ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

RUSSIAN PAVILIONS AT UNIVERSAL EXPOSITIONS:CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECTURE

Vestnik MGSU 6/2013
  • Frolov Vladimir Pavlovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 42-49

Russia was a regular participant of the World Expos and an organizer of several international exhibitions in Moscow, St.Petersburg and other Russian cities. The value of the Russia’s contribution into the history of the World Expos is substantial and versatile. Russia’s participation in the Universal Expositions produced a strong impact on the development of the exhibition economy, architecture, construction machinery, engineering, and urban development. In its turn, urbanization produced its impact on the development of Expos. Major Russian architects, sculptors and designers created exceptional and original works in a variety of styles; they employed versatile construction methods and techniques. Trade fairs served as the venues for experimental buildings constructed in furtherance of the most advanced designs and technology-related inventions. Russia’s participation in the construction of pavilions at the World Exhibitions gave way to a unique architectural trend, whereby three-dimensional solutions, the architecture of pavilions, landscape products, landscapes and even music got together in the organic unity. This artificial artistic medium represents a new type of the architectural ensemble.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.6.42-49

References
  1. Mezenin V.K. Parad vsemirnykh vystavok [Parade of Universal Expositions]. Moscow, Znanie Publ., 1990, 31 p.
  2. Mel’nikov N.P. Chudesa vystavki v Chikago [Miracles of the Chicago Expo]. Odessa, 1993, 24 p.
  3. Orlov M.A. Vsemirnaya parizhskaya vystavka 1900 g. v illyustratsiyakh i opisaniyakh [Paris World Exposition 1900 in Illustrations and Descriptions]. St.Petersburg, Tipografiya brat. Panteleevykh Publ., 1900, 43 p.
  4. Kirichenko E.I. F. Shekhtel’ [Shekhtel]. Moscow, Moskovskiy rabochiy publ., 1973, 25 p.
  5. Kaufman S.A. V.A. Shchuko [Shchuko]. Moscow, 1946, 47 p.
  6. Ovchinnikova N.P. Sovetskie pavil’ony na mezhdunarodnykh vystavkakh [Soviet Pavilions at International Exhibitions]. Moscow, Znanie Publ., 1980, 52 p.
  7. Ching F.D.K. Vsemirnaya istoriya arkhitektury [Global History of Architecture]. Moscow, AST Publ., 2007, 681 p.
  8. Shpakov V.N. Istoriya vsemirnykh vystavok [History of World Expositions]. Moscow, AST Publ., 2008, 281 p.
  9. Navlitskaya G.B. Osaka [Osaka]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1983, 37 p.

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NEW ARHIVED DOCUMENTS CONCERNING THE CHURCH CONSTRUCTION IN VOZDVIZHENSKOE VILLAGE

Vestnik MGSU 3/2012
  • Chetyrina Natalya Arkadevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Department of History and Culturology; (499) 183-21-29, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 6 - 11

The paper considers civil engineering in retrospect. The paper presents the records of the two contracts that date back to 1837 and 1838. The contracts cover the two stages of construction of a famous church in Vozdvizhenskoe Village in the Moscow Province. These documents were stored in the Central Historic Archive, namely, in the collection of the town hall of Sergievskij Possad. These records of the two agreements in the collection of the brokers notes (or in other books of the same type) are of particular value, as the majority of authentic contracts have been lost. One of the contracts covers the organizational procedure and pre-construction works, while the other one covers the construction of the church. The first document gives the idea of environmental protection, employment of ecological technologies, and safe disposal and recycling of human biowaste in the course of dismantling of an old structure in Vozdvizhenskoe village. The second document that dates back to 1838 covers the sequence of construction works, starting from the foundation and ending with the arches, the types of building materials used, and peculiarities of stone masonry. The information recorded in the contract includes the names of the counterparties, day-to-day mode of life of seasonal workers, remuneration of labour and procedures that assure the quality of construction. This agreement makes it possible to outline the construction process that includes workers, bricklayers, the foreman, the contractor, the architect, and the customer. On the whole, both documents help us outline and assess some of the building practices of the 19th century. This issue is relevant nowadays, as our society has entered the phase of the market economy, while the experience accumulated by the past generations is of undeniable value.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.3.6 - 11

