DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

USING SMALL CELLULAR CONCRETE BLOCKS TO MAKE BEARING WALLS OF MID-RISE BUILDINGS

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Malakhova Anna Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Scienc- es, Associate Professor, Department of Reinforced Concrete Structures, Department of Archi- tectural and Structural Design; +7 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 30-35; +7 (495) 583-07-65, ext. 17-65., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Balakshin Andrey Sergeevich - Stroitel’no-tekhnicheskiy kontrol’ Limited Liability Company Candidate of Technical Sciences, General Director; +7 (495) 926-07-07, Stroitel’no-tekhnicheskiy kontrol’ Limited Liability Company, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Building 19, 50 Olimpiyskiy prospect.

Pages 87-93

The authors argue that bearing walls of buildings that have up to four stories can be designed and made of small cellular concrete blocks. These walls demonstrate advantages specific to solid masonry walls. For example, they have high water vapor permeability. Whenever the internal humidity increases, half of the moisture content can be extracted from the masonry due to the water vapour permeability of external walls, while the other half of the moisture content can go back into the room (due to the sorption capacity of the wall material). Furthermore, any lower density wall material has smaller heat absorption capacity to ensure a comfortable environment.The application of small cellular concrete blocks as a wall material is an alternative to thoroughly insulated multi-layer external walls. The authors present options of structural solutions of external walls of buildings.It is noteworthy that due to the relatively low strength of cellular concrete, walls have a low bearing capacity. Cellular concretes are brittle.Control tests of small cellular concrete blocks made in the natural environment do not always prove the desired compressive strength. In addition, strength properties of small cellular concrete wall blocks may vary. The authors present their findings in terms of their examination of the technical condition of mid-rise buildings that have walls made of small cellular concrete blocks. The authors consider the reasons for the defects of walls made of small cellular concrete blocks.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.87-93

References
  1. Glikin S.M. Sovremennye ograzhdayushchie konstruktsii i energoeffektivnost’ zdaniy [Modern Envelope Structures and Energy Efficiency of Buildings]. Moscow, 2003, 57 p.
  2. Ditrikh Kh. Povyshenie nadezhnosti konstruktsiy zdaniy pri modernizatsii [Improvement of Reliability of Structures of Buildings through Modernization]. Moscow, 1993, pp. 60—69.
  3. SNiP II-22—81*. Kamennye i armokamennye konstruktsii [Construction Norms and Rules II-22—81*. Masonry and Reinforced Masonry Structures]. Moscow, 2007, 40 p.
  4. Posobie po proektirovaniyu kamennykh i armokamennykh konstruktsiy (k SNiP II-22—81) [Manual of Design of Masonry and Reinforced Masonry Structures (based on SNIP II-22—81)]. Moscow, 1987, 152 p.
  5. Rekomendatsii po primeneniyu stenovykh melkikh blokov iz yacheistykh betonov [Recommendations for Use of Small Wall Blocks Made of Cellular Concrete]. Moscow, TsNIISK im V.A. Kucherenko publ., 1992, 58 p.

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ANALYSIS OF SUFFICIENCY OF THE BEARING CAPACITY OF BUILDING STRUCTURES OF OPERATING SITES OF MAIN BUILDINGS OF THERMAL POWER PLANTS

Vestnik MGSU 3/2012
  • Alekseeva Ekaterina Leonidovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 25 - 29

Upon examination of eleven main buildings of power plants, analysis of defects and damages of building structures was performed. Thereafter, the damageability of principal bearing structures of main buildings of thermal plants was analyzed. It was identified that the fastest growing defects and damages were concentrated in the structures of operating sites. The research of the rate of development of the most frequent damages and defects made it possible to conclude that internal corrosion of the reinforcing steel was the most dangerous defect, as far as the reinforced concrete elements of operating sites were concerned. Methods of mathematical statistics were applied to identify the reinforcing steel development pattern inside reinforced concrete elements of floors of operating sites. It was identified that the probability of corrosion of reinforced concrete elements of operating sites was distributed in accordance with the demonstrative law. Based on these data, calculation of strength of reinforced concrete slabs and metal beams was performed in terms of their regular sections, given the natural loads and the realistic condition of structures. As a result, dependence between the bearing capacity reserve ratio and the corrosion development pattern was identified for reinforced concrete slabs and metal beams of operating sites. In order to analyze the sufficiency of the bearing capacity of building structures of operating sites in relation to their time in commission, equations were derived to identify the nature of dependence between the sufficiency of the bearing capacity of reinforced concrete slabs and metal beams of the operating sites and their time in commission.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.3.25 - 29

