INTERACTION OF A LONG SINGLE PILE THAT HAS A DOUBLE-LAYER BASE WITH ACCOUNT FOR COMPRESSIBILITY OF THE PILE SHAFT

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Ter-Martirosyan Zaven Grigor'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Trinh Tuan Viet - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Mechanics of Soils, Ground Foundation and Foundation Mechanics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26, Yaroslavskoe Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 28 - 34

WITH ACCOUNT FOR COMPRESSIBILITY OF THE PILE SHAFT
The authors provide their solution to the problem of interaction of a long compressible pile that has a double-layer linear deformable base. The paper demonstrates that taking account of compressible properties of the pile material leads to qualitatively new distribution of shearing stresses over the surface of a cylindrical pile. It is noteworthy that increase of the pile length and stiffness of the upper section of the base raise the share of the load perceived by the surface of the pile. Besides, in particular conditions of the soil environment, the load perceived by the lower section of the base may reach approximately 20-30 % of the total load.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.28 - 34

References
  1. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G. Mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 550 p.
  2. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G, Nguyen Giang Nam. Vzaimodeystvie svay bol'shoy dliny s neodnorodnym massivom s uchetom nelineynykh i reologicheskikh svoystv gruntov [Interaction between Long Piles and Heterogeneous Soil Body with the Account for Nonlinear and Rheological Properties of Soils]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2008, no. 2, pp. 3—14.
  3. Ukhov S.B., Semenov V.V., Znamenskiy V.V., Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Chernyshev S.N. Mekhanika gruntov, osnovaniya i fundamenty [Soil Mechanics, Bases and Foundations]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, 566 p.
  4. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Trinh Tuan Viet. Vzaimodeystvie odinochnoy dlinoy svai s osnovaniem s uchetom szhimaemosti stvola svai [Interaction between a Single Long Pile and the Bedding with Account for Compressibility of the Pile Shaft]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8, pp. 104—111.
  5. Nguyen Giang Nam. Identification of the Settlement of the Round Die with Allowance of Its Embedding. Collected papers of the 4th International Scientific Conference of Young Scientists, Postgraduates, and Doctoral Students. Construction as Formation of the Living Environment. Moscow, MSUCE, 2006.

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INFLUENCE OF THE SATURATION PERCENTAGE OF THE CLAY-BEARING SOIL ON ITS STRESS-STRAIN STATE

Vestnik MGSU 8/2012
  • Ter-Martirosyan Zaven Grigorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Distinguished Scholar of the Russian Federation, Chair, Department of Mechanics of Soils, Beddings and Foundations 8 (495) 287-49-14, ext. 1425, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nguyen Huy Hiep Huy Hiep - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering postgraduate student, Department of Mechanics of Soils, Beddings and Foundations, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 26, YaroslavskoeShosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 112 - 120

The authors propose new analytical and numerical solutions to develop an advanced method
of assessment of the stress-strain state of unsaturated clay soils exposed to external loading.
The research findings demonstrate that the stress-strain state of the soil exposed to distributed
loading in the half-space b = 2a is complex and homogeneous. It depends on the percentage of saturation and on the excessive pore pressure based on the saturation percentage. At the interim
stage, when the pore water is squeezed towards drainage borders, the area that has a maximal
pore pressure in its centre, travels downwards. Consequently, the alteration of excessive pore pressure
in the course of time is dramatic in layers of soil between drainage surfaces. This finding was
obtained through the employment of analytical and numerical solutions.
It is noteworthy that the diagram of stress distribution ƒ = (ƒ1+ƒ2+ƒ3)/3 and z alongside z axis
below strip b = 2a demonstrates damping. This is the reason why the strip exposed to loading and
excessive pressure is limited in its dimensions. Besides, the authors have proven that the surface
soil settlement is caused by shear and 3-dimensional deformations of the soil exposed to the loading
alongside b = 2a strip. Therefore, s = sg + sv, and any settlement increase sg doesn't depend on the
excessive pore pressure, as it occurs concurrently with loading.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.8.112 - 120

References
  1. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G. Mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 550 p.
  2. Florin V.A. Osnovy mekhaniki gruntov [Soil Mechanics]. Moscow-Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1959, vol. 1.
  3. Florin V.A. Osnovy mekhaniki gruntov [Soil Mechanics]. Moscow-Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1961, vol. 2.
  4. Alla Sat Mukhamet Abdul Malek. Napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyaniye preobrazovannogo osnovaniya fundamentov [Stress-strain State of the Transformed Bedding of Foundations]. Moscow, MGSU, 2009.
  5. SNIP 2.02.01—83*. Osnovaniya zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction Norms and Rules 2.02.01—83*. Beddings of Buldings and Structures]. Moscow, 1985.
  6. Timoshenko S.N., Gud’er D.Zh. Teoriya uprugosti [Theory of Elasticity]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1975, 575 p.
  7. Ivanov P.L. Grunty i osnovaniya gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy [Soils and Beddings of Hydraulic Engineering Structures]. Moscow, Vyssh. Shk. Publ., 1985, 345 p.
  8. Tsytovich N.A. Mekhanika grutov [Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1963, 636 p.
  9. Tsytovich N.A. Mekhanika grutov [Soil Mechanics]. Concise Course. Moscow, Vyssh. Shk. Publ., 1979, 268 p.
  10. Tikhonov A.N., Samarskiy A.A. Urovneniya matematicheskoy fi ziki [Equations of Mathematical Physics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1996, 724 p.
  11. Ter-Martirosyan A.Z. Vzaimodeystvie fundamentov s osnovaniem pri tsiklicheskikh i vibratsionnykh vozdeystviyakh s uchetom reologicheskikh svoystv gruntov [Interaction between the Bedding and the Foundation under Cyclic and Vibration Impacts with Account for Rheological Properties of Soils]. Moscow, MGSU, 2010.
  12. Fadev A.B. Metod konechnykh elementov v geomekhanike [Finite Element Method in Geomechanics]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1989.