References
  1. Il’in M.A. Podmoskov’e [Moscow Region]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1974.
  2. Pamiatniki arhitekturi Moskovskoy oblasti [Architectural Monuments of the Moscow Region]. No. 2, Moscow, Stroiisdat Publ., 1999, p. 91.
  3. Penezhko O. Khramy Sergievo-Posadskogo blagochiniya [Sergijev-Possad Churches]. Vladimir, 2007, pp. 86—87, 231.
  4. Marreze L.M. Bab’e tsarstvo: dvoryanki i vladenie imushchestvom v Rossii (1700—1861) [The Female Kingdom: Noble Ladies and Property Ownership in Russia (1700—1861)]. Moscow, 2009.
  5. Samoylov A. Sergievo-Posadskiy tserkovnyy okrug [Sergijev-Possad Church District]. Moskovskie eparkhial’nye vedomosti [Moscow Church District News]. 2003, no. 9-10, p. 91.
  6. Chetyrina N.A. Snos starykh stroeniy kak primer stroitel’noy praktiki [Demolition of Old Structures and an Example of Building Practice]. Sovremennye issledovaniya gumanitarnykh, sotsial’nykh i ekonomicheskikh problem stroitel’stva i arkhitektury [Modern Research of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Problems of Construction and Architecture]. Moscow, 2010, pp. 325—328.
  7. M.V. Nikolaeva Chastnoe stroitel’stvo v Moskve i Podmoskov’e pervoy chetverti XVIII veka [Private Construction in Moscow and Moscow Region in the First Quarter of the 18th Century]. Podryadnye zapisi [Records of Contractors], Vol. 2, Moscow, URSS, 2004.

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Graphic method of calculation of the direct solar radiation received on the facade with available opposing building

Vestnik MGSU 2/2019 Volume 14
  • Korkina Elena V. - Research Institute of building physics of the Russian Academy of architecture and building sciences (NIISF RAACS) Senior Researcher, Research Institute of building physics of the Russian Academy of architecture and building sciences (NIISF RAACS), 21 Locomotive travel, Moscow, 127238, Russian Federation.

Pages 237-249

Introduction. An approach to the development of a method for taking into account the influence of a single opposing building on direct solar radiation inflows to the building under study, taking into account all the irradiation periods of the facade under study, is presented. When calculating the consumption of thermal energy for heating and ventilation of a building in accordance with the method presented in regulatory documents, it is necessary to perform calculations of heat gain to the building from solar radiation. These calculations are carried out without taking into account the influence of the opposing building, what reduces the accuracy of the results. In foreign and domestic literature sources not found suitable for construction calculations and taking into account all periods of exposure methods. The objectives of this study are: the mathematical substantiation of the method, the possibility of its practical application, the formation of the calculation algorithm. Materials and methods. Calculations of the angular height and azimuth of the Sun by astronomical formulas, trigonometric calculations, construction of graphs of the tangents of changes in solar coordinates from the true solar time are applied. Results. The graphical method is proposed for determining irradiation periods by direct solar radiation of a facade of any orientation. The method is based on consideration of the formulas of the solar coordinates and the location of the opposing building. In this case, the graphic field is used to plot the changes in the tangents of the angular height of the Sun and the tangents of the difference between the azimuths of the Sun and the normal to the surface of the facade from the true solar time. The parameters of the building are applied to the graphic field and, in accordance with the proposed recommendations, the periods of irradiation of the facade are determined. Then the summation of direct solar radiation for the periods of irradiation of the facade is made. The algorithm of calculations on the example of a building in the presence of an opposing building is presented. The decrease of incoming direct solar radiation is shown. Conclusions. The developed graphic method is mathematically justified, has a practical orientation, which makes it relevant to the purpose and easy to use. The calculations for the presented method showed a significant decrease in the received direct solar radiation compared with the calculation without taking into account the influence of the opposing building, which shows the need to apply the method. The implementation of the method will contribute to an increase in the accuracy of calculations of direct solar radiation received on the facade and, therefore, the accuracy of calculations of energy consumption for heating and ventilation of the building.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2019.2.237-249

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PRINCIPLES, STAGES AND OBJECTIVES OF FORMATION OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS AT CONSTRUCTION ENTERPRISES

Vestnik MGSU 3/2012
  • Mikhaylov Valeriy Yurevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) 8 (495) 287-49-19, ext. 3079, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337.
  • Gamuletskiy Vladimir Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) 8 (495) 287-49-19, ext. 3079, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia.

