ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Integration problems of the old and the new in urban space development

Vestnik MGSU 6/2014
  • Azatyan Karen Rubenovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Drafting and Architectural Environment Design, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Engoyan Anna Robertovna - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Drafting and Architectural Environment Design, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str.,Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-16

The article discusses some problems of combination of old and new elements of urban space development, positive interaction of which significantly contributes to the unity and originality of architectural and artistic image of a city. The сonstantly evolving complex structure of the city exists not only in space but also in time. With the time the spatial structure of the city changes, as well as the ideas about aesthetic values and the problems of combination of nonsimultaneous formation elements arise. In the article the problems are considered from several points of view: interaction of the old and the new, formation of the historical monuments, their estimation, protection and integration to the new system. Research and analysis of some integration problems of old and new in the development of urban space lead to the following main conclusions. In a complex system of a city the coexistence process of structures is important, created in different times - the integration of old and new, which forms the unity of the urban environment. Integration of old and new, where the old acquires new qualities and the new is in harmony with the old, forms the historical layers, which give the ability to perceive the city in time. The time factor, saturating these layers, gives the city a personality and creates a link between the past, the present and the future via physical structures. In the integration of old and new artistic image formation based on contrasting expressiveness is essential, which is also advisable in case of ensuring the compositional and artistic communication between new buildings and historic zones. In the structure of the city not only unique monuments are valuable, but also their later additions and ordinary building complexes, which are the elements that form the environment and conditions of its perception, express the characteristic features of a certain period and complement the multi-layered artistic image. The combination of old and new is more effective coexisting in the interconnected system of urban processes of layers, created in different times, where a rethought historic building changes the relationship with the environment, gets a new meaning, becomes viable, expands the artistic potential of the new ensemble and associates with the area and its history. Process of the protection of historical environment and facilities in the city should always be considered in a unified approach with the tasks of reconstruction and the formation of new complexes. Protection and reconstruction process should include a wide range of approaches. Task of protecting an individual object, its parts or the building complex, individually defined for each case, contributes to the saturation of the image, where the introduction of the elements of different periods illuminates the process of changes within long time period. In the case of the introduction of the new in the old, modern architectural form should be converted into a part of the formed structure, must not violate the general while showing individuality, but saturate its historical diversity and preserve the opportunity for further development, the formation of flexible composition systems capable to transformation, is an ongoing task in present.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.6.7-16

References
  1. Dutsev M.V. Sovremennyy gorod kak prostranstvo dialoga [Modern City as a Space of Dialogue]. Sovremennaya arkhitektura mira [Modern Architecture of the World]. Issue 2, Мoscow, Nestor-Istoriya Publ., 2012, pp. 221—244.
  2. Rashidyan G.H. Glavnaya ploshchad’ Erevana vo vremeni i prostranstve [Main Square of Yerevan in Time and Space]. Yerevan, EGUAS Publ., 2007, 155 p.
  3. Zeidler E.N. Mnogofunktsional’naya arkhitektura [Multi-use Architecture]. Мoscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1988, 151 p.
  4. Gutnov A.E. Mir arkhitektury [World of Architecture]. Мoscow, Molodaya gvardiya Publ., 1985, 352 p.
  5. Ikonnikov A.V. Arkhitektura goroda [The City's Architecture]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1972, 215 p.
  6. Ikonnikov A.V. Prostranstvo i forma v arkhitekture i gradostroitel’stve [Space and Form in Architecture and Urban Planning]. Мoscow, KomKniga Publ., 2006, 352 p.
  7. Gel’fond A.L. Arkhitecturnaya tipologiya v aspekte zhiznennogo tsikla zdaniya [Architectural Typology in Terms of the Life Cycle of the Building]. ACADEMIA. 2011, no. 2, pp. 40—47.
  8. Schroeder U. Variabel nutzbare Hauser und Wohnungen. Bauverlag GmbH. Weisbaden und Berlin. 1980.
  9. Samoylov Yu.G. Besedy o professii arkhitektora [Talks on the Profession of an Architect]. N. Novgorod, N. Novgorod State University Publ., 1991, 96 p.
  10. Timokhov G.F. Modernizatsiya zhilykh zdaniy [Modernization of Residential Buildings]. Мoscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1986, 190 p.
  11. Linch K. The Image of the City. The MIT Press, 1ST edition, 1960.
  12. Frampton K. Modern Architecture: a Critical History. Thames & Hudson; Fourth Edition, 2007, 424 p.
  13. Azatyan K.R. Opyt modernizatsii zhiloy zastroyki pervykh desyatiletiy XX veka [The Experience of Modernization of Residential Development in the First Decades of XX Century]. Izvestiya soyuza stroiteley Armenii (sbornik nauchnykh trudov) [Bulletin of Builders’ Union of Armenia (Proceedings)]. Yerevan, 2013, no. 1—2 (185—186), pp. 53—63.
  14. Zumthor P. Thinking Architecture. Second, expanded edition / Published by Birkhauser. Basel — Boston — Berlin, 2006. P. 65.
  15. Rashidyan G.H. Tsentr Erevana — kakim emu byt’ v budushchem [The Center of Yerevan — How it Will Look Like in the Future]. Byulleten’ stroiteley Armenii [Bulletin the Builders of Armenia]. Yerevan, 1999, no. 3 (32), pp. 13—15.
  16. Dutsev M.V. Integral’naya kontseptsiya arkhitekturnoy sredy na primere gorodov Gollangii i Germanii [Integral Concept of Architectural Environment on the example of the Netherlands and Germany]. ACADEMIA. 2012, no. 4, pp. 12—20.

