ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

EXPERT ANALYSIS APPROACH TO THE SITING OF MINING ENTERPRISES (EXEMPLIFIED BY KLEN GOLD AND SILVER DEPOSIT)

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Bryukhan Fedor Fedorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) +7 (495) 922-83-19, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lebedev Viktor Vadimovich - OOO Regional’naya Gornorudnaya Kompaniya Project Manager, OOO Regional’naya Gornorudnaya Kompaniya, Building 1, 4 Sadovnicheskaya St., Moscow, 115035, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 47-58

Any selection of sites to accommodate mining enterprises (ME) shall inflict a minimal damage to the environment and humans. Consideration of environmental effects caused by various factors of anthropogenic impacts and development of environmental protection plans involve the assessment of their significance.The authors explain the methodology of substantiation of optimal siting of mining enterprises exemplified by Klen gold and silver deposit in Bilibin region of Chukot Autonomous District. Ranking of impacts produced by various factors serves as the basis for the procedure of the site selection. SWOT analysis of these factors must be completed. The factors of pollution and violation of the geological environment, pollution of surface waters and the water intake, atmospheric pollution, impacts produced on flora and fauna, and physical effects are discussed.A ranking pattern must be customized for each mining enterprise due to the wide variety of features that mining enterprises demonstrate (production patterns and technologies, master plans, natural and anthropogenic conditions).

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.47-58

References
  1. Bryukhan' A.F., Bryukhan' F.F., Potapov A.D. Inzhenerno-ekologicheskie izyskaniya dlya stroitel'stva teplovykh elektrostantsiy [Engineering and Ecological Surveying for Construction of Thermal Power Plants]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 192 p.
  2. Bryukhan' F.F., Lebedev V.V. Otsenka khimicheskogo zagryazneniya pochv, gruntov i donnykh otlozheniy na zoloto-serebryanom mestorozhdenii «Klen» [Assessment of the Chemical Pollution of Soils, Ground and Bottom Sediments at Klen Gold and Silver Deposit]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 150—155.
  3. Lebedev V.V. Skhema ranzhirovaniya faktorov tekhnogennogo vozdeystviya gornorudnykh predpriyatiy na okruzhayushchuyu sredu i cheloveka [Pattern of Ranking of Factors of Anthropogenic Impacts Produced by Mining Enterprises on the Environment and Humans]. Vestnik MGOU. Ser. «Estestvennye nauki» [Proceedings of Moscow State Open University. Natural Sciences Series]. 2012, no. 4, pp. 110—117.
  4. SNiP 11-01—95. Instruktsiya o poryadke razrabotki, soglasovaniya, utverzhdeniya i sostave proektnoy dokumentatsii na stroitel'stvo predpriyatiy, zdaniy i sooruzheniy. [Instructions for the Procedure of Development, Coordination, Approval and Composition of the Project Documentation Package Required for the Construction of Enterprises, Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation, 1995, 17 p.
  5. SNiP 11-02—96. Inzhenernye izyskaniya dlya stroitel'stva. Osnovnye polozheniya. [Construction Norms and Rules 11-02—96. Engineering Surveys for Construction Purposes. Basic Provisions]. Moscow, Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation, 1997, 44 p.
  6. SP 11-102—97. Inzhenerno-ekologicheskie izyskaniya dlya stroitel'stva [Construction Rules 11-102—97. Engineering and Environmental Surveys for Construction Purposes]. Moscow, PNIIIS Publ., 1997, 41 p.
  7. Dibb S., Simkin L. The Market Segmentation Workbook: Target Marketing for Marketing Managers. London, Cengage Learning EMEA, 1996, 219 p.

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ASSESSMENT OF THE CHEMICAL POLLUTION OF THE SOIL, GROUND AND BOTTOM SEDIMENTS AT KLEN GOLD AND SILVER DEPOSIT

Vestnik MGSU 5/2012
  • Bryukhan' Fedor Fedorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, +7 (495) 922-83-19, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Lebedev Viktor Vadimovich - Regional'naya Gornorudnaya Kompaniya Open Joint Stock Company project manager +7 (495) 777-31-04, Regional'naya Gornorudnaya Kompaniya Open Joint Stock Company, Building 1, 4 Sadovnicheskaya St., Moscow, 115035, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 150 - 155

Currently, prospecting and design-related works are performed prior to the upcoming launch of mining operations at Klen gold and silver deposit in Chukot Autonomous District. The anthropogenic impact of the geological exploration in this intact territory has been produced since 1984. A considerable amount of borehole drilling, prospecting, road building, and temporary housing development has been performed. The engineering research, including ecological surveys, has been completed to assess the ecological impact of upcoming exploratory and mining operations at the deposit. Assessment of the geochemical condition of the landscape constituents, including the soil, ground and bottom sediments is of special importance in terms of their engineering protection and rational management of the natural environment.
The above assessments were based on the field sampling made by «Sibgeoconsulting», CJSC (Krasnoyarsk) and the laboratory research made by accredited laboratories of Federal State Unitary Geological Enterprise «Urangeolograzvedka» (Irkutsk) and «Krasnoyarskgeologiya» (Krasnoyarsk). The analysis of the chemical pollution of soils, ground and bottom sediments is based on the examination of 30 samples.
Peculiarities of the chemical composition of samples extracted at the deposit were identified. It has been discovered that pH values of the soil vary from 5.1 to 7.3. The concentration of metal in bottom sediments exceeds its concentration in the soil by far. Almost all irregular features of the sample water in the whole territory of the deposit are caused by the anthropogenic impact. In general, the metal content in soils, ground and bottom sediments within the territory of the deposit is slightly different from the regular clarke.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.5.150 - 155

References
  1. SNiP 11-02—96. Inzhenernye izyskaniya dlya stroitel’stva. Osnovnye polozheniya [Construction Norms and Rules 11-02—96. Engineering Surveying for Construction Purposes. Basic Provisions]. Moscow, Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation, 1997, 44 p.
  2. SP 11-102—97. Inzhenerno-ehkologicheskie izyskaniya dlya stroitel’stva [Construction Rules 11-102—97. Engineering and Environmental Surveying for Construction]. Moscow, PNIIIS [Production, Scientific and Research Institute of Engineering Surveys in Construction], 1997, 41 p.
  3. Orlov D.S., Sadovnikova L.K., Suhanova N.I. Himiya pochv [Soil Chemistry]. Moscow, Vysshaya Shkola Publ., 2005, 558 p.
  4. Bowen H.J.M. Environmental Chemistry of the Elements. New York, Academiс Press, 1979, 333 p.
  5. Bryukhan’ A.F. Indikatory tekhnogennogo zagryazneniya landshaftov promyshlennymi predpriyatiyami [Indicators of Industrial Pollution of Landscapes by Industrial Enterprises]. Proceedings of the 7th All-Russian Scientific Conference «Modern Problems of Ecology»]. Tula, 2010, pp. 3—8.

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