SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

A MODERN APPROACH TO THE CONCEPT OF THE NOOSPHERE AND DEVELOPMENTOF ITS THEORY

Vestnik MGSU 6/2013
  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ryabova Svetlana Sergeevna - Academy of Public Administration of the President of the Republic of Belarus (Academy of Management) Senior Lecturer, Department of Management of Regional Development, Academy of Public Administration of the President of the Republic of Belarus (Academy of Management), 17 Moskovskaya st., Minsk, 220007, Republic of Belarus; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 139-147

The authors elaborate on a new critical approach to the assessment of the concept of the “noosphere”. The basic principles of Vernadskiy’s concept of the “noosphere” are assessed from the viewpoint of the current state of the human civilization. It is proven that the key principles of Vernadskiy’s theory cannot serve as the basis for the noosphere. So far, the theory of the “noosphere” does not exist. There are just a few prerequisites for the attainment of the noosphere, due to the limited knowledge and information about the natural environment and the human ability to interact with it without inflicting any damage. The authors argue the noosphere can only be attained if and when the superiority of the anthropocentrism is overcome and the shift-over to the biocentrism is implemented. The authors insist that the concept of “sustainable development”, which is widely regarded as the primary method for overcoming the global ecological crisis, can be evaluated as a limited and purely pragmatic solution to the environmental problems arising at this phase of the human development; therefore, it may serve as the basis for the modern theory of the “noosphere” to a limited extent.The basic principles of the method of harmonization used to arrange the conditions needed for the implementation of the noosphere are considered in the article. The authors demonstrate that the co-evolutionary approach to further development of the humanity and the biosphere is the basis for the formation of the noosphere. The conclusion is that both mutualism and competition facilitate evolution. The concept of co-evolution applies to the philosophical principle of harmonization valid both for an individual person and the whole humankind. A widening gap between the research achievements and the ability of the biosphere to perceive and to assimilate them is the reason for the ecological crisis. The solution consists in the ecologization of science and technology, as well as in the generation by each person and the whole humankind of the noosphere-centered mode of thinking. Compilation of the modern theory of the “noosphere” is a key task of natural sciences to be attained through the employment of technological advancements.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.6.139-147

References
  1. Vernadskiy V.I. Biosfera i noosfera [Biosphere and Noosphere]. Moscow, 1989,185 p.
  2. Le Roye E. L’exigence idealiste et le fait d’evolution. Paris, 1927, 196 p.
  3. Teilhard de Chardin P. Fenomen cheloveka [Phenomenon of Man]. Moscow, 1988, 224 p.
  4. Vernadskiy V.I. Avtotrofnost’ chelovechestva. Russkiy kosmizm. [Autotrophy of the Humankind. Russian Cosmism]. Moscow, 1993, 368 p.
  5. Schweitzer A. Blagogovenie pered zhizn’yu [Reverence for Life]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1992, 572 p.
  6. Shmal’gauzen I.I. Puti i zakonomernosti evolyutsionnogo protsessa [Routes and Patterns of the Evolutionary Process]. Moscow-Leningrad, Iz-vo AN SSSR Publ., 1939, 232 p.
  7. Odum J. Ecology. Springer-Verlag, 1986, vol. 1, 328 p., vol. 2, 376 p.
  8. Nietzsche F. Will for Power. Experience in Revaluation of All Values. [Volya k vlasti. Opyt pereotsenki vsekh tsennostey]. Kul’turnaya revolyutsiya publ., 2005, 880 p.
  9. Lovelock J. Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth. Oxford University Press, 2000, 85 p.
  10. Gartman N. K osnovopolozheniyu ontologii [The Founding Principle of the Ontology]. St.Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 2003, 639 p.
  11. Bergson A. Tvorcheskaya evolyutsiya [Creative Evolution]. Moscow, 2006, 1408 p.
  12. Potapov A.D., Ryabova S.S. Ekologizatsiya nauki i tekhniki kak metod formirovaniya noosfery [Ecologizaiton of Science and Technology as the Noosphere Formation Method]. V.I. Vernadskiy i noosfernaya paradigma razvitiya obshchestva, nauki, kul’tury, obrazovaniya i ekonomiki v XXI veke. [V.I. Vernadskiy and the Noospheric Paradigm for Development of Society, Science, Culture, Education and Economy in the 21st Century]. Tr. Mezhdunar. konf. [Works of International Conference]. March 12—14, 2013, St. Petersburg, vol. 1, pp. 176—190.

