ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

The architectural sketch

Vestnik MGSU 3/2013
  • Kozhevnikov Aleksandr Mikhaylovich - Firma GIPROKON L-D Limited Liability Company member, Moscow Architects' Union, lecturer, Department of Rural Architecture, Firma GIPROKON L-D Limited Liability Company, 7 Gilyarovskogo St., Moscow, 129090, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 16-25

The contribution of architectural sketching skills into the classical architectural education is unusually valuable, as this is the way future architects articulate and communicate their ideas to others.The author discusses the features of architectural sketching. He also analyzes methods of finding architectural forms, their crystallization and formation. Basic methods of contemporary architectural sketching include graphics, model-based and virtual techniques.Graphics is simple and widely used; it has numerous strengths and weaknesses. This method employs the whole range of graphic and pictorial techniques. This article contains a classification of graphic methods of sketching. The classification is built around the sketching instrument (a slate pencil, a brush, etc.).Model sketching provides a sense of touch and generates certain textures. Therefore, model sketching is a highly intuitive and convenient tool employed at initial stages of design.A virtual method integrates the notions of “lines” and “volumes” into shapes having real physical properties.Each sketching method is self-contained. Skillful application of all the above methods of architectural sketching is the keystone to further successful design.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.3.16-25

References
  1. Barkhin B.G. Metodika arkhitekturnogo proektirovaniya [Methodology of Architectural Design]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1982, p. 35.
  2. Yung K.G. Arkhetip i simvol [ Archetype and Symbol]. Moscow, Renessans Publ., 1991, p. 173.
  3. Dutsev M. Avtorskie metody v arkhitekture. Ot eskiza k proizvedeniyu [Personal Methods in Architecture. From the Sketch to the Work of Art]. Available at: http://www.archiludi.ru/?p=1161. Date of access: 12.01.13.
  4. Maksimov O.G. Risunok v professii arkhitektora [A Drawing in the Profession of an Architect]. Moscow, Stroyizdat publ., 1999, p. 389.
  5. Zaytsev K.G. Grafika i arkhitekturnoe tvorchestvo [Graphics and Art of Architecture]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1979, p. 21.
  6. Revyakin P.P. Tekhnika akvarel’noy zhivopisi [Watercolour Painting Techniques]. Moscow, Gos. Izd-vo literatury po str., arkhit. i stroit. materialam publ., 1959, p. 67.
  7. Stepanov A.V. Ob”emno-prostranstvennaya kompozitsiya [Three-dimensional Composition]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1993, p. 217.
  8. Stasyuk N.G., Kiseleva T.Yu., Orlova I.G. Osnovy arkhitekturnoy kompozitsii [Fundamentals of Architectural Composition]. Moscow, Dograf Publ., 2001, p. 6.
  9. Peter Zellner. Hybrid New Forms in Digital Architecture Space. Thames & Hudson, 1999, p. 72.
  10. Altunyan A.O. Arkhitekturnyy nabrosok v postdigital’nuyu epokhu [An Architectural Sketch in the Post-digital Era]. Arkhitektura i sovremennye informatsionnye tekhnologii (AMIT) [Architecture and Advanced Information Technologies (AMIT)]. 2011, no. 1(14). Available at: http://marhi.ru/AMIT/2011/1kvart11/altunian/abstract.php/ Date of access: 12.01.13.

Download

AUTOCAD IN THE OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT OF THE CONSTRUCTION SITE

Vestnik MGSU 4/2016
  • Tsareva Marina Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 140-147

Operational management of the construction is usually based on information analysis systems, which are aimed at the monitoring of working schedule and volumes as consistent with predicated schedules. The result of such systems’ operation is traditional information graphics (diagrams, charts, etc.), which provides idea on the current state of the construction site and deviations from the planned settings. The author considers the visualization technology of construction of objects using an image of the situation on the AutoCAD drawings, converted into an interactive format. The article focuses on imperfections of the existing technologies of information support of the managers. The creation of unified IT platform is offered on the basis of CAD for creating an integrated information storage and visualization of the environment using electronic drawings and diagrams. Using interactive methods it is possible to illustrate the condition of almost any part of the construction project using these drawings and diagrams. E-drawings contain the basic information resources - estimates, plans, sections, specifications, technology, construction, etc. necessary for the calculation of indicators. The author proved that implementation of visualization is most efficient in case of electronic drawings in 3D format.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.4.140-147