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RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE OF YEREVAN IN THE 20TH CENTURY. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MAIN STAGES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PLANNING STRUCTURE OF A DWELLING UNIT

Vestnik MGSU 5/2016
  • Azatyan Karen Rubenovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Drafting and Architectural Environment Design, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 18-27

The article discusses some features of planning solutions of apartments in the architecture of Yerevan, which are typical to different periods, since the turn of 19-20th centuries to the present day. Housing is the chief determinant of human activity. In the process of societal development the house is the foundation of a family, and the family, on its turn, is the key to the stable state. Nevertheless, the time influences the residential architecture. Societal progress periodically affects the living environment. Therefore, housing formation process never reaches the stage of completion: it is always in an endless process of development. The above mentioned primarily concerns the evolution of the planning structure of the apartment. In this context, the dynamics of evolution of housing in Yerevan has accelerated in the second half of the 19th century. The centuries-generated space-planning system of apartment begins to develop in accordance with the rapid changes of social, urban planning and life processes of the time (extension of industry, formation of new socio-economic relations, rapid growth of population, acceleration of construction processes). The impetuous transformation of the dwelling structure is reflected in the complex process of evolution - starting from the traditional houses and ending with the apartments in high-rise buildings. The research of the problems of the traditional dwelling structure, its transformation in the first apartment buildings and diverse improvements of apartment planning solutions contributes to the definition of the main development stages of the dwelling units during the last century, which are observed in the article. Identification of the characteristics of each stage and the multilateral evaluation of different qualities of spatial-planning arrangement of apartments allow working out proper solutions for dwelling units in the future.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.18-27

References
  1. Sborshchikov S.B., Sborshchikova M.N. Razvitie metodov upravleniya programmami zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva na osnove prognozirovaniya [Development of the Control Methods of Housing Construction Programs Based on Prediction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1—1, pp. 221—226. (In Russian)
  2. Subbotin O.S. Kharakternye tipy maloetazhnykh zhilykh zdaniy i istoricheskoe (etnokul’turnoe) rayonirovanie territorii severnogo Kavkaza [Specific Types of Low-Rise Residential Buildings and the Historical (Ethno-Cultural) Zoning of the North Caucasus Territory]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 22—24. (In Russian)
  3. Azatyan K.R. Nachal’naya stadiya formirovaniya mnogokvartirnykh zhilykh domov v Erevane. Arkhitektura zhilykh sooruzheniy nachala XX veka [The Initial Stage of the Formation of Apartment Blocks in Yerevan. The Architecture of Residential Buildings in the Beginning of the 20th Century]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2010, vol. II (38), pp. 29—34. (In Russian)
  4. Gasparyan M.A. Arkhitektura Erevana XIX — nachala XX veka [Architecture of Yerevan in the 19th — early 20th century]. Erevan, Ushardzan Publ., 2008, 262 p. (In Russian)
  5. Shagov N.V., Verevkina I.D., Koksharova E.A. Razvitie tipovogo zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva v sovetskoy Rossii s 1917 po 1940 g. [Development of Standard Housing in Soviet Russia from 1917 till 1940]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 22—31. (In Russian)
  6. Azatyan K.R. Planirovochnye i funktsional’nye resheniya kvartir v period formirovaniya arkhitektury mnogokvartirnykh domov Erevana [Planning and Functional Solutions of Apartments in Yerevan during the Formation of the Apartment-Block Architecture]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2013, vol. I (48), pp. 3—18. (In Russian)
  7. Dolukhanyan L.K. Arkhitektura Sovetskoy Armenii: 20-e gody [Architecture of the Soviet Armenia: 1920s]. Erevan, Sovetakan grokh Publ., 1980, 85 p. (In Russian)
  8. Gatsunaev K.N. Dom Narkomfina kak ob”ekt kul’turnogo naslediya [Narkomfin House as a Monument of Cultural Heritage]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 7, pp. 7—17.
  9. Dudka E.N. Nerealizovannye konkursy 1920—1930-kh gg. v kontekste razvitiya arkhitekturnogo protsessa [Unrealized Competitions of the 1920—1930ies in the Context of the Architecture Development Process]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 11—16. (In Russian)
  10. Zurabyan Z.A. Osobennosti arkhitektury zhilogo doma na nachal’nom etape raz-vitiya mnogokvartirnogo gorodskogo zhilishcha Erevana [Characteristics of a Dwelling House Architecture During the Development of the Apartment Urban Housing in Yerevan]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2010, vol. III (39), pp. 21—24. (In Russian)
  11. Zhdanova I.V. Metody povysheniya kachestva seriynoy zhiloy zastroyki 70—80-kh gg. XX v. [Methods of Improving the Quality of Serial Apartment Block of the 70—80s of the 20th Century]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of the Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 22—26. (In Russian)
  12. Hakobyan T.D. Puti modernizatsii krupnopanel’nykh zhilykh zdaniy g. Erevana [Ways of Modernization of Large-Panel Residential Buildings in Yerevan]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 12, pp. 9—19. (In Russian)
  13. Rashidyan G.G. Razvitie arkhitektury massovogo zhilishcha Armenii i zadachi so-vremennogo etapa [Development of the Architecture of Mass Housing in Armenia and the Problems of the Present Stage]. Erevan, 1999, 88 p. (In Russian)
  14. Rashidyan G.G., Azatyan K.R. Osobennosti arkhitektury novykh zhilykh rayonov massovoy zastroyki Erevana [The Features of Architecture of the Mass Housing in New Residential Areas in Yerevan]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov EGUAS [Proceedings of Yerevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2013, vol. IV (51), pp. 47—57. (In Russian)
  15. Azatyan K.R., Engoyan A.R., Khanoyan K.R. Usovershenstvovanie metoda tipovogo proektirovaniya zhilykh zdaniy v Erevane i vnedrenie blok-sektsionnoy sistemy v 1970-kh godakh [Improvement of the Standardized Design Methodology of Residential Buildings and Introduction of Bay System in Yerevan in 1970s]. Nauchnye trudy NUASA [Scientific Papers of National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia]. Erevan, 2014, vol. III (54), pp. 3—12. (In Russian)
  16. Rashidyan G.G., Azatyan K.R., Engoyan A.R. Novye podkhody v arkhitekture zhil’ya Erevana v 1970-ykh godakh [New Approaches to the Residential Architecture in Yerevan in the 1970s]. Vestnik inzhenernoy akademii Armenii [Proceedings of Engineering Academy of Armenia]. 2013, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 699—703. (In Russian)
  17. Schroeder U. Variabel nutzbare Hauser und Wohnungen. Bauverlag GmbH. Weisbaden und Berlin, 1980.
  18. Pinchak L.A. Zhilishchnyy fond Ukrainy: sostav, struktura, statistika [Housing Stock of the Ukraine: Composition, Structure, Statistics]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 9, pp. 118—124. (In Russian)