References
  1. Dobromyslov A.N. Diagnostika povrezhdeniy zdaniy i inzhenernykh sooruzheniy [Damage Diagnostics of Buildings and Engineering Structures]. Moscow, MSUCE, 2008.
  2. Kuznetsov I.P., Ioffe Y.R. Proektirovanie i stroitel’stvo teplovykh elektrostantsiy [Project Design and Construction of Heat Power Plants]. 3rd revised edition, Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1985.
  3. Kuznecov I.P., Ioffe Ju.R. Rukovodstvo po ekspluatatsii stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy proizvodstvennykh zdaniy promyshlennykh predpriyatiy [Guidelines for Operation of Building Structures of Production Buildings of Industrial Enterprises]. 4th reprint edition, Moscow, 2004.

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CRACK RESISTANCE OF ROOF COATINGS OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES MADE OF WATER-EMULSION MASTICS BASED ON EMULSIFIERS

Vestnik MGSU 10/2015
  • Kaplenko Ol’ga Aleksandrovna - North Caucasian branch of the Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, deputy chair, Department of Building Design, City Construction and Economy, North Caucasian branch of the Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov), 24 Zheleznovodskaya str., Mineralnye Vody, 357202, Stavropol Territory, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Komarova Kseniya Sergeevna - North Caucasian branch of the Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov) student, Department of Construction and City Economy, North Caucasian branch of the Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov), 24 Zheleznovodskaya str., Mineralnye Vody, 357202, Stavropol Territory, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Markov Sergey Vital’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of City Automobile Roads and Modernization of Housing and Utility Objects, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 85-95

Industrial and civil buildings and other construction objects during operation are subject to force and environmental impacts influencing their structural and technological parameters. Operational integrity of buildings greatly depends on crack-resistance of roof coatings. In this relation the search for new technological solutions for choosing optimal compositions and components is an important and current scientific task. Labor intensity of repair technology and absence of objective assessment method of coating state lead to crack formation and rapid wear. The authors examined mastics properties influencing crack resistance of roof coatings and waterproof coverings made of water-emulsion bitumen mastics and established the dependence of crack-resistance of coatings made of water-emulsion bitumen mastics from the type of powdered filler-emulsifier. The results of the work show that crack resistance of roof mastic coatings increases when using asphalt-claydite mixture as coupling, which is made of bitumen emulsion with high roughness of coupling surface.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.10.85-95