Pages 171 - 175

In the article, the results of the research performed in the field of innovative development of enterprises are provided, and the main principles and the content of each stage of innovative development of construction enterprises in the new economic environment are developed on the basis of the research. Actions, proposed in the article, will ensure the implementation of the strategy of innovative development with a view to effective attainment of objectives of case management and successful adaptation of construction enterprises to altering factors of the media.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.3.171 - 175

References
  1. Gumba Kh.M. Effektivnoe upravlenie razvitiem innovatsionnykh protsessov na predpriyatiyakh stroitel’noy otrasli [Efficient Control over Development of Innovative Processes at Enterprises of the Construction Industry], Ìoscow, ASV Publ., 2009.
  2. B.Z. Mil’ner, edited by. Innovatsionnoe razvitie: ekonomika, intellektual’nye resursy, upravlenie znaniyami [Innovative Development: Economy, Intellectual Resources, Management of Knowledge]. Moscow, INFRA-M Publ., 2010.
  3. Boumen K. Osnovy strategicheskogo menedzhmenta [Basics of Strategic Management]. Moscow, UNITI Publ., 1997.
  4. Gamuletskiy V.V. Innovatsionnaya strategiya stroitel’nogo predpriyatiya [Innovative Strategy of a Construction Enterprise]. Collected papers, Moscow, MSUCE, 2011.

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ASSESSMENT OF EFFICIENCY OF APPLICATION OF A NEW BUILDING MATERIAL

Vestnik MGSU 3/2012
  • Gumba Huta Msuratovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Papelnyuk Oksana Vasilevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 176 - 181

Methodical approaches and procedures of implementation of official provisions of Methodical Recommendations are considered in article. Upon completion of analysis of a number of factors, the authors suggest using the option of assessment of efficiency of application of a new construction material through the application of Methodical Recommendations for Assessment of Efficiency of Investment Projects. As for the assimilation of new materials by building companies engaged in construction operations, the recommendation is to assess the business project efficiency upon introduction of each new construction material, and capital investments are the main indicators of efficiency of construction materials, let alone net discounted profit and the payback period. Upon consideration of a number of conditions that underlie the mathematical and economic model that substantiates decision-making in terms of implementation of innovative projects, the project efficiency can be assessed on the basis of an integrated indicator - maximal return on capital investments. The proposed model also takes account of the payback period, although the efficiency of new construction materials does not take account of any positive social effect of their introduction.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.3.176 - 181

References
  1. Gumba H.M. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po otsenkey effektivnosti investicionnykh proektov. [Methodical Recommendations for Assessment of Efficiency of Investment Projects]. Moscow, Ekonomiya Publ., 2000.
  2. Medenskiy V.G., Skamay L.G. Innovacionnoe predprinimatel’stvo [Innovative Entrepreneurship]. Moscow, Uniti-DANA Publ., 2005.
  3. Gumba H.M. Effektivnoe upravlenie razvitiem innovacionnykh protsessov na predpriyatiyakh stroitel’noy otrasli [Efficient Control of Development of Innovative Processes at Enterprises of the Construction Industry]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009.
  4. Gorfinkel’ V.Ja.,Chernyshev B.N. Innovatsionnyy menedzhment [Innovative Management]. Moscow, Vuzovskiy Uchebnik Publ., 2009.

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PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE OF REGIONAL PEOPLE'S CONTROL AUTHORITIES OF MOSCOW IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AIMED AT THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE MUNICIPAL ECONOMY IN THE 1980ies

Vestnik MGSU 6/2012
  • Byzov Aleksey Yur'evich - Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE) external postgraduate student external postgraduate student, Department of History, +7 (916) 466-51-34, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), 36 Stremyannyy per, Moscow, 115998, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 114 - 118

In the article, the author has proven that state control authorities had an important function in the organizational structure of the government authorities of our country. The author also drives attention to the fact that, in the Soviet period, government leaders implemented the idea of a system of controlling authorities that were to a substantial extent composed of blue collars.
An extensive network of controlling authorities operating on location was active in the 80ies of the 20th century. The historical experience of regional controlling authorities is considered in article, and Moscow controlling authorities are taken as an example. The author demonstrates that the Moscow City Committee, regional committees, groups and posts of people's control organized at enterprises and other organizations drove particular attention to the issues of construction, the building industry as a whole and to the accomplishments of the municipal economy; they also supervised over the implementation of ecological and nature protection actions, monitored the condition and repairs of public health service buildings; they resolved the issues of education, culture, available housing, housing preparation for the winter season, etc.
Actions taken in the aftermath of inspections held by people's control authorities were aimed at the improvement of the ecological condition of Moscow, and they resolved the problems of urban construction. Multiple assignments performed by people's control authorities made it possible to substantially improve the quality of their inspections and to combine the controlling efforts within the framework of the municipal economy. Coordination of combined inspections promoted reduction in the overall number of inspections. The present-day building sector of the Russian capital can benefit from the experience of Moscow people's control authorities, their well-coordinated controlling activities within the construction industry and the prior accomplishments of the municipal economy.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.114 - 118