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RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE OF YEREVAN IN THE 20TH CENTURY. MAIN STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROCESS OF YARD PUBLIC SPACE ORGANIZATION

Vestnik MGSU 3/2018 Volume 13
  • Azatyan Karen Rubenovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Drafting and Architectural Environment Design, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 301-308

Subject: for many centuries the yard was the social centre of residential development. However, the problems of its spatial organization often do not receive appropriate attention in modern cities. The city of Yerevan, in this sense, is also not an exception, where the new socio-economic conditions that emerged in the early 1990s led to radical changes in the residential development organization. Under this impact, a serious transformation has also been made to the yard space, which is the subject of this study. Research objectives: identification of the main stages of the yard space evolution in the residential building development of Yerevan in the 20th century and the revelation of its characteristic features. Materials and methods: the work is carried out on the basis of observations and published sources by the method of theoretical research, analysis and generalization of the material. Results: the work is composed of the following thematic subdivisions: the yard in the structure of traditional housing (in residential buildings of the 19th and early 20th centuries); development of the yard space in the new format of perimeter-quarter development (in the system of perimeter development of streets in the 1920-1950s); problems of yard organization in open compositions of building development (in the new forms of free building development by standardized elements in 1960s); attempts of yard restoration in the systematized compositions of building development (in the process of formation of large complexes of building development in 1970-1980s); loss of the yard space in contemporary conditions (in the residential building development formed since 1990s in the new socio-economic conditions). Conclusions: based on the results of the analysis, classification of the main stages of the yard space organization evolution during the last century is presented. This classification must be included in the process of the general study of development of residential architecture of Yerevan in the 20th century.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.3.301-308

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RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE OF YEREVAN IN 20TH CENTURY: MULTIFUNCTIONALITY IN THE STRUCTURE OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE CENTURY

Vestnik MGSU 9/2017 Volume 12
  • Azatyan Karen Rubenovich - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Drafting and Architectural Environment Design, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryan str., Yerevan, 0009, Armenia.

Pages 962-970

Subject: The buildings of the residential architecture of Yerevan of the 20th century make up not only a significant part of the city's housing stock but they are also the main components of the city’s image. Consequently, the study of architecture of these structures is important for solving the problems of city-building both in the present and in the future. In this context, a special place is occupied by residential architecture of the first half of the century one of the main features of which - the multifunctional structure - is the subject of this study. Research objectives: The goal of the study is to identify the features of the multifunctionality factor influence on the architecture of Yerevan's residential buildings of the first half of the 20th century. Materials and methods: The work was carried out on the basis of observations and published sources by the method of theoretical study, analysis and generalization of the material. Results: This work is composed of the following thematic units: the multi-use architecture and housing (i.e., the dwelling in the process of historical development of multi-use architecture); multifunctionality in the structure of the first multi-apartment houses of Yerevan (multi-use structure of apartment-houses of Yerevan in the 19th century); formation of the city’s multifunctional structure and the housing’s architecture (appearance of the city’s functionally integrated structure, formation of perimeter style of city-building, spatial organization of public services and their impact on the architecture of residential buildings of the first half of the 20th century); examples of multi-use residential buildings (some specific examples). Conclusions: The features of residential buildings caused by the multifunctionality of their architecture are identified as a result of the analysis and the key points of the results of the generalizing study are presented. These conclusions should be included in the process of general study of development of the residential architecture of Yerevan in the 20th century.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.9.962-970

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Prefabricatedclosed type buildings having frames made of veneerwaste products

