ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

The order of an architectural column in the eraof elizabethan baroque (1742—1762) in St. Petersburg

Vestnik MGSU 3/2013
  • Voznyak Ekaterina Ryurikovna - Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE) Candidate of Architectural Sciences, Associate Professor, Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE), 4 2-ya Krasnoarmeyskaya St., St.Petersburg, 190005, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-15

The author discusses structural principles of the column order attributed to Elizabethan Baroque Style and uses St. Petersburg monuments as examples. The article has drawings of columns and architectural details of the Baroque style buildings in St. Petersburg. The author identifies their specific stylistic features and compares them with classical architectural forms.The column order of the Elizabethan Baroque style is built according to classical rules, although it has substantial deviations. Back then, only three types of orders were used: a Doric order, an Ionic order and a composite order. Order profiles and capitals were changed in the era of Elizabethan baroque style; therefore, Ionian and composite capitals of the Elizabethan Baroque style differ from those of Vignola and Palladio. Necks of capitals were smooth or had flutes. The Elizabethan Ionic order is based on a subset of Ionic capitals, typical for the era of late Renaissance. Creative ideas and skills of architects developed an own language of architectural forms, typical for this style.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.3.7-15

References
  1. Dzhakomo Barotstsio Da Vin’ola. Pravilo pyati orderov [Rules of Five Orders]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2005, 168 p.
  2. Blinova E.K. Inoskazatel’nye simvoly rastitel’nykh motivov v ordernykh kompozitsiyakh arkhitektury Peterburga [Allegorical Symbols of Vegetative Motives in Order Compositions of St.Petersburg Architectural Monuments]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov. [Architecton: News of Institutions of Higher Education]. June 2011, no. 34. Available at: archvuz.ru/numbers/2011_2/018.
  3. Gans Blyum. V-Colvmnae ili opisanie i primenenie pyati orderov [V-Colvmnae or Description and Application of Five Orders]. Moscow, Vsesoyuznaya Akademiya arkhitektury publ., 1936, 112 p.

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