References
  1. Kosarenko N.N., Khutinaev I.D. Gosudarstvennyy kontrol’ v sisteme upravleniya [State Control within the Management System]. Moscow, 2009, pp. 4—6.
  2. Mel’nikov V.P. Istoricheskiy opyt sozdaniya i funktsionirovaniya kontrol’nykh organov v Rossiyskom gosudarstve: uroki i sovremennost’ [The Historical Experience of Organization and Operation of Controlling Authorities in the Russian State: the Past and the Present]. Moscow, 1999, pp. 40—43.
  3. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Rossiyskoy Federatsii (GARF) [State Archives of the Russian Federation] (GARF). F.9527, op.1, d.7586, pp. 64—69.
  4. Novikov A.V. Sotsial’nyy kontrol’ v usloviyakh transformatsii rossiyskogo obshchestva [Social Control within the Framework of Transformations of the Russian Society]. Moscow, 1999, p. 203.
  5. Andreev A., Nikol’skiy D. Organizatsiya gosudarstvennogo kontrolya v period stabil’noy sistemy upravleniya gosudarstvom i v pervye gody reform [Organization of State Control in the Period of a Stable Government Management System and in the Early Years of Reform]. Prezidentskiy kontrol’ [Presidential control], 2000, no. 9, ð. 39.
  6. Tarasov A.M. Gosudarstvennyy kontrol’ v Rossii [State Control in Russia]. Moscow, 2008, ðp. 147—167.
  7. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.734, op. 1, d. 1494. pp. 5—6.
  8. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.734, op.1, d.1692, p. 1.
  9. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.734, op.1, d.2033, p. 11.
  10. Byzov À.Yu. Voprosy stroitel’stva blagoustroennogo zhil’ya i likvidatsii barakov v deyatel’nosti Komiteta Narodnogo Kontrolya SSSR v 1980-e gody [Issues of Construction of Comfortable Housing and Liquidation of Barracks as Part of the Assignment of the Committee of People’s Control of the USSR in 80ies of the 20th century]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no 4, pp. 93—98.
  11. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.734, op.1, d.2033, pp. 14—17.
  12. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.734, op.1, d.2033, pp. 69—71.

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INSTITUTE OF SPEСIAL ECONOMIC ZONES: BASIC PROVISIONS AND THE WORLD PRACTICE

Vestnik MGSU 7/2012
  • Orlov Aleksandr Konstantinovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Economics, Associated Professor, Department of National Economy and Business Evaluation, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Buadze Elizaveta Revazovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 163 - 170

The article covers the operation of special economic zones ("SEZ") in the countries that feature different levels of economic development (including Ghana, China, Bulgaria, the USA and Russia), principal provisions and special entrepreneurial environment, as well as the variety of SEZ depending on the objectives of their setup.
Problems of management of items of real estate within territories of SEZ are identified. The authors also analyze peculiarities of establishment and operation of SEZ in the Russian Federation and propose an economic mechanism to boost their competitiveness.
The authors conclude that there is a pressing need for a qualitative reconsideration of approaches to the management of SEZ and their constituent elements that have to ensure a scalable and highly efficient application of SEZ as an instrument of innovative development in various fields and a solution to basic economic and social problems.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.7.163 - 170

