastewater Treatment Processes for Biological Phosphorus Removal. Water Research. 2005, vol. 39, no. 16, pp. 3873—3884. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2005.07.025.
  7. Pugachev E.A. Sotsial’nye aspekty vodopol’zovaniya. Analiz otnosheniya cheloveka k prirodnomu resursu — vode [Social Aspects of Water Use. Analysis of the Relation of a Human to a Natural Resource — Water]. Tekhnologii mira [Technologies of the World]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 39—47. (In Russian)
  8. Mikhaylin A.V., Chukhin V.A. Besstochnaya tekhnologiya obessolivaniya vody [Drainless Technology of Water Desalting]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 151—153. (In Russian)
  9. Orlov E.V. Sistema vnutrennego vodoprovoda. Novyy tip vodorazbornykh priborov v zdaniyakh. Avtomaty pit’evoy vody [Internal Water Supply System. New Type of Water Folding Devices in Buildings. Drinking Water Machines]. Tekhnika i tekhnologii mira [Equipment and Technologies of the World]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 37—41. (In Russian)
  10. De-Bashan L.E., Hernandez J.P., Morey T., Bashan Y. Microalgae Growth-Promoting Bacteria as «Helpers» for Microalgae: a Novel Approach for Removing Ammonium and Phosphorus from Municipal Wastewater. Water Research. 2004, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 466—474. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5765-6_28.
  11. Scolan Y., Korobkin A. Mixed Boundary Value Problem in Potential Theory: Application to the Hydrodynamic Impact (Wagner) Problem. Comptes Rendus Mecanique. 2012, vol. 340, no. 10, pp. 702—705. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crme.2012.09.006.
  12. Pugachev E.A., Porokhnya A.E. Effektivnoe ispol’zovanie vody. Proizvodstvennye promyvochnye protsessy na fabrikakh [Efficient Use of Water. Industrial Washing Processes at Factories]. Tekhnika i tekhnologii mira [Equipment and Technologies of the World]. 2014, no. 7, pp. 37—41. (In Russian)
  13. Khurgin R.E., Orlov V.A., Zotkin S.P., Maleeva A.V. Metodika i avtomatizirovannaya programma opredeleniya koeffitsienta Shezi «S» i otnositel’noy sherokhovatosti «n» dlya beznapornykh truboprovodov [Methodology and Automated Program for Determining the Coefficient of Chezy “C” and Relative Roughness “N” For Non-Pressure Pipelines]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 54—60. (In Russian)
  14. Iafrati A., Korobkin A. Asymptotic Estimates of Hydrodynamic Loads in the Early Stage of Water Entry of a Circular Disk. Journal of Engineering Mathematics. 2011, vol. 69, no. 2—3, pp. 199—224.
  15. Zwierzchowska A. Optymalizacja doboru metod bezwykopowej budowy. Politechnika swietokrzyska. 2003, pp. 16—19.
  16. Orlov E.V. Vodo- i resursosberezhenie. Zhilye zdaniya kottedzhnykh i dachnykh poselkov poselkov [Water- and Resource-Saving. Residential Buildings of Cottage and Housing Estates]. Tekhnologii mira [Technologies of the World]. 2012, no. 10, pp. 35—41. (In Russian)
  17. Orlov V.A. Gidravlicheskie issledovaniya i raschet napornykh truboprovodov, vypolnennykh iz razlichnykh materialov [Hydraulic Studies and Calculation of Pressure Pipes Made of Different Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 177—180. (In Russian)
  18. Isaev V.N., Davydova A.A. Pit’evoe i khozyaystvennoe vodosnabzhenie [Drinking and Household Water Supply]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 148—150. (In Russian)
  19. Otstavnov A.A., Khar’kin V.A., Orlov V.A. K tekhniko-ekonomicheskomu obosnovaniyu bestransheynogo vosstanovleniya vetkhikh samotechnykh truboprovodov iz traditsionnykh trub polimernymi [To Feasibility Study of Trenchless Repair of the Old Gravity Pipelines Made of Traditional Pipes With Polymer Ones]. Santekhnika, otoplenie, konditsionirovanie [Plumbing. Heating. Conditioning. Energy Efficiency]. 2004, no. 4, pp. 30—34. (In Russian)
  20. Otstavnov A.A., Orlov E.V., Khantaev I.S. Opredelenie prioritetnykh uchastkov remonta sistem vodosnabzheniya i vodootvedeniya [Definition Of Priority Areas For Water Supply And Sanitation Systems Repair]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Technique]. 2007, no. 3, pp. 25—30. (In Russian)
  21. Orlov V.A. Bionika i bestransheynaya renovatsiya truboprovodnykh setey [Bionics and Trenchless Renovation of Pipeline Systems]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 147—151. (In Russian)
  22. Otstavnov A.A., Primin O.G., Khrenov K.E., Orlov V.A., Khar’kin V.A. O gidroudarakh v podzemnykh truboprovodakh iz polietilenovykh trub [On Hydraulic Impacts in Underground Pipelines Made of Polyethylene Pipes]. Santekhnika, otoplenie, konditsionirovanie [Plumbing. Heating. Conditioning. Energy Efficiency]. 2012, no. 3 (123), pp. 12—17. (In Russian)
  23. Ishmuratov R.R., Stepanov V.D., Orlov V.A. Opyt primeneniya bestransheynoy spiral’no-navivochnoy tekhnologii vosstanovleniya truboprovodov na ob’’ektakh Moskvy [The Experience of Using Trenchless Spiral Winding Technology o Piping Recovery on the Objects In Moscow]. Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika [Water Supply and Sanitary Technique]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 27—32. (In Russian)
  24. Kaczor G., Bergel T. The Effect of Incidental Waters on Pollution Load in Inflows to the Sewage Treatment Plants and to the Receivers of Sewage. Przemysł Chemiczny. 2008, vol. 87, pp. 476—478.
  25. Kaczor G., Bugajski P. Impact of Snowmelt Inflow on Temperature of Sewage Discharged to Treatment Plants. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2012, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 381—386.