References
  1. Gryaznov M.V., Popova M.V., Vlasov A.V., Rimshin V.I., Markov S.V., Sinyutin A.V. Osnovnye problemy ekspluatatsii krupnopanel’nykh zdaniy i puti ikh resheniya [Main Operation Problems of Large-Panel Buildings and their Solutions]. Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki [Natural and Engineering Sciences]. 2014, no. 9-10 (77), pp. 355—357. (In Russian)
  2. Bondarenko V.M., Borovskikh A.V., Markov S.V., Rimshin V.I. Elementy teorii rekonstruktsii zhelezobetona [Elements of the Theory of Reinforced Concrete Reconstruction]. Nizhniy Novgorod, NNGASU Publ., 2002, 190 p. (In Russian)
  3. Bondarenko V.M., Rimshin V.I. Kvazilineynye uravneniya silovogo soprotivleniya i diagramma σ–ε betona [Quasilinear Equations of Power Resistance and Diagram of σ–ε Concrete]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsiy i sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics of Building Structures]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 40—44. (In Russian)
  4. Bondarenko V.M., Markov S.V., Rimshin V.I. Korrozionnye povrezhdeniya i resurs silovogo soprotivleniya zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy [Corrosive Damages and Power Resistance Life of Reinforced Concrete Structures]. BST: Byulleten’ stroitel’noy tekhniki [BST — Bulletin of Construction Equipment]. 2002, no. 8 (816), p. 26. (In Russian)
  5. Bondarenko V.M., Rimshin V.I. Ostatochnyy resurs silovogo soprotivleniya povrezhdennogo zhelezobetona [Residual Life of Force Resistance of Damaged Reinforced Concrete]. Vestnik otdeleniya stroitel’nykh nauk Rossiyskoy akademii arkhitektury i stroitel’nykh nauk [Bulletin of the Department of Construction Sciences of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences]. 2005, no. 9, pp. 119—126. (In Russian)
  6. Erofeev V.T., Emel’yanov D.V., Sedova A.A., Rimshin V.I., Balatkhanova E.M. Issledovanie svoystv napolnennykh sostavov na aktivirovannoy vode zatvoreniya [Investigating the Features of Filled Compositions on Activated Gauged Water]. Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki [Natural and Engineering Sciences]. 2014, no. 9-10 (77), pp. 429—431. (In Russian)
  7. Kaplenko O.A. Deystvie usadochnykh strukturnykh napryazheniy na treshchinostoykost’ dorozhnykh tsementobetonov [Influence of Structural Shrinkage Stresses on Crack Resistance of Road Cement Concretes]. Aktual’nye voprosy sovremennoy nauki : sbornik nauchnykh dokladov 21-oy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Current Issues of Contemporary Science : Collection of Scientific Reports of the 21st Science and Practice Conference]. Mineral’nye Vody, 2015, pp. 18—22. (In Russian)
  8. Krishan A.L., Astaf’eva M.A., Rimshin V.I. Predel’nye otnositel’nye deformatsii tsentral’no-szhatykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov [Limit Relative Deformations of Axially Loaded Reinforced Concrete Elements]. Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki [Natural and Engineering Sciences]. 2014, no. 9—10 (77), pp. 370—372. (In Russian)
  9. Krishan A.L., Astaf’eva M.A., Narkevich M.Yu., Rimshin V.I. Opredelenie deformatsionnykh kharakteristik betona [Definition of the Deformation Properties of Concrete]. Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki [Natural and Engineering Sciences]. 2014, no. 9—10 (77), pp. 367—369. (In Russian)
  10. Loganina V.I., Orentlikher L.P. Stoykost’ zashchitno-dekorativnykh pokrytiy naruzhnykh sten zdaniy [Stability of Protective-Decorative Coatings of Outer Walls of Buildings]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2000, 104 p. (In Russian)
  11. Posobie po prigotovleniyu i primeneniyu bitumnykh dorozhnykh emul’siy (k SNiP 3.06.03—85) [Manual on Producing and Using Bitumen Road Emulsions (to Construction Norms SNiP 3.06.03—85)]. Moscow, Stoyizdat Publ., 1989, 56 p. (In Russian)
  12. Krishan A.L., Rimshin V.I., Zaikin A.I. Raschet prochnosti szhatykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov s kosvennym armirovaniem [Strength Calculation of Compression Reinforced Concrete Members with Confinement Reinforcement]. Beton i zhelezobeton — vzglyad v budushchee : nauchye trudy III Vserossiyskoy (II Mezhdunarodnoy) konferentsii po betonu i zhelezobetonu : v 7 tomakh [Concrete and Reinforced Concrete — Glance into Future : Scientific Works of the 3rd All-Russian (2nd International) Conference on Concrete and Reinforced Concrete : in 7 Volumes]. 2014, pp. 308—314. (In Russian)
  13. Orentlikher L.P., Loganina V.I. Prognozirovanie ekspluatatsionnoy stoykosti zashchitno-dekorativnykh pokrytiy [Forecasting the Operational Stability of Protective-Decorative Coatings]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction and Architecture]. 1988, no. 8, p. 63. (In Russian)
  14. Pechenyy B.G. Bitumy i bitumnye kompozitsii [Bitumens and Bitumen Composites]. Moscow, Khimiya Publ., 1990, 256 p. (In Russian)
  15. Rimshin V.I., Krishan A.L., Mukhametzyanov A.I. Postroenie diagrammy deformirovaniya odnoosno szhatogo betona [Constructing a Deformation Diagram of Uniaxially Compressed Concrete]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 6, pp. 23—31. (In Russian)
  16. Rimshin V.I. Zhilishchno-kommunal’naya reforma sovremennykh gorodov [Housing and Utility Reform]. BST: Byulleten’ stroitel’noy tekhniki [BST — Bulletin of Construction Equipment]. 2005, no. 6, pp. 12—13. (In Russian)
  17. Rimshin V.I., Galubka A.I., Sinyutin A.V. Inzhenernyy metod rascheta usileniya zhelezobetonnykh plit pokrytiya kompozitnoy armaturoy [Engineering Calculation Method of Concrete Slab Reinforcement by Composite Reinforcement]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik Povolzh’ya [Scientific and Technical Volga region Bulletin]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 218—220. (In Russian)