References
  1. Batyrov M. V. Pravovye mekhanizmy regulirovaniya otnosheniy v sfere funktsionirovaniya osobykh ekonomicheskikh zon Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Legal Mechanisms Governing Relations within the Framework of Operation of Special Economic Zones of the Russian Federation]. Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo [International Public and Private Law]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 7—9.
  2. Zakharinskiy Yu.N. Kontseptual’nye osnovy formirovaniya OEZ vysokikh tekhnologiy prirodopol’zovaniya [Conceptual Fundamentals of Formation of Special Economic Zones in the Sector of High Technologies of Environmental Management]. 2004.
  3. Alekseeva S.S. Regional’nye prioritety finansovo-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya osobykh ekonomicheskikh zon [Regional Priorities of Financial and Economic Development of Special Economic Zones]. 2008.
  4. Svobodnye ekonomicheskie zony v Gane [Free Economic Zones in Ghana]. Available at: http://catalog.fmb.ru/chana8.shtml. Date of access: 15.09.2011.
  5. Bolgarskie SEZ — most v ES dlya Rossii i Ukrainy [Bulgarian Special Economic Zones — a Bridge to the EU for Russia and Ukraine]. Available at: http://morprom.ru/news/176/ Date of access: 20.09.2011.
  6. Silikonovaya dolina [Silicon Valley]. Available at: http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enc_geo/4478/Silikonovaya. Date of access: 15.09.2011.
  7. Silikonovaya dolina — gordost’ SShA [Silicon Valley — Pride of the USA]. Available at: http://www.sa-si.tv/page-id-40.html. Date of access: 20.09.2011.
  8. Pavlov P.V. Institut osobykh ekonomicheskiy zon v Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Institute of Special Economic Zones in the Russian Federation]. Infra-M Publ., 2010.
  9. Zimenkov R.I. Svobodnye ekonomicheskie zony: uchebnoe posobie [Free Economic Zones: Manual]. YuNITI-DANA Publ., 2005.
  10. Ob aktual’nykh voprosakh razvitiya i optimizatsii funktsionirovaniya osobykh ekonomicheskikh zon [About Relevant Issues of Development and Optimized Operation of Special Economic Zones]. Rossiyskiy soyuz promyshlennikov i predprinimateley [Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs]. Moscow, 2007.
  11. Federal’nyy zakon ot 22 iyulya 2005 g. ¹116-FZ «Ob osobykh ekonomicheskikh zonakh v Rossiyskoy Federatsii» [Federal Law of July 22, 2005 ¹116-FZ “About Special Economic Zones in the Russian Federation”].
  12. Orlov A.K., Buadze E.R. Osobye ekonomicheskie zony — tochki innovatsionnogo rosta [Special Economic Zones as Items of Innovative Growth]. Nedvizhimost’: ekonomika i upravlenie [Real Estate: Economics and Management]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 18—21.
  13. Petrunin V.V. Osobennosti sozdaniya i nalogooblozheniya svobodnykh ekonomicheskikh zon v Rossii [Peculiarities of Establishment and Taxation of Free Economic Zones in Russia]. Finansovye i bukhgalterskie konsul’tatsii [Financial and Accounting Consultations], no. 7, 2007.

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Model of evaluating the projected payback period in energy preservation

Vestnik MGSU 12/2015
  • Gorshkov Aleksandr Sergeevich - St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, director, Educational and Scientific Center “Monitoring and Rehabilitation of Natural Systems, St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), 29 Politekhnicheskaya str., 195251, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Pages 136-146

Providing energy efficiency of newly designed buildings is an important state task which is considered in EPBD directive and the latest regulations on energy saving. Though reducing energy consumption of the existing building is not less important. The majority of the existing buildings had been built before the implementation of modern energy saving programs. That’s why the volume of energy consumption in the existing buildings is greater than in new buildings. In frames of the given investigation the author considers the problem of forecasting the payback period of investment into reduction of energy consumption in a building. The formula is offered for calculating the projected payback period in energy saving with account for capital costs, calculated or actual value of the achieved energy saving effect, rise in tariffs for energy sources, discounting of the future cash flows and the volume and time for return of credit funds. Basing on the offered calculation methods it is possible to compare the efficiency of different energy saving solutions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.136-146