Download

The concept of sustainable development as the representation of postmodernism

Vestnik MGSU 9/2013
  • Potapov Aleksandr Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Ryabova Svetlana Sergeevna - Academy of Public Administration of the President of the Republic of Belarus (Academy of Management) Senior Lecturer, Department of Management of Regional Development, Academy of Public Administration of the President of the Republic of Belarus (Academy of Management), 17 Moskovskaya st., Minsk, 220007, Republic of Belarus; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 70-78

The authors study the philosophical correlation between postmodernism and the concept of sustainable development. The author assesses modernism as the place of origin of postmodernism and its basic principles. The author also demonstrates the principal laws of sustainable development as the opposition to the global ecological crisis. Postmodernism is perceived as the most adequate expression of the intellectual and emotional personification of the epoch. Besides, philosophical postmodernism strives to act as the general theory of the modern art. As a result, postmodernism is regarded as the expression of the spirit of the time in all spheres of human life: art, sociology, science, economics, politics, etc. It has been identified that since the acceptance of the Rio Declaration, its results have been discussed for over 20 years. Spiritual fundamentals of modernism include commonsense, progress, and emancipation. In their turn, postmodernists believe that these ideas have been perverted in their new European version, as it represents the ideology of the consumer society and the “Gold Billion”. Criticism of three fundamentals of modernism and postmodernism, and the main provisions of the concept of sustainable development, considered by the authors, serve as the confirmation of the authors’ assumption that sustainable development is the expression of postmodernism.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.9.70-78

References
  1. Baudrillard J. Sistema veshchey [System of Objects]. Moscow, RUDOMINO Publ., 2001, 224 p.
  2. Baudrillard J. Obshchestvo potrebleniya. Ego mify i struktury [The Consumer Society. Its Myths and Structures]. Moscow, Kul'turnaya revolyutsiya Publ., Respublika Publ., 2006, 269 p.
  3. Welsch W. Wege aus der Moderne: Schl?sseltexte der Postmoderne. Diskussion. Berlin, Akademieverlag, December 2002.
  4. Jameson F. The Political Unconscious: Narrative as a Symbolic Act. Routledge, 2002, 296 p.
  5. Forrester D. Mirovaya dinamika [The World Dynamics]. Moscow, AST Publ., 2006, 384 p.
  6. Meadows D. Predely rosta. 30 let spustya [Limits to Growth. Thirty-year Update] Moscow, Akademkniga Publ., 2007, 342 p.
  7. Mesarovic M., Pestel E. Mankind at the Turning Point: The Second Report to the Club of Rome. New York, E. P. Dutton and Co. Inc., 1974, 125 p.
  8. Koptyug V.A. Konferentsiya OON po okruzhayushchey srede i razvitiyu [UN Conference on Environment and Development]. Rio-de-Janeiro, June 1992. Informatsionnoe obozrenie [Information Overview]. Novosibirsk, 1992, p. 54.
  9. Khinteregger G. Osnovnye printsipy dostizheniya ustoychivogo promyshlennogo razvitiya v Evrope [Basic Principles of Attainment of Sustainable Industrial Development in Europe]. ITPM SO RAN [Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Siberian Section, Russian Academy of Sciences]. Novosibirsk, 1993, 46 p.
  10. Il'in I.P. Problemy "novoy kritiki": Istoriya evolyutsii i sovremennoe sostoyanie. [Problems of “New Criticism”: History of Evolution and Its Present-day State]. Zarubezhnoe literaturovedenie 70-kh godov. Napravleniya, tendentsii, problemy [Foreign Literary Studies of the 70ies. Areas of Research, Trends, Problems] Moscow, 1984, pp. 113—155.
  11. Kozlovski P. Kul'tura postmoderna [The Culture of Postmodernism]. Moscow, Respublika Publ., 1997, 139 p.
  12. Starodubtseva L.V. Izlishki pamyati, ili Grezy starcheskoy kul'tury [Surplus Memory, or Dreams of Senile Culture]. Vestnik Khar'kovskogo universiteta [News Bulletin of Khar’kiv University]. 2000, no. 64, pp. 43—48.

Download

Results 1 - 2 of 2