Vestnik MGSU 7/2013
  • Inzhutov Ivan Semenovich - Siberian Federal University (SibFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Building Structures and Control Systems, Director, Civil Engineering Institute, Siberian Federal University (SibFU), 79 pr. Svobodnyy, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Dmitriev Petr Andreevich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Structural Units and Controlled Systems; +7 (391) 252-78-11, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), .
  • Zhadanov Viktor Ivanovich - Orenburg State University” (OSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Building Structures, Orenburg State University” (OSU), 13 prospekt Pobedy, Orenburg, 460018, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Deordiev Sergey Vladimirovich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) +7 (391) 252-78-64, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zakharyuta Vasiliy Viktorovich - Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU) postgraduate student, Department of Structural Units and Controlled Systems, Institute of Civil Engineering, Siberian Federal University (SFU), ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 40-50

The major territory of Siberia is occupied by underexplored, hardly accessible areas having unstable or frozen soils. Development of these territories is hampered for a number of reasons, including poor weather and soil conditions, lack of infrastructure, roads, networks, and remoteness from industrial enterprises. Traditional building methods are rather expensive. The latter circumstance calls for new types of residential and public buildings, with the main requirement being their transportability (by air and land transport), higher degree of prefabrication (including foundations), light weight of structures, fast assembly, possibility of assembly and installation of large components without the use of heavy machinery, application of local materials, structural reliability, especially in the conditions of unstable soils. Construction operations on permafrost soils are not to alter the soil properties.The proposed structure of low-rise buildings is aimed at the attainment of the followings objectives: assimilation of hardly accessible areas of Siberia, development of low-rise housing, and secondary use of veneer waste products.A prefabricated building of the closed type consists of a foundation plate, as well as walls and coverings arranged in the form of a spatial framework united into a single manifold system. Beam elements of a prefabricated building are to be made of timber-based materials and assembled into a single bolted mountable and dismountable structure by means of a system of shaped metal node elements.Advantages of new low-rise buildings include their higher transportability due to the compactness of individual items and reduction of the overall weight, smaller construction term; increase in the building reliability on weak, unstable and frozen soils; expansion of the area of architectural design; development of a new method of recycling of large-size veneer waste products. The above features can make the new type of low-rise buildings highly competitive.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.7.40-50

References
  1. Abovskiy N.P. Stroitel’stvo v severnykh neftegazonosnykh rayonakh [Construction in Northern Oil and Gas Bearing Regions]. Krasnoyarsk, KrasGASA Publ., 2005, 228 p.
  2. OOO “TorgStroyMarket”. Sposoby utilizatsii otkhodov ot fanery [TorgStroyMarket Open Joint Stock Company. Methods of Recycling of Veneer Waste Products]. Available at: http://www.otdelka-servis.ru/fanera/fanerastat/sposobyothodov/index.html. Date of access: April 05, 2013.
  3. Yakunenko S.M., Vasil’ev A.I., Varik V.A. Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo 1647097 SSSR. Sborno-razbornaya rama [Authorship Certificate 1647097 USSR. Dismountable Frame].
  4. Nadelyaev V.D., Abovskaya S.N., Endzhievskiy L.V., Abovskiy N.P., Sergunicheva E.M., Egikyan N.B. Patent RF ¹ 2215852. Polnosbornoe zdanie ili sooruzhenie zamknutogo tipa, vklyuchayushchee fundament, dlya stroitel’stva na vechnomerzlykh, slabykh, puchinistykh gruntakh i v seysmicheskikh zonakh [RF Patent 2215852 RU. Prefabricated Building or Structure of the Closed Type, Including the Foundation, Designated for Construction on Permafrost, Loose, Heaving Soils and in Seismic Zones].
  5. Chilton J. Space Grid Structures. Plant a tree, Great Britain, 2000.
  6. Zhadanov V.I., Abovskiy N.P., Endzhievskiy L.V., Inzhutov I.S., Savchenkov V.I. Industrial'nye konstruktsii dlya stroitel'stva maloetazhnykh zdaniy i so-oruzeniy [Industial constructions for rerction of low-rise buildings and constructions]. Workbook. IPK GOU OGU, Orenburg, 2009. 416 p.
  7. ZERI Pavillion at EXPO 2000. Available at: http://bambus.rwth-aachen.de/eng/reports/zeri/englisch/referat-eng.html. Date of access: April 05, 2013.
  8. T.M. Obermann, R. Laude. Bamboo Poles for Spatial and Light Structures. Bamboo-Space Research Project - reference number: 166_OB Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Medellin - Technische Universit?t Berlin, Germany.
  9. Inzhutov I.S., Dmitriev P.A., Deordiev S.V., Zakharyuta V.V. Zayavka na izobretenie ¹ 2012154719. Polnosbornoe zdanie zamknutogo tipa [Invention Application 2012154719. Prefabricated Building of the Closed Type].
  10. J. Natterer, T. Herzog, M. Volz. Atlante del Legno. Milan, 1999, pp. 94—97.
  11. Inzhutov I.S., Dmitriev P.A., Deordiev S.V., Zakharyuta V.V. Analiz sushchestvuyushchikh uzlov sopryazheniya prostranstvennykh konstruktsiy i razrabotka sborno-razbornogo uzlovogo elementa [Analysis of Available Space Structure Joints and Design of Demountable Modular Joints]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 61—71.