References
  1. Pukhkal V., Murgul V., Garifullin M. Reconstruction of Buildings with a Superstructure Mansard: Option to Reduce Energy Intensity of Buildings. Procedia Engineering. 2015, vol. 117, pp. 629—632. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.223.
  2. Pukhkal V., Vatin N., Murgul V. Central Ventilation System with Heat Recovery as One of Measures to Upgrade Energy Efficiency of Historic Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 633—634, pp. 1077—1081. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.633-634.1077.
  3. Vatin N., Nemova D., Ibraeva Y., Tarasevskii P. Development of Energy-Saving Measures for the Multi-Story Apartment Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2015, vol. 725—726, pp. 1408—1416. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.725-726.1408.
  4. Murgul V., Vuksanovic D., Vatin N., Pukhkal V. The Use of Decentralized Ventilation Systems with Heat Recovery in the Historical Buildings of St. Petersburg. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 635—637, pp. 370—376. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.635-637.370.
  5. Murgul V., Vuksanovic D., Vatin N., Pukhkal V. Decentralized Ventilation Systems with Exhaust Air Heat Recovery in the Case of Residential Buildings. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 680, pp. 524—528. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.680.524.
  6. Aronova E., Radovic G., Murgul V., Vatin N. Solar Power Opportunities in Northern Cities (Case Study of Saint-Petersburg). Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 587—589, pp. 348—354. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.587-589.348.
  7. Kovalev I.N. Ob okupaemosti i rentabel’nosti dolgosrochnykh investitsiy [On Payback and Profitability of Permanent Investments]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Saving]. 2014, no. 6, pp. 14—16. (In Russian)
  8. Kovalev I.N. Ratsional’nye resheniya pri ekonomicheskom obosnovanii teplozashchity zdaniy [Rational Solutions in Economic Justification of Thermal Protection of Buildings]. Energosberezhenie [Energy Saving]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 14—19. (In Russian)
  9. Zhukov A.D., Bessonov I.V., Sapelin A.N., Bobrova E.Yu. Teplozashchitnye kachestva sten [Thermal Insulation Properties of Walls]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 5, pp. 70—77. (In Russian)
  10. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V. Energeticheskaya effektivnost’ i metodologiya sozdaniya teploizolyatsionnykh materialov [Energy Efficiency and Methods of Creating Heat-Insulating Materials]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya : Politematicheskaya [Internet Journal of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Multi-Topic Series]. 2014, no. 4 (35), article. 3. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/3RumyantsevZhukovSmirnova.pdf. (In Russian)
  11. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D. Teploizolyatsiya i sovremennye stroitel’nye sistemy [Heat Insulation and Modern Construction Systems]. Krovel’nye i izolyatsionnye materialy [Roofing and Insulation Materials]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 11—13. (In Russian)
  12. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V. Teploprovodnost’ vysokoporistykh materialov [Thermal Conductivity of Highly Porous Materials]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 108—114. (In Russian)
  13. Zhukov A.D. Sistemy ventiliruemykh fasadov [Systems of Ventilated Facades]. Stroitel’stvo: nauka i obrazovanie [Construction: Science and Education]. 2012, no. 1, article 3. Available at: http://www.nso-journal.ru/index.php/sno/pages/view/01-2012. (In Russian)
  14. Zhukov A.D., Chugunkov A.V., Zhukova E.A. Sistemy fasadnoy otdelki s utepleniem [System of Faсade Finishing with Heat Insulation]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1—2, pp. 279—283. (In Russian)
  15. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. Ob otsenke energeticheskoy effektivnosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [On Evaluating Energy Efficiency of Energy Saving Measures]. Inzhenernye sistemy. AVOK Severo-Zapad [Engineering Systems. AVOK North-West]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 26—29. (In Russian)
  16. Gagarin V.G., Pastushkov P.P. Kolichestvennaya otsenka energoeffektivnosti energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy [Quantitative Assessment of Energy Efficiency of Energy Saving Measures]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 7—9. (In Russian)
  17. Gorshkov A.S. Inzhenernye sistemy. Rukovodstvo po proektirovaniyu, stroitel’stvu i rekonstruktsii zdaniy s nizkim potrebleniem energii [Engineering Systems. Manual on Design, Construction and Reconstruction of Buildings with Low Energy Consumption]. Saint Petersburg, Izdatel’stvo Politekhnicheskogo universiteta Publ., 2013, 162 p. (In Russian)
  18. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po sostavleniyu tekhniko-ekonomicheskikh obosnovaniy dlya energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy (dopolnenie) [Guidelines on Technical and Economic Justification for Energy Saving Measures (Addendum). Minsk, 2008, 31 p. (In Russian)
  19. Vasil’ev G.P., editor. Prakticheskoe posobie po povysheniyu energeticheskoy effektivnosti mnogokvartirnykh domov (MKD) pri kapital’nom remonte : v 9 tomakh [Practical Guide on Increasing Energy Efficiency of Multiflat Buildings during Major Repairs : in 9 Volumes]. Moscow, OAO «INSOLAR-INVEST» Publ., 2015, vol. 1, 89 p. (In Russian)
  20. Kurochkina K.Yu., Gorshkov A.S. Vliyanie avtoregulirovaniya na parametry energopotrebleniya zhilykh zdaniy [Influence of Autoregulation on the Parametres of Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2015, no. 4 (31), pp. 220—231. (In Russian)
  21. Gubina I.A., Gorshkov A.S. Energosberezhenie v zdaniyakh pri utilizatsii tepla vytyazhnogo vozdukha [Energy Saving in Buildings in Case of Heat Recovery of the Transfer Air]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2015, no. 4 (31), pp. 209—219. (In Russian)
  22. Nemova D.V., Gorshkov A.S., Vatin N.I., Kashabin A.V., Tseytin D.N., Rymkevich P.P. Tekhniko-ekonomicheskoe obosnovanie po utepleniyu naruzhnykh sten mnogokvartirnogo zhilogo zdaniya s ustroystvom ventiliruemogo fasada [Technical and Economic Justification of Heat Insulation of External Walls of a Residential Apartment Building with Ventilated Faсade System]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2014, no. 11 (26), pp. 70—84. (In Russian)
  23. Gorshkov A.S., Rymkevich P.P., Nemova D.V., Vatin N.I. Metodika rascheta okupaemosti investitsiy po renovatsii fasadov sushchestvuyushchikh zdaniy [Methods of Calculating Payback of Facades Renovation of the Excising Buildings]. Stroitel’stvo unikal’nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures]. 2014, no. 2 (17), pp. 82—106. (In Russian)
  24. Gabriel’ I., Ladner Kh. Rekonstruktsiya zdaniy po standartam energoeffektivnogo doma [Reconstruction of Buildings According to Standards of Energy Efficient House]. Translated from German. Saint Petersburg, BKhV-Peterburg Publ., 2011, 480 p. (Construction and Architecture) (In Russian)

