DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Analysis of available space structure joints and designof demountable modular joints

Vestnik MGSU 3/2013
  • Inzhutov Ivan Semenovich - Siberian Federal University (SibFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Director, Civil Engineering Institute, Siberian Federal University (SibFU), 79 pr. Svobodnyy, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Dmitriev Petr Andreevich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Structural Units and Controlled Systems; +7 (391) 252-78-11, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), .
  • Deordiev Sergey Vladimirovich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) +7 (391) 252-78-64, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zakharyuta Vasiliy Viktorovich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) postgraduate student, Department of Structural Units and Controlled Systems, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 61-71

The article is an overview of various designs developed for joints of rod elements of space structures. Designs under consideration include those developed by domestic and foreign researchers and structural engineers. Space joints are clustered on the basis of their characteristic features, and their principal strengths and weaknesses are specified by the authors.The authors’ overview serves as the basis for an advanced structural solution developed for modular joints of space elements. A space joint consists of four space details having holes that are fastened to the central element by two bolts (screws). A flat plate with holes is attached to the edge of the central element. Space details and the core element are to have a gap between them. Rod ends are inserted into gaps and fastened to joints with bolts. The proposed solution may be used to reduce the material consumption rate (steel and plastic) and to simplify the assembly of structures. The solution proposed by the authors also improves the reliability of joints due to the integrity of elements, their rigid fastening to the central element, and the use of two cross-section bolts.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.3.61-71

References
  1. Makowski Z.S. Development of Jointing Systems for Modular Prefabricated Steel Space Structures. Proceedings of the international symposium. Warsaw, Poland, 2002, pp. 17—41.
  2. Chilton J. Space Grid Structures. Produced by Plant a Tree. Great Britain, 2000.
  3. Trofimov V.I., Kaminskiy A.M. Legkie metallicheskie konstruktsii zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Lightweight Metal Constructions of Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2002, pp. 130—132.
  4. Khvatkin Yu.S. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 2087634 RU. Uzel soedineniya sterzhney prostranstvennogo karkasa [Authorship Certificate 2087634 RU. Joint for Rods of a Space Frame].
  5. Kudishin V.I., Trofimov V.I. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 497390 SU. Uzlovoe soedinenie prostranstvennoy sterzhnevoy konstruktsii [Joint for a Space Rod Structure].
  6. Ramaswamy G.S., Eekhout M., Suresh G.R. Steel Space Frames, Analysis, Design and Construction. London, Thomas Telford Publishing, 2002.
  7. Shteger J.E.O. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 1794151 SSSR. Uzel soedineniya sterzhney prostranstvennogo karkasa [Authorship Certificate 1794151 USSR. Joint for Rods of a Space Frame].
  8. Vestrut Space Grid Systems. Available at: http://www.vestrut.it. Date of access: October 11, 2012.
  9. TU 5285-001-47543297—09. Sterzhni i uzlovye elementy sistemy MARKhI [Technical Specifications 5285-001-47543297—09. Rods and Joint of the MARKHI System]. Moscow, 2009.
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  11. Tereshchenko A.P., Yatsoshek I., Nilova A. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 702133 SU. Uzlovoe soedinenie trubchatykh sterzhney prostranstvennogo karkasa [Authorship Certificate 702133 SU. Joint of Tubular Rods of a Space Frame].
  12. Nikiforov V.G., Potapov V.N., Koval’ E.A., Leonova V.N. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 1063958 SU. Uzlovoe soedinenie sterzhney prostranstvennogo karkasa [Authorship Certificate 1063958 SU. Joint of Rods of a Space Frame].
  13. Deev V.P., Ptichkin V.P., Kondrashov M.T., Tolstykh A.A., Korotkov V.V. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 779529 SSSR. Uzlovoe soedinenie sterzhney prostranstvennogo pokrytiya [Authorship Certificate 779529 USSR. Joint of Rods of a Shell Roof].
  14. Klyachin A.Z., Gorelov N.G. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 1805180 SSSR. Reshetchataya prostranstvennaya konstruktsiya [Authorship Certificate 1805180 USSR. Grid Space Structure].
  15. Kalugin M.V., Kormilitsyn B.I. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 543720 SSSR. Uzlovoe soedinenie sterzhney prostranstvennogo karkasa [Authorship Certificate 543720 USSR. Joint for Rods of a Space Frame].
  16. Kalugin M.V., Shirokov B.I., Anelikov V.I., Surin N.I. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 937647 SSSR. Uzlovoe soedinenie sterzhney prostranstvennogo karkasa [Authorship Certificate 937647 USSR. Joint for Rods of a Space Frame].