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GUIDELINES FOR IDENTIFICATION OF THE COST OF MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OF STATE-OWNED ITEMS OF REAL ESTA

Vestnik MGSU 8/2012
  • Orlov Aleksandr Konstantinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of National Economy and Business Assessment, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zanina Yana Andreevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering postgraduate student, Department of Construction Process Organization and Business Assessment, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 214 - 220

The article covers the methodology of calculation of the costs of maintenance and repair of
state-owned items of real estate. Currently, a duly organized system designated for the calculation
of operational costs and for the optimization of the cost of extensive repairs and maintenance, is
a prerequisite for the effective use of financial resources and, above all, the budget. This rule is of
particular importance for state-owned budget-funded facilities.
Having analyzed the concept of the real estate operation and the operating costs of maintenance
of state-owned items of real property, available in multiple sources, the authors identify
the following basic breakdown of costs: the cost of maintenance of facilities, costs associated with
regular preventive maintenance, and maintenance of facilities, utilities and construction sites. The
authors propose specific guidelines designated for the calculation of the cost of maintenance and
repair of items of real estate. In this paper, the authors present their algorithm of calculation of the
cost of maintenance of state-owned items of real estate.
Thus, the proposed system may serve as the instrument of effective management of stateowned
property within the framework of the government policy.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.8.214 - 220

References
  1. Poryvay G.A. Tekhnicheskaya ekspluatatsiya zdaniy [Technical Maintenance of Buildings]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990, 369 p.
  2. Grigor’ev P.Ya., Chipiga N.P. Tekhnicheskaya ekspluatatsiya zdaniy [Technical Maintenance of Buildings]. Khabarovsk, DVGUPS Publ., 2001, 151 p.
  3. Mirakhmedov M. Tekhnicheskoe obsluzhivanie zdaniy [Maintenance of Buildings]. Tashkent, Ukiduvchi Publ., 1990, 151 p.
  4. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po opredeleniyu stoimosti obyazatel’nykh i dopolnitel’nykh rabot i uslug po soderzhaniyu i remontu obshchego imushchestva sobstvennikov pomeshcheniy v mnogokvartirnom dome [Guidelines for the Calculation of the Cost of Mandatory and Supplementary Works and Services That Encompass Maintenance and Repair of the Common Property of Co-owners of Premises of an Apartment Building]. ZAO «Tsentr munitsipal’noy ekonomiki i prava» [Joint Stock Company Centre for Municipal Economy and Law]. Moscow, 2009.
  5. Asaul A.N., Ivanov S.N., Starovoytov M.K. Ekonomika nedvizhimosti [Economics of Real Estate]. St.Petersburg, IPEV Publ., 2009, 304 p.