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THREE-DIMENSIONAL TOPOLOGICAL MODELS OF BUILDINGS

Vestnik MGSU 10/2012
  • Bil'chuk Irina Leonidovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Techniclal Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Building Informatics, 8 (499) 188-51-10, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Pahl Peter Jan Pahl Peter Jan - Technical University Berlin (TUB) Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. mult., Department of Civil Engineering, +49 (0)30 314-0; +49 (0)30 314-23222, Technical University Berlin (TUB), Straße des 17 Juni 135, D-10623, Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 289 - 296

A novel data structure for the topology of three-dimensional skeletons of buildings is presented. Each face of the skeleton is mapped to two half-faces in the topological model. The boundary of a half-face consists of a cycle of half-edges. Each edge is mapped to a bundle of half-edges containing one half-edge for each half-face at the edge. The bundle is decomposed into two dihedral cycles, one for each direction of the edge, containing the half-edges ordered according to dihedral angle. The topological model is constructed by partitioning three-dimensional space. Each partition subdivides a specified cell into two convex cells. Cells can be merged if the resulting cell is convex. The partition and merge operations are efficient because they are performed on a small subset of the elements of the model in the vicinity of the affected cell and are thus independent of the size of the model.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.10.289 - 296

References
  1. Bungartz H.-J., Griebel M. and Zenger C., 2002. Einf?hrung in die Computergraphik. Wiesbaden, Vieweg Verlag.
  2. Lawson C.L. Properties of n-dimensional Triangulations. Computer Aided Geometric Design, no. 3(1986), pp. 231—246.
  3. Aurenhammer F., 1991. Voronoi diagrams-a Survey of a Fundamental Geometric Data Structure. ACM Comput. Surveys, 23 (1991), 345—406.
  4. Kettner L. Halfedge Data Structures. CGAL Open Source Project Release 4.0, March 2012, Chapter 26. Ðåæèì äîñòóïà: http://www.cgal.org. Äàòà îáðàùåíèÿ: ìàðò 2012 ãîäà.
  5. Damiand G. Combinatorial Maps. CGAL Open Source Project Release 4.0, March 2012, Chapter 27. Ðåæèì äîñòóïà: http://www.cgal.org. Äàòà îáðàùåíèÿ: ìàðò 2012 ãîäà.
  6. Pahl P.J. Topology of Buildings. Lecture Notes, Fachgebiet Bauinformatik, Technische Universit?t Berlin, 2012, 124 p.