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SYSTEM SIMULATION OF TECHNOLOGY OF MINERAL WOOL PRODUCTS

Vestnik MGSU 6/2013
  • Zhukov Alexey Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) candidate of technical science, professor, Department of Finishing and Insulating Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Smirnova Tatyana Viktorovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU); ZAO “MineralnayaVata” postgraduate student, Department Finishing and In- sulating Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU); ZAO “MineralnayaVata”, 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Erjomenko Alexander Andreevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, The Institute of Economics, Management and Information Systems in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kopylov Nikita Andreevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) student, The Institute of Economics, Management and Information Systems in Civil Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 92-99

Insulation is widely used in constructions of roofs, facades and fire protection. Using of dual-density allows to obtain not only a strong thermal insulation but also has a high operational stability. Product structutre is formed in the stage of mineral wool carpet and fixed during thermal processing. Manufacturing of dual-density products is based on the technological schemes of mineral wool production. Dual density slabs technology require the special complex located in the linear process flow after press unit and heat treatment camera. Units operate on lines Rockwool (in the cities of Zheleznodorozhniy, Vyborg and Elabuga) and are focused on making the roof and facade insulation with combination structure. Studying of factors influencing the production of dual density slabs process is based on a common methodology of technological analysis and methodology. Software system is developed to study processes. The complex provides individual activity of the experimenter and processing of the experimental results with the help of special computer programs developed at MSSU: “JE-STAT-15. Calculations and analysis of the factor space”, “JE-STAT-23.Construction of nonlinear models and solution interpolation and optimization problems”, “GJ-STAT-06.Processing and analytical optimization of the results of the experiment”. The experiment and processing of the results allowed to determine the degree of influence of each factor. Founded is that the greatest influence on the results have the following factors: density, binder content, fiber diameter, fiber length, degree of compaction two layers of carpet. It results in the nomogram for solving problems of interpretation and adaptation, optimization of process parameters.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.6.92-99

References
  1. Gagarin V.G., Kozlov V.V. Matematicheskaya model’ i inzhenernyy metod rascheta vlazhnostnogo sostoyaniya ograzhdayushchikh konstruktsiy [Mathematical model and engineering method for calculating humidity condition of constructions. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Academia. Architecture and engineering]. 2006, no 2, pp. 60—63.
  2. Gagarin V.G. Teplozashchita i energeticheskaya effektivnost’ v proekte aktualizirovannoy redaktsii SNIP «Teplovaya zashchita zdaniy» [Thermal protection and energy efficiency in update version of SNIP “Thermal protection of buildings”]. III Mezhdunarodnyy kongress. Energoeffektivnost’ XXI vek [III International Congress. Energy efficiency XXI century]. St.Petrburg, 2011, pp. 34—39.
  3. Bessonov I.V., Starostin A.V., Os’kina V.M. O formostabil’nosti voloknistogo uteplitelya [Dimensionally stable fiber insulation]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 3, pp. 134—139.
  4. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D. Eksperiment i modelirovanie pri sozdanii novykh izolyatsionnykh i otdelochnykh materialov. Monografiya [Experiment and simulation in creation of new insulation and finishing materials]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, 155 p.
  5. Efimenko A.Z. Sistemy upravleniya predpriyatiyami stroitel’noy industrii i modeli optimizatsii [Enterprise management systems in building industry and optimization models]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, 304 p.
  6. Zhukov A.D., Smirnova T.V., Chugunkov A.V. Perenos tepla v vysokoporistykh materialakh [Heat transfer in high porous materials]. Internet-Vestnik VolgGASU, 2012, no. 3. Available at http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/?source=4.
  7. Zhukov A.D., Bobrova E.U., Smirnova T.V., Gudkov P.K. Povyshenie effektivnosti mineralovatnykh izdeliy [Increasing of mineral wool products efficiency]. Moscow, MGSU, 2012, 160 p.
  8. Zhukov A.D., Gudkov P.K., Chugunkov A.V., Smirnova T.V., Rudnitskaya V.A. GJ-STAT-06. Obrabotka i analiticheskaya optimizatsiya rezul’tatov eksperimenta. Svidetel’stvo o gosudarstvennoy registratsii programmy dlya EVM ¹ 2012618742 ot 26 sentyabrya 2012 [“GJ-STAT-06. Processing and analytical optimization of experiment results.” Certificate of state registration of the computer # 2012618742 on September 26, 2012].
  9. Voznesenskiy V.A. Statisticheskie metody planirovaniya eksperimenta v tekhniko-ekonomicheskikh issledovaniyakh [Statistical methods of experiment planning in technical and economic studies]. Moscow, Finansy i statistika Publ., 1981, 192 p.

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OPERATING STABILITY OF MINERAL WOOL PRODUCTS

Vestnik MGSU 3/2016
  • Perfilov Vladimir Aleksandrovich - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, chair, Department of Oil and Gas Structures, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya str., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pilipenko Anton Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pyataev Evgeniy Ravil’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Master student, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 79-85

Creating an effective insulation envelope of the building is possible only using high-quality materials, preserving their characteristics both in the early stages of operation, and for the whole billing period. It is an important opportunity to assess the thermal insulation properties and predict its changes over time directly in the conditions of the construction site. The products based on mineral fibers (rock and glass wool, basalt fiber) are the most widely used type of insulating materials in the domestic construction. Therefore, the operational stability valuation methods must be primarily created for this group of products. The methodology for assessing the thermal insulation properties includes two main components: testing equipment and methodology for assessing the operational stability. The authors tested the methodology of the accelerated testing and prediction of durability for mineral wool products of laminated, corrugated and volume-oriented structures. The test results give good convergence with the methods recommended by the building regulations. Application of thermal insulation materials are an effective way to form the thermal envelope of the building, reducing energy costs and increasing the durability of building structures. The material properties are determined by their structure, which is formed during the technological impacts.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.3.79-85

