ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE OF YEREVAN IN THE 20TH CENTURY. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MAIN STAGES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PLANNING STRUCTURE OF A DWELLING UNIT

Vestnik MGSU 5/2016
  • Azatyan Karen Rubenovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Drafting and Architectural Environment Design, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 18-27

The article discusses some features of planning solutions of apartments in the architecture of Yerevan, which are typical to different periods, since the turn of 19-20th centuries to the present day. Housing is the chief determinant of human activity. In the process of societal development the house is the foundation of a family, and the family, on its turn, is the key to the stable state. Nevertheless, the time influences the residential architecture. Societal progress periodically affects the living environment. Therefore, housing formation process never reaches the stage of completion: it is always in an endless process of development. The above mentioned primarily concerns the evolution of the planning structure of the apartment. In this context, the dynamics of evolution of housing in Yerevan has accelerated in the second half of the 19th century. The centuries-generated space-planning system of apartment begins to develop in accordance with the rapid changes of social, urban planning and life processes of the time (extension of industry, formation of new socio-economic relations, rapid growth of population, acceleration of construction processes). The impetuous transformation of the dwelling structure is reflected in the complex process of evolution - starting from the traditional houses and ending with the apartments in high-rise buildings. The research of the problems of the traditional dwelling structure, its transformation in the first apartment buildings and diverse improvements of apartment planning solutions contributes to the definition of the main development stages of the dwelling units during the last century, which are observed in the article. Identification of the characteristics of each stage and the multilateral evaluation of different qualities of spatial-planning arrangement of apartments allow working out proper solutions for dwelling units in the future.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.18-27

References
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Original approach to service life prognostication developed for residential buildings

Vestnik MGSU 3/2013
  • Volkov Andrey Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Rector, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Information Systems, Technology and Automation in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (499) 929-52-29; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Muminova Svetlana Rashidovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Research Assistant, Scientific and Educational Centre for Information Systems and Intelligent Automatics in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 244-248

A novel integrated mathematical model for devaluation of residential buildings is presented. The devaluation model proposed by the authors is a useful tool employed to predict the residual life span of a building. Availability of information concerning the building behaviour in the course of time makes it possible to influence its properties by means of renovation or restructuring-related actions to resist the aging process. Thisapproach can be regarded as a way to extend the service life span of residential buildings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.3.244-248

References
  1. Muminova S.R., Pahl P.J. An Integrated Model of Planning Processes for Building Devaluation and Renovation. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 10, pp. 297—304. Available at: http://vestnikmgsu.ru/index.php/en/archive. Date of access: 15.11.2012.
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  4. Kirkham R.J., Alisa M., Pimenta da Silva A., Grindley T., Brondsted J. EUROLIFE-FORM: an Integrated Probabilistic Whole Life Cycle Cost and Performance Model for Buildings and Civil Infrastructure. Proceedings of International Construction Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (COBRA 2004), September 2004.
  5. Cole I.S., Corrigan P.A (2009). Development of a Range of Methods for Estimating the Service Life of Buildings and Engineered Structures. In Anderssen R.S., Braddok R.D. and Newham L.T.H., editors. 18th World IMACS Congress and MODSIM09 International Congress on Modeling and Simulation. Modeling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand and International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation. July 2009, pp. 2377—2383.

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