SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

NUCLEAR SOURCES OF HEAT SUPPLY IN THE FUEL MIX OF RUSSIA

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Miram Andrey Olegovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Heat Engineering and Heat and Gas Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-26-92; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Belov Vitaliy Mikhaylovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Heat Engineering and Heat and Gas Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 183-26-92; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 156-158

The authors analyze the role of self-contained heat sources in the process of replacement of organic fuel by nuclear fuel. The authors also consider alternative sources of heat supply and practical implementation of systems of nuclear heat supply.The authors argue that various technologies require a wide range of steam capacities (0.1...10 MPA) and that the distribution of its quantity is uneven: up to 60 % of steam consumed at the pressure of 0.8...1.4 MPa and up to 25 % — t the pressure of 0.5...0.8 MPa.The authors address one of major challenges of the energy consumption market — reduction of the share of fossil fuels in the fuel and energy mix of Russia. Fossil fuels may be replaced by the nuclear power if atomic sources are used not only in the production of electricity and heat supplies for end users, but also as sources of thermal power for industrial purposes.Generation of heat for industrial purposes is more complicated, particularly when steam is required as a heat carrier. One of solutions under consideration is the use of high-temperature water to extract steam for heating purposes.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.156-158

References
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  3. Yablokov A.V. Za i protiv yadernoy energetiki [Nuclear Power Engineering: Pros and Cons]. Moscow, Media-PRESS Publ., 2011, 248 p.
  4. Grigor'ev V.A., Zorin V.M., editors. Teplovye i atomnye elektricheskie stantsii [Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants]. Moscow, Energoizdat Publ., 1989, 608 p.

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DEVELOPMENT, PROSPECTS AND CONDITION OF DECENTRALIZED HEAT SUPPLY SYSTEMS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Vestnik MGSU 11/2012
  • Khavanov Pavel Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, +7(499)183-26-92, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 219 - 226

Reform of the Russian housing sector contemplates power-saving actions. At the same time,
new heat supply systems must be reliable and safe. Technical advantages of decentralized heat
supply systems may launch a trend to independent heating systems if backed by substantial financial
inflows.
The authors provide statistic data and research findings of CNIIEP "Engineering Utilities" in
the article.
The analysis of peculiarities of the housing stock is made. The analysis of existing centralized
heat supply systems is provided. The alternative pattern of restructuring of the centralized system
is developed.
The analysis of the investment programme that incorporates a comprehensive restructuring
of the heat supply network of Bavleny municipal district (Vladimir region) was made by the authors
and analyzed in the article. Problems associated with the introduction of an independent heat supply
system that will have in-built and roof boiler rooms are considered.
Comparison of technical and economic parameters is made for various degrees of centralization
of the heat supply network.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.11.219 - 226

References
  1. Panferov V.I., Panferov S.V. Analiz algoritmov regulirovaniya sistem teplosnabzheniya po E.Ya. Sokolovu [Analysis of Algorithms of Regulation of Heat Supply Systems according to E.Ya. Sokolov]. Teoreticheskie osnovy TGV [Theoretical Fundamentals of Heat, Gas Supply and Ventilation]. Collected works of International Scientific and Technical Conference. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2009, pp. 276—280.
  2. Telichenko V.I., Bol’sherotov A.L. Klassifikatsiya urovney bezopasnosti i kachestvennogo sostoyaniya ekosistem. Ch. 1 Estestvennye ekosistemy [Classifi cation of Levels of Safety and the Qualitative State of Ecosystems. Part 1. Natural Ecosystems]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 12, pp. 52—54.
  3. Kameneva E.A. Reforma ZhKKh, ili Teper’ my budem zhit’ po-novomu... [Reform of Housing and Community Amenities, or Now We Will Live in a New Fashion…]. Moscow, Feniks Publ., 2005, 349 p.
  4. TSN-2001.3 «Obshchie polozheniya po primeneniyu norm i rastsenok na stroitel’nye raboty». [«General Provisions concerning Application of Norms and Rates for Construction Works»]. 56 p.
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  6. Khavanov P.A., Barynin K.P. Nekotorye oshibki pri razrabotke teplomekhanicheskoy chasti avtonomnykh istochnikov teploty [Faults in Development of the Thermal Mechanical Concept of Independent Sources of Heat]. AVOK Publ., 2004, no. 8, pp. 54—57.
  7. Grishkov A.V., Loginov A.A. Effektivnost’ ispol’zovaniya topliva pri rabote malykh TETs [Efficiency of Consumption of Fuel by Low-capacity Thermal Power Plants]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 402—405.
  8. Chapek V.N., Ryaboshapko V.P., Maksimov D.V., Sokolov S.P. Finansovaya osnova investitsiy v Rossii [Financial Framework of Investments in Russia]. Moscow, Feniks Publ., 2007, 380 p.
  9. Zabelin P.V., Moiseeva N.K. Osnovy strategicheskogo upravleniya [Fundamentals of Strategic Management]. Moscow, Marketing Publ., 1997, 175 p.
  10. St.1 Gradostroitel’nyy kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 29.12.2004g. ¹ 190-FZ. [Art. 1. Urban Development Code of the Russian Federation of 29.12.2004, Federal Law ¹ 190-FZ]. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/popular/gskrf/. Date of access: 29.08.2012.
  11. Mazur I.I., Shapiro V.D., Ol’den-rogge N.G., Zabrodin A.Yu. Investitsionno-stroitel’nyy inzhiniring [Investment and Civil Engineering]. Moscow, ELIMA Publ., 2009, 763 p.

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