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СONSOLIDATION AND CREEPOF SUBFOUNDATIONS HAVING FINITE WIDTHS

Vestnik MGSU 4/2013
  • Ter-Martirosyan Zaven Grigor’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Science, Professor of the Department of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnics, Main Researcher at the Research and Education Center “Geotechnics”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ter-Martirosyan Armen Zavenovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnics, Head of Research and Education Center “Geotechnics”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nguyen Huy Hiep - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Soil Mechanics, Subfoundations and Foundations, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 38-52

The authors formulate and solve the problem of consolidation and creep of saturated clay subfoundations exposed to localized loads (the two-dimensional problem formulation). The findings have proven that, if the two-dimensional problem is considered, any excessive pore pressure is concentrated immediately under the area exposed to the localized loading, and it penetrates into the depth equal to 1/2 of the strength of the compressed width. Subfoundation subsidence is caused by both shear and 3D deformations of soil. Besides, the ratio of shear-to-3D deformations reaches 10. Therefore, the authors propose to represent the subfoundation subsidence as the sum of shear and 3D deformations.The differential equation of the filter consolidation, if considered as the 2D problem, is solved using the Mathcad software. The software is used to analyze the isolines of excessive pore pressure at any moment following the loading application. New depen- dence representing the ratio of the changing area of the diagram of the average effective tension to the area of the diagram of the average tension in the stabilized condition is proposed by the authors.In the final section of the article, the authors solve the problem of prognostication of the subsidence pattern for the water saturated subfoundation with account for the shear creep of the soil skeleton. The authors employ the visco-elastic Bingham model characterized by time-dependent viscosity ratios. The authors have proven that in this case the subsidence following the shear load will develop as of the moment of application of the external load pro rata the logarithm of time irrespectively of the process of filtration consolidation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.4.38-52

References
  1. Koshlyakov N.S., Gliner E.B., Smirnov M.M. Osnovnye differentsial’nye uravneniya matematicheskoy fiziki [Basic Differential Equations of Mathematical Physics]. Moscow, Fizmat Publ., 1962, 765 p.
  2. Florin V.A. Osnovy mekhaniki gruntov [Fundamentals of Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1959, vol. 1.
  3. Tsytovich N.A. Mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, Stroyzdat Publ., 1963, 636 p.
  4. Zaretskiy Yu.K. Vyazko-plastichnost’ gruntov i raschety sooruzheniy [Visco-plasticity of Soils and Analysis of Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1988, 350 p.
  5. SP 22.13330.2011. Osnovaniya zdaniy i sooruzheniy. [Construction Regulations 22.13330.2011. Subfoundations of Buildings and Structures]. Moscow, 2011, 85 p.
  6. Tikhonov A.N., Samarskiy A.A. Uravneniya matematicheskoy fiziki [Equations of Mathematical Physics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1996, 724 p.
  7. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G. Mekhanika gruntov [Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009, 550 p.
  8. Ter-Martirosyan A.Z. Vzaimodeystvie fundamentov s osnovaniem pri tsiklicheskikh i vibratsionnykh vozdeystviyakh s uchetom reologicheskikh svoystv gruntov [Interaction between Foundations and Subfoundations in Case of Cyclical and Vibration Exposures with Account for Rheological Properties of Soils]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2010.
  9. Vyalov S.S. Reologicheskie osnovy mekhaniki gruntov [Rheological Fundamentals of Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola publ., 1978, 447 p.
  10. Galin L.A. Kontaktnye zadachi teorii uprugosti i vyazko-uprugosti [Contact Problems of Theory of Elasticity and Visco-elasticity]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1980, 296 p.
  11. Spravochnik Plaxis V. 8.2 [Plaxis V. 8.2 Reference Book]. Translated by Astaf’ev M.F. 2006, 182 p.
  12. Florin V.A. Osnovy mekhaniki gruntov [Fundamentals of Soil Mechanics]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1959, vol. 2.
  13. Arutyunyan N.Kh., Kolmanovskiy V.B. Teoriya polzuchesti neodnorodnykh tel [Theory of Creep of Heterogeneous Bodies]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1983, 307 p.

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