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Model of evaluating the projected payback period in energy preservation

Vestnik MGSU 12/2015
  • Gorshkov Aleksandr Sergeevich - St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, director, Educational and Scientific Center “Monitoring and Rehabilitation of Natural Systems, St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), 29 Politekhnicheskaya str., 195251, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Pages 136-146

Providing energy efficiency of newly designed buildings is an important state task which is considered in EPBD directive and the latest regulations on energy saving. Though reducing energy consumption of the existing building is not less important. The majority of the existing buildings had been built before the implementation of modern energy saving programs. That’s why the volume of energy consumption in the existing buildings is greater than in new buildings. In frames of the given investigation the author considers the problem of forecasting the payback period of investment into reduction of energy consumption in a building. The formula is offered for calculating the projected payback period in energy saving with account for capital costs, calculated or actual value of the achieved energy saving effect, rise in tariffs for energy sources, discounting of the future cash flows and the volume and time for return of credit funds. Basing on the offered calculation methods it is possible to compare the efficiency of different energy saving solutions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.136-146

References
  1. Pukhkal V., Murgul V., Garifullin M. Reconstruction of Buildings with a Superstructure Mansard: Option to Reduce Energy Intensity of Buildings. Procedia Engineering. 2015, vol. 117, pp. 629—632. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.223.
  2. Pukhkal V., Vatin N., Murgul V. Central Ventilation System with Heat Recovery as One of Measures to Upgrade Energy Efficiency of Historic Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 633—634, pp. 1077—1081. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.633-634.1077.
  3. Vatin N., Nemova D., Ibraeva Y., Tarasevskii P. Development of Energy-Saving Measures for the Multi-Story Apartment Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2015, vol. 725—726, pp. 1408—1416. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.725-726.1408.
  4. Murgul V., Vuksanovic D., Vatin N., Pukhkal V. The Use of Decentralized Ventilation Systems with Heat Recovery in the Historical Buildings of St. Petersburg. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 635—637, pp. 370—376. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.635-637.370.
  5. Murgul V., Vuksanovic D., Vatin N., Pukhkal V. Decentralized Ventilation Systems with Exhaust Air Heat Recovery in the Case of Residential Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 680, pp. 524—528. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.680.524.
  6. Aronova E., Radovic G., Murgul V., Vatin N. Solar Power Opportunities in Northern Cities (Case Study of Saint-Petersburg). Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 587—589, pp. 348—354. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.587-589.348.
  7. Kovalev I.N. Ob okupaemosti i rentabel’nosti dolgosrochnykh investitsiy [On Payback and Profitability of Permanent Investments]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Saving]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 14—16. (In Russian)
  8. Kovalev I.N. Ratsional’nye resheniya pri ekonomicheskom obosnovanii teplozashchity zdaniy [Rational Solutions in Economic Justification of Thermal Protection of Buildings]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Saving]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 14—19. (In Russian)
  9. Zhukov A.D., Bessonov I.V., Sapelin A.N., Bobrova E.Yu. Teplozashchitnye kachestva sten [Thermal Insulation Properties of Walls]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 70—77. (In Russian)
  10. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V. Energeticheskaya effektivnost’ i metodologiya sozdaniya teploizolyatsionnykh materialov [Energy Efficiency and Methods of Creating Heat-Insulating Materials]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya : Politematicheskaya [Internet Journal of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Multi-Topic Series]. 2014, no. 4 (35), article. 3. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/3RumyantsevZhukovSmirnova.pdf. (In Russian)
  11. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D. Teploizolyatsiya i sovremennye stroitel’nye sistemy [Heat Insulation and Modern Construction Systems]. Krovel’nye i izolyatsionnye materialy [Roofing and Insulation Materials]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 11—13. (In Russian)