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Prefabricatedclosed type buildings having frames made of veneerwaste products

Vestnik MGSU 7/2013
  • Inzhutov Ivan Semenovich - Siberian Federal University (SibFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Director, Civil Engineering Institute, Siberian Federal University (SibFU), 79 pr. Svobodnyy, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Dmitriev Petr Andreevich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Structural Units and Controlled Systems; +7 (391) 252-78-11, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), .
  • Zhadanov Viktor Ivanovich - Orenburg State University” (OSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Building Structures, Orenburg State University” (OSU), 13 prospekt Pobedy, Orenburg, 460018, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Deordiev Sergey Vladimirovich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) +7 (391) 252-78-64, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zakharyuta Vasiliy Viktorovich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) postgraduate student, Department of Structural Units and Controlled Systems, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 40-50

The major territory of Siberia is occupied by underexplored, hardly accessible areas having unstable or frozen soils. Development of these territories is hampered for a number of reasons, including poor weather and soil conditions, lack of infrastructure, roads, networks, and remoteness from industrial enterprises. Traditional building methods are rather expensive. The latter circumstance calls for new types of residential and public buildings, with the main requirement being their transportability (by air and land transport), higher degree of prefabrication (including foundations), light weight of structures, fast assembly, possibility of assembly and installation of large components without the use of heavy machinery, application of local materials, structural reliability, especially in the conditions of unstable soils. Construction operations on permafrost soils are not to alter the soil properties.The proposed structure of low-rise buildings is aimed at the attainment of the followings objectives: assimilation of hardly accessible areas of Siberia, development of low-rise housing, and secondary use of veneer waste products.A prefabricated building of the closed type consists of a foundation plate, as well as walls and coverings arranged in the form of a spatial framework united into a single manifold system. Beam elements of a prefabricated building are to be made of timber-based materials and assembled into a single bolted mountable and dismountable structure by means of a system of shaped metal node elements.Advantages of new low-rise buildings include their higher transportability due to the compactness of individual items and reduction of the overall weight, smaller construction term; increase in the building reliability on weak, unstable and frozen soils; expansion of the area of architectural design; development of a new method of recycling of large-size veneer waste products. The above features can make the new type of low-rise buildings highly competitive.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.7.40-50

References
  1. Abovskiy N.P. Stroitel’stvo v severnykh neftegazonosnykh rayonakh [Construction in Northern Oil and Gas Bearing Regions]. Krasnoyarsk, KrasGASA Publ., 2005, 228 p.
  2. OOO “TorgStroyMarket”. Sposoby utilizatsii otkhodov ot fanery [TorgStroyMarket Open Joint Stock Company. Methods of Recycling of Veneer Waste Products]. Available at: http://www.otdelka-servis.ru/fanera/fanerastat/sposobyothodov/index.html. Date of access: April 05, 2013.
  3. Yakunenko S.M., Vasil’ev A.I., Varik V.A. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 1647097 SSSR. Sborno-razbornaya rama [Authorship Certificate 1647097 USSR. Dismountable Frame].
  4. Nadelyaev V.D., Abovskaya S.N., Endzhievskiy L.V., Abovskiy N.P., Sergunicheva E.M., Egikyan N.B. Patent RF ¹ 2215852. Polnosbornoe zdanie ili sooruzhenie zamknutogo tipa, vklyuchayushchee fundament, dlya stroitel’stva na vechnomerzlykh, slabykh, puchinistykh gruntakh i v seysmicheskikh zonakh [RF Patent 2215852 RU. Prefabricated Building or Structure of the Closed Type, Including the Foundation, Designated for Construction on Permafrost, Loose, Heaving Soils and in Seismic Zones].
  5. Chilton J. Space Grid Structures. Plant a tree, Great Britain, 2000.
  6. Zhadanov V.I., Abovskiy N.P., Endzhievskiy L.V., Inzhutov I.S., Savchenkov V.I. Industrial'nye konstruktsii dlya stroitel'stva maloetazhnykh zdaniy i so-oruzeniy [Industial constructions for rerction of low-rise buildings and constructions]. Workbook. IPK GOU OGU, Orenburg, 2009. 416 p.
  7. ZERI Pavillion at EXPO 2000. Available at: http://bambus.rwth-aachen.de/eng/reports/zeri/englisch/referat-eng.html. Date of access: April 05, 2013.
  8. T.M. Obermann, R. Laude. Bamboo Poles for Spatial and Light Structures. Bamboo-Space Research Project - reference number: 166_OB Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Medellin - Technische Universit?t Berlin, Germany.
  9. Inzhutov I.S., Dmitriev P.A., Deordiev S.V., Zakharyuta V.V. Zayavka na izobretenie ¹ 2012154719. Polnosbornoe zdanie zamknutogo tipa [Invention Application 2012154719. Prefabricated Building of the Closed Type].
  10. J. Natterer, T. Herzog, M. Volz. Atlante del Legno. Milan, 1999, pp. 94—97.
  11. Inzhutov I.S., Dmitriev P.A., Deordiev S.V., Zakharyuta V.V. Analiz sushchestvuyushchikh uzlov sopryazheniya prostranstvennykh konstruktsiy i razrabotka sborno-razbornogo uzlovogo elementa [Analysis of Available Space Structure Joints and Design of Demountable Modular Joints]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 61—71.

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