Use of didactic principle in the study of state standards eskd and spds aware of engineering graphics

Vestnik MGSU 3/2013
  • Tel’noy Victor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Military Sciences, Associated Professor, Associate Professor of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics; 8499183-24-83., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26, Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 255-262

Didactic principles: scientific, systematic and consistency, clarity, communication theory and practice, consciousness and activity of students, the strength of learning, accessibility, individual approach to learning in a collective work, raising a training used in the teaching of different disciplines and are independent of the subject of study. But their application to any particular discipline is different, reflecting the specifics of a particular discipline Review and assess the characteristics of traditional didactic principles: the study of state standards ESKD and ASAP in the course of engineering graphics to enhance learning and cognitive activity of students to study the concept of the normative documents used in the development and design of working drawings of details and architectural drawings.The proposed approaches to the application of information technologies in the use of didactic principles can significantly improve the efficiency of the students to study the state standards, develop their ability to link theory with practice, form design skills of graphic culture, bring attention and care to increase the interest of the whole to learn and do it more accessible.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.3.255-262

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Ensuring the principle of visibility when examining graphic disciplines

Vestnik MGSU 11/2015
  • Tel’noy Viktor Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Military Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Graphics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Rychkova Anzhelika Vital’evna - Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE) Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Automated Systems for Information Processing and Management, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), 36 Stremyanny pereulok, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 202-211

The article shows the importance of the use of didactic principle of visualization in the study of graphic disciplines for more effective organization of educational process, improvement of forms, methods and means of education. The authors analyze different approaches to the classification of means of visualization in modern pedagogy. The proposed classification of clarity with regard to graphic disciplines can be used not so much for their classification, as for the full and effective use of their capabilities in the learning process. The article demonstrates structural links between the stages of clarity, use of funds, ways and rules of their use, leading to successful achievement of the goals for the revitalization of the educational process and enhancing cognitive interest of students. Practical recommendations for the integrated use of means of presentation in the classes on descriptive geometry, engineering graphics and computer graphics are given. Special attention in the learning process is paid to the role of the teacher. In addition to his or her professional knowledge, a teacher should possess oratory skills, to competently combine the rhetoric and psychological techniques to use interactive and effective active forms of training, including workshops, to engage students in the learning process, to monitor feedback from the students’ audience. When conducting different kinds of practice, teachers should know the advantages and disadvantages, strengths and weaknesses, timely application of every means of presentation for greater impact and effect in the educational process. The effectiveness of using the selected visualization tools is largely determined by the methods and techniques of their use in the classroom. It is important to consider the following factors: location, convenient for review, and approach; the accessibility; the expert support of a demonstration by the review; the duration of the demonstration; training students to perceive the means of presentation, and pedagogical skills of the teacher. The article considers theoretical and methodical aspects of the use of the didactic possibilities of visual means of education, which are of great importance in the improvement of teaching graphic disciplines, mastering the methods of their rational use.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.11.202-211

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