ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

PECULIARITIES OF CONSTRUCTION OF INSTITUTIONS OF SECONDARY EDUCATION IN MOSCOW IN THE 1920IES AND 1930IES

Vestnik MGSU 6/2012
  • Byzova Ol'ga Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Culture Studies; +7 (499) 183-21-29., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 6 - 10

Actions aimed at the generality of elementary education in the course of the period days of the industrialization and cultural revolution in the USSR is under discussion in the proposed paper. On the basis of the archived documents, organization of construction of school buildings in Moscow in the 20ies and 30ies of the 20th century is analyzed.
It is noteworthy that industrialization in the periods of the first, second and third five-year plans reshaped the country and Moscow as its capital. Former suburbs turned into large industrial areas that had giant factories and housing built around them to accommodate workers. Thus, the population of Moscow grew in numbers.
The need for competent staff facilitated construction of new schools. Peculiarities of school construction in Moscow within the first five-year plan are considered in article on the basis of a school building in Likhobory in 1932. The school building design, work progress, assembly and interior, deadlines and problems of construction are specified. It is noteworthy that, despite any difficulties, 19 new school buildings were completed in Moscow in the years of the first five-year plan. Classes were organized according to the principle of two shifts to implement the general education programme in 1932.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.6 - 10

References
  1. Boguslavskiy M.V. Reformy rossiyskogo obrazovaniya XIX—XX vv. kak global’nyy proekt [Reforms of the Russian Education in XIX-XX Centuries as a Global Project]. Voprosy obrazovaniya [Issues of Education]. 2006, no. 3, pp. 17—18.
  2. Kuznetsov A.I., Kuznetsov R.A. Kul’tura voprosov: istoriya obrazovaniya v Rossii [Culture Matters: History of Education in Russia]. Moscow, 2011, pp.133—135.
  3. M.A. Prokof’ev, editor. Narodnoe obrazovanie v SSSR [General Education in the USSR]. Moscow, 2008, pp.191—196.
  4. Kiseleva T.G. Narodnoe obrazovanie i prosveshchenie v Rossii: real’nost’ i mify [General Education and Enlightenment in Russia: Reality and Myths]. Moscow, 2002, pp. 110—114.
  5. Andreevskiy G. V. Povsednevnaya zhizn’ Moskvy v Stalinskuyu epokhu. 1920—1930-e gody [Everyday Life of Moscow in the Stalin Era. 1920-1930s]. Moscow, 2010, pp. 116—120.
  6. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.1530. p. 21.
  7. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.1530, p. 26.
  8. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.7, p. 3.
  9. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow].F.528, op.1, d.7, p. 4.
  10. Tsentral’nyy arkhiv goroda Moskvy [The Central Archives of City of Moscow]. F.528, op.1, d.59, p. 4.

Download

RECONSTRUCTION OF MOSCOW AFTER THE 1812 FIRE OF MOSCOW: NEW LOOK OF THE CITY

Vestnik MGSU 6/2012
  • Molokova Tat'yana Alekseevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Chair, Department of History and Culturology, +7 (499) 183-21-29, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 17 - 22

considered in the article. The author analyzes the influence of the 1812 Patriotic War on the political and cultural life of Russia, as there had been a rise of national consciousness in Russia in the first decades of the 19th century related to the victory over Napoleon. The author drives particular attention to the historic fact that Moscow suffered a lot more than other Russian cities in the War of 1812; the city was completely destroyed by the fire. The author provides statistical data related to the city as of the autumn of 1812. Moscow reconstruction plan proposed by Mr. Gestle, architect, and the procedure of "Commissioning of Structures", drafted under the guidance of O.I. Bove, architect, are analyzed in detail. The author also covers the personal contribution made by O.I. Bove, his associates D.I. Zhilyardi and A.G. Grigor'ev, into the reconstruction of the city centre.
The article features the town-planning policy of 1820-1830 and patterns of late classicism in the Moscow architecture.
The article is dedicated to the year of the Russian history and one of its major events, the anniversary of the victory in the Patriotic War of 1812.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.6.17 - 22