  18. Larionov E.A., Rimshin V.I., Vasil’kova N.T. Energeticheskiy metod otsenki ustoychivosti szhatykh zhelezobetonnykh elementov [Energy Method for Estimating the Stability of Compession Reinforced Concrete Elements]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsiy i sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 77—81. (In Russian)
  19. Stepanov A.Yu., Rimshin V.I. Napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie konstruktsiy zdaniy i sooruzheniy armirovannykh kompozitnoy polimernoy armaturoy pri seysmicheskom vozdeystvii [Stress-Strain State of Building Structures Reinforced by Composite Polymer Reinforcement in Case of Seismic Actions]. Stroitel’stvo i rekonstruktsiya [Construction and Reconstruction]. 2015, no. 1 (57), pp. 57—61. (In Russian)
  20. Tyrtyshov Yu.P., Pechenyy B.G., Skorikov S.V., Shevchenko V.G. Preimushchestva prigotovleniya i stroitel’stva asfal’tobetonnykh pokrytiy na bitumnykh emul’siyakh s dobavkoy tsementa [Advantages of Producing and Building Asphalt-Concrete Coatings on Bitumen Emulsions with Addition of Cement]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the XXI century]. 2006, no. 1 (84), pp. 14—15. (In Russian)
  21. Kustikova Yu.O., Rimshin V.I. Napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie bazal’toplastikovoy armatury v zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiyakh [Stress-Strain State of Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement in Reinforced Concrete Structures]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 6—9. (In Russian)
  22. Kustikova Yu.O., Rimshin V.I., Shubin L.I. Prakticheskie rekomendatsii i tekhnikoekonomicheskoe obosnovanie primeneniya kompozitnoy armatury v zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiyakh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Practical Recommendations and Technical and Economic Justification of the Use of Composite Reinforcement in Reinfirced Concrete Structures of Buildings and Constructuins]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014, no. 7, pp. 14—18. (In Russian)
  23. Rimshin V.I., Merkulov S.I. Elementy teorii razvitiya betonnykh konstruktsiy s nemetallicheskoy kompozitnoy armaturoy [Elements of the Development Theory of Concrete Structures with Nonmetallic Composite Reinforcement]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 5, pp. 38—42. (In Russian)
  24. Rimshin V.I., Sokolova A.G. Rekonstruktsiya i usilenie zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Reconstruction and Reinforcement of Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, 2001. (In Russian)
  25. Rimshin V.I., Kustikova Yu.O. Teoreticheskie osnovy rascheta stsepleniya steklobazal’toplastikovoy armatury s betonom [Theoretical Foundations of Bond Calculation of Glass Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement with Concrete]. Izvestiya Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i transport [News of the Orel State Technical University. Series: Construction and Transport]. 2009, no. 2—22, pp. 29—33. (In Russian)
  26. Rimshin V.I., Kustikova Yu.O. Fenomenologicheskie issledovaniya velichiny stsepleniya bazal’toplastikovoy armatury s betonom [Phenomenological Analysis of Linkage Value of Basalt-Plastic Reinforcement with Concrete]. Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Tekhnika i tekhnologii [News of Southwest State University. Series: Equipment and Technologies]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 27—31. (In Russian)
  27. Rimshin V.I., Kustikova Yu.O. Teoreticheskie osnovy aktivatsii poverkhnosti bazal’toplastikovoy armatury i drugikh materialov na osnove polimernykh sostavlyayushchikh [Theoretical Foundations of Activating the Surface of Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement and Other Materials Based on Polymer Composites]. Zhelezobetonnye konstruktsii: issledovaniya, proektirovanie, metodika prepodavaniya : sbornik dokladov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-metodicheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya V.N. Baykova [Reinforced Concrete Structures: Investigations, Design, Teaching Methods : Collection of Repots of International Science and Methodological Conference Dedicated to 100 Anniversary of V.N. Baykov]. Moscow, 2012, pp. 341—346. (In Russian)
  28. Telichenko V.I., Rimshin V.I. Kriticheskie tekhnologii v stroitel’stve [Critical Technologies in Construction]. Vestnik Otdeleniya stroitel’nykh nauk RAASN [Bulletin of the Department of Construction Sciences of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences]. 1998, no. 4, pp. 16—18. (In Russian)
  29. Bolotin V.V. Methods of Probability Theory and the Theory of Reliability Analysis of Structures. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1982.
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  32. Kaplenko O.A. The Independent Control of Buildings and Structures Breakdowns Risk as a Way of Accidence Reducing. Modern Applied Science. 2015, vol. 9, no. 6. Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/mas.v9n6p250.
  33. Kurbatov V.L., Antoshkin V.D., Travush V.I., Erofeev V.T., Rimshin V.I. The Problem Optimization Triangular Geometric Linefield. Modern Applied Science. 2015, vol. 9, no. 3. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/mas.v9n3p46.
  34. Kurbatov V.L., Komarova N.D. Analytical Modification of Seismic Effect on the Building. Modern Applied Science. 2015, vol. 9, no. 3. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/mas.v9n3p10.
  35. Erofeev V.T., Bogatov A.D., Smirnov V.F., Bogatova S.N., Kurbatov V.L. Bioresistant Building Composites on the Basis of Glass Wastes. Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia. April 2015, vol. 12 (1), pp. 661—669. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13005/bbra/1710.
  36. Rimshin V.I., Larionov E.A., Erofeyev V.T., Kurbatov V.L. Vibrocreep of Concrete with a Nonuniform Stress State. Life Science Journal. 2014, no. 11, pp. 278—280.
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Statistical analysis of the atmosphere transparency evolution in Moscow

