ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

DEVELOPMENT OF THE UNDERGROUND SPACE OF CITIES IN TERMS OF THEIR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Belyaev Valeriy L’vovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, doctorate student, Associate Professor, Department of Building Design and Urban Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Belyaev Vladimir Borisovich - Central Scientific, Research and Project Institute of Urban Planning (TsNIIP Gradostroitel'stva) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Central Scientific, Research and Project Institute of Urban Planning (TsNIIP Gradostroitel'stva), 29 Prosoekt Vernadskogo, 119331, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Pages 7-12

The article shows that the negative trends in the cities development, especially their territorial "sprawling" contributes to the onset of the global environmental crisis. This call requires setting the city planners mind on noosphere thinking and establishing an adequate system of spatial development of the cities. The formation of compact city models "new urbanism", "smart development" can be considered a progressive response and a world trend. It fully meets the course of integrated urban development of the underground space.In order to overcome the significant gap on this issue between Russia and many foreign countries the urban policy needs to be updated (disclosure of the fundamental principle of sustainable development), methodologies and tools of developing underground urbanity should be developed. The authors propose such a change of the underground space as an integrated spatial and geoenergy resource with the commitment to the strategic evaluation of its development during the entire life cycle of underground construction projects.The co-authors take into account the environmental effects of the proposed development under the direction of modern paradigms of the biosphere compatible, viable and growing cities, as well as the capacity to organize their own groups. As a base model, we take a city as a complex system of natural and man-caused, containing a fiber space where underground space and underground structures is one of the layers. The instrument for this approach implementation may be a biotechnospherical humanitarian balance of the city, including the parameters of underground layers. In addition, the calculations of the information flow (Entropy) between the layers is of great importance. The sustainable development of the city is dominated by a stream of negative entropy.On this basis, for the conditions of Moscow the device tools "physical planning" should be used in respect of the characteristics of underground space development (strategic and territorial planning, urban design, etc.). This takes into account the specificity of the territories of the historical city centre and the periphery, suggesting different approaches.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.7-12

References
  1. Vernadskiy V.I. Nauchnaya mysl' kak planetnoe yavlenie [Scientific Thought as a Planetary Phenomenon]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1991, 271 p.
  2. Gradostroitel'nyy kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 29.12.2004 ¹ 190-FZ [Town-Planning Code of the Russian Federation from 29.12.2004 ¹ 190-FZ]. Available at: http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=148422;div=LAW;rnd=0.6729766398320589. Date of access: 05.12.2013.
  3. European Parliament Resolution from 9 July 2008 on «Towards a New Culture of Urban Mobility». Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&reference=P6-TA-2008-0356&language=EN&ring=A6-2008-0252. Data obrashcheniya: 05.12.2013.
  4. Belyaev V.L. Osnovy podzemnogo gradoustroystva [Fundamentals of the Underground Urban Development]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, 198 ð.
  5. Parriaux A., Blunier P., Maire P., Tacher L. The DEEP CITY Project: A Global Concept for a Sustainable Urban Underground Management. 11th ACUUS International Conference, Underground Space: Expanding the Frontiers. 10-13 September 2007, Athens, Greece, pp. 255—260.
  6. Segedinov A.A. Problemy ekonomiki razvitiya infrastruktury gorodov [The Economic Problems of City Infrastructure Development]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1987, 216 p.
  7. ll'ichev V.A. Biosfernaya sovmestimost'. Tekhnologii vnedreniya innovaciy. Goroda, razvivayushchie cheloveka [Biosphere Compatibility. Innovation Implementation Technologies. Developing Human Cities]. Moscow, LIBROKOM Publ., 2011, 240 p.
  8. Belyaev V.B. Osnovy paradigmy dlya zhiznesposobnykh i razvivayushchikhsya naselennykh punktov [Paradigm Fundamentals for Sustainable and Developing Settlements]. Gradostroitel'stvo [Urban Development]. Moscow, 2012, no. 1, pp. 69—78.
  9. Husemoller D. Rassloennye prostranstva [Fibre Bundles]. Novokuznetsk, NFMI Publ., 2000, 440 p.
  10. Gerlovin I.L. Osnovy edinoy teorii vsekh vzaimodeystviy v veshchestve [Fundamentals of the Unified Theory of all the Interactions in a Substance]. Leningrad, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1990, 432 p.

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THERMOPHYSICAL MODELING IN URBAN

Vestnik MGSU 1/2012
  • Shukurov Ilhomzhon Sadrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) рrofessor, doctor of technical sciences, Professor +7-926-421-68-50, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26, Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Khongorova Irina Vyacheslavovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Assistant to chair ASP, Mytishchinsky branch MGSU, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 50, Olympic prospectus, Mytishchi, Moscow region; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 12 - 16

In urban areas it is impossible to hold credible generalized field observations of climate due to the vastness and diversity of the territories. Therefore, the most acceptable way to resolve problems should be considered as the application of thermophysical modeling.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.1.12 - 16

References
  1. Venikov V.A., Venikov G.V. Teorija podobija i modelirovanija (primenitel'no k zadacham jelektrojenergetiki) [Similarity theory and modeling (applied to the problems of electric power)]. Moscow, 1984, 439 p.
  2. Shukurov I.S. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie vlijanija zhiloj zastrojki na teplovoe sostojanie cheloveka [Mathematical modeling of influence of a housing estate on a thermal condition of the person]. Zhiliwnoe stroitel'stvo [Housing construction], no 1, 2006, Pp. 11—13.
  3. Shukurov I.S. Primenenie fiziologo-geometricheskogo modelirovanija dlja issledovanija mikroklimata zhiloj zastrojki [Application of fiziologo-geometrical modeling for èññëåäîâàíèÿ a housing estate microclimate]. Biomedicinskaja tehnologija i radiojelektronika [Biomedical technology and radio electronics], no 6, 2005, Pp. 70—73.
  4. Shukurov I.S. Vlijanie materialov dejatel'noj poverhnosti na ozdorovlenie okruzhajuwej sredy zhiloj zastrojki [Influence of materials active ïîâåðõíîñòè on improvement of environment of a housing estate]. Gigiena i sanitarija [Hygiene and sanitary], no 1, 2006, Pp. 60—61.

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