References
  1. Gol’denberg P.I. Staraya Moskva [Old Moscow]. Moscow, Publishing House of the USSR Academy of Architecture, 1947, p. 57.
  2. Pokrovskaya Z.K. Osip Bove [Osip Bove]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1999, p. 103.
  3. Almazova N.M., Molokova T.A., Frolov V.P., Pavlinov V.V. Pamyatniki arkhitektury. Inzhenernye obsledovaniya [Architectural Monuments. Engineering Examinations]. Moscow, ASV Publ., no. 1, 2003, p. 89.
  4. Sytin P.V. Iz istorii moskovskikh ulits [Abstracts from the History of Moscow Streets]. Moskovskiy Rabochiy Publ., 1958, p. 110.
  5. Budylina M.V. Planirovka i zastroyka Moskvy posle pozhara 1812 goda [Planning and Building of Moscow after the Fire of 1812]. Moscow, Arhitekturnoe Nasledstvo [Architectural Heritage]. Gosstroyizdat Publ., 1951, no. 1, p. 157.
  6. Ikonnikov A.V. Tysyacha let russkoy arkhitektury [One Thousand Years of Russian Architecture]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1990, p. 311.

Download

Social, ethnical, cultural and confessional features of architectural heritage of monasteries

Vestnik MGSU 6/2014
  • Frolov Vladimir Pavlovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 35-43

Monasteries, their activity and lifestyle have always played an important role in the culture of various nations. Monasteries are objects of cultural heritage. Their architecture is connected with national features on a nation, particular canons of Christian (orthodox, catholic), Buddhistic or other religion. The article describes ancient monasteries in Russia amid the global development, historical national characteristics monasteries are analyzed, as well as architectural ensembles, reflecting the function and role of monasteries in public life, showing their spiritual and cultural heritage, monastic tradition, the historical value of the monastic landscape and its conservation conditions, the inclusion of the monasteries in the world cultural heritage is noted.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.6.35-43

References
  1. Bol'shaya illyustrirovannaya entsiklopediya [Big Illustrated Encyclopedia]. In 32 volumes. Moscow, AST, Astrel' Publ., 2010, vol. 18, p. 143.
  2. Komech A.I. Russkie monastyri. Istoriya i kul'tura X—XVII stoletiya [Russian Monasteries. History and Culture of X—XVII Centuries]. Moscow, Art-BMB Publ., 2001, p. 21.
  3. Klyuchevskiy V.O. Skazanie inostrantsev o Moskovskom gosudarstve [Legend of Foreigners about Muscovy]. Moscow, Prometey Publ., 1991, p. 167.
  4. Antonova L.V., Titova T.V. Arkhitekturnye shedevry Rossii [Architectural Masterpieces of Russia]. Moscow, Dom Slavyanskoy Knigi Publ., 2009, p. 44.
  5. Bryusova V.G. Ipat'evskiy monastyr' [Ipatiev Monastery]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1981, p. 27.
  6. Likhachev D.S., Savitskaya O.D. Arkhitekturno-khudozhestvennye pamyatniki [Solovetskikh ostrovov [Architectural and Artistic Monuments of the Solovetsky Islands]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1980, p. 32.
  7. Skopin V.V., Shchennikova L.A. Arkhitekturno-khudozhestvennyy ansambl' Solovetskogo monastyrya [Architectural Ensemble of the Solovetsky Monastery]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1981, p. 53.
  8. Molokova T.A. Svyatitel' Filipp — patriot i stroitel' pravoslavnoy Rossii [St Philip — Patriot and Builder of Russian Orthodox]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2006, pp. 18, 20.
  9. Burov V.A. Istoriya keleynoy zastroyki Solovetskogo monastyrya XV—XIX vekov: monografiya [Exclusionary Story Building Solovetsky Monastery XV—XIX Centuries]. Institute of Archeology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Solovki State Historical, Architectural and Natural Museum-Reserve, Arkhangel'sk, 2011, p. 26.
  10. Maksakovskiy V.P. Vsemirnoe kul'turnoe nasledie [World Cultural Heritage]. Moscow, Eko-pros Publ., 2000, p. 381.
  11. Arenkova Yu.I., Mekhova G.I. Donskoy monastyr' [Don Monastery]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1970, p. 67.
  12. Petrova E.N. Russkie monastyri. Iskusstvo i traditsii [Russian Monasteries. Art and Traditions]. Saint Petersburg, Palace Edition, 1997, p. 112.
  13. Chelnokov A. Pokrovskiy stavropigial'nyy zhenskiy monastyr' u Pokrovskoy zastavy [Intercession Pokrovsky Monastery]. Moscow, Pokrovskiy stavropigial'nyy zhenskiy monastyr' Publ., 2010, p. 57.
  14. Shchenkov A.S., editor. Arkhitekturnoe nasledie na rubezhe XX—XXI vekov: Problemy restavratsii i okhrany naslediya [Architectural Heritage in 20—21st Centuries. Moscow, KRASAND Publ., 2010, p. 51.
  15. Pokrovskaya E.N., Koval'chuk Yu.L. Biokorroziya, sokhranenie pamyatnikov istorii i arkhitektury [Biocorrosion, Preservation of Historical Monuments and Architecture. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2013, p. 28, 57.