References
  1. Tsareva M.V. Situatsionnaya sistema dlya investitsionnogo proekta [Situational system for investment project]. Ob”edinennyy nauchnyy zhurnal. Ekonomika i finansy [Economics and Finance — Scientific Journal]. 2004, no. 27. (In Russian)
  2. Codd E.F., Codd S.B., Salley C.T. Providing OLAP (On-Line Analytical Processing) to User-Analysts : An IT mandate. Technical report. 1993. Available at: http://www.minet.uni-jena.de/dbis/lehre/ss2005/sem_dwh/lit/Cod93.pdf.
  3. Bazhin I.I. Informatsionnye sistemy menedzhmenta [Information Management Systems]. Moscow, GU VShE Publ., 2000, 687 p. (In Russian)
  4. Bowman W.J. Graphic Communication. 1968, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 222 p.
  5. Voronin V.A. Formirovanie integrirovannykh sub''ektov khozyaystvovaniya v stroitel’stve s primeneniem metoda kognitivnogo modelirovaniya [Formation of Integrated Business Entities in the Construction Using the Method of Cognitive Modeling]. Vestnik Universiteta (GUU) [University Bulletin (State University of Management)]. 2010, no. 7, pp. 102—110. (In Russian)
  6. Grachev V., Samodelov V. Primenenie sovremennykh tekhnologiy upravleniya v sovershenstvovanii deyatel’nosti predpriyatiy [The Use of Modern Technologies to Improve Management of Enterprises]. Finansovaya gazeta [Financial Newspaper]. 2007, no. 31. (In Russian)
  7. Zotov V.A. Problema razrabotki kognitivnykh sredstv vizualizatsii ekonomicheskoy informatsii v dinamike [Development Problem of Cognitive Visualization Tools of Economic Information in the Dynamics]. Informatsionnye tekhnologii v XXI veke : materialy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii k 100-letiyu REA [Information Technologies on the 21st Century : Materials of Science and Practice Conference to 100 Anniversary of PRUE]. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo Rossiyskoy ekonomicheskoy akademii Publ., 2007. (In Russian)
  8. Kaplan R.S., Norton D.P. Strategy Maps: Converting Intangible Assets into Tangible Outcomes. Harvard Business Review Press, 1 edition, 2004, 454 p.
  9. Campbell A., Sommers K.L. Strategic Synergy (Management Readers). Butterworth-Heinemann, 1992, 240 p.
  10. Mescon M.H., Albert M., Khedouri F. Management: Individual and Organizational Effectiveness. Harpercollins College Div; 2 Sub edition, 1985, 756 p.
  11. Ponomareva N.I. Osobennosti formirovaniya uchetno-analiticheskoy sistemy v stroitel’nykh organizatsiyakh [Peculiarities of Formation of Accounting and Analytical Systems in Construction Companies]. Uspekhi sovremennogo estestvoznaniya [Success of Modern Natural Science]. 2008, no. 7, pp. 72—75. (In Russian)
  12. Trakhtengerts E.A. Komp’yuternaya podderzhka peregovorov pri soglasovanii upravlencheskikh resheniy [Computer Support of Negotiations When Discussing Administrative Decisions]. Moscow, Sinteg Publ., 2003, 272 p. (Seriya «Sistemy i problemy upravleniya» [Series: Systems and Problems of Management]) (In Russian)
  13. Walsh C. Key Management Ratios. T Press, 4 edition, 2009, 408 p.
  14. Edel’steyn G. Intellektual’nye sredstva analiza, interpretatsii i predstavleniya dannykh v informatsionnykh khranilishchakh [Intelligent Analysis, Interpretation and Presentation of Data in the Information Storage]. ComputerWeek-Moscow. 1996, no. 16, pp. 32—33. (In Russian)
  15. Tel’noy V.I., Tsareva M.V. Ispol’zovanie informatsionnykh tekhnologiy pri prepodavanii komp’yuternoy grafiki [Use of Information Technologies in Teaching Computer Graphics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 161—165. (In Russian)
  16. Bachurina S.S., Resin V.I., Traynev V.A. Strategiya korporativnogo menedzhmenta v gradostroitel’stve [The Strategy of Corporate Management in Urban Planning]. Moscow, Dashkov i Ko Publ., 2010, 512 p. (In Russian)
  17. Drucker P.F. Management Challenges for the 21st Century. HarperBusiness, 1st edition, 224 p.
  18. Tel’noy V.I., Tsareva M.V., Rychkova A.V. Razrabotka trekhmernykh modeley pri provedenii zanyatiy po komp’yuternoy grafike [Development of Three-Dimensional Models in Conducting Classes in Computer Graphics]. Integratsiya, partnerstvo i innovatsii v stroitel’noy nauke i obrazovanii : sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii (12—13 noyabrya 2014 g., Moskva) [Integration, Partnership and Innovations in Construction Science and Education : Collection of the Materials of the International Scientific Conference (November 12—13, 2014, Moscow)]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2015, pp. 332—335. (In Russian)

Download

Results 1 - 2 of 2