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IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF MINERAL WOOL SLABS TECHNOLOGY

Vestnik MGSU 3/2016
  • Pilipenko Anton Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Perfilov Vladimir Aleksandrovich - Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, chair, Department of Oil and Gas Structures, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VSUACE), 1 Akademicheskaya str., Volgograd, 400074, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mat'kov Kirill Viktorovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Master student, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 86-92

The use of thermal insulation materials is an effective method to create an insulating envelope of a building, as well as to reduce energy costs and increase the durability of building structures. The properties of stone wool products and their operational durability is largely determined by the conditions of formation of the mineral wool carpet, uniform distribution of binder and its curing and the heat treatment conditions. Most domestic technologies are aimed at the production of mineral wool products with volume-oriented structure, which is formed using special units: spreader and corrugator placed in a production line. The next step to obtain the optimum structures is the production of dual density slabs. The denser upper layer receives mechanical loads caused by the operating conditions; the lower, less dense, but more thick layer performs the main function - insulation. The dual density slabs are produced on standard lines supplemented with a special unit, which is located in front of the heat treatment camera. Optimization of heat treatment parameters and prediction of the properties of materials is performed using software package.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.3.86-92

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METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CLASSIFICATION OF INVESTMENT MODELS APPLICABLE TO CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

Vestnik MGSU 3/2012
  • Yaskova Natalya Yurevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department of Economics and Management in Construction Industry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Moskvichev Danil Vasilevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Economics and Management in Construction Industry 8 (495) 287-49-19, ext. 312, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 187 - 192

The paper covers the identification of basic investment models applicable to construction
projects. They are needed to substantiate the transformation of the investment system, to identify
the numerical values of the investment process, and to solve the problems that prevent the efficiency
improvement of the investment system. As a result of the analysis, the authors have identified
sixteen models that differ in the mode of investment, investment targets, types of investees,
investors, investment sources, investment methods, investment schemes, repayment patterns,
strategic goals, countries of origin, restrictions imposed on investment resources, payback patterns,
investment period, economic system development, financing procedure, type of investment
period alterations.
The multiplicity and variety of investment models prevent us from performing a comprehensive
comparative analysis; therefore, investment models are to be consolidated into classes that
display higher-level systemic features. As a result of comprehensive comparison of existing investment
models those models that are typical for the construction industry have been identified. They
are (1) mid-term dynamic models, and (2) target-oriented models.
Consideration of the two classes of features prevents us from preparing an exhaustive overview
of the investment process. Therefore, as a result of research of the investment system structure
its backbone element was identified. It represents an investment method that is the basic
classifier. Thus, the basic classifier of an investment model is composed of three basic classificatory
features, including the time, the investee, and the investment method. As a result, a credit
investment model, a security investment model, a cooperative investment model, a project investment
model, an economic investment model, a centralized investment model, a share investment
model, and a combined investment model were identified.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.3.187 - 192

References
  1. Yas’kova N.Yu. Razvitie investitsionno-stroitel’nykh protsessov v usloviyakh globalizatsii [Development of Investment and Construction Processes in the Context of Globalization]. Moscow, MAIES, U Nikitskikh vorot, 2009.
  2. Yas’kova N.Yu., edited by. Finansy i kredit v stroitel’stve [Finances and Credit in Construction Industry]. Moscow : Molodaya gvardiya, 2011.
  3. Strategiya sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya strany do 2020 goda [The Strategy of Social and Economiñ Development of the Country Through 2020]. Available at: www.strategy2020.rian.ru. Date of Access: 20.02.2012.
  4. Putin V.V. O nashikh ekonomicheskikh zadachakh [About Our Economic Objectives]. Available at: www.putin2012.ru. Date of access: 13.02.2012.
  5. Weber M. Methodologische Schriften. Fr / M., 1968.
  6. Federal’nyy zakon RF ¹ 39 «Ob investitsionnoy deyatel’nosti v Rossiyskoy Federatsii, osushchestvlyaemoy v forme kapital’nykh vlozheniy» ot 25.02.1999 g [Federal Law ¹ 39 On Investment Activity in the Russian Federation in the Form of Capital Investments], 25.02.1999.

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Cost management as basis of harmonious approaches to the development of the construction business

Vestnik MGSU 11/2016
  • Matveev Nikita Mikhaylovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) external doctorate student, Department of Economy and Management in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 114-123

The management of construction companies’ development is rarely aimed at harmonization of business and at the development of the ways of its sustainable development. Case studies and the application scope for harmonization as an approach allowing systematic and balanced development of business showed its practical relevance. The use of this approach allows not only correlating the objectives, clarifying the mission, structuring the problems, or determining the optimal salary of employees, but also correlating the costs to each other, which is particularly important in light of the need for rapid transformation of the building production methods. They are based on competent use of system properties of the systems. The properties of emergence, resonance, measurability, and others are of particular importance. Their accounting allows achieving the optimal cost outlay required in the process of investment and construction activities. It complies with the requirements and conditions of the market economy. The mentioned advantages of the use of harmonization technologies to ensure the stability and sustainability of investment and construction activities enable to confirm the hypothesis of the impossibility to achieve the optimum cost, for example, for the implementation of an investment and construction project without implementation of the system properties of a harmonious approach.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.11.114-123