Vestnik MGSU 11/2013
  • Prokop'ev Valeriy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Informatics and Applied Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khlystunov Mikhail Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Applied Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mogilyuk Zhanna Gennad'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Applied Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 167-176

The co-authors discuss the statistical analysis results of the atmospheric transparency evolution in Moscow territory within the last 35 years. The analysis shows the statistical increase of the global warming impact on the growing daily average visibility or the atmospheric transparency. The article presents statistical regularities of the risk increase of the atmosphere transparency deviations from its multiyear averages. The article notes the impact of atmospheric transparency on the risk of the increase in the weather anomalies, roof icing, as well as icing of power supply systems and communication, roads, bridges and other transport construction objects. It is also noted that the increase in temperature fluctuations amplitude, humidity, rainfall and other climatic loads leads to accelerated deterioration of building structures. The average increase in the number of atmospheric high transparency realizations increased almost 1.5 times for the last 35 years.If the trend persists for the current urban planning period (e.g., 100 years), the3,37 times increase in the number of days with high transparency is very realistic. The increase in atmosphere transparency will be accompanied by the concomitant rise of temperature, humidity, precipitation and wind speed oscillations.With the increasing duration of windless seasons we should also expect the concomitant growing risks of dry, hot and fire seasons. Such a global climate change process is of great importance for investors, self-regulatory organizations, owners of construction objects, managing and energy companies and insurers. It is also essential for municipal, regional and Federal urban planning companies.This problem in Russia and abroad is significantly intensified by previously unexpected growth of hazardous man-made and natural, climatic, geological and geophysical processes. These factors cause new and, as a result, non-normalized loads and impacts on buildings, structures and geoecological systems of the urbanized territories, which are beyond the project. In addition to the statistical data analysis of the Moscow atmospheric transparency evolution the authors also performed similar research on daily average visibility in different locations and on different continents.Such studies have been conducted by the authors in such cities as New-York, Anchorage, Buenos Aires, Niamey, London, Tokyo, Canberra and other cities of the planet. The analysis of geographical manifestations of atmosphere transparency evolution as a result of global climate change showed that the daily average visibility evolution observed in Moscow is of global nature. These results will be published by the authors in the coming series of articles on the subject.Global warming creates the problems of food security, urban population sustainment and construction adaptation to the new climatic realities in long perspective of urban planning. Solar radiation effect on the structures of buildings are among the most important climatic loads, which are taken into account in the regulations in the process of buildings and structures design.However, the excising regulatory documents contain no data about the evolution of solar irradiation over the building constructions throughout the buildings life cycle as a result of the continuing global warming. This remark also refers to the radiation intensity change as a result of the transparency or daily average visibility evolution.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.11.167-176

