PROBLEMS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

PERSONALITY CENTERED APPROACH IN THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF PHYSICAL TRAINING

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Krylova Liliya Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Pedagogical Sci- ences, Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Physical Training and Sports, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nikishkin Vasiliy Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 239-243

The authors argue that professional psycho-physical training of MGSU students is to be based on a personality oriented approach due to varied levels of health, physical fitness and medical groups of students. A personality centered approach in physical training contemplates individual health improvement programmes, innovative technologies, consideration of comprehensive health monitoring data and implementation of individual training sessions developed for MGSU students with a view to their higher motivation in terms of their motion activity.Each MGSU student is to take physical training tests. They serve as the basis for individualized recommendations that encompass individual health improvement programmes and physical condition improvement plans. Coaches are to provide their advice at each stage of the process of testing and improvement of the physical health of students.The authors argue that the personality oriented approach generates a double benefit: besides its health-related bonuses, students get more involved in practicing physical training exercises and sports.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.239-243

References
  1. Krylova L.M. Individual'nyy podkhod v zanyatiyakh studentov SMG [Individual Approach to the Physical Training of Students of Special Medical Groups]. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya v vuze [Improvement of the System of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Collected works of the scientific and practical conference. MGSU, 2012, no. 5, pp. 291.
  2. Nikishkin V.A., Garnik V.S. Inovatsionnye aspekty fizicheskoy trenirovki v vuze [Innovative Aspects of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya v vuze [Improvement of the System of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Collected works of the scientific and practical conference. MGSU, 2012, no. 5, pp. 30.
  3. Nikishkin V.A., Krylova L.M., Pshenichnikov A.N., Kramskoy S.I. Fizicheskaya kul'tura v stroitel'nykh vuzakh [Physical Training at Higher Education Institutions of Civil Engineering]. Moscow, 2010, pp. 502—503.
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  7. Vermeer A. Izmenenie podkhodov k okazaniyu podderzhki lyudyam s osobennostyami razvitiya [Customized Approaches to Support of Challenged Individuals]. Vestnik pedagogicheskikh innovatsiy [Bulletin of Pedagogical Innovations]. 2006, no. 1(5), pp. 33—37.
  8. Korzhova M.E. Zdorov'esberegayushchaya tekhnologiya osushchestvleniya obrazovatel'nogo protsessa v uchrezhdeniyakh srednego professional'nogo obrazovaniya [Health Saving Technology in the Educational Process at Institutions of Secondary Professional Education]. Chelyabinsk, 2007, 23 p.
  9. Kobyakov Yu.P. Model' zdorov'ya cheloveka kak strukturnaya osnova teorii zdorov'ya [Human Health Model as the Structural Basis for the Theory of Health]. Teoriya i praktika fiz. kul'tury [Theory and Practice of Physical Training]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 23—25.
  10. Putaev E.Z. Zdorov'esberegayushchie tekhnologii v obrazovatel'no-vospitatel'nom protsesse [Health Saving Technologies in the Process of Education and Instruction]. Stavropol, Servisshkola Publ., 2001, 400 p.
  11. Krylova L.M. Innovatsionnye tekhnologii v obrazovatel'nom protsesse [Innovative Technologies in the Educational Process]. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya v vuze [Improvement of the System of Physical Training at Institutions of Higher Education]. Collected works of the scientific and practical conference. MGSU, 2012, no. 5, pp. 12.
  12. Serikov V.V. Lichnostnyy podkhod v obuchenii: ot kontseptsii k tekhnologiyam [Personality Centered Approach in Education: from the Concept to Technologies]. Problemy obnovleniya soderzhaniya obshchestvennogo razvitiya [Problems of Update of the Essence of Social Development]. Collected works, Rostov-on-Don, 1992, pp. 25—32.
  13. Sharkevich I.V. Teoretiko-sistemnyy podkhod k otsenke urovnya sostoyaniya zdorov'ya. Model' zdorov'ya [Theoretical and Systemic Approach to Assessment of Health. Health Model.] Valeologiya cheloveka: problemy teorii [Human Health Science: Problems of Theory]. 2000, no. 1, pp. 2—4.

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Exposure of civil engineers to hazardous and harmful occupational factors and methods of their countering

Vestnik MGSU 7/2013
  • Bumarskova Natal’ya Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Physical Training and Sports, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 181-186

Adaptation means accommodation of a living organism to constantly changing conditions external and internal environments. This capacity was developed in the process of the evolutionary development. Absent of this capacity, no human organism can leave normally or adjust to various external factors.In the contemporary research literature, adaptation is associated with different factors, including occupation, climate, social environment, etc. The process of adaptation is complex, and it contemplates different types of adaptation, namely, individual sociopsychological, communicative, and physiological adaptation. It is accompanied by substantial intellectual, mental and physical efforts.The variety of building structures coupled with process-related and organizational methods of their construction require attention to the issues of safety. In the course of life and work (working environment), a person is exposed to various hazards or phenomena, processes, and objects capable of damaging human health under certain conditions. An occupational hazard means an adverse impact on human health in the form of its deterioration or injury under certain conditions.The studies show that the three-shift working activity is the cause of fatigue. Fatigue boosts errors in the sensomotor coordination and deteriorates human health. The daily rhythm of physiological functions is driven by the intensity of the working activity causing changes in the body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure. Harmful factors, such as chlorine and chlorine dioxide, produce negative impact on the psycho-physiological status of the organism. They are countered by the system of adaptation and rehabilitation as an integral part of the university curriculum. Its objective is to enhance the effectiveness of professional activities, to ensure the optimal functioning of a human body exposed to heavy workloads and adverse external conditions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.7.181-186

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