Download

CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS OF GENERAL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN MOSCOW IN THE YEARS OF THE FIRST FIVE-YEAR PLAN

Vestnik MGSU 6/2013
  • Byzova Ol'ga Mikhaylovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Culture Studies; +7 (499) 183-21-29., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 236-243

The author considers the actions aimed at the liquidation of illiteracy and introduction of universal primary education in the period of industrialization and culture dissemination in the USSR. The author draws attention to the fact that the fast-growing industry was in need of competent specialists and indicates the demand for wide-scale reforms in the education.The author argues that as a result of the implementation of the first five-year plan universal education was introduced in the country, illiteracy was eliminated and wide-scale secondary professional education was made available, highly skilled professionals and researchers were trained, etc. It is noteworthy that industrialization substantially improved the state of affairs in the country and in its capital.The author has studied numerous archived documents to present the evidence of development of a network of schools, higher number of students, organization of construction of school buildings, bigger amount of government funding of schools and other institutions for children in Moscow in the years of the first five-year plan.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.6.236-243

References
  1. Byzova O.M. Poryadok raskhodovaniya gosudarstvennykh posobiy na stroitel'nye nuzhdy dlya realizatsii programmy vseobshchego obucheniya v Rossii v nachale XX v. [Government Allowances for Construction Works within the Framework of Implementation of the General Education Programme in Russia in the Early 20th Century: Expenditure Procedures]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 4, vol. 3, pp. 59—64.
  2. Kuznetsov A.I., Kuznetsov R.A. Kul'tura voprosov: istoriya obrazovaniya v Rossii [Issues of Culture: History of Education in Russia]. Moscow, 2011, pp. 133.
  3. Prokof'ev M.A., editor. Narodnoe obrazovanie v SSSR [Public Education in the USSR]. Moscow, 2008, p. 191.
  4. Massovoe prosveshchenie v SSSR (k itogam pervoy pyatiletki) [Wide-scale Education in the USSR (Results of the First Five-year Plan)]. Part 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1933, p. 6.
  5. Kol'tsov A.V. Kul'turnoe stroitel'stvo v RSFSR v gody pervoy pyatiletki (1928—1932). [Culture Dissemination in the RFSSR in the Years of the First Five-year Plan (1928—1932)]. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960, p. 74.
  6. Byzova O.M. Osobennosti stroitel'stva obshcheobrazovatel'nykh uchrezhdeniy Moskvy v 1920—1930-e gg. [Peculiarities of Construction of Institutions of Secondary Education in Moscow in the 20ies and 30ies]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 6—10.
  7. Narodnoe obrazovanie. G. Moskva (osnovnye pokazateli) [Public Education. City of Moscow (Principal Indicators)]. Moscow, 1934, pp. 11—12.