References
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  2. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report, Fig. 3.2 Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model Projections of Surface Warming.
  3. Telichenko V.I., Khlystunov M.S., Prokop'ev V.I., Mogilyuk Zh.G. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya na zdaniya i sooruzheniya. Yavlenie kosmogennoy evolyutsii intensivnosti global'nykh variatsiy maksimal'nykh i srednesutochnykh temperatur na urbanizirovannykh territoriyakh [Loadings and Impacts on Buildings and Structures. Cosmogenic Evolution of the Intensity of Global Variations of Maximal and Daily Average Temperatures on Urbanized Territories]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 2, vol. 2, pp. 68—73.
  4. Khlystunov M.S., Poduval'tsev V.V., Prokop'ev V.I., Mogilyuk Zh.G. Spektral'nye zakonomernosti kosmogennoy evolyutsii intensivnosti global'nykh kolebaniy maksimal'nykh i srednesutochnykh temperatur [Spectral Regularities of Cosmogenic Evolution of the Global Fluctuations Intensity of Maximal and Daily Average Temperatures]. Nauka i obrazovanie: elektronnoe nauchno-tekhnicheskoe izdanie [Science and Education: Internet Scientific and Technical Edition]. 2011, no. 12, p. 53.
  5. Khlystunov M.S., Poduval'tsev V.V., Prokop'ev V.I., Mogilyuk Zh.G. Spektral'nye zakonomernosti kosmogennoy evolyutsii intensivnosti global'nykh kolebaniy ezhesutochnogo kolichestva osadkov [Spectral Regularities of Cosmogenic Evolution of the Global Fluctuations Intensity of Everyday Precipitation Amount]. Nauka i obrazovanie: elektronnoe nauchno-tekhnicheskoe izdanie [Science and Education: Internet Scientific and Technical Edition]. 2011, no. 12. Available at: http://technomag.edu.ru/doc//251776.html.
  6. Khlystunov M.S., Poduval'tsev V.V., Prokop'ev V.I., Mogilyuk Zh.G. Spektral'nye zakonomernosti global'nykh aerodinamicheskikh proyavleniy kosmogennykh protsessov [Spectral Regularities of Global Aerodynamic Manifestations of Cosmogenic Processes]. Nauka i obrazovanie: elektronnoe nauchno-tekhnicheskoe izdanie [Science and Education: Internet Scientific and Technical Edition]. 2011, no. 12. Available at: http://technomag.edu.ru/doc//253751.html.
  7. Khlystunov M.S., Poduval'tsev V.V., Prokop'ev V.I., Mogilyuk Zh.G. Global'nye i lokal'nye zakonomernosti evolyutsii intensivnosti klimaticheskikh i geofizicheskikh nagruzok na urbanizirovannykh territoriyakh [Global and Local Regularities of the Climatic and Geophysic Loadings Intensity Evolution on Urbanized Territories]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urbanized Territories]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 13—21.
  8. Telichenko V.I., Khlystunov M.S., Prokop'ev V.I., Mogilyuk Zh.G. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya na zdaniya i sooruzheniya. Yavlenie kosmogennoy evolyutsii intensivnosti global'nykh variatsiy ezhesutochnogo kolichestva osadkov na urbanizirovannykh territoriyakh [Loadings and Impacts on Buildings and Structures. Cosmogenic Evolution of the Intensity of Global Variations of Daily Average Precipitation Amount on Urbanized Territories ]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 47—53.
  9. Telichenko V.I., Khlystunov M.S., Prokop'ev V.I., Mogilyuk Zh.G. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya na zdaniya i sooruzheniya. Yavlenie kosmogennoy evolyutsii intensivnosti global'nykh kolebaniy srednesutochnoy skorosti vetra na urbanizirovannykh territoriyakh [Loadings and Impacts on Buildings and Structures. Cosmogenic Evolution of the Intensity of Global Variations of Daily Average Wind Speed on Urbanized Territories]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 60—67.