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MULTICYCLIC ACTION OF DRIFTING ICE FIELDS ON OFFSHORE STRUCTURES

Vestnik MGSU 1/2012
  • Uvarova Tatyana Erikovna - Far Eastern Federal University PhD., Associated Professor, Dept. Offshore and Structural Mechanics, School of Engineering +7-(423)-245-16-18, Far Eastern Federal University, of. 407, 66, Krasnogo Znameni av., Vladivostok, Russia, 690014; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 41 - 45

The paper presents the model of mechanical interaction of ice fields with offshore structures. This model allows to calculate the amount of loading cycles, duration of penetration, interaction length and loading regime of structure.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.1.41 - 45

References
  1. Bekker A.T. Razrabotka metodov rascheta verojatnostnyh harakteristik ledovyh nagruzok dlja ocenki nadezhnosti sooruzhenij kontinental'nogo shel'fa [Development of Analysis Methods of Probabilistic Characteristics of Ice Loads for Evaluation Structure Reliability of Continental Shelf], St-Petersburg, 1998, 36 p.
  2. SNiP 2.06.04-82* Nagruzki i vozdejstvija na gidrotehnicheskie sooruzhenija (volnovye, ledovye i ot sudov) [Loads and Effects on Hydroengineering Structures (from Waves, Ice and Vessels)]. Moscow, 1995, 40 p.
  3. Uvarova T.E. Metodika opredelenija kolichestva ciklov i rezhima nagruzhenija sooruzhenija drejfujuwim ledjanym pokrovom [Method of determination of cycle amount and loading regime of structure by drifting ice cover], Vladivostok, 1999, 22 p.

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Calculation of accumulated depreciation Pending construction of buildings and Constructions

Vestnik MGSU 1/2012
  • Shirokov Alexey Igorevich - Tula State University, LTD "Boniface" graduate student Urban Construction and Architectural tour, Director +7-920-744-95-46, Tula State University, LTD "Boniface", ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 149 - 152

In this article the author examines the influence of wear on the ONS to the quality and investment attractiveness, and gives recommendations on how to estimate the accumulated depreciation. A formula for calculating the market value of the ONS taking into account accumulated depreciation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.1.149 - 152

References
  1. Ocenka rynochnoj stoimosti nedvizhimosti [Valuation of property], Ed. V.I. Rutgayzera, Moscow, 1998, 384 p.
  2. Tarasevich E.I. Ocenka nedvizhimosti [Evaluation of real estate]. St Petersburg, 1998, 422.
  3. Friedman D., Ordway N. Analiz i ocenka prinosjashhej dohod nedvizhimosti [Analysis and assessment of income real estate]. Per. from English. Moscow, 1995, 480 p.
  4. Henry S. Harrison Ocenka nedvizhimosti [Real Estate Appraisal], Moscow, 1994, 231 p.
  5. Fomin S.E. Metodicheskoe rukovodstvo po tehnicheskoj jekspertize [Toolkit for technical expertise]. St Petersburg, GTP., 1994, 15 p.
  6. Fomin S.E. Metod ocenki iznosa i ostatochnogo sroka jekspluatacii stroenija [Method to assess the wear and remaining life of the structure]. St Petersburg, GTP, 1994, 43 p.
  7. Pravila ocenki fizicheskogo iznosa zhilyh zdanij VSN 53-86 (r) [Rules for assessing physical deterioration of residential buildings VSN 53-86 (p)]. Moscow, 1988, 72.
  8. Polozhenie po vedeniju buhgalterskogo ucheta i buhgalterskoj otchetnosti v RF : utv. prikazom Minfina Rossii ot 29.07.98 g., ? 34p i vvedeno v dejstvie s 1.01.1999 g. [Position on accounting and bookkeeping Reporting in the Russian Federation. Approved by order of the Ministry of Finance of Russia of 29.07.98 g, ¹ 34p and introduced with effect from 1.1.1999].

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NORMATIVE PROCEDURES OF GLOBAL ICE LOAD CALCULATION

Vestnik MGSU 10/2012
  • Uvarova Tat'yana Erikovna - Far Eastern Federal University (DVFU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Theory of Buildings and Structures, School of Engineering, 8 (423) 245-16-18, Far Eastern Federal University (DVFU), Office 407, 66 prospect Krasnogo Znameni, Vladivostok, 690014, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pomnikov Egor Evgen'evich - Far Eastern Federal University (DVFU) postgraduate student, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Theory of Buildings and Structures, School of Engineering, 8 (423) 245-16-18, Far Eastern Federal University (DVFU), Office 407, 66 prospect Krasnogo Znameni, Vladivostok, 690014, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shamsutdinova Gyuzel' Radikovna - Far Eastern Federal University (DVFU) master student, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Theory of Buildings and Structures, School of Engineering, 8 (423) 245-08-90, Far Eastern Federal University (DVFU), Office 407, 66 prospect Krasnogo Znameni, Vladivostok, 690014, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Narkevich Anastasiya Sergeevna - Far Eastern Federal University (DVFU) master student, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Theory of Buildings and Structures, School of Engineering, 8 (423) 245-08-90, Far Eastern Federal University (DVFU), Office 407, 66 prospect Krasnogo Znameni, Vladivostok, 690014, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Protsenko Viktoriya Vladimirovna - Far Eastern Federal University (DVFU) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Theory of Buildings and Structures, School of Engineering, 8 (423) 245-08-90, Far Eastern Federal University (DVFU), Office 407, 66 prospect Krasnogo Znameni, Vladivostok, 690014, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 122 - 127