Download

Assessment of interaction between supervisory and executive elements of building programmes

Vestnik MGSU 9/2012
  • Kopelchuk Stanislav Yulevich - U.M.E.K. Limited Liability Company consultant, U.M.E.K. Limited Liability Company, 71 Profsoyuznaya st., Moscow, 117342, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 209 - 213

The management of state-funded building programmes has a very high value in the present-day
volatile market. State budget proceeds cover the vast majority of construction projects. Improvement
of efficiency of interaction between the parties involved in this process is critical to the economic stability.
Federal programmes and projects managed by public corporations are among the main tools
applied to these investments. In this regard, the author identifies the areas of interaction and analyses
the link between the supervisory and executive elements of building programmes on the basis of the
principle of the feedback assessment. Feedback is an essential concept of the systems theory.
According to the results of this analysis, the author proposes methods of identification and
elimination of drawbacks in the operation of planning authorities. The planning procedure is to be
based on the scientific research with account for the main objectives of programmes and ancillary
servicing processes, material, human and financial resources. The findings of the author are applied
as the basis for the proposals designated for the improvement of investment management systems,
if funded from federal and regional budgets.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.9.209 - 213

References
  1. Agaptsov S.A., Fomin P.A., Shakhovskaya L.S., Mordvintseva A.I. Indikativnoe planirovanie kak osnova strategicheskogo razvitiya promyshlennogo predpriyatiya [Indicative Planning as the Basis for Strategic Development of an Industrial Enterprise]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. publ., 2002, pp. 125 — 130.
  2. Anokhin A.M., Blachev R.N., Gusev V.B., Pavel’ev V.V. Modeli indikativnogo planirovaniya sotsial’nogo i ekonomicheskogo razvitiya regiona [Models of Indicative Planning of the Social and Economic Development of a Region]. Moscow, Institute of Management Problems named after V.A. Trapeznikov, RAN Publ., 2005, pp. 45—49.
  3. Kayl’ Ya.Ya. Okazanie gosudarstvennykh i munitsipal’nykh uslug v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: sostoyanie, problemy, perspektivy [Provision of State and Municipal Services in the Russian Federation: Status, Problems, Prospects]. Regional’naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika [Regional Economy: Theory and Practice]. 2011, no. 28 (211), pp. 48—55.
  4. Silka D.N. Printsipy gosudarstvennogo upravleniya tsiklami delovoy aktivnosti v stroitel’stve [Principles of State Management of Business Cycles in Construction]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2012, pp. 45 — 49.
  5. Kiselev S.A. Sovershenstvovanie deyatel’nosti natsional’nykh institutov razvitiya [Improvement of Operations of National Development Institutions]. Vestnik universiteta: Gosudarstvennyy universitet upravleniya [Proceeding of the University: State University of Management]. 2011, no. 10, pp. 196 — 198.
  6. Il’ina M.V. Protsessnyy podkhod k upravleniyu v stroitel’stve v ramkakh federal’noy kontraktnoy sistemy [Process-based Approach to Construction Management within the Framework of the System of Federal Contracts]. Vestnik universiteta: Gosudarstvennyy universitet upravleniya [Proceeding of the University: State University of Management]. 2011, no. 21, pp. 161—163.
  7. Samosudov M.V. Klassifikatsiya resursov dlya biznesa [Classifi cation of Business Resources]. Vestnik universiteta: Gosudarstvennyy universitet upravleniya [Proceeding of the University: State University of Management]. 2011, no. 21, pp. 204—207.
  8. Trachenko M.B. Printsipy byudzhetirovaniya v sisteme tsentralizovannykh i detsentralizovannykh finansov [Principles of Budgeting within the System of Centralized and Decentralized Finances]. Vestnik universiteta: Gosudarstvennyy universitet upravleniya [Proceeding of the University: State University of Management]. 2011, no. 22, pp. 214—217.
  9. Matserin I.N. Regional’naya innovatsionnaya politika i instrumenty ee realizatsii [Regional Policy of Innovations and Instruments for Its Implementation]. Regional’naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika [Regional Economy: Theory and Practice]. 2011, no. 16 (199), pp. 49—52.
  10. Nabiev P.T. Sovershenstvovanie metodiki otsenki effektivnosti gosudarstvennoy podderzhki malogo biznesa [Improvement of the Methodology of Assessment of Effi ciency of the State Support of Small Business Enterprises]. Collected papers of Scientific and Practical Conference “Relevant Issues of Economics, Law, Psychology, Pedagogics and Sociology in the Global World”. Volgograd, 28—29 February, 2012. Volgograd, Volgogradskoe nauchnoe izdatel’stvo publ., 2012, pp. 167—169.

Download

Results 1 - 5 of 5