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Problems of the coordination of responsibility for maintenance of fire safety Buildings in the conditions of self-regulation

Vestnik MGSU 1/2012
  • Astafiev Sergey Aleksandrovich - Baikal National University of Economics and Low Cand. Econ. Sci., Associate Professor, Doctoral candidate, Associate Professor of Economy and Management of Investments and the Real estate Department +7-(3952)-24-28-04, +7(3952) 24-10-57, Baikal National University of Economics and Low, of. 805-3, Lenin st., Irkutsk, 664003; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 113 - 118

In article problems of maintenance of fire safety of buildings in the conditions of transition of control functions behind quality of civil work to the self-regulation organizations are considered. Recommendations about overcoming of arising problems are given.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.1.113 - 118

References
  1. Brushlinskij N.N, Sokolov S.V. O statistike pozharov i pozharnyh riskah [About statistics of fires and fire risks] Pozharovzrihvobezopasnostj [Fire and explosion Safety], 2011, vol. 20, ¹ 4, Pp. 41—44.
  2. Mirovaja pozharnaja statistika. Otchet ¹ 13 [World fire statistics. The report 13]. National committees CTIF of Russia, Germany, USA, 2008, P. 33.
  3. Pozhary i pozharnaja bezopasnost' v 2009 g. [Fires and fire safety in 2009: the statistical collection], under general edition N. P. Kopylov's, VNIIPO, 2010.
  4. Tehnicheskij reglament o trebovanijah pozharnoj bezopasnosti : Feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 22 ijulja 2008 g. ¹ 123-FZ : prinjat Gos. Dumoj 4 ijulja 2008 g. : odobr. Sovetom Federacii Feder. Sobr. Ros. Federacii 11 ijulja 2008 g. [The technical rules about requirements of fire safety: federal law of Russian Federations from July, 22nd, 2008 123-FZ: it is accepted by the State Duma on July, 4th, 2008: It is approved by Council of Federation of Federal Assembly Russian Federation on July, 11th, 2008]. FGU VNIIPO, 2008, 157 p.
  5. Mirovaja pozharnaja statistika. Otchet ¹ 10 [World fire statistics. The report 10]. National committees CTIF of Russia, Germany, USA, 2005, P. 23.
  6. Kholthevnikov V.V., Samoshin D.A., Belosohov I.R, Istratov R.N., Kudrin I.S., Parfenenko A.P. Paradoksy normirovanija obespechenija bezopasnosti ljudej pri jevakuacii iz zdanij i puti ih ustranenija [Paradoxes of normalization of a safety of people at evacuation from buildings and a way of their elimination]. Pozharovzrihvobezopasnostj [Fire and explosion Safety] 2011, vol. 20, ¹ 3, P. 43.

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RESEARCH INTO A NEW STRUCTURAL SOLUTION APPLICABLE TO FOUNDATIONS RESTING ON THE SLIDING LAYER

Vestnik MGSU 11/2012
  • Abovskiy Naum Petrovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Honorary Member Russian Academy of Architectural and Construction Sciences (RAACS), Consulting Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, +7(391)243-24-98, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Inzhutov Ivan Semenovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Member Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (RAEN), Director, Institute of Civil Engineering, +7(391)252-78-11, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Deordiev Sergey Vladimirovich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) +7 (391) 252-78-64, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Palagushkin Vladimir Ivanovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems +7(391)206-27-55, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Sibgatulin Viktor Gazizovich - Nonprofi t Partnership Ecological Centre for Rational Reclamation of Natural Resources (NP «ETs ROPR») Distinguished Geologist of the Russian Federation, Director, +7(391)226-31-38, Nonprofi t Partnership Ecological Centre for Rational Reclamation of Natural Resources (NP «ETs ROPR»), Offi ce 232, 53 prospekt Mira, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khudoberdin Ivan Rafailovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) engineer, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 32 - 37