The authors argue that the availability of substantial hydrocarbon reserves in the waters of oceans and growing needs for this type of resources boosts the development of mining operations in the shelves of seas and oceans. The majority of continental shelves of the Russian Federation are located in the areas of freezing seas; therefore, the calculation of ice loads is an important issue. Analysis of ice loads that the offshore structures are exposed to represents a major problem. A significant reduction in the construction costs is attainable through rational design that contemplates a pressing need for simple and reliable methods of calculation. The paper represents an attempt to consolidate and analyze the main normative procedures that govern the calculation of ice loads, and to present them in the form that may be easily processed by the software.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.10.122 - 127

References
  1. Grigorenko Yu.N., Margulis L.S., Novikov Yu.N., Sobolev Yu.S. Morskaya baza uglevodorodnogo syr’ya Rossii i perspektivy ee osvoeniya [Offshore Deposits of Hydrocarbon Resources of Russia and Prospects for Their Assimilation]. Neftegazovaya geologiya. Teoriya i praktika. [Geology of Oil and Gas. Theory and Practice]. 2007, vol. 2. Available at: www.ngtp.ru/rub/4/002.pdf. Date of access: 12.06.2012.
  2. VSN 41—88. Vedomstvennye stroitel’nye normy (eksperimental’nye) proektirovaniya ledostoykikh statsionarnykh platform [VSN 41-88. Industrial (Experimental) Construction Norms of Design of Offshore Ice-resistant Fixed Platforms]. Moscow, 1988.
  3. SNiP 2.06.04—82*. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya na gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniya (volnovye, ledovye i ot sudov). [Construction Norms and Regulations. Loads and Actions on Hydraulic Engineering Structures (Waves, Ice, and Vessels)]. Moscow, 1995.
  4. STO Gazprom 2-3.7-29—2005. Raschet ledovykh nagruzok na ledostoykuyu statsionarnuyu platformu. [Standard of Organizations. Gasprom. 2-3.7-29—2005. Calculation of Ice Loads on Ice-resistant Fixed Platforms]. Moscow, 2005.
  5. API RP 2N. Recommended Practice for Planning, Designing and Constructing Structures and Pipelines for Arctic Conditions. Amer. Petroleum Inst. Bulletin. Dallas, 1995.
  6. CAN/CSA-S471—92. General Requirements, Design Criteria, Environment, Loads. National Standard of Canada, 2004.
  7. Danish Standard 410. Code of Practice for Loads for the Design of Structures. 1998.
  8. L. Fransson, L. Bergdahl. Recommendations for Design of Offshore Foundations Exposed to Ice Loads. Elforsk rapport 09:55. April 2009, 43 p.
  9. Germanischer Lloyd. Oil and Gas GmbH: General Terms and Conditions. Hamburg, 2005.
  10. ISO/CD 19906. Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries – Arctic Offshore Structures.
  11. US Army Corps of Engineers. Engineering and Design-Ice Engineering. USACE Engineer Manual EM 1110-2-1612, 2006.

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PRINCIPLES OF OVERALL ARCHITECTURAL ORGANIZATION OF SPACE OF ROADSIDE SERVICE FACILITIES IN BELARUS

Vestnik MGSU 5/2018 Volume 13
  • Malkov Igor’ Georgievich - Belarusian State University of Transport (BelSUT) Doctor of Architecture, Professor, Head of Department of Architecture, Academician of the Belarusian Academy of Architecture, Belarusian State University of Transport (BelSUT), 34 Kirova str., Gomel, 246653, Republic of Belarus.
  • Evstratenko Anzhelika Vladimirovna - Belarusian State University of Transport (BelSUT) Master, Assistant of the Department of Architecture, Belarusian State University of Transport (BelSUT), 34 Kirova str., Gomel, 246653, Republic of Belarus; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 568-578

Subject: the structure and architectural-spatial solution of the roadside service facilities along the motor roads of national importance of Belarus in relation to peculiarities of their location and the proposed methods of integration. In this article, methods of integration, into the existing landscape, of roadside service facilities in various parts of the terrain along the highways of national importance in Belarus are presented. The characteristic structure and features of these facilities are determined depending on the proposed methods of integration. Recommendations for their placement and architectural-spatial solution are given. A typical block of premises in the structure of the facilities under consideration was identified. Recommendations on the use of the obtained results are given. Objectives: determination of structure and overall architectural organization of roadside service facilities in Belarus in relation to their placement conditions. Materials and methods: the work was performed by systematization, structural and comparative analysis and generalization of data obtained during field surveys of roadside service facilities, which are located along the motor roads of national importance in Belarus, as well as by interviewing the traffic participants. During the field surveys, photographic and grapho-analytical methods were used. Moreover, a genetic analysis was carried out, a method of theoretical generalization of published materials was applied. Results: the principles and conditions for integration in relation to location of roadside service facilities of Belarus, as well as the structure and some features of the overall architectural solution of the facilities are determined according to the proposed methods. A typical block and an atypical group of premises for the facilities under consideration are identified. Conclusions: the theoretical and methodological foundations of facility placement have been developed, the characteristic structure and features of the overall architectural solution have been revealed, which makes it possible to implement more substantiated and objective solutions with respect to development of the roadside service network. The proposed classification can be used as the basis for architectural-artistic and space-planning solution of the roadside facility. In addition, this concept can be used to develop a list of requirements for appearance of service facilities under construction and for regulation of their architectural and spatial solutions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2018.5.568-578

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