SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

SANDY SOILS: GEO-ECOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF THEIR STRENGTH DEVELOPMENT PROCESS (IN THE CONTEXT OF THE PHYSICAL CHEMICAL THEORY OF EFFECTIVE STRESSES)

Vestnik MGSU 2/2013
  • Potapov Ivan Aleksandrovich - Scientific and Research Institute of Emergency Healthcare named after N.V. Sklifosovskiy engineer, Scientific and Research Institute of Emergency Healthcare named after N.V. Sklifosovskiy, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shimenkova Anastasiya Anatol’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) engineer, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 166-180

The authors consider the strength development of sandy soils in the contest of the physical chemical theory of effective stresses. The authors drive particular attention to the assessment of formation of various types of energy contacts in sandy soils. The article is based on the overview of theories developed by several researchers, on the one hand, and on the findings of the experimental research of sandy soils that have different structural patterns, on the other hand. The experiments include both those that were held a while ago and the most recent projects. The authors have proven that the strength of sandy soils is, to a significant extent, driven by their morphological peculiarities that determine their condition in the context of the assessment of their “densitymoisture”. Strength values of sands are dependent on their moisture content both in terms of their maximal shear stress values obtained in the course of shear testing, or their per-unit penetration resistance, penetration values, as well as the inner friction angle and cohesion. The “strength-moisture” is presented as a curvilinear graph that has two upper limits, one for shear tests and the other one for penetration tests. Maximal strength, according to the shear test, is attained for dry sands, if their moisture content is close to the “optimal” value. As for the penetration tests, maximal per-unit resistance to penetration and penetration values are also close to the “optimal” moisture content value. The authors have identified that moisture content is an important factor of strength of sandy soils that demonstrate various structural characteristics.However, the process of formation of structural peculiarities of sands, namely, their morphological parameters and the nature of the surface of sand particles is influenced by the presence of various films on the surface of sand particles. The article represents a preliminary analysis of the theoretical and experimental findings, therefore, any discussions are welcome.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.2.166-180

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INFLUENCE OF THE GASEOUS REGIME OF THE INDOOR SWIMMING POOLONTO CORROSION OF REINFORCING BARS OF ENCLOSURE STRUCTURES

Vestnik MGSU 6/2013
  • Rymarov Andrey Georgievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) +7 (499) 188-36-07, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Smirnov Vladimir Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Department of Heating and Ventilation, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 147-152

Evaporation of the swimming pool water into the indoor air causes penetration of the water vapour containing chlorine derivatives into the enclosure structures and corrosion of the reinforcement due to the presence of dissolved chlorine derivatives in the water. Water vapour migration through outdoor and indoor enclosures is intensive in the cold season, but it may also occur in the warm season. Bearing elements of outdoor and indoor enclosures are now made of the reinforced concrete that has fillers — Portland cement or other types of cement and steel, metal (steel) bars of different diameters. In “ideal” conditions, the concrete must stop corrosion of the steel reinforcement, but it does not happen this way in practice, as corrosion of the reinforcement is influenced by a number of factors.The concentration of chlorides that diffuse into the concrete is lower than the concentration of chlorides in the concrete, but their corrosive influence is higher because of their “non-free” condition. The authors describe the causes and results of corrosion of the steel reinforcement caused by derivatives of chlorine and boosted by the gaseous regime inside the swimming pool building. Analysis of the cases of influence of the water containing 3% of chlorine onto the corrosion of reinforced Portland cement aimed at the reduction of the reinforcement rod diameter is performed. Corrosion of bearing structures causes the loss of strength and durability of buildings, and this process is unsafe from the viewpoint of security of people.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.6.147-152

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