The authors provide solutions to the relevant issue of development and construction of
foundations resting on a sliding layer as a method of external seismic protection of buildings and
structures. The authors have developed a system of automated operating control over the external
seismic protection of buildings (structures) that represents an automatic switch of the emergencylevel
seismic load. The authors have filed an application for the registration of their invention. The
proposed solution has everything in place to be widely applied to improve the seismic protection of
buildings and structures, especially those resting on problematic soils.
The authors provide their description of a paradox of foundations: foundations are analyzed
in terms of "upside-down" loads, whereas seismic loads have an opposite direction. The authors
provide their solutions to this problem.
The authors argue that methods of seismic protection incorporated into effective regulations
are limited, and they do not constitute any external seismic protection methods, whereas the
application of seismic isolation inside buildings is unreasonable, as it is limited by the requirement
to install it "above the foundation". Presently, the above methods are being reworked into foundation
platforms resting on a sliding layer. Their efficiency has been proven by a computerized model and
a theoretical analysis.
The authors also provide their argumentation in favour of the conclusion that relevant seismic
protection development trends are to incorporate advanced structural solutions, including methods
of external seismic protection.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.11.32 - 37

References
  1. Abovskiy N.P., Inzhutov I.S., Deordiev S.V., Palagushkin V.I. Neobkhodimost’ sistemnykh issledovaniy po seysmostoykomu stroitel’stvu [A Need for Systemic Research into Seismic Construction]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy. [Seismic Construction. Safety of Structures]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 71—74.
  2. Abovskiy N.P., Inzhutov I.S., Khoroshavin E.A., Deordiev S.V., Palagushkin V.I. O vozmozhnosti vneshnikh seysmozashchitnykh ustroystv [Applicability of External Seismic Protection Devices]. Seysmostoykoe stroitel’stvo. Bezopasnost’ sooruzheniy. [Seismic Construction. Safety of Structures]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 38—42.
  3. N.P. Abovskiy and others. Patents 2206665, 2273697, 38789, 45410, 50553, 53342, 55388, 64650, 69094, 73350, 59650. Russian Federation.
  4. Abovskiy N.P., Marchuk N.I., Maksimova O.M. and others. Konstruktivnaya seysmobezopasnost’ zdaniy i sooruzheniy v slozhnykh gruntovykh usloviyakh [Seismic Safety of Constructions of Buildings and Structures in Problematic Soils]. Krasnoyarsk, SFU Publ., 2009, 186 p.

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A model of organization life cycle of a medical building

Vestnik MGSU 12/2018 Volume 13
  • Dorogan Igor A. - Almaz-SP Director for construction, Almaz-SP, 7 Obraztsova st., Moscow, 127025, Russian Federation.

Pages 1474-1481

Introduction. An approach to the development of the organizational-technological model of the life cycle of a medical facility building is presented. Buildings of medical organizations have a number of features in the design, construction and operation. The buildings of nuclear medicine are subject to particularly high requirements of radiation and fire safety. Materials and methods. To organize the design, construction and maintenance of medical buildings, it is advisable to create and develop an organizational and technological model of the medical building life cycle. Such model was created by the author in the form of a business processes sequence. Confirmation of the effectiveness of the model is carried out with the help of multi-criteria expert evaluation. Results. To solve this problem, it is proposed a number of changes in the order of the investment project carrying. A new element is the Preliminary justification of the requirements for the health facility. It should become a mandatory document when obtaining a town-planning plan of the ground area, which is in Russia a de facto permission to design. It is also proposed to prepare technical requirements of three levels. The first level requirements are used for pre-design stage procedures. The requirements of the second level are included in the medical and technical design assignment. The requirements of the third level are applied to the detailed design, as well as to the construction and maintenance of the facility. Requirements are included in the requirement system and must be checked at key stages of the project. At the preliminary project phase, it is also advisable to make a technical and economic calculation with the justification of the main technical solutions and technical and economic indicators. This document should also include a project management plan. New elements are included in organizational and technological models of different stages of the object life cycle. Conclusions. On the basis of the developed model, it is proposed to make adjustments to the normative guideline used in the construction management. For example, it is necessary to make mandatory documents of the pre-design stage. These works have to be paid by investor therefore the standard of design cost has to be increased.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.12.1474-1481

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