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Calculation of accumulated depreciation Pending construction of buildings and Constructions

Vestnik MGSU 1/2012
  • Shirokov Alexey Igorevich - Tula State University, LTD "Boniface" graduate student Urban Construction and Architectural tour, Director +7-920-744-95-46, Tula State University, LTD "Boniface", ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 149 - 152

In this article the author examines the influence of wear on the ONS to the quality and investment attractiveness, and gives recommendations on how to estimate the accumulated depreciation. A formula for calculating the market value of the ONS taking into account accumulated depreciation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.1.149 - 152

References
  1. Ocenka rynochnoj stoimosti nedvizhimosti [Valuation of property], Ed. V.I. Rutgayzera, Moscow, 1998, 384 p.
  2. Tarasevich E.I. Ocenka nedvizhimosti [Evaluation of real estate]. St Petersburg, 1998, 422.
  3. Friedman D., Ordway N. Analiz i ocenka prinosjashhej dohod nedvizhimosti [Analysis and assessment of income real estate]. Per. from English. Moscow, 1995, 480 p.
  4. Henry S. Harrison Ocenka nedvizhimosti [Real Estate Appraisal], Moscow, 1994, 231 p.
  5. Fomin S.E. Metodicheskoe rukovodstvo po tehnicheskoj jekspertize [Toolkit for technical expertise]. St Petersburg, GTP., 1994, 15 p.
  6. Fomin S.E. Metod ocenki iznosa i ostatochnogo sroka jekspluatacii stroenija [Method to assess the wear and remaining life of the structure]. St Petersburg, GTP, 1994, 43 p.
  7. Pravila ocenki fizicheskogo iznosa zhilyh zdanij VSN 53-86 (r) [Rules for assessing physical deterioration of residential buildings VSN 53-86 (p)]. Moscow, 1988, 72.
  8. Polozhenie po vedeniju buhgalterskogo ucheta i buhgalterskoj otchetnosti v RF : utv. prikazom Minfina Rossii ot 29.07.98 g., ? 34p i vvedeno v dejstvie s 1.01.1999 g. [Position on accounting and bookkeeping Reporting in the Russian Federation. Approved by order of the Ministry of Finance of Russia of 29.07.98 g, ¹ 34p and introduced with effect from 1.1.1999].

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Thermal regime of enclosing structures in high-rise buildings

Vestnik MGSU 8/2018 Volume 13
  • Musorina Tatyana A. - Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) postgraduate student, Hydraulics and Strength Department, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), 29 Politechnicheskaya s., St. Petersburg, 195251, Russian Federation.
  • Gamayunova Ol’ga S. - Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) Senior lecturer, Department of Construction of Unique Buildings and Structures, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), 29 Politechnicheskaya s., St. Petersburg, 195251, Russian Federation.
  • Petrichenko Mikhail R. - Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Hydraulics and Strength Department, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), 29 Politechnicheskaya s., St. Petersburg, 195251, Russian Federation.

Pages 935-943

Subject of research: the main heat loss occurs through the building fence. In the paper, the object of research is enclosing structures with different thermal conductivity. The problem of moisture accumulation in the wall is quite relevant. One of the main problems in construction is saving on building materials and improper design of building envelope. This in turn leads to a violation of the heat and humidity regime in the wall. This paper presents one of the methods to address this issue. Purpose: description of heat and humidity conditions in the wall fence of high-rise buildings. It is also necessary to analyze the relationship between the thermophysical characteristics. Materials and methods: the temperature distribution in the layers will be analyzed on the basis of the structure consisting of 10 layers; the layer thickness is 0.05 m. Materials with different thermal conductivity were used. Each subsequent layer differed in thermal conductivity from the previous one by 0.01. Next, these layers are mixed. The calculation of the humidity regime includes finding the temperature distribution along the thickness of the fence at a given temperature of the outside air. The quality factor of the temperature distribution is the maximum average temperature. This research are conducted in the field of energy efficiency. Results: the higher the average wall temperature, the lower the air temperature differs from the wall temperature. In addition, the higher the average temperature of the wall, the drier the surface inside the wall. However, moisture accumulates on the surface inside the room. The working capacity of multilayer enclosing structures is determined by the temperature distribution and distribution of moisture in the layers. Conclusions: moisture movement through the fence is due to the difference in the partial pressure of water vapor contained in the indoor and outdoor air. A layer with minimal thermal conductivity should be located on the outer surface of the wall in a multi-storey building. The maximum change in the amplitude of temperature fluctuations is observed in the layer adjacent to the surface by periodic thermal effects. It is also taken into account that the process of heat absorption has a great influence on the temperature change in the thickness of the wall fence to the greatest extent within the layer of sharp fluctuations (outer layer). The Central part of the wall (bearing layer) will be the driest. These calculations are satisfied with the design of the ventilated facade.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.8.935-943

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