  12. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V. Teploprovodnost’ vysokoporistykh materialov [Thermal Conductivity of Highly Porous Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 108—114. (In Russian)
  13. Zhukov A.D. Sistemy ventiliruemykh fasadov [Systems of Ventilated Facades]. Stroitel’stvo: nauka i obrazovanie [Construction: Science and Education]. 2012, no. 1, article 3. Available at: http://www.nso-journal.ru/index.php/sno/pages/view/01-2012. (In Russian)
  14. Zhukov A.D., Chugunkov A.V., Zhukova E.A. Sistemy fasadnoy otdelki s utepleniem [System of Faсade Finishing with Heat Insulation]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1—2, pp. 279—283. (In Russian)
  15. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. Ob otsenke energeticheskoy effektivnosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [On Evaluating Energy Efficiency of Energy Saving Measures]. Inzhenernye sistemy. AVOK Severo-Zapad [Engineering Systems. AVOK North-West]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 26—29. (In Russian)
  16. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. Kolichestvennaya otsenka energoeffektivnosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [Quantitative Assessment of Energy Efficiency of Energy Saving Measures]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 7—9. (In Russian)
  17. Gorshkov A.S. Inzhenernye sistemy. Rukovodstvo po proektirovaniyu, stroitel’stvu i rekonstruktsii zdaniy s nizkim potrebleniem energii [Engineering Systems. Manual on Design, Construction and Reconstruction of Buildings with Low Energy Consumption]. Saint Petersburg, Izdatel’stvo Politekhnicheskogo universiteta Publ., 2013, 162 p. (In Russian)
  18. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po sostavleniyu tekhniko-ekonomicheskikh obosnovaniy dlya energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy (dopolnenie) [Guidelines on Technical and Economic Justification for Energy Saving Measures (Addendum). Minsk, 2008, 31 p. (In Russian)
  19. Vasil’ev G.P., editor. Prakticheskoe posobie po povysheniyu energeticheskoy effektivnosti mnogokvartirnykh domov (MKD) pri kapital’nom remonte : v 9 tomakh [Practical Guide on Increasing Energy Efficiency of Multiflat Buildings during Major Repairs : in 9 Volumes]. Moscow, OAO «INSOLAR-INVEST» Publ., 2015, vol. 1, 89 p. (In Russian)
  20. Kurochkina K.Yu., Gorshkov A.S. Vliyanie avtoregulirovaniya na parametry energopotrebleniya zhilykh zdaniy [Influence of Autoregulation on the Parametres of Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2015, no. 4 (31), pp. 220—231. (In Russian)
  21. Gubina I.A., Gorshkov A.S. Energosberezhenie v zdaniyakh pri utilizatsii tepla vytyazhnogo vozdukha [Energy Saving in Buildings in Case of Heat Recovery of the Transfer Air]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2015, no. 4 (31), pp. 209—219. (In Russian)
  22. Nemova D.V., Gorshkov A.S., Vatin N.I., Kashabin A.V., Tseytin D.N., Rymkevich P.P. Tekhniko-ekonomicheskoe obosnovanie po utepleniyu naruzhnykh sten mnogokvartirnogo zhilogo zdaniya s ustroystvom ventiliruemogo fasada [Technical and Economic Justification of Heat Insulation of External Walls of a Residential Apartment Building with Ventilated Faсade System]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2014, no. 11 (26), pp. 70—84. (In Russian)
  23. Gorshkov A.S., Rymkevich P.P., Nemova D.V., Vatin N.I. Metodika rascheta okupaemosti investitsiy po renovatsii fasadov sushchestvuyushchikh zdaniy [Methods of Calculating Payback of Facades Renovation of the Excising Buildings]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2014, no. 2 (17), pp. 82—106. (In Russian)
  24. Gabriel’ I., Ladner Kh. Rekonstruktsiya zdaniy po standartam energoeffektivnogo doma [Reconstruction of Buildings According to Standards of Energy Efficient House]. Translated from German. Saint Petersburg, BKhV-Peterburg Publ., 2011, 480 p. (Construction and Architecture) (In Russian)

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FUNDAMENTALS OF THE METHOD OF DYNAMIC MONITORING OF DEFORMATION CHARACTERISTICS OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Patrikeev Aleksandr Vladimirovich - Centre for Diagnostics and Monitoring (TsDM) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director, Monitoring Department, Centre for Diagnostics and Monitoring (TsDM), 95A Varshavskoye shosse, Moscow, 117556, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Salatov Evgeniy Konstantinovich - 22 Pavla Korchagina St., Moscow, 129626, Russian Federation +7 (495) 683-99-93., 22 Pavla Korchagina St., Moscow, 129626, Russian Federation, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 133-138

The article covers the relevant problem of dynamic monitoring of buildings and structures. Items exposed to dynamic monitoring primarily include high-rise buildings and structures, as well as buildings and structures exposed to crane loads.The authors provide the general procedure of dynamic monitoring and describe its principal stages. The whole succession of actions that constitute the monitoring of the technical condition of buildings and structures can be split into several stages to be stretched over the time period. The authors demonstrate the technical specifications (including dynamic parameters) of a building or a structure in the process of its operation in the form of a graph. The authors propose their methodology of dynamic monitoring that is considered on the basis of a simple example. The authors argue that the more technically sophisticated the item to be monitored, the tougher the requirements designated for its safe operation; therefore, the interval between the stages of monitoring should be shorter. Unique structures may need monitoring using automated stationary systems to be designed within the framework of special-purpose projects.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.133-138

References
  1. Balageas D., Fritzen C.P., Guemes A. Structural Health Monitoring. Publ. ISTE Ltd, London, 2006, 496 p.
  2. Korgin A.V., Shablinskiy G.E., Sergeevtsev E.Yu., Zubkov D.A. Dinamicheskiy monitoring konstruktsiy dekorativnogo navesa i peshekhodnogo mosta v aeroportu Sheremet'evo-3 [Dynamic Monitoring of Structures of a Decorative Shed and a Pedestrian Bridge at Sheremetyevo-3 Airport]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 4, pp. 222—228.
  3. Lazebnik G. E, Kosheleva N.N. Monitoring nesushchikh konstruktsiy zdaniy povyshennoy etazhnosti [Monitoring of Bearing Structures of Excess Height Buildings]. Svit geotekhniki [The World of Geotechnics]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 14—18.
  4. Gur'ev V.V., Dorofeev V.M. O monitoringe tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya nesushchikh konstruktsiy vysotnykh zdaniy i shirokoproletnykh sooruzheniy [On the Monitoring of the Technical Condition of Bearing Structures of High-rise Buildings and Large-span Structures]. Stroitel'nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Machinery, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2006, no. 7(90), pp. 68—69.
  5. GOST R 53778—2010. Zdaniya i sooruzheniya. Pravila obsledovaniya i monitoringa tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya. Data vvedeniya 2011-01-01. [State Standard of Russia 53778—2010. Buildings and Structures. Rules of Inspection and Monitoring of Their Technical Condition. Date of Introduction 2011-01-01]. Moscow, 2010, 67 p.
  6. Ulybin A.V., Vatin N.I. Printsipial'nye otlichiya GOST R 53778—2010 ot starykh normativov po obsledovaniyu zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Principal Differences between State Standard R 53778-2010 from Former Regulations Applicable to Inspection of Buildings and Structures]. Gidrotekhnika [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2011, no. 2(23), pp. 54—56.
  7. GOST R 54859—2011. Zdaniya i sooruzheniya. Opredelenie parametrov osnovnogo tona sobstvennykh kolebaniy. Data vvedeniya 2012-01-07. [State Standard of Russia Buildings and Structures 54859—2011. Identification of Parameters of the Basic Tone of Natural Oscillations of Buildings. Date of Introduction 2012-01-07]. Moscow, 2012, 64 p.
  8. Patrikeev A.V. Povyshenie urovnya bezopasnosti inzhenernykh sooruzheniy na primere Glavnogo monumenta pamyatnika Pobedy na Poklonnoy gore v g. Moskve [Improvement of Safety of Engineering Structures Exemplifi ed by the Main Monument of the Victory Memorial on Poklonnaya Hill in the city of Moscow]. Problemy upravleniya kachestvom gorodskoy sredy [Problems of the Urban Environment Quality Management]. Collected works of the 11th Scientific Conference. Moscow, RAGS Publ., 2007, p. 82.
  9. Patrikeev A.V., Salatov E.K., Spiridonov V.P. Dinamicheskiy monitoring zdaniy i sooruzheniy kak odin iz kriteriev obespecheniya bezopasnoy ekspluatatsii [Dynamic Monitoring of Buildings and Structures as One of the Criteria of Their Safe Exploitation]. Tekhnologicheskie problemy prochnosti [Technological Problems of Strength]. Collected works of the XVIII International Seminar. Podol'sk, 2011, pp. 78—81.
  10. Korenev B.G., Rabinovich I.M. Spravochnik po dinamike sooruzheniy [Reference Book on Dynamics of Